Publications by authors named "Benedetta De Berardinis"

13 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Usefulness of combining admission brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) plus hospital discharge bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) in predicting 90 days cardiovascular mortality in patients with acute heart failure.

Intern Emerg Med 2017 Jun 16;12(4):445-451. Epub 2016 Dec 16.

Department of Medical-Surgery Sciences and Translational Medicine, Emergency Medicine, Postgraduate School of Emergency Medicine, University La Sapienza, Via di Grottarossa 1035/1039, 00189, Rome, Italy.

Heart failure is a disease characterized by high prevalence and mortality, and frequent rehospitalizations. The aim of this study is to investigate the prognostic power of combining brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and congestion status detected by bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) in acute heart failure patients. This is an observational, prospective, and a multicentre study. BNP assessment was measured upon hospital arrival, while BIVA analysis was obtained at the time of discharge. Cardiovascular deaths were evaluated at 90 days by a follow up phone call. 292 patients were enrolled. Compared to survivors, BNP was higher in the non-survivors group (mean value 838 vs 515 pg/ml, p < 0.001). At discharge, BIVA shows a statistically significant difference in hydration status between survivors and non-survivors [respectively, hydration index (HI) 85 vs 74, p < 0.001; reactance (Xc) 26.7 vs 37, p < 0.001; resistance (R) 445 vs 503, p < 0.01)]. Discharge BIVA shows a prognostic value in predicting cardiovascular death [HI: area under the curve (AUC) 0.715, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.65-0.76; p < 0.004; Xc: AUC 0.712, 95% CI 0.655-0.76, p < 0.007; R: AUC 0.65, 95% CI 0.29-0.706, p < 0.0247]. The combination of BIVA with BNP gives a greater prognostic power for cardiovascular mortality [combined receiving operating characteristic (ROC): AUC 0.74; 95% CI 0.68-0.79; p < 0.001]. In acute heart failure patients, higher BNP levels upon hospital admission, and congestion detected by BIVA at discharge have a significant predictive value for 90 days cardiovascular mortality. The combined use of admission BNP and BIVA discharge seems to be a useful tool for increasing prognostic power in these patients.
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June 2017

Prognostic value of decreased peripheral congestion detected by Bioelectrical Impedance Vector Analysis (BIVA) in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure: BIVA prognostic value in acute heart failure.

Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care 2017 Jun 12;6(4):339-347. Epub 2016 Apr 12.

1 Department of Medical-Surgery Sciences and Translational Medicine, Emergency Department Sant'Andrea Hospital, Postgraduate School of Emergency Medicine, University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the prognostic role of quantitative reduction of congestion during hospitalization assessed by Bioelectrical Impedance Vector Analysis (BIVA) serial evaluations in patients admitted for acute heart failure (AHF).

Background: AHF is a frequent reason for patients to be admitted. Exacerbation of chronic heart failure is linked with a progressive worsening of the disease with increased incidence of death. Fluid overload is the main mechanism underlying acute decompensation in these patients. BIVA is a validated technique able to quantify fluid overload.

Methods: a prospective, multicentre, observational study in AHF and no AHF patients in three Emergency Departments centres in Italy. Clinical data and BIVA evaluations were performed at admission (t0) and discharge (tdis). A follow-up phone call was carried out at 90 days.

Results: Three hundred and thirty-six patients were enrolled (221 AHF and 115 no AHF patients). We found that clinical signs showed the most powerful prognostic relevance. In particular the presence of rales and lower limb oedema at tdis were linked with events relapse at 90 days. At t0, congestion detected by BIVA was observed only in the AHF group, and significantly decreased at tdis. An increase of resistance variation (dR/H) >11 Ω/m during hospitalization was associated with survival. BIVA showed significant results in predicting total events, both at t0 (area under the curve (AUC) 0.56, p<0.04) and at tdis (AUC 0.57, p<0.03). When combined with clinical signs, BIVA showed a very good predictive value for cardiovascular events at 90 days (AUC 0.97, p<0.0001).

Conclusions: In AHF patients, an accurate physical examination evaluating the presence of rales and lower limbs oedema remains the cornerstone in the management of patients with AHF. A congestion reduction, obtained as a consequence of therapies and detected through BIVA analysis, with an increase of dR/H >11 Ω/m during hospitalization seems to be associated with increased 90 day survival in patients admitted for AHF.
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June 2017

Diagnostic and Prognostic Utility of Procalcitonin in Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department with Dyspnea.

