Publications by authors named "Bhuwan Khatri Chhetri"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Pentagalloyl glucose from Schinus terebinthifolia inhibits growth of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii.

Sci Rep 2020 09 18;10(1):15340. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Department of Dermatology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

The rise of antibiotic resistance has necessitated a search for new antimicrobials with potent activity against multidrug-resistant gram-negative pathogens, such as carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB). In this study, a library of botanical extracts generated from plants used to treat infections in traditional medicine was screened for growth inhibition of CRAB. A crude extract of Schinus terebinthifolia leaves exhibited 80% inhibition at 256 µg/mL and underwent bioassay-guided fractionation, leading to the isolation of pentagalloyl glucose (PGG), a bioactive gallotannin. PGG inhibited growth of both CRAB and susceptible A. baumannii (MIC 64-256 µg/mL), and also exhibited activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MIC 16 µg/mL) and Staphylococcus aureus (MIC 64 µg/mL). A mammalian cytotoxicity assay with human keratinocytes (HaCaTs) yielded an IC for PGG of 256 µg/mL. Mechanistic experiments revealed iron chelation as a possible mode of action for PGG's activity against CRAB. Passaging assays for resistance did not produce any resistant mutants over a period of 21 days. In conclusion, PGG exhibits antimicrobial activity against CRAB, but due to known pharmacological restrictions in delivery, translation as a therapeutic may be limited to topical applications such as wound rinses and dressings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-72331-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7501240PMC
September 2020

Peyssonnosides A-B, Unusual Diterpene Glycosides with a Sterically Encumbered Cyclopropane Motif: Structure Elucidation Using an Integrated Spectroscopic and Computational Workflow.

J Org Chem 2019 07 18;84(13):8531-8541. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Bioscience , Georgia Institute of Technology , Atlanta , Georgia 30332 , United States.

Two sulfated diterpene glycosides featuring a highly substituted and sterically encumbered cyclopropane ring have been isolated from the marine red alga Peyssonnelia sp. Combination of a wide array of 2D NMR spectroscopic experiments, in a systematic structure elucidation workflow, revealed that peyssonnosides A-B (1-2) represent a new class of diterpene glycosides with a tetracyclo [7.5.0.0.0] tetradecane architecture. A salient feature of this workflow is the unique application of quantitative interproton distances obtained from the rotating frame Overhauser effect spectroscopy (ROESY) NMR experiment, wherein the β-d-glucose moiety of 1 was used as an internal probe to unequivocally determine the absolute configuration, which was also supported by optical rotatory dispersion (ORD). Peyssonnoside A (1) exhibited promising activity against liver stage Plasmodium berghei and moderate antimethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) activity, with no cytotoxicity against human keratinocytes. Additionally, 1 showed strong growth inhibition of the marine fungus Dendryphiella salina indicating an antifungal ecological role in its natural environment. The high natural abundance and novel carbon skeleton of 1 suggests a rare terpene cyclase machinery, exemplifying the chemical diversity in this phylogenetically distinct marine red alga.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.joc.9b00884DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6614789PMC
July 2019

Correction: Recent trends in the structural revision of natural products.

Nat Prod Rep 2018 09;35(9):1015

School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA.

Correction for 'Recent trends in the structural revision of natural products' by Bhuwan Khatri Chhetri et al., Nat. Prod. Rep., 2018, 35, 514-531.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8np90031kDOI Listing
September 2018

Recent trends in the structural revision of natural products.

Nat Prod Rep 2018 06;35(6):514-531

School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA.

Covering: 2012 to 2017 This article reviews recent reports on the structural revision of natural products. Through a critical assessment of the original and revised published structures, the article addresses why each structure was targeted for revision, discusses the techniques and key discrepancies that led to the proposal of the revised structure, and offers measures that may have been taken during the original structure determination to prevent error. With the revised structures in hand, weaknesses of original proposals are assessed, providing a better understanding on the logic behind structure determination.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8np00011eDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6013367PMC
June 2018
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