Publications by authors named "Bihan Yu"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Characteristics of TCM Constitution and Related Biomarkers for Mild Cognitive Impairment.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 20;17:1115-1124. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine, Nanning, 530023, People's Republic of China.

Introduction: The incidence of Alzheimer's disease is on the rise, early detection of cognitive impairment of the elderly is very important. In traditional Chinese medicine, constitution is related to the susceptibility of the human body to diseases. Based on the theory of constitution of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the human population can be classified into 9 constitutions. However, little is known about the characteristics of medical constitution and related biomarkers in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

Methods: We measured the TCM Constitution of 214 subjects by using the Constitution in Chinese Medicine Questionnaire (CCMQ). MMSE and MoCA were used to assess cognitive function. The subjects were divided into mild cognitive impairment group (MCI, n = 152) and normal control group (NC, n = 62). The levels of serum Hcy and serum/urine 8-iso-PGF 2α were determined.

Results: 1) It was found that there was a significant difference in constitution types between MCI and NC. There were significant differences in MMSE and MoCA score, serum Hcy and serum/urine 8-iso-PGF 2a levels between the two groups. 2) In logistic regression analysis, the variables with statistical significance were TCM Constitution of Yang-Deficient, Phlegm-Dampness, Blood-Stasis and abnormal increase of Hcy (OR>1). 3) The MoCA scores had a positive correlation with the MMSE. A statistically significant inverse association was found between serum Hcy, blood and urine 8-iso-PGF 2a and scores of cognitive assessment in MCI.

Conclusion: Constitution types (Yang-Deficient, Phlegm-Dampness and Blood-Stasis) and abnormal serum Hcy elevation can be used as risk factors for MCI. MoCA scores can serve to detect MCI at early stage. Serum/urine 8-iso-PGF 2α has a certain relationship with MCI. Higher levels of serum/urine 8-iso-PGF 2α are more likely to be associated with MCI risk.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S290692DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8068505PMC
April 2021

A Pilot Study on the Cutoff Value of Related Brain Metabolite in Chinese Elderly Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment Using MRS.

Front Aging Neurosci 2021 9;13:617611. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Rehabilitation, Bao'an Hospital, Southern Medical University, Shenzhen, China.

This cross-sectional study aimed to distinguish patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) from patients with normal controls (NCs) by measuring the levels of -acetyl aspartate (NAA), total creatinine (tCr), and choline (Cho) in their hippocampus (HIP) and their posterior cingulate gyrus (PCG) by using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and to predict the cutoff value on the ratios of metabolites. We further aimed to provide a reference for the diagnosis of MCI in elderly patients in China. About 69 patients who underwent a clinical diagnosis of the MCI group and 67 patients with NCs, the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) score, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) score, and MRS of the bilateral HIP and bilateral PCG were considered. The ratio of NAA/tCr and Cho/tCr in the bilateral HIP and bilateral PCG was calculated. The relationship between the ratios of metabolites and the scores of MMSE and MoCA was analyzed, and the possible brain metabolite cutoff point for the diagnosis of MCI was evaluated. Compared with the NC group, the scores of MMSE and MoCA in the MCI group decreased significantly ( < 0.05); the ratio of NAA/tCr in the bilateral HIP and bilateral PCG and the ratio of Cho/tCr at the right HIP in the MCI group decreased significantly ( < 0.05); however, there was no significant difference in the ratio of Cho/tCr in the left HIP and bilateral PCG between the two groups ( > 0.05). The correlation coefficient between MMSE/MoCA and the ratio of NAA/tCr was 0.49-0.56 in the bilateral HIP ( < 0.01). The best cutoff value of NAA/creatine (Cr) in the left HIP and the right HIP was 1.195 and 1.19. Sensitivity, specificity, and the Youden index (YDI) in the left HIP and the right HIP were (0.725, 0.803, 0.528) and (0.754, 0.803, 0.557), respectively. The level of metabolites in the HIP and the PCG of patients with MCI and of those with normal subjects has a certain correlation with the score of their MMSE and MoCA. When the value of NAA/tCr in the left HIP and right HIP is <1.19, it suggests that MCI may have occurred. According to this cutoff point, elderly patients with MCI in China could be screened.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2021.617611DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8063036PMC
April 2021

Recurrent and concurrent patterns of regional BOLD dynamics and functional connectivity dynamics in cognitive decline.

Alzheimers Res Ther 2021 01 16;13(1):28. Epub 2021 Jan 16.

The People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning, 530021, Guangxi, China.

Background: The brain's dynamic spontaneous neural activity and dynamic functional connectivity (dFC) are both important in supporting cognition, but how these two types of brain dynamics evolve and co-evolve in subjective cognitive decline (SCD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate recurrent and concurrent patterns of two types of dynamic brain states correlated with cognitive decline.

