Publications by authors named "Barbara Montante"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Incidence and outcome of invasive fungal diseases after allogeneic stem cell transplantation: a prospective study of the Gruppo Italiano Trapianto Midollo Osseo (GITMO).

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2014 Jun 14;20(6):872-80. Epub 2014 Mar 14.

Pediatrics and Pediatric Hematology Unit, Az. Osp. S.Camillo-Forlanini, Rome, Italy.

Epidemiologic investigation of invasive fungal diseases (IFDs) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) may be useful to identify subpopulations who might benefit from targeted treatment strategies. The Gruppo Italiano Trapianto Midollo Osseo (GITMO) prospectively registered data on 1858 consecutive patients undergoing allo-HSCT between 2008 and 2010. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for proven/probable IFD (PP-IFD) during the early (days 0 to 40), late (days 41 to 100), and very late (days 101 to 365) phases after allo-HSCT and to evaluate the impact of PP-IFDs on 1-year overall survival. The cumulative incidence of PP-IFDs was 5.1% at 40 days, 6.7% at 100 days, and 8.8% at 12 months post-transplantation. Multivariate analysis identified the following variables as associated with PP-IFDs: transplant from an unrelated volunteer donor or cord blood, active acute leukemia at the time of transplantation, and an IFD before transplantation in the early phase; transplant from an unrelated volunteer donor or cord blood and grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in the late phase; and grade II-IV acute GVHD and extensive chronic GVHD in the very late phase. The risk for PP-IFD was significantly higher when acute GVHD was followed by chronic GVHD and when acute GVHD occurred in patients undergoing transplantation with grafts from other than matched related donors. The presence of PP-IFD was an independent factor in long-term survival (hazard ratio, 2.90; 95% confidence interval, 2.32 to 3.62; P < .0001). Our findings indicate that tailored prevention strategies may be useful in subpopulations at differing levels of risk for PP-IFDs.
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June 2014

Retrospective survey on the prevalence and outcome of prior autoimmune diseases in patients with aplastic anemia reported to the registry of the European group for blood and marrow transplantation.

Acta Haematol 2010 6;124(1):19-22. Epub 2010 Jul 6.

Pediatric Hematology Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Background: Aplastic anemia (AA) is rarely described after a diagnosis of autoimmune disease (aID).

Aims: To assess the prevalence of prior aID in patients with AA recorded in the registry of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) and to evaluate treatment and outcome.

Methods: 1,251 AA patients from 18 EBMT centers were assessed.

Results: Fifty patients (4%) were eligible: 22 males and 28 females with a median age of 46 years at the diagnosis of aID and of 51 years at the diagnosis of AA. Information on the treatment of AA was available in 49 patients: 38 received only immunosuppressive therapy (IST), 8 patients underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) - 6 as first-line therapy and 2 after failure of IST - whilst 3 patients had a spontaneous recovery. After a median follow-up of 3.19 years, 32 patients were alive, including 7 of the 8 patients who underwent HSCT. Only 6 of 32 patients who were alive at the last follow-up were receiving IST for AA.

Conclusions: Most cases of AA following aID benefitted from IST or HSCT if a matched donor was available. Further prospective investigation is needed to assess the effects of IST on the outcome of underlying aID.
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August 2010

Hepatitis-associated aplastic anaemia: epidemiology and treatment results obtained in Europe. A report of The EBMT aplastic anaemia working party.

Br J Haematol 2010 Jun 29;149(6):890-5. Epub 2010 Apr 29.

Ematologia Pediatrica e Trapianto di Midollo, Ospedale San Camillo, Roma, Italy.

In order to assess the epidemiology of Hepatitis-Associated Aplasia (HAA) and compare treatment outcome of HAA with non-HAA patients, we evaluated 3916 aplastic anaemia patients reported to the European Registry between 1990 and 2007. Year, month, season of diagnosis, type and outcome of first-line therapy were analysed. Prevalence of HAA (n = 214) in Europe was 5%. Compared to non-HAA patients, HAA patients were younger (15 vs. 20 years, P < 0.001), with a male prevalence (68% vs. 58% P = 0.002), and were treated earlier after diagnosis (46 vs. 62 d; P < 0.001). No significant differences were found regarding the year or month of diagnosis. No geographic clusters could be identified. Actuarial survival at 10 years after first-line immunosuppression was 69%, and did not differ according to aetiology. The 10-year actuarial survival after transplantation was 70%, and was comparable in HAA and non-HAA patients, when stratified for age and donor type. In a multivariate Cox analysis, increasing age and delayed treatment were significant negative indicators for survival. In conclusion, the incidence of HAA was 5% and was evenly distributed over time and geographic areas in Europe. Treatment outcome and predictive variables, were comparable in patients with or without HAA.
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June 2010

Hepatitis B and C in hematopoietic stem cell transplant.

Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis 2009 Dec 3;1(3):e2009016. Epub 2009 Dec 3.

Pediatric Hematology Hematology Departments, San Camillo Hospital, Circonvallazione Gianicolense 87, 00152 Rome, Italy.

Although the risk of acquisition of hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus through blood products has considerably reduced since the last decade, some infected patients are candidates to stem cell transplantation. Others may have no alternative than an infected donor. In all these cases, recipients of transplant are prone to short and long term liver complications. The evolution of liver tests under chemotherapy before transplant may give useful information to anticipate on the risk of hepatitis reactivation after transplant, both for HBv and HCv. More than sixty percent of the patients who are HBsAg-positive before transplant reactivate after transplant, and 3% develop acute severe liver failure. Because both viral replication and immune reconstitution are the key factors for reactivation, it is crucial to closely follow liver function tests and viral load during the first months of transplant, and to pay a special attention in slowly tapering the immunosuppression in these patients. Lamivudine reduces HBv viremia, but favors the emergence of HBv polymerase gene mutants and should be individually discussed. Both in case of HBv or HCv hepatitis reactivation with ALT ≥ 10N concomitantly to an increase in viral load at time of immune reconstitution, steroids should be given. In case there is no alternative than a HBv or HCv positive geno-identical donor, the risk of viral hepatitis, including acute liver failure and late complications, should be balanced with the benefit of transplant in a given situation.
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December 2009

Estimation of bulky lymph nodes by power Doppler ultrasound scanning in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma: a prospective study.

Haematologica 2006 Jul;91(7):960-3

Department of Biochemistry and Medical Biotechnology, Federico II University Medical School, Naples, Italy.

The accuracy of standard methods in estimating bulky lesions requires validation. We used clinical/computed tomography (CT) evaluation and power Doppler ultrasound (US) to detect bulky disease in 137 consecutive Hodgkin's lymphoma patients, and analyzed the prognostic relevance of each method. Bulky disease was detected by clinical/CT evaluation in 47% of the patients and by power Doppler US in 20%. After treatment, at multivariate analysis power Doppler US-selected bulky disease was the parameter that best correlated with freedom from treatment failure (p<0.001). Power Doppler US, a readily available imaging technique, provides a better prognostic classification by detecting true bulky disease more accurately.
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July 2006