Publications by authors named "Bertrand Kerautret"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Meaningful scales detection along digital contours for unsupervised local noise estimation.

IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 2012 Dec;34(12):2379-92

LORIA UMR CNRS 7503, Campus Scientifique, University of Lorraine, BP 239, 54506 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy Cedex, France.

The automatic detection of noisy or damaged parts along digital contours is a difficult problem since it is hard to distinguish between information and perturbation without further a priori hypotheses. However, solving this issue has a great impact on numerous applications, including image segmentation, geometric estimators, contour reconstruction, shape matching, or image edition. We propose an original strategy to detect what the relevant scales are at which each point of the digital contours should be considered. It relies on theoretical results of asymptotic discrete geometry. A direct consequence is the automatic detection of the noisy or damaged parts of the contour, together with its quantitative evaluation (or noise level). Apart from a given maximal observation scale, the proposed approach does not require any parameter tuning and is easy to implement. We demonstrate its effectiveness on several datasets. We present different direct applications of this local measure to contour smoothing and geometric estimators whose algorithms initially required a noise/scale parameter to tune: They show the pertinence of the proposed measure for digital shape analysis and reconstruction.
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December 2012

Cutmarked human remains bearing Neandertal features and modern human remains associated with the Aurignacian at Les Rois.

J Anthropol Sci 2009 ;87:153-85

UPR 2147, Dynamique de l'Evolution Humaine, CNRS, 44 Rue de l'Amiral Mouchez, 75014 Paris, France.

The view that Aurignacian technologies and their associated symbolic manifestations represent the archaeologicalproxy for the spread of Anatomically Modern Humans into Europe, is supported by few diagnostic human remains, including those from the Aurignacian site of Les Rois in south-western France. Here we reassess the taxonomic attribution of the human remains, their cultural affiliation, and provide five new radiocarbon dates for the site. Patterns of tooth growth along with the morphological and morphometric analysis of the human remains indicate that a juvenile mandible showing cutmarks presents some Neandertal features, whereas another mandible is attributed to Anatomically Modern Humans. Reappraisal of the archaeological sequence demonstrates that human remains derive from two layers dated to 28-30 kyr BP attributed to the Aurignacian, the only cultural tradition detected at the site. Three possible explanations may account for this unexpected evidence. The first one is that the Aurignacian was exclusively produced by AMH and that the child mandible from unit A2 represents evidence for consumption or, more likely, symbolic use of a Neandertal child by Aurignacian AMH The second possible explanation is that Aurignacian technologies were produced at Les Rois by human groups bearing both AMH and Neandertal features. Human remains from Les Rois would be in this case the first evidence of a biological contact between the two human groups. The third possibility is that all human remains from Les Rois represent an AMH population with conserved plesiomorphic characters suggesting a larger variation in modern humans from the Upper Palaeolithic.
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September 2009