Am J Med 2016 Jan 11;129(1):96-104.e7. Epub 2015 Jul 11.

Divison of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston. Electronic address:

Background: Among patients in the emergency department, dyspnea is a common complaint and can pose a diagnostic challenge. Biomarkers are used increasingly to improve diagnostic accuracy and aid with prognostication in dyspneic patients. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical utility of serum procalcitonin (PCT) for the diagnosis of pneumonia in patients presenting to the emergency department with dyspnea. A secondary objective was to evaluate the prognostic value of PCT for death to 1 year.

Methods: This study pooled the patient populations of 2 prospective cohorts that previously enrolled patients presenting to 2 urban emergency departments with dyspnea. A total of 453 patients had serum samples available for biomarker analysis. Clinician certainty for the diagnosis of acutely decompensated heart failure was reviewed. Discrimination, calibration, and net reclassification improvement for the diagnosis of pneumonia as well as fatal outcomes were considered. The main outcome was accuracy of PCT for diagnostic categorization of pneumonia. The prognostic value of PCT for survival to 1 year was a secondary outcome.

Results: Pneumonia alone was diagnosed in 30 patients (6.6%), heart failure without pneumonia in 212 patients (47%), and both diagnoses in 30 patients (6.6%). Procalcitonin concentrations were higher in subjects with pneumonia (0.38 vs 0.06 ng/mL; P < .001). Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the diagnosis of pneumonia based on PCT was 0.84 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.77-0.91; P < .001). Across all levels of clinician-based estimates of heart failure, PCT was sensitive and specific; notably, in patients judged with diagnostic uncertainty (n = 70), a PCT value of 0.10 ng/mL had the optimal balance of sensitivity and specificity (80% and 77%, respectively) for pneumonia. Adding PCT results to variables predictive of pneumonia resulted in a net reclassification improvement of 0.54 (95% CI, 0.24-0.83; P < .001) for both up- and down-reclassifying events. In adjusted analyses, elevated PCT was a predictor of 1-year mortality (hazard ratio 1.8; 95% CI, 1.4-2.3; P < .001) and was additive when elevated in conjunction with natriuretic peptides for this application.

Conclusion: In emergency department patients with acute dyspnea, PCT is an accurate diagnostic marker for pneumonia and adds independent prognostic information for 1-year mortality.
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January 2016

Comparison between admission natriuretic peptides, NGAL and sST2 testing for the prediction of worsening renal function in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2015 Mar;53(4):613-21

Background: In order to predict the occurrence of worsening renal function (WRF) and of WRF plus in-hospital death, 101 emergency department (ED) patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) were evaluated with testing for amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), BNP, sST2, and neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL).

Methods: In a prospective international study, biomarkers were collected at the time of admission; the occurrence of subsequent in hospital WRF was evaluated.

Results: In total 26% of patients developed WRF. Compared to patients without WRF, those with WRF had a longer in-hospital length of stay (LOS) (mean LOS 13.1±13.4 days vs. 4.8±3.7 days, p<0.001) and higher in-hospital mortality [6/26 (23%) vs. 2/75 (2.6%), p<0.001]. Among the biomarkers assessed, baseline NT-proBNP (4846 vs. 3024 pg/mL; p=0.04), BNP (609 vs. 435 pg/mL; p=0.05) and NGAL (234 vs. 174 pg/mL; p=0.05) were each higher in those who developed WRF. In logistic regression, the combination of elevated natriuretic peptide and NGAL were additively predictive for WRF (ORNT-proBNP+NGAL=2.79; ORBNP+NGAL=3.11; both p<0.04). Rates of WRF were considerably higher in patients with elevation of both classes of biomarker. Comparable results were observed in a separate cohort of 162 patients with ADHF from a different center.

Conclusions: In ED patients with ADHF, the combination of NT-proBNP or BNP plus NGAL at presentation may be useful to predict impending WRF ( NCT#0150153).
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March 2015

Evidence of uncoupling between renal dysfunction and injury in cardiorenal syndrome: insights from the BIONICS study.

PLoS One 2014 11;9(11):e112313. Epub 2014 Nov 11.

AP-HP, Groupe hospitalier St-Louis-Lariboisière, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care and Burn unit, F-75475, Paris, France.

Objective: The objective of the study was to assess urinary biomarkers of renal injury for their individual or collective ability to predict Worsening renal function (WRF) in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF).

