Dr. Basiliana Emidi, PhD - National Institute for Medical Research - Medical Entomologist

Dr. Basiliana Emidi

PhD

National Institute for Medical Research

Medical Entomologist

Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam | Tanzania, United Republic of

Main Specialties: Infectious Disease

Additional Specialties: Human-biting mosquitoes behaviors and Insecticides Resistance

ORCID logohttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6856-541X


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Dr. Basiliana Emidi, PhD - National Institute for Medical Research - Medical Entomologist

Dr. Basiliana Emidi

PhD

Introduction

I am a Senior Research Scientist in Medical Entomology working with the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR), Department of Innovations, Commercialization and Technology Transfer Headquarters, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. I hold a PhD in Medical Entomology, a Master of Science (MSc) in Applied Zoology and Bachelor of Science (BSc) (Hons) in Zoology, Wildlife Science and Conservation. I have participated in a number of researches in areas of mosquito ecology, mosquito insecticide resistance, malaria entomological and parasitological surveys, and ethical issues in health research and innovation researches in food security. I have also participated in a multi-country study on the District Comprehensive Assessment; Global Fund Health Impact Evaluation on HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. I am a member of Pan-African Mosquito Control Association (PAMCA), Tanzania Public Health Association (TPHA) and Wildlife Conservation Society of Tanzania (WCST). In my academic and research carriers, I have received a number of awards which include the “Ngorongoro Conservation Prize” for being the best student in Wildlife Field Course, the “First Young Women Scientist Award” and the “Mount Kilimanjaro Scientific Award”. I have published 11 scientific papers in peer-reviewed journals. My research interest is on human biting mosquito vectors. Mosquito-borne diseases are major obstacle to growth of many countries. I am interested on understanding the behavior patterns and insecticide resistance in of mosquito vectors of human diseases, how these affect diseases transmission and how research findings can be used to have timely and effective control strategies.

Primary Affiliation: National Institute for Medical Research - Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam , Tanzania, United Republic of

Specialties:

Additional Specialties:

Research Interests:

Education

Jan 2014 - Nov 2017
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College
PhD in Medical Entomology
Nov 2017
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi, Tanzania
PhD. Medical Entomology
Nov 2007
University of Dar es Salaam
MSc. Applied Zoology (Medical Entomology)
Nov 2004
Univeristy of Dar es Salaam
BSc. Zoology, Wildlife Science and Conservation

Experience

Mar 2014
Senior Research Scientist
Medical Entomologist
Apr 2011
Mount Kilimanjaro Scientific Award
Outstanding Scientific Oral Presentation
Apr 2011
Young Woman Scientists Award
Best Young Woman Scientist
Mar 2008
Research Scientist
Employed as a Research Scientist in Medical Entomology
Nov 2002
Ngorongoro Conservation Prize
Best student in Wildlife field course
Mar 2008
National Institute for Medical Research, Headquarters, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Senior Research Scientist
Innovation, Commercialization and Technology Transfer

Publications

16Publications

752Reads

44Profile Views

200PubMed Central Citations

Opinions of key stakeholders on alternative interventions for malaria control and elimination in Tanzania.

Malar J 2020 Apr 23;19(1):164. Epub 2020 Apr 23.

Environmental Health and Ecological Sciences Department, Ifakara Health Institute, P. O. Box 53, Ifakara, Tanzania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-020-03239-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7178586PMC
April 2020
3.109 Impact Factor

Adherence, Awareness, Access, and Use of Standard Diagnosis and Treatment Guideline for Malaria Case Management among Healthcare Workers in Meatu, Tanzania.

J Trop Med 2020 18;2020:1918583. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Faculty of Medicine, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi, Tanzania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1918583DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7049437PMC
February 2020

Healthcare workers knowledge and diagnostic practices: a need for dengue and chikungunya training in Moshi Municipality, Kilimanjaro Tanzania.

BMC Res Notes 2019 Jan 18;12(1):43. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P.O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania.

Objective: Dengue and chikungunya virus diseases are becoming an increasingly important global health threats and are continuously expanding their geographical range. The study aims to investigate knowledge and diagnostic practice of dengue and chikungunya fever among healthcare workers in Moshi Municipality.

Results: Most of healthcare workers heard of chikungunya and dengue 146 (71.2%) and 203 (99%) respectively. Ninety-five (46.3%) and 152 (74.1%) had good knowledge regard chikungunya and dengue respectively. One hundred and twenty-two of HCWs 122 (59.5%) reported that there is no vaccination for dengue virus. Most HCWs 199 (97.0%) reported that the absence of diagnostic tool for dengue virus lead to difficult in managing the infection. The finding of this study showed that there is insufficient knowledge regarding chikungunya while knowledge regarding dengue is relatively fair. This calls for training regarding these infections.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-019-4074-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339411PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Cross-sectional Survey on Antibiotic Prescription Practices Among Health Care Providers in Rombo District, Northern Tanzania

East African Health Res J.

