Publications by authors named "Barbara Kalanska-Lukasik"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Local electromechanical alterations determine the left ventricle rotational dynamics in CRT-eligible heart failure patients.

Sci Rep 2021 Feb 5;11(1):3267. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Department of Cardiology and Structural Heart Disease, Medical University of Silesia, Ziołowa 45-47, Katowice, Poland.

Left ventricle, LV wringing wall motion relies on physiological muscle fiber orientation, fibrotic status, and electromechanics (EM). The loss of proper EM activation can lead to rigid-body-type (RBT) LV rotation, which is associated with advanced heart failure (HF) and challenges in resynchronization. To describe the EM coupling and scar tissue burden with respect to rotational patterns observed on the LV in patients with ischemic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) left bundle branch block (LBBB). Thirty patients with HFrEF/LBBB underwent EM analysis of the left ventricle using an invasive electro-mechanical catheter mapping system (NOGA XP, Biosense Webster). The following parameters were evaluated: rotation angle; rotation velocity; unipolar/bipolar voltage; local activation time, LAT; local electro-mechanical delay, LEMD; total electro-mechanical delay, TEMD. Patients underwent late-gadolinium enhancement cMRI when possible. The different LV rotation pattern served as sole parameter for patients' grouping into two categories: wringing rotation (Group A, n = 6) and RBT rotation (Group B, n = 24). All parameters were aggregated into a nine segment, three sector and whole LV models, and compared at multiple scales. Segmental statistical analysis in Group B revealed significant inhomogeneities, across the LV, regarding voltage level, scar burdening, and LEMD changes: correlation analysis showed correspondently a loss of synchronization between electrical (LAT) and mechanical activation (TEMD). On contrary, Group A (relatively low number of patients) did not present significant differences in LEMD across LV segments, therefore electrical (LAT) and mechanical (TEMD) activation were well synchronized. Fibrosis burden was in general associated with areas of low voltage. The rotational behavior of LV in HF/LBBB patients is determined by the local alteration of EM coupling. These findings serve as a strong basic groundwork for a hypothesis that EM analysis may predict CRT response.Clinical trial registration: SUM No. KNW/0022/KB1/17/15.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-82793-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7865069PMC
February 2021

Readiness for Voice Technology in Patients With Cardiovascular Diseases: Cross-Sectional Study.

J Med Internet Res 2020 12 17;22(12):e20456. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Cardiology and Structural Heart Diseases, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Background: The clinical application of voice technology provides novel opportunities in the field of telehealth. However, patients' readiness for this solution has not been investigated among patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD).

Objective: This paper aims to evaluate patients' anticipated experiences regarding telemedicine, including voice conversational agents combined with provider-driven support delivered by phone.

Methods: A cross-sectional study enrolled patients with chronic CVD who were surveyed using a validated investigator-designed questionnaire combining 19 questions (eg, demographic data, medical history, preferences for using telehealth services). Prior to the survey, respondents were educated on the telemedicine services presented in the questionnaire while being assisted by a medical doctor. Responses were then collected and analyzed, and multivariate logistic regression was used to identify predictors of willingness to use voice technology.

Results: In total, 249 patients (mean age 65.3, SD 13.8 years; 158 [63.5%] men) completed the questionnaire, which showed good repeatability in the validation procedure. Of the 249 total participants, 209 (83.9%) reported high readiness to receive services allowing for remote contact with a cardiologist (176/249, 70.7%) and telemonitoring of vital signs (168/249, 67.5%). The voice conversational agents combined with provider-driven support delivered by phone were shown to be highly anticipated by patients with CVD. The readiness to use telehealth was statistically higher in people with previous difficulties accessing health care (OR 2.920, 95% CI 1.377-6.192) and was most frequent in city residents and individuals reporting a higher education level. The age and sex of the respondents did not impact the intention to use voice technology (P=.20 and P=.50, respectively).