Methods: The present study analyzed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data from 62 SCD patients, 75 MCI patients, and 70 healthy controls (HCs). We used the sliding-window and clustering method to identify two types of recurrent brain states from both dFC and dynamic regional spontaneous activity, as measured by dynamic fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (dfALFF). Then, the occurrence frequency of a dFC or dfALFF state and the co-occurrence frequency of a pair of dFC and dfALFF states among all time points are extracted for each participant to describe their dynamics brain patterns.

Results: We identified a few recurrent states of dfALFF and dFC and further ascertained the co-occurrent patterns of these two types of dynamic brain states (i.e., dfALFF and dFC states). Importantly, the occurrence frequency of a default-mode network (DMN)-dominated dFC state was significantly different between HCs and SCD patients, and the co-occurrence frequencies of a DMN-dominated dFC state and a DMN-dominated dfALFF state were also significantly different between SCD and MCI patients. These two dynamic features were both significantly positively correlated with Mini-Mental State Examination scores.

Conclusion: Our findings revealed novel fMRI-based neural signatures of cognitive decline from recurrent and concurrent patterns of dfALFF and dFC, providing strong evidence supporting SCD as the transition phase between normal aging and MCI. This finding holds potential to differentiate SCD patients from HCs via both dFC and dfALFF as objective neuroimaging biomarkers, which may aid in the early diagnosis and intervention of Alzheimer's disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13195-020-00764-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7811744PMC
January 2021

MiR-34a Inhibits Cell Proliferation and Induces Apoptosis in Human Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma by Targeting lncRNA MCM3AP-AS1.

Cancer Manag Res 2020 22;12:4799-4806. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Department of Oncology, Liuzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Liuzhou City, Guangxi Province 545001, People's Republic of China.

Introduction: MCM3AP-AS1 has been characterized as an oncogenic lncRNA in several types of cancer, while its role in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the role of MCM3AP-AS1 in NPC.

Patients And Methods: Paired NPC tissues and non-tumor tissues were collected from 55 NPC patients. Expression of MCM3AP-AS1 and miR-34a in paired tissues was analyzed by RT-qPCR. Interactions between MCM3AP-AS1 and miR-34a were analyzed by overexpression experiments. The roles of MCM3AP-AS1 and miR-34a in regulating NPC cell proliferation and apoptosis were explored by cell proliferation assay and cell apoptosis assay, respectively.

Results: Our bioinformatics analysis showed that MCM3AP-AS1 may be targeted by miR-34a, which is a well-studied tumor suppressor miRNA. In this study, we showed that miR-34a was downregulated and MCM3AP-AS1 was upregulated in NPC. An inverse correlation between the expression of MCM3AP-AS1 and miR-34a was found across NPC tissue samples. High expression level of MCM3AP-AS1 and low levels of miR-34a in NPC tissues predicted the poor survival. In NPC cells, overexpression of MCM3AP-AS1 did not affect the expression of miR34a, while overexpression of miR-34a led to downregulated MCM3AP-AS1. Cell proliferation and apoptosis assay showed that overexpression of miR-34a reduced the enhancing effects of overexpressing MCM3AP-AS1 on cell proliferation and the inhibitory effects on cell apoptosis.

Conclusion: MiR-34a inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in human NPC by targeting MCM3AP-AS1.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S245520DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319531PMC
June 2020

Structural and Functional Hippocampal Changes in Subjective Cognitive Decline From the Community.

Front Aging Neurosci 2020 17;12:64. Epub 2020 Mar 17.

Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA, United States.

Background: Recently, subjective cognitive decline (SCD) has been described as the earliest at-risk state of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and drawn attention of investigators. Studies suggested that SCD-community individuals may constitute a more vulnerable population than SCD-clinic patients, therefore, to investigate the early changes of the brain may provide guidance for treatment of the disease. We sought to investigate the changes of structure and functional connectivity alternation of the hippocampus in individuals with SCD recruited from the community using structural and resting-state functional MRI (fMRI).

Methods: Thirty-five SCD patients and 32 healthy controls were recruited. Resting-state fMRI data and high-resolution T1-weighted images were collected. Whole-brain voxel-based morphometry was used to examine the brain structural changes. We also used the hippocampal tail and the whole hippocampus as seeds to investigate functional connectivity alternation in SCD.

Results: Individuals with SCD showed significant gray matter volume decreases in the bilateral hippocampal tails and enlargement of the bilateral paracentral lobules. We also found that individuals with SCD showed decreased hippocampal tail resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) with the right medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and the left temporoparietal junction (TPJ), and decreased whole hippocampus rsFC with the bilateral mPFC and TPJ. These brain region and FC showing significant differences also showed significantly correlation with Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores.

Conclusion: Individuals with SCD recruited from the community is associated with structural and functional changes of the hippocampus, and these changes may serve as potential biomarkers of SCD.

Clinical Trial Registration: The Declaration of Helsinki, and the study was registered in http://www.chictr.org.cn. The Clinical Trial Registration Number was ChiCTR-IPR-16009144.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2020.00064DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7090024PMC
March 2020
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