Publications by authors named "Barbara Hurtado-Pardos"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Reliability and validity study of the Spanish adaptation of the "Student Satisfaction and Self-Confidence in Learning Scale" (SCLS).

PLoS One 2021 23;16(7):e0255188. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Universitat Rovira I Virgili, Tarragona, Spain.

The European Higher Education Area (EHEA) recommends the use of new educational methodologies and the evaluation of student satisfaction. Different instruments have been developed in Spain to evaluate different aspects such as clinical decisions and teamwork, however no instruments have been found that specifically evaluate student self-confidence and satisfaction during clinical simulation. The aim was to translate the Student Satisfaction and Self-Confidence in Learning Scale (SCLS) questionnaire into Spanish and analyse its reliability and validity and understand the level of satisfaction and self-confidence of nursing students with respect to learning in clinical simulations. The study was carried out in two phases: (1) adaptation of the questionnaire into Spanish. (2) Cross-sectional study in a sample of 489 nursing students. The reliability and exploratory and confirmatory factorial analyses were performed. To analyse the relationship of the scale scores with the socio-demographic variables, the Fisher Student T-test or the ANOVA was used. The scale demonstrated high internal consistency reliability for the total scale and each of its dimensions. Cronbach's alpha was 0.88 (0.83 to 0.81) for each of the dimensions. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis showed that both the one-dimensional and two-dimensional models were acceptable. The results showed average scores above 4 for both dimensions. The SCLS-Spanish translation demonstrated evidence of its validity and reliability for use to understand the level of satisfaction and self-confidence of nursing students in clinical simulation. Clinical simulations help students to increase their levels of confidence and satisfaction, enabling them to face real scenarios in clinical practice.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0255188PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8301674PMC
July 2021

Validity and reliability of the Spanish version of the "Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire" (W-DEQ-B).

PLoS One 2021 26;16(4):e0249942. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

The Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ-B) is an instrument that allows the experiences around fear of childbirth to be examined after the birth. It is currently the most widely used to measure different aspects related to the fear of childbirth and enables healthcare and additional assistance to women after birth to be adapted according to their needs. The objective of this study was to translate the W-DEQ-B into Spanish and analyse its reliability and validity. The study was carried out in two phases: (1) transcultural adaption of the questionnaire to Spanish and (2) a transversal study in a sample of 190 postpartum women from Sexual and Reproductive Health Clinics in the province of Barcelona (Spain). The psychometric properties were examined in terms of reliability (internal consistency and temporal stability) and construct validity (confirmatory factorial analysis [CFA] and exploratory factorial analysis [EFA]). The results of the CFA did not confirm unidimensionality of the W-DEQ-B questionnaire. The EFA suggested four very similar, but not identical, dimensions to those obtained in other studies in which the W-DEQ-B has been evaluated. Both the Cronbach's alpha and the omega coefficient were adequate for the total questionnaire and for each of the four dimensions. The results of this study confirm that the W-DEQ-B is multi-dimensional. In the Spanish version of the W-DEQ-B-Sp four dimensions have been identified that allow the experiences around fear of childbirth to be examined after the birth. The Spanish version of the WDEQ-B (WDEQ-B-Sp) is reliable and valid for the measurement of fear of childbirth in clinical practice and for use in future research.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0249942PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8075224PMC
April 2021

Reliability and validity study of the Spanish adaptation of the "Educational Practices Questionnaire" (EPQ).

PLoS One 2020 17;15(9):e0239014. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

The Educational Practices Questionnaire is an instrument for assessing students perceptions of best educational practices in simulation. As for other countries, in Spain, it is necessary to have validated rubrics to measure the effects of simulation. The objective of this study was to carry out a translation and cultural adaptation of the Educational Practices Questionnaire into Spanish and analyze its reliability and validity. The study was carried out in two phases: (1) adaptation of the questionnaire into Spanish. (2) Cross-sectional study in a sample of 626 nursing students. Psychometric properties were analyzed in terms of reliability and construct validity by confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses showed that the one-dimensional model is acceptable for both scales (presence and importance). The results show that the participants' scores can be calculated and interpreted for the general factor and also for the four subscales. Cronbach's alpha and the Omega Index were also suitable for all the scales and for each of the dimensions. The Educational Practices Questionnaire is a simple and easy-to-administer tool to measure how nursing degree students perceive the presence and importance of best educational practices.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0239014PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7497994PMC
October 2020

Exploring Health Science Students' Notions on Organ Donation and Transplantation: A Multicenter Study.

Transplant Proc 2020 Jun 4;52(5):1428-1431. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Departamento de Enfermería, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Campus UAB, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.

