Publications by authors named "Bassam Romanos"

2 Publications

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Monopolar electrocautery tip vs plasma ablation in tonsillotomy: A randomized case-control study comparing outcomes in pediatric population.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 20;143:110655. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik (USEK), Jounieh, Lebanon; Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Eye and Ear International Hospital, Naccache, Lebanon. Electronic address:

Background: The objective of this study was to compare the low-priced monopolar electrocautery to the high-priced, worldwide used, plasma ablation in tonsillotomy among children aged between three and twelve years, suffering from obstructive breathing disorders (OBD), with respect to post-operative pain, bleeding and related morbidities.

Methods: A randomized case-control study was conducted in the Eye and Ear Hospital International- Lebanon. 103 children aged between three and twelve years suffering from OBD secondary to tonsillar hypertrophy were randomly assigned into two groups. Post-operative pain was evaluated using age-adequate validated scales: "FLACC-R" (Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability-Revised) for children aged less than five years, and "Wong Baker faces" for older children. Additional post-operative outcomes were evaluated using Pain-PROM (Patient reported Pain-Related Outcome Measures) and TAHSI (Tonsil and Adenoid Health Status Instrument) scales.

Results: Significantly, higher rates of patients who underwent tonsillotomy via plasma ablation technique used analgesics and had severe pain compared to the monopolar electrocautery group. A longer operative duration was significantly associated with higher pain scores, and the plasma ablation technique yielded significantly higher operative mean durations. 10 days post-operatively, a significantly higher percentage of children reported an overall high pain severity and more than expected overall pain when using the plasma ablation technique compared to the monopolar electrocautery one. Overall bleeding rates were similar. No difference was reported one month post-operatively.

Conclusion: When compared to plasma ablation, monopolar electrocautery, can provide the same efficiency in relieving OBD in healthy children, with equal overall bleeding rates, but significantly lower cost, operating time, pain scores and need for analgesics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2021.110655DOI Listing
April 2021

Safety of MRI with metallic middle ear implants.

J Med Liban 2003 Jul-Sep;51(3):127-31

Program of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Saint-George Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon.

Objective: Investigation of the effects of magnetic resonance fields on commonly used metallic middle ear implants.

Study Design: Nine middle ear prostheses (seven containing stainless steel and two made of pure gold used as control) were tested in vitro and one stainless steel stapedectomy prosthesis was tested on a cadaveric temporal bone.

Methods: Each metallic prosthesis was placed in an empty Petri dish and introduced into a 1.5-tesla (T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) unit. Most of the prostheses were then placed in a water-filled Petri dish and reintroduced into the MRI unit. Eventual in vitro displacement was assessed visually by two means. In situ testing was done by implanting a piston in a cadaveric temporal bone and performing MR sequences ; any possible displacement was then assessed by CT scan and under microscopic vision.

Results: None of the prostheses was displaced in the empty Petri dish. However, while in the water-filled Petri dish, three of these moved with the flux. The implanted piston in the temporal bone did not move.

Conclusion: The displacement of three of the prostheses in water is not relevant in real clinical situations. MRI can thus be considered safe in usual clinical settings, as far as our studied implants are concerned.
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April 2005