Methods: In a prospective, blinded international study, 87 emergency department (ED) patients with ADHF were evaluated with biomarkers of cardiac stretch (B type natriuretic peptide [BNP] and its amino terminal equivalent [NT-proBNP], ST2), biomarkers of renal function (creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR]) and biomarkers of renal injury (plasma neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin [pNGAL], urine kidney injury molecule-1 [KIM-1], urine N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase [NAG], urine Cystatin C, urine fibrinogen). The primary endpoint was WRF.

Results: 26% developed WRF; baseline characteristics of subjects who developed WRF were generally comparable to those who did not. Biomarkers of renal function and urine biomarkers of renal injury were not correlated, while urine biomarkers of renal injury correlated between each other. Biomarker concentrations were similar between patients with and without WRF except for baseline BNP. Although plasma NGAL was associated with the combined endpoint, none of the biomarker showed predictive accuracy for WRF.

Conclusions: In ED patients with ADHF, urine biomarkers of renal injury did not predict WRF. Our data suggest that a weak association exists between renal dysfunction and renal injury in this setting ( NCT#0150153).
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February 2016

Usefulness of combining galectin-3 and BIVA assessments in predicting short- and long-term events in patients admitted for acute heart failure.

Biomed Res Int 2014 30;2014:983098. Epub 2014 Jun 30.

Emergency Medicine, Department of Medical-Surgery Sciences and Translational Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Via di Grottarossa 1035/1039, 00189 Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Acute heart failure (AHF) is associated with a higher risk for the occurrence of rehospitalization and death. Galectin-3 (GAL3) is elevated in AHF patients and is an indicator in predicting short-term mortality. The total body water using bioimpedance vector analysis (BIVA) is able to identify mortality within AHF patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the short- and long-term predictive value of GAL3, BIVA, and the combination of both in AHF patients in Emergency Department (ED).

Methods: 205 ED patients with AHF were evaluated by testing for B type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and GAL3. The primary endpoint was death and rehospitalization at 30, 60, 90, and 180 days and 12 and 18 months. AHF patients were evaluated at the moment of ED arrival with clinical judgment and GAL3 and BIVA measurement.

Results: GAL3 level was significantly higher in patients >71 years old, and with eGFR < 30 cc/min. The area under the curve (AUC) of GAL3 + BIVA, GAL3 and BIVA for death and rehospitalization both when considered in total and when considered serially for the follow-up period showed that the combination has a better prognostic value. Kaplan-Meier survival curve for GAL3 values >17.8 ng/mL shows significant survival difference. At multivariate Cox regression analysis GAL3 is an independent variable to predict death + rehospitalization with a value of 32.24 ng/mL at 30 days (P < 0.005).

Conclusion: In patients admitted for AHF an early assessment of GAL3 and BIVA seems to be useful in identifying patients at high risk for death and rehospitalization at short and long term. Combining the biomarker and the device could be of great utility since they monitor the severity of two pathophysiological different mechanisms: heart fibrosis and fluid overload.
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April 2015

Copeptin decrease from admission to discharge has favorable prognostic value for 90-day events in patients admitted with dyspnea.

Clin Chem Lab Med 2014 Oct;52(10):1457-64

Background: With patients referred to emergency departments (EDs) for acute dyspnea, emergency physicians should consider all possible diagnoses and assess patients' risk stratification. Copeptin has been shown to have prognostic power for subsequent events, such as death and rehospitalization in patients admitted for dyspnea. The aim of this study was to investigate prognostic role of copeptin variations during hospitalization in patients admitted for dyspnea.

Methods: We conducted a prospective, multicentric, observational study in acute dyspneic patients in three ED centers in Italy. Clinical data and copeptin assessments were performed at admission, and at discharge. A 90-day follow-up was performed.

Results: A total of 336 patients were enrolled, and on the basis of final diagnosis distinguished into two groups: acute heart failure and no acute heart failure. Compared to a control group, in all studied population copeptin values at admission resulted in a significantly (p<0.001) higher median (maximum-minimum): 31 (0-905) versus 8 (0-13) pmol/L. Median copeptin value at admission was 42 (0-905) pmol/L in acute heart failure patients and 20 (0-887) pmol/L in no acute heart failure, respectively (p<0.001). In all studied patients and in each group copeptin at admission and discharge showed significant predictive value for 90-day events (p<0.001). Furthermore, in all patients population and in both groups Δ copeptin values from admission to discharge also showed significant predictive value for 90-day events (p<0.001).