The knowledge acquired during university education about organ donation and transplantation (ODT) decisively influences the information future health professionals transmit. This is important in ODT where the participation of the general public is essential to obtain organs.

Objective: To determine notions of Spanish medicine and nursing students on ODT and its relationship with attitude toward ODT.

Methods And Design: and design. We conducted a sociologic, multicenter, and observational study. The population for our study consisted of medical and nursing students in Spanish universities. Our database was the Collaborative International Donor Project, stratified by geographic area and academic course. A validated questionnaire (PCID-DTO-RIOS) was self-administered and completed anonymously. Our sample consisted of 9598 medical and 10,566 nursing students (99% confidence interval; precision of ±1%), stratified by geographic area and year of study.

Results: The completion rate for our study was 90%. Only 20% (n=3640) of students thought their notions on ODT were good; 41% (n=7531) thought their notions were normal; 36% (n=6550) thought their notions were scarce. Comparing groups, there were differences between those who believed that their notions on ODT were good (44% nursing vs 56% medical students; P < .000), and those who believed it scarce (54% nursing vs 46% medical students; P < .000). Notions on ODT were related with attitude toward the donation of one's own organs: those who considered their notions were good were more in favor then those who considered it scarce (88% vs 72%; P < .000).

Conclusion: Only 20% of Spanish medical and nursing students thought their notions on ODT were good. Having good knowledge is related to a favorable attitude towards ODT. Receiving specific information on the subject could improve their knowledge about ODT during their training.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2020.01.086DOI Listing
June 2020

Confident Perception of Primary Care Physicians Correlates to the Attitude Toward Donation and Organ Transplantation: A Multicenter Study of Medical And Nursing Spanish Students.

Transplant Proc 2020 Mar 13;52(2):491-495. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Departamento de Enfermería, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Campus UAB, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.

A primary care physician (PCP) not only accompanies the patient in the process of an illness, but throughout his or her life. The confidence we have in these health professionals is fundamental, and their favorable attitude toward organ donation and transplantation (ODT) has a significant influence on the population.

Objective: To analyze trust in PCPs among Spanish medical and nursing students, the relationship with their attitude toward ODT, and the factors that condition it.

Methods And Design: A sociologic, multicenter, and observational study.

Population: medical and nursing students in Spanish universities.

Database: Collaborative International Donor Project, stratified by geographic area and academic course. A validated questionnaire (PCID-DTO-RIOS) was self-administered and completed anonymously. A sample of 9598 medical and 10,566 nursing students (99% confidence and precision of ±1%), stratified by geographic area and year of study.

Results: Completion rate: 90%. With respect to students' trust in their physician, 18% (n = 3267) of them totally trust (completely), 45% (n = 8101) trust enough, 30% (n = 5478) of them have not enough trust, and 7% not at all. Comparing groups, medical students totally trust more in PCPs than nursing students (55% vs 45%; P < .000), however, nursing students have less than enough trust in their PCP than medical students (53% vs 47%; P < .000). Students that totally trust in their PCP were more in favor toward ODT than students with not enough trust (83% vs 77%; P < .000).

Conclusion: Only 18% of Spanish medical and nursing students totally trust in their PCP. Attitude toward ODT is related to a higher level of trust in PCPs among these students.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.12.025DOI Listing
March 2020

Organ Donation Related With Attitude Toward the Law of Presumed Consent: Spanish University Medical and Nursing Students Study.

Transplant Proc 2020 Mar 3;52(2):439-442. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Departamento de Enfermería, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Campus UAB, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: Information provided by health care professionals is crucial to create a climate of social opinion. This is important in organ donation and transplantation (ODT), where the participation of the general public is essential to obtain organs.

Objective: To determine the attitude toward the Law of Presumed Consent (LPC) among Spanish university students and to analyze their relation with attitude toward ODT.

Methods: and design. The type of study was a sociologic, multicenter, observational study. The population included medical and nursing students in Spanish universities. Database of Collaborative International Donor Project was used stratified by geographic area and academic course. A validated questionnaire (Collaborative International Donor Project, organ donation and transplantation questionnaire in Spanish [PCID-DTO-RIOS]) was self-administered and completed anonymously. A sample of 9598 medical and 10,566 nursing students was analyzed (99% confidence and precision of ±1%) and stratified by geographic area and year of study.