Conclusions: Patients with cardiovascular diseases, including both younger and older individuals, declared high readiness for voice technology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/20456DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7775197PMC
December 2020

Managed Care after Acute Myocardial Infarction (KOS-zawał) reduces major adverse cardiovascular events by 45% in 3-month follow-up - single-center results of Poland's National Health Fund program of comprehensive post-myocardial infarction care.

Arch Med Sci 2020 6;16(3):551-558. Epub 2019 Jun 6.

First Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Introduction: Despite progress in medical and interventional treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) resulting in low in-hospital mortality, the post-discharge prognosis in MI survivors is still unacceptable. The Managed Care in Acute Myocardial Infarction (MC-AMI, KOS-zawał) is a program introduced by Poland's National Health Fund aiming at comprehensive care for patients with AMI to improve prognosis. It includes acute intervention, complex revascularization, cardiac rehabilitation (CR), scheduled outpatient follow-up, and prevention of sudden cardiac death. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of MC-AMI on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in 3-month follow-up.

Material And Methods: In this single-center, retrospective observational study we enrolled 1211 patients, and compared them to 1130 subjects in the control group. After 1 : 1 propensity score matching two groups of 529 subjects each were compared. Cox regression was performed to assess the effect of MC-AMI and other variables on MACE.

Results: MC-AMI participation is related to reduced MACE rate by 45% in a 3-month observation. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed MC-AMI participation to be inversely associated with the occurrence MACE at 3 months (HR = 0.476, 95% CI: 0.283-0.799, < 0.005). Also, older age, male sex (HR = 2.0), history of unstable angina (HR = 3.15), peripheral artery disease (HR = 2.17), peri-MI atrial fibrillation (HR = 1.87) and diabetes (HR = 1.5) were significantly associated with MACE.

Conclusions: Participation in MC-AMI - the first comprehensive in-hospital and post-discharge care for AMI patients - improves prognosis and is related to a MACE rate reduction by 45% as soon as in 3 months.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/aoms.2019.85649DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7212237PMC
June 2019

Managed Care after Acute Myocardial Infarction (MC-AMI) - a Poland's nationwide program of comprehensive post-MI care - improves prognosis in 12-month follow-up. Preliminary experience from a single high-volume center.

Int J Cardiol 2019 12 20;296:8-14. Epub 2019 Jun 20.

First Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Background: Despite progress in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), long-term prognosis in MI survivors remains a challenge. The Managed Care in Acute Myocardial Infarction (MC-AMI, KOS-zawal) is the first program of a comprehensive, supervised care for patients with AMI to improve long-term prognosis. It includes acute intervention, complex revascularization, cardiac rehabilitation (CR), outpatient follow-up, and prevention of SCD. Our aim was to assess the relation between participation in MC-AMI and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in 12-month follow-up.

Methods And Results: In this single-center, retrospective analysis we compared 719 patients participating in MC-AMI and compared them to 1130 subjects in the control group. After propensity score matching, two groups of 529 subjects each were compared. MC-AMI was related with MACCE reduction by 40% in a 12-month observation. Participants of MC-AMI had a higher adherence to cardiac rehabilitation (98 vs. 14%), higher rate of scheduled revascularisation (coronary artery bypass grafting: 9.8% vs. 4.9%, p ≪ 0.001; elective percutaneous coronary intervention: 3.0% vs 2.1%, p ≪ 0.05) and ICD implantation (2.8% vs. 0.6%, p ≪ 0.05) compared to control. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed MC-AMI to be inversely associated with the occurrence of MACCE (HR = 0.500, 95% Cl 0.349-0.718, p ≪ 0.001). Besides, older age, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, prior PAD, previous UA, and lower LVEF were significantly associated with the primary endpoint.

Conclusions: MC-AMI is the first program of comprehensive care for AMI patients. MC-AMI improves prognosis by increasing the rate of patients undergoing CR, complete revascularization and ICD implantation, thus reducing MACCE.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.06.040DOI Listing
December 2019