Conclusions: In patients admitted for acute dyspnea, admission, discharge and Δ copeptin variations have significant prognostic value from subsequent 90-day death and rehospitalization.
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October 2014

Head-to-head comparison of serial soluble ST2, growth differentiation factor-15, and highly-sensitive troponin T measurements in patients with chronic heart failure.

JACC Heart Fail 2014 Feb 25;2(1):65-72. Epub 2014 Jan 25.

Division of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

Objectives: This analysis aimed to perform a head-to-head comparison of 3 of the promising biomarkers of cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in heart failure (HF)-soluble ST2 (sST2), growth differentiation factor (GDF)-15, and highly-sensitive troponin T (hsTnT)-and to evaluate the role of serial measurement of these biomarkers in patients with chronic HF.

Background: sST2, GDF-15, and hsTnT are strongly associated with CV outcomes in HF.

Methods: This post-hoc analysis used data from a study in which 151 patients with chronic HF due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction were followed up over 10 months. At each visit, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), sST2, GDF-15, and hsTnT were measured and any major CV events were recorded.

Results: Baseline values of all 3 novel biomarkers independently predicted total CV events even after adjusting for clinical and biochemical characteristics, including NT-proBNP, with the best model including all 3 biomarkers (p < 0.001). Adding serial measurement to the base model appeared to improve the model's predictive ability (with sST2 showing the most promise), but it is not clear whether this addition is a unique contribution. However, when time-dependent factors were included, only sST2 serial measurement independently added to the risk model (odds ratio: 3.64; 95% confidence interval: 1.37 to 9.67; p = 0.009) and predicted reverse myocardial remodeling (odds ratio: 1.22; 95% confidence interval: 1.04 to 1.43; p = 0.01).

Conclusions: In patients with chronic HF, baseline measurement of novel biomarkers added independent prognostic information to clinical variables and NT-proBNP. Only serial measurement of sST2 appeared to add prognostic information to baseline concentrations and predicted change in left ventricular function. (Use of NT-proBNP Testing to Guide Heart Failure Therapy in the Outpatient Setting (PROTECT)]; NCT00351390).
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February 2014

Thirty and ninety days mortality predictive value of admission and in-hospital procalcitonin and mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin testing in patients with dyspnea. Results from the VERyfing DYspnea trial.

Am J Emerg Med 2014 Apr 3;32(4):334-41. Epub 2014 Jan 3.

Emergency Department, Sant'Andrea Hospital, School of Medicine and Psychology "Sapienza" Univesity, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: Mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), procalcitonin (PCT), and mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) demonstrated usefulness for management of emergency department patients with dyspnea.

Methods: To evaluate in patients with dyspnea, the prognostic value for 30 and 90 days mortality and readmission of PCT, MR-proADM, and MR-proANP, a multicenter prospective study was performed evaluating biomarkers at admission, 24 and 72 hours after admission. Based on final diagnosis, patients were divided into acute heart failure (AHF), primary lung diseases, or both (AHF + NO AHF).

Results: Five hundred one patients were enrolled. Procalcitonin and MR-proADM values at admission and at 72 hours were significantly (P < .001) predictive for 30-day mortality: baseline PCT with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.70 and PCT at 72 hours with an AUC of 0.61; baseline MR-proADM with an AUC of 0.62 and MR-proADM at 72 hours with an AUC of 0.68. As for 90-day mortality, both PCT and MR-proADM baseline and 72 hours values showed a significant (P < .0001) predictive ability: baseline PCT with an AUC of 0.73 and 72 hours PCT with an AUC of 0.64; baseline MR-proADM with an AUC of 0.66 and 72 hours MR-proADM with an AUC of 0.71. In AHF, group biomarkers predicted rehospitalization and mortality at 90 days, whereas in AHF + NO AHF group, they predict mortality at 30 and 90 days.

Conclusions: In patients admitted for dyspnea, assessment of PCT plus MR-proADM improves risk stratification and management. Combined use of biomarkers is able to predict in the total cohort both rehospitalization and death at 30 and 90 days.
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April 2014

Additive value of blood neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin to clinical judgement in acute kidney injury diagnosis and mortality prediction in patients hospitalized from the emergency department.

Crit Care 2013 Feb 12;17(1):R29. Epub 2013 Feb 12.

Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication among hospitalized patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of blood neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) assessment as an aid in the early risk evaluation for AKI development in admitted patients.

Methods: This is a multicenter Italian prospective emergency department (ED) cohort study in which we enrolled 665 patients admitted to hospital from the ED.