Results: Completion rate was 90%. Regarding attitude toward LPC, 66% of the students were against the law, whereas 34% accepted it. Of the students surveyed, 9% considered the law as a gesture of solidarity, 25% as an effective way of not wasting organs, 48% as an abuse of power, and 18% as offenses against the family. Those students who were in favor of LPC also had a more favorable attitude toward ODT (86% vs 76%; P < .001). Comparing groups, nursing students were less in favor of LPC than medical students (32% vs 36%; P < .000).

Conclusion: Sixty-six percent of Spanish university medical and nursing students were against the LPC. The favorable attitude toward ODT is associated with considering the law as a gesture of solidarity or as an effective way of not wasting organs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.12.033DOI Listing
March 2020

Nursing Students' Knowledge About Organ Donation and Transplantation: A Spanish Multicenter Study.

Transplant Proc 2019 Nov 15;51(9):3008-3011. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

Department of Surgery, Transplant Unit, Virgen de la Arrixaca Univeristy Hospital, Murcia, Spain; Instituto Murciano de Investigación Biosanitaria (IMIB), Murcia, Spain.

Health care professionals and the information that they provide to the public on organ donation and transplantation (ODT) influence attitudes toward this option.

Objective: The objective was to analyze the knowledge of university nursing students at Spanish universities toward ODT and the factors affecting it.

Methods And Design: The methods and design included a multicenter, sociologic, and observational study including university nursing diploma students in a complete academic year.

Participants: A sample of 10,566 students was selected stratified by geographic area and year.

Instrument: A validated questionnaire of knowledge toward ODT (PCID-DTO RIOS), self-administered and completed anonymously.

Results: Questionnaire completion rate: 85% (n = 9001). Only 18% (n = 1580) believed that their knowledge about ODT was good, 40% (n = 3578) believed that the information they had was normal, and 39% believed that their knowledge was sparse. Of the students, 96% believed that organ needs are not covered and 79% that they might need a transplant in the future. Only 39% (n = 3493) had attended a talk about ODT. Furthermore, 83% (n = 7435) believed that attending a talk would be interesting. The following variables were associated with having a more adequate knowledge: gender (62% men vs 57% women; P < .001); academic year (P < .001); knowing a donor (P < .001); knowing a transplant patient (P < .001); believing the possibility of needing a transplant oneself in the future (P < .001); attitude toward deceased donation (P < .001); and interest in receiving an informative talk about ODT (P < .001).

Conclusion: Only 18% of nursing students in Spain believed that their knowledge about ODT was adequate. These results must be considered for possible training plans for these future professionals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.08.019DOI Listing
November 2019

Student nurses at Spanish universities and their attitude toward xenotransplantation.

Xenotransplantation 2019 05 8;26(3):e12507. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Surgery, Transplant Unit, Virgen de la Arrixaca Univeristy Hospital, El Palmar, Spain.

Introduction: Recent immunological and transgenic advances are a promising alternative using limited materials of human origin for transplantation. However, it is essential to achieve social acceptance of this therapy.

Objective: To analyze the attitude of nursing students from Spanish universities toward organ xenotransplantation (XTx) and to determine the factors affecting their attitude.

Materials And Methods: Type of study: A sociological, multicentre, and observational study.

Study Population: Nursing students enrolled in Spain (n = 28,000).

Sample Size: A sample of 10 566 students estimating a proportion of 76% (99% confidence and precision of ±1%), stratified by geographical area and year of study. Instrument of measurement: A validated questionnaire (PCID-XenoTx-RIOS) was handed out to every student in a compulsory session. This survey was self-administered and self-completed voluntarily and anonymously by each student in a period of 5-10 min.

Statistical Analysis: descriptive analysis, Student's t test, the chi-square test, and a logistic regression analysis.

Results: A completion rate: 84% (n = 8913) was obtained. If the results of XTx were as good as in human donation, 74% (n = 6564) would be in favor and 22% (n = 1946) would have doubts. The following variables affected this attitude: age (P < 0.001); sex (P < 0.001); geographical location (P < 0.001); academic year of study (P < 0.001); attitude toward organ donation (P < 0.001); belief in the possibility of needing a transplant (P < 0.001); discussion of transplantation with one's family (P < 0.001) and friends (P < 0.001); and the opinion of one's partner (P < 0.001). The following variables persisted in the multivariate analysis: being a male (OR = 1.436; P < 0.001); geographical location (OR = 1.937; P < 0.001); an attitude in favor of donation (OR = 1.519; P < 0.001); belief in the possibility of needing a transplant (OR = 1.497; P = 0.036); and having spoken about the issue with family (OR = 1.351; P < 0.001) or friends (OR = 1.240; P = 0.001).