East African Health Research Journal

Background: Irrational and inappropriate antibiotic prescription is a worldwide phenomenon – increasing the threat of serious antibiotic resistance. A better understanding of health care providers’ knowledge, attitudes, and prescription practices related to antibiotics is essential for formulating effective antibiotics stewardship programmes. The aim of the present study was to assess knowledge, attitudes, and prescription practices toward antibiotics among health care providers. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between March and June 2017 to assess knowledge, attitudes, and prescription practices toward antibiotics among health care providers in the Rombo district of northern Tanzania. A total of 217 health care providers were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Results: Over half of health care providers (n=111, 51.2%) strongly agreed that the inappropriate prescription of antibiotics puts patients at risk. More than half (n=112, 51.6%) reported that their decision to start antibiotic therapy was influenced by a patient’s clinical condition, while 110 (50.7%) reported they were influenced by positive microbiological results in symptomatic patients. Almost two-thirds of the health care providers (n=136, 62.7%) reported that they had access to and used antibiotic therapy guidelines. Less than a quarter (n=52, 24.0%) received regular training and education in antibiotic prescription practice in their work place. Conclusion: Knowledge and prescription practice of antibiotics among health care providers was generally unsatisfactory. Training and education for health care providers is needed in the area of prescribing antibiotics.

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April 2018
88 Reads

Impact of non-pyrethroid insecticide treated durable wall lining on age structure of malaria vectors in Muheza, Tanzania

BMC Res. Notes

BMC Research Notes

Objective Malaria vectors control interventions are designed to cause immediate killing or shorten mosquito lives, therefore does not allow enough time for the development of the parasites to infective stage. The wall lining is new malaria vectors control intervention in Tanzania where its impact on age structure is not well known. Therefore this study aimed at determining the impact of non-pyrethroid durable wall lining on the age structure of malaria vectors. Results Higher proportions of An. gambiae sensu lato (57.1%, z = 2.66, P = 0.0077) and An. funestus (64.8%, z = 3.38, P = 0.001) were collected in the control clusters. Unexpectedly, significantly higher proportion of parous An. gambiae s. l. were collected in the intervention clusters (z = − 2.78, P = 0.0054). The wall lining intervention has demonstrated low impact on age structure of An. gambiae s. l., this call for further studies on the efficacy of the intervention.

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December 2017
75 Reads

Seasonal Variation of Culex quinquefasciatus Densities Emerged from Pit-Latrines in Rural Settings, Muheza, Tanzania

SM J Public Health Epidemiol. 2017; 3(1): 1040.

SM Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

Background: Culex quinquefasciatus is a vector of lymphatic filariasis and a biting nuisance in many developing countries with a warm and humid climate. In north eastern part of Tanzania, the burden of chronic lymphatic filariasis disease is still high. There is limited information on the factors that contribute to higher abundance of this mosquito species in rural areas. This study was therefore aimed at assessing the seasonal variation of Cx. quinquefasciatus abundance in pit latrines in rural areas in Muheza. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in rural settings of Muheza district for the duration of 11 months consecutively in 24 villages which were randomly selected. Collection of adult Culex mosquitoes emerged from wet pit latrines was done by using emergence traps. In each village three houses were selected basing on the presence of pit latrines. Results: A total of 12,762 mosquitoes consisting of Culex quinquefasciatus (12%) and Culex cinereus (88%) species were collected from 24 villages. Majority of Cx. quinquefasciatus mosquitoes were collected during cool and dry season followed by long rains season with 48.52% (n=722) and 41.53% (n=618), respectively. Only one Cx. quinquefasciatus (0.07%) was collected during hot and dry season. Conclusion: The present study has revealed the variation in the densities of Cx. quinquefasciatus emerged from pit latrines across the seasons. Wet pit latrines were found to be potential breeding sites for Cx. quinquefasciatus. The present study has provided important information on mosquito seasonality density in rural setting for employing alternative vector control such as larviciding in wet pit latrines.

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July 2017
78 Reads

Effect of physicochemical parameters on Anopheles and Culex mosquito larvae abundance in different breeding sites in a rural setting of Muheza, Tanzania.

Parasit Vectors 2017 06 24;10(1):304. Epub 2017 Jun 24.

Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, P.O. Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-017-2238-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5482952PMC
June 2017
117 Reads
3.430 Impact Factor

Susceptibility status of malaria vectors to insecticides commonly used for malaria control in Tanzania.

Trop Med Int Health 2012 Jun 23;17(6):742-50. Epub 2012 Apr 23.

National Institute for Medical Research, Amani Research Centre, Muheza, Tanzania.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2012.02986.xDOI Listing
June 2012
101 Reads
33 Citations
2.330 Impact Factor

Top co-authors

Franklin W Mosha
Franklin W Mosha

Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College

4
Bernard Batengana
Bernard Batengana

National Institute for Medical Research

3
Richard M Oxborough
Richard M Oxborough

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

3
Wema Sudi
Wema Sudi

National Institute for Medical Research

3
Robert Malima
Robert Malima

National Institute for Medical Research

3
Sophie Weston
Sophie Weston

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

3
Johnson Matowo
Johnson Matowo

Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College

3
Joseph P Mugasa
Joseph P Mugasa

National Institute for Medical Research

3
George Mtove
George Mtove

National Institute for Medical Research

3
William N Kisinza
William N Kisinza

National Institute for Medical Research

3