Publications by authors named "Basilio Jalomo-Martínez"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Cytomegalovirus in Renal Transplant Recipients from Living Donors with and without Valgancyclovir Prophylaxis and with Immunosuppression Based in Anti-thymocyte globulin or Basiliximab.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Nephrology and Organ Transplant Unit, Specialties Hospital, National Western Medical Centre, Mexican Institute of Social Security, Mexico.

Background: In our population, anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) of 1 mg/Kg/day for 4 days is used; which permits not using valgancyclovir (VGC) prophylaxis in some renal transplant recipients (RTR) of moderate risk (R+), to reduce costs. Our objective was to determine the incidence and risk for the development of cytomegalovirus (CMV) with or without prophylaxis, when exposed to low doses of ATG or basiliximab (BSL).

Patients And Methods: A retrospective cohort included 265 RTRs with follow up of 12 months. Prophylaxis was used in R-/D + and only some R + . Tacrolimus (TAC), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and prednisone (PDN) were used in all patients. Logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the risk of CMV in RTR with or without VGC.

Results: Cytomegalovirus was documented in 46 (17.3%) patients: twenty (43.5%) with CMV infection, and 26 (56.5%) with CMV disease. Anti-thymocyte globulin was used in 39 (85%): 32 "R+", 6 "D+/R-," and 1 "D-/R-". In 90% (27/30) of patients with CMV and without prophylaxis, ATG was used. The multivariate analysis showed an association of risk for CMV with the absence of prophylaxis (RR 2.29; CI 95%, 1,08-4.86), ATG use (RR 3.7; CI 95%, 1.50-9.13), TAC toxicity (RR 3,77; CI 95%, 1,41 -10,13), and lymphocytes at the sixth post-transplant month (RR 1,77; CI 95%, 1,0-3.16).

Conclusions: Low doses of ATG favor the development of CMV and a lower survival free of CMV compared with BSL. In scenarios where resources for employing VGC are limited, one acceptable strategy could be the use of BSL.
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April 2021

Donor-specific antibodies development in renal living-donor receptors: Effect of a single cohort.

Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 2021 Jan-Dec;35:20587384211000545

Department of Physiology, University Health Sciences Center, University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, México.

Minimization in immunosuppression could contribute to the appearance the donor-specific HLA antibodies (DSA) and graft failure. The objective was to compare the incidence of DSA in renal transplantation (RT) in recipients with immunosuppression with and without steroids. A prospective cohort from March 1st, 2013 to March 1st, 2014 and follow-up (1 year), ended in March 2015, was performed in living donor renal transplant (LDRT) recipients with immunosuppression and early steroid withdrawal (ESW) and compared with a control cohort (CC) of patients with steroid-sustained immunosuppression. All patients were negative cross-matched and for DSA pre-transplant. The regression model was used to associate the development of DSA antibodies and acute rejection (AR) in subjects with immunosuppressive regimens with and without steroids. Seventy-seven patients were included (30 ESW and 47 CC). The positivity of DSA class I (13% vs 2%;  < 0.05) and class II (17% vs 4%,  = 0.06) antibodies were higher in ESW versus CC. The ESW tended to predict DSA class II (RR 5.7; CI (0.93-34.5,  = 0.06). T-cell mediated rejection presented in 80% of patients with DSA class I ( = 0.07), and 86% with DSA II ( = 0.03), and was associated with DSA class II, (RR 7.23; CI (1.2-44),  = 0.03). ESW could favor the positivity of DSA. A most strictly monitoring the DSA is necessary for the early stages of the transplant to clarify the relationship between T-cell mediated rejection and DSA.
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March 2021

Insertion/deletion polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene in lupus nephritis among Mexicans.

Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2013 Feb;35(1):174-80

Departamento de Fisiología, CUCS, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico.

Unlabelled: The angiotensin (Ang)-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism determines Ang II levels, but its relationship with lupus nephritis (LN) in different populations is controversial.

