Publications by authors named "Barbro Fossøy Stadheim"

4 Publications

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Defining the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of X-linked MSL3-related disorder.

Genet Med 2021 Feb 11;23(2):384-395. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Institute of Human Genetics, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany.

Purpose: We sought to delineate the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of female and male individuals with X-linked, MSL3-related disorder (Basilicata-Akhtar syndrome).

Methods: Twenty-five individuals (15 males, 10 females) with causative variants in MSL3 were ascertained through exome or genome sequencing at ten different sequencing centers.

Results: We identified multiple variant types in MSL3 (ten nonsense, six frameshift, four splice site, three missense, one in-frame-deletion, one multi-exon deletion), most proven to be de novo, and clustering in the terminal eight exons suggesting that truncating variants in the first five exons might be compensated by an alternative MSL3 transcript. Three-dimensional modeling of missense and splice variants indicated that these have a deleterious effect. The main clinical findings comprised developmental delay and intellectual disability ranging from mild to severe. Autism spectrum disorder, muscle tone abnormalities, and macrocephaly were common as well as hearing impairment and gastrointestinal problems. Hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis emerged as a consistent magnetic resonance image (MRI) finding. Females and males were equally affected. Using facial analysis technology, a recognizable facial gestalt was determined.

Conclusion: Our aggregated data illustrate the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of X-linked, MSL3-related disorder (Basilicata-Akhtar syndrome). Our cohort improves the understanding of disease related morbidity and allows us to propose detailed surveillance guidelines for affected individuals.
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February 2021

"Missing mutations" in MPS I: Identification of two novel copy number variations by an IDUA-specific in house MLPA assay.

Mol Genet Genomic Med 2019 09 18;7(9):e00615. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Diagnostics, Jena University Hospital, Jena, Germany.

Background: Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is a rare, recessively inherited lysosomal storage disorder, characterized by progressive multi-systemic disease. It is caused by a reduced or absent alpha-l iduronidase (IDUA) enzyme activity secondary to biallelic loss-of-function variants in the IDUA. Over 200 causative variants in IDUA have been identified. Nevertheless, there is a fraction of MPS I patients with only a single mutated IDUA allele detectable.

Methods: As genetic testing of MPS I is usually based on sequencing methods, copy number variations (CNVs) in IDUA can be missed and therefore presumably remain underdiagnosed. The aim of this study was the detection of CNVs using an IDUA-specific in house multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay.

Results: A total of five unrelated MPS I patient samples were re-analyzed after only a single heterozygous IDUA mutation c.979G>C (p.A327P), c.1469T>C (p.L490P), c.1598C>G (p.P533R), c.1205G>A (p.W402X), c.973-7C>G (p.?) could be identified. We detected a novel splice site variant c.973-7C>G (p.?), as well as two novel CNVs, a large deletion of IDUA exon 14 and 3'UTR c.(1828 + 1_1829-1)_(*1963_?)del, and a large duplication extending from IDUA exon 2 to intron 12 c.(157 + 1_158-1)_(1727 + 1_1728-1)dup.

Conclusion: Together with the CNVs we previously identified, a total of four pathogenic IDUA CNVs have now been reported.
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September 2019

Clinical and molecular characteristics in three families with biallelic mutations in IGHMBP2.

Neuromuscul Disord 2016 09 22;26(9):570-5. Epub 2016 Jun 22.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Women and Children's Division, Department of Clinical Neurosciences for Children, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:

Biallelic mutations in IGHMBP2 cause spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress type 1 (SMARD1) or Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2S (CMT2S). We report three families variably affected by IGHMBP2 mutations. Patient 1, an 8-year-old boy with two homozygous variants: c.2T>C and c.861C>G, was wheelchair bound due to sensorimotor axonal neuropathy and chronic respiratory failure. Patient 2 and his younger sister, Patient 3, had compound heterozygous variants: c.983_987delAAGAA and c.1478C>T. However, clinical phenotypes differed markedly as the elder with sensorimotor axonal neuropathy had still unaffected respiratory function at 4.5 years, whereas the younger presented as infantile spinal muscular atrophy and died from relentless respiratory failure at 11 months. Patient 4, a 6-year-old girl homozygous for IGHMBP2 c.449+1G>T documented to result in two aberrant transcripts, was wheelchair dependent due to axonal polyneuropathy. The clinical presentation in Patients 1 and 3 were consistent with SMARD1, whereas Patients 2 and 4 were in agreement with CMT2S.
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September 2016

Inside the 8p23.1 duplication syndrome; eight microduplications of likely or uncertain clinical significance.

Am J Med Genet A 2015 Sep 11;167A(9):2052-64. Epub 2015 Jun 11.

Unique, Caterham, UK.

The 8p23.1 duplication syndrome (8p23.1 DS) is a recurrent genomic condition with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 58,000. The core 3.68 Mb duplication contains 32 genes of which five are currently candidates for the phenotypic features. Here we describe four patients and five families with eight microduplications of 8p23.1 ranging from 187 to 1082 kb in size and one atypical duplication of 4 Mb. These indicate that a minimal region of overlap (MRO) in medial 8p23.1 can give rise to features of 8p23.1 DS including developmental delay, dysmorphism, macrocephaly and otitis media, but not congenital heart disease (CHD). This MRO spans 776 kb (chr8:10,167,881-10,943,836 hg19) and contains SOX7 and seven of the other 32 core 8p23.1 DS genes. In centromeric 8p23.1, microduplications including GATA4 can give rise to non-syndromic CHD but the clinical significance of two smaller centromeric microduplications without GATA4 was uncertain due to severe neurological profiles not usually found in 8p23.1 DS. The clinical significance of three further 8p23.1 microduplications was uncertain due to additional genetic factors without which the probands might not have come to medical attention. Variable expressivity was indicated by the almost entirely unaffected parents in all five families and the mildly affected sibling in one. Intronic interruptions of six genes by microduplication breakpoint intervals had no apparent additional clinical consequences. Our results suggest that 8p23.1 DS is an oligogenetic condition largely caused by the duplication and interactions of the SOX7 and GATA4 transcription factors.
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September 2015