Publications by authors named "Behrooz Nejati"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Molecular analysis of human adenoviruses in hospitalized children <5 years old with acute gastroenteritis in Tehran, Iran.

J Med Virol 2019 11 18;91(11):1930-1936. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Virology Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

Human adenoviruses (HAdVs), especially AdV-40 and 41, are common causes of nonbacterial sporadic and outbreak gastroenteritis in children. The present study aimed to describe the frequency and genetic analysis of HAdVs in hospitalized children <5 years old with acute gastroenteritis. A total of 376 stool samples obtained from June 2015 to December 2017 were investigated for the presence of HAdVs by polymerase chain reaction. The HAdV DNA was detected in 16 (4.3%) out of 376 stool samples. Based on the hexon hypervariable region (HVR), B, C, and F HADV species including five types HAdV-1, 2, 3, 6, and 41 were identified, among which enteric AdV species F (EAdV-41) was the most dominant. Moreover, our findings showed the presence of genomic type cluster 1 (GTC1) pattern in Iranian type 41 strains, which was closely similar to the D1 prototype strain (Tak) and D28. In this regard, a recombination was found in AdV-41 strains presenting the hexon sequence that belonged to GTC1, while fiber sequence clustered with GTC2.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.25539DOI Listing
November 2019

Prevalence and genetic diversity of norovirus genogroup II in children less than 5 years of age with acute gastroenteritis in Tehran, Iran.

Med Microbiol Immunol 2018 Aug 4;207(3-4):201-210. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

Virology Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

Viral gastroenteritis is a major public health problem worldwide. In Iran, very limited studies have been performed with regard to the epidemiology of noroviruses. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and molecular epidemiology of GII noroviruses in hospitalized children less than 5 years of age with acute gastroenteritis (AGE). A total of 210 stool specimens were collected from Ali Asghar Children's Hospital and Bahrami Children's Hospital in Tehran, from June 2015 to June 2016. The samples were screened by real-time RT-PCR for genogroup II (GII). Positive samples were genotyped by semi-nested PCR followed by Sanger sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. Norovirus was identified in 36 (17.1%) of 210 specimens. Based on genetic analysis of RdRp and capsid sequences, the strains were clustered into eight RdRp-capsid genotypes: GII.P4-GII.4 Sydney_2012 (41.7%), GII.Pe-GII.4 Sydney_2012 (30.6%), GII.P21-GII.3 (13.9%), GII.P16-GII.4 Sydney_2012 (2.8%), GII.P16-GII.12 (2.8%), GII.P2-GII.4 Sydney_2012 (2.8%), GII.P7-GII.7 (2.8%) and GII.P2-GII.2 (2.8%). We determined several different co-circulating norovirus genotypes in children < 5 years of age with AGE in our hospital in Tehran, Iran. Continued molecular surveillance of noroviruses, including typing of both RdRp and capsid genes, is important for monitoring emerging strains in our continued efforts to reduce the overall burden of norovirus disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00430-018-0541-6DOI Listing
August 2018