Objective: To describe the allelic and genotypic distribution of the I/D polymorphism in Mexican mestizos with LN and assess an association with histological classes.

Methods: We included 24 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) without nephropathy, 41 with LN, 144 healthy subjects, and 36 with primary glomerulonephritis (GMN). Three ACE I/D polymorphism genotypes-ID, DD, and II--were detected by PCR using peripheral blood genomic DNA.

Results: Frequencies for II, ID, and DD were 0.29, 0.46, and 0.25 in the SLE group; 0.17, 0.63, and 0.20 in the LN group; 0.14, 0.5, and 0.36 in the GMN group; and 0.26, 0.52, and 0.22 among healthy subjects. The I/D polymorphism distribution according to histological class was class II: 1 II, 3 ID, and 1 DD; class III: 2 II, 10 ID, and 1 DD; class IV: 2 II, 9 ID, and 2 DD; class V: 2 II, 3 ID, and 4 DD; and class VI, 1 II. The histological classes with at least three patients had ID genotype as the most frequent except for class V.

Conclusion: No association was identified between I/D polymorphisms of ACE and SLE, LN, or GMN in a Mexican population.
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February 2013

Renal function preservation in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with early nephropathy: a comparative prospective cohort study between primary health care doctors and a nephrologist.

Am J Kidney Dis 2006 Jan;47(1):78-87

Unidad de Investigación Médica en Epidemiología Clínica, Hospital de Especialidades, Centro Médico Nacional de Occidente, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.

Background: Early referral of patients with end-stage renal disease to a nephrologist is associated with lower morbidity and mortality after initiating dialysis therapy; earlier referral may have better results. The aim of the study is to prospectively determine the impact of earlier referral to a nephrologist on renal damage progression of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) with early nephropathy.

Methods: Fifty-two patients (27 patients, early nephropathy [EN]; 25 patients, overt nephropathy [ON]) from a primary health care unit were referred to a nephrologist (study cohort); 65 patients (34 patients, EN; 31 patients, ON) from another health care unit remained treated by only family doctors (control cohort). Both cohorts were followed up for 1 year.

Results: Delta (final-baseline) in serum creatinine levels was maintained better by the nephrologist in the EN (study, 0.02 mg/dL versus control, 0.13 mg/dL [2 versus 11 micromol/L]; P = 0.02) than ON group (study, 0.15 mg/dL versus control, 0.25 mg/dL [13 versus 22 micromol/L]). In concordance, glomerular filtration rate was maintained better by the nephrologist in EN (study, 3.2 mL/min/1.73 m2 versus control, -13.3 mL/min/1.73 m2 [0.05 versus -0.22 mL/s/1.73 m2]; P = 0.01) than ON patients (study, -9.8 mL/min/1.73 m2 versus control, -10.9 mL/min/1.73 m2 [-0.16 versus -0.18 mL/s/1.73 m2]). Albuminuria increased more in patients treated by family doctors in the EN (study, 30 mg/d versus control, 116 mg/d; P < 0.05) and ON groups (study, 160 mg/d versus control, 623 mg/d). The nephrologist controlled systolic blood pressure better in both the EN (study, -3 mm Hg versus control, 2 mm Hg; P < 0.05) and ON groups (study, -19 mm Hg versus control, 5 mm Hg; P < 0.05); diastolic blood pressure had a similar pattern. The nephrologist significantly increased (P < 0.05) the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and statins and discontinued nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs more than family doctors (study, 42%, 43%, 39%, and -11% versus control, 17%, 4%, -7%, and 27%, respectively). Glycemic and lipid control and stopping smoking were not attained by either the nephrologist or family doctors.

Conclusion: Earlier referral of patients with DM2 to a nephrologist was associated with better renal function preservation, which was significantly more evident in the EN than ON group. The nephrologist obtained better blood pressure control, more frequently used angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and statins; and discontinued nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs more than family doctors. However, metabolic control and stopping smoking were not attained by either the nephrologist or family doctors.
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January 2006