Publications by authors named "Belmiro Matos"

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A hybrid simulation model for pre-operative planning of transsphenoidal encephalocele.

Neurosurg Rev 2020 Aug 8. Epub 2020 Aug 8.

University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, Brazil.

Congenital transsphenoidal encephalocele (CTE) surgical correction is a challenging procedure. Although rare, this anomaly, characterized with neural herniation elements, including the pituitary gland or optic pathway through the sphenoid bone with anatomical alteration, can be presented in many different ways and should be individually analyzed. Significant advances in medical technology and the 3D models may simulate the complex anatomical relations of the human body. Nowadays, medical education relies on the availability of standardized materials that can reliably emulate human anatomy. Therefore, realistic anatomical models have become an alternative for cadavers or animal specimens. In this technical note, the authors present a new technique to create personalized models that combine 3D printing, molding, and casting to create an anatomically and tactilely realistic model based on magnetic resonance and computerized tomography images. Produced from different silicon types, the model recreated the anatomic alterations precisely, allowing a multidisciplinary team to determine the adequate surgical approach for this patient. We describe a case of congenital transsphenoidal encephalocele of a 3-year-old boy, whose surgical correction was planned using a hybrid model. The technical description of the model is given in detail. This new hybrid model allowed a detailed discussion of the surgical approach aspects by having tissues of different consistencies and resistances and a very high prediction rate. This approach may allow a reduction in surgery time and possible complications after operative procedures.
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August 2020