Results: Blood NGAL and serum creatinine (sCr) were determined at ED presentation (T0), and at: 6 (T6), 12 (T12), 24 (T24) and 72 (T72) hours after hospitalization. A preliminary assessment of AKI by the treating ED physician occurred in 218 out of 665 patients (33%), while RIFLE AKI by expert nephrologists was confirmed in 49 out of 665 patients (7%). The ED physician's initial judgement lacked sensitivity and specificity, overpredicting the diagnosis of AKI in 27% of the cohort, while missing 20% of those with AKI as a final diagnosis.

Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that assessment of a patient's initial blood NGAL when admitted to hospital from the ED improved the initial clinical diagnosis of AKI and predicted in-hospital mortality. Blood NGAL assessment coupled with the ED physician's clinical judgment may prove useful in deciding the appropriate strategies for patients at risk for the development of AKI.See related commentary by Legrand et al.,
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February 2013

Utility of Procalcitonin (PCT) and Mid regional pro-Adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) in risk stratification of critically ill febrile patients in Emergency Department (ED). A comparison with APACHE II score.

BMC Infect Dis 2012 Aug 8;12:184. Epub 2012 Aug 8.

Emergency Department Azienda Ospedaliera Sant'Andrea, School of Medicine and Psychology Sapienza Univesity, Rome, Italy.

Background: The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic value of MR-proADM and PCT levels in febrile patients in the ED in comparison with a disease severity index score, the APACHE II score. We also evaluated the ability of MR-proADM and PCT to predict hospitalization.

Methods: This was an observational, multicentric study. We enrolled 128 patients referred to the ED with high fever and a suspicion of severe infection such as sepsis, lower respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, gastrointestinal infections, soft tissue infections, central nervous system infections, or osteomyelitis. The APACHE II score was calculated for each patient.

Results: MR-proADM median values in controls were 0.5 nmol/l as compared with 0.85 nmol/l in patients (P < 0.0001), while PCT values in controls were 0.06 ng/ml versus 0.56 ng/ml in patients (P < 0.0001). In all patients there was a statistically significant stepwise increase in MR-proADM levels in accordance with PCT values (P < 0.0001). MR-proADM and PCT levels were significantly increased in accordance with the Apache II quartiles (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.0012 respectively).In the respiratory infections, urinary infections, and sepsis-septic shock groups we found a correlation between the Apache II and MR-proADM respectively and MR-proADM and PCT respectively. We evaluated the ability of MR-proADM and PCT to predict hospitalization in patients admitted to our emergency departments complaining of fever. MR-proADM alone had an AUC of 0.694, while PCT alone had an AUC of 0.763. The combined use of PCT and MR-proADM instead showed an AUC of 0.79.

Conclusions: The present study highlights the way in which MR-proADM and PCT may be helpful to the febrile patient's care in the ED. Our data support the prognostic role of MR-proADM and PCT in that setting, as demonstrated by the correlation with the APACHE II score. The combined use of the two biomarkers can predict a subsequent hospitalization of febrile patients. The rational use of these two molecules could lead to several advantages, such as faster diagnosis, more accurate risk stratification, and optimization of the treatment, with consequent benefit to the patient and considerably reduced costs.
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August 2012

Use of BNP and bioimpedance to drive therapy in heart failure patients.

Congest Heart Fail 2010 Jul;16 Suppl 1:S56-61

Sant'Andrea Sapienza University II Medical School, Emergency Medicine, Rome, Italy.

The aim of the study was to verify whether the bioimpedance vector analysis (BIVA) could be a valid methodology to assess the fluid overload, whether there was a correlation between brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and the fluid overload detected by BIVA, and whether this technique could be a valid guide in the management of the therapy in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). A total of 51 patients arriving to the emergency department of the University Hospital Sant'Andrea (Rome, Italy) from December 2008 to April 2009 were enrolled. Hydration state, BNP, and caval index were evaluated at admission in the emergency department, at 24 and 72 hours, and at discharge. Vascular pedicle width was evaluated at admission and at discharge. BIVA values were correlated with BNP levels. A follow-up by phone at 3 months was performed. ADHF patients showed higher values of hydration state compared with controls. In ADHF patients, the difference between t 0 and t 72 BIVA mean values (P<.001) and between t 0 and discharge BIVA mean value (P<.0001) was statistically significant. Vascular pedicle width in ADHF patients showed a statistically significant difference (P<.0004) in compared with vascular pedicle width in controls.
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July 2010