Conclusions: The attitude of nursing students toward organ XTx is favorable and is associated with factors of general knowledge about organ donation and transplantation and social interaction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/xen.12507DOI Listing
May 2019

Reliability and validity study of the Spanish adaptation of the "Creighton Simulation Evaluation Instrument (C-SEI)".

Nurse Educ Pract 2019 Feb 7;35:14-20. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, Carretera del Canyet sn, 08916, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

There are multiple advantages to using human patient simulation (HPS) as a teaching method for clinical nursing education. Valid, reliable tools that can be used when applying this teaching method are needed to evaluate nursing student skill acquisition. The aim of this study was to translate the Creighton Simulation Evaluation Instrument (C-SEI) into Spanish and to analyse the reliability and validity of the Spanish C-SEI version with nursing students. The study was conducted in two phases: (1) Adaptation of the instrument into Spanish. (2) Cross-sectional study in a sample of 249 nursing students who were evaluated by two observers. The psychometric properties were analysed in terms of reliability (internal consistency and inter-observer consistency) and construct validity using an exploratory factor analysis. Questionnaire internal consistency was 0.839 for the tool as a whole. Inter-observer concordance for the tool as a whole was 0.936 and greater than 0.80 for the majority of the items. The exploratory factor analysis showed a four-factor structure that explains 49.5% of the total variance. The results of this study show that the C-SEI-sp tool is a valid and reliable tool that is easy to apply in the monitoring of student performance in clinical simulation scenarios.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepr.2018.12.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Positive Mental Health and Prevalence of Psychological Ill-Being in University Nursing Professors in Catalonia, Spain.

J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 2017 Jul;55(7):38-48

The aim of the current study was to examine the prevalence of psychological ill-being among university nursing professors in Spain and determine their grade of positive mental health. A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2013 to December 2013 with a sample of 263 university nursing professors. Sociodemographic and occupational variables, as well as variables related to daily habits and lifestyle, were collected. Psychological ill-being was measured using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and positive mental health was evaluated with the Positive Mental Health Questionnaire (PMHQ). Prevalence of psychological ill-being (GHQ-12 score >2) among the sample was 27% (range = 21.8% to 32.6%), with a higher prevalence in teachers from first and second cycles (Bachelor's degree and Master's degree, respectively) and a lower prevalence in those having very satisfactory social relationships. Significant differences were found in relation to consumption of tranquilizer drugs and Bach flower remedies. PMHQ scores were lower among teachers with a GHQ-12 score >2. Participants presented a good level of positive mental health. Preventive policies should be applied with the aim of reducing psychological ill-being among professors and potentiating positive mental health. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 55(7), 38-48.].
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20170619-06DOI Listing
July 2017

Psychometric evaluation of a new instrument in Spanish to measure the wellness of university nursing faculty.

Arch Environ Occup Health 2018 Jan 20;73(1):29-37. Epub 2016 Oct 20.

a Sant Joan de Déu-Fundació Privada, School of Nursing, University of Barcelona , Barcelona , Spain.

The aim of this study was to design and validate an instrument to measure the wellness among university nursing faculty. The study was performed in two phases. Phase I consisted of the development of the instrument with discussion groups and participant consensus. We designed an instrument including the 21 items or psychosocial risk factors identified and estimated an index by evaluating the frequency and intensity of each item. The items were grouped into 3 dimensions: teaching work demands, curricular demands, and organizational difficulties. Phase II, we evaluated the psychometric properties of the tool in a sample of 263 participants. Exploratory factor analysis showed a 3-factor structure that explained 53% of the total variance. The internal consistency of the instrument was 0.91 for the whole instrument. The results indicate that the tool developed is valid and reliable and may be a good instrument to monitor the wellness of university nursing faculty.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19338244.2016.1246411DOI Listing
January 2018

Newborn physiological immaturity: a concept analysis.

Adv Neonatal Care 2015 Apr;15(2):86-93

IDIBELL Institute of Research, University of Barcelona School of Nursing, Catalonia, Spain (Drs Juvé-Udina, Fabrellas-Padrés, and Delgado-Hito); Sant Joan de Déu School of Nursing, Catalonia, Spain (Mrs Hurtado-Pardos); Department of Nursing Informatics and Knowledge, Verge de la Cinta Community Hospital, and Rovira i Virgili University School of Nursing, Tortosa, Catalonia, Spain (Mrs Martí-Cavallé); Department of Nursing Informatics and Knowledge, Dr. Josep Trueta University Hospital, Girona, Catalonia, Spain (Mrs Gironès-Nogué); Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain (Mrs García-Berman); and Germans Trias i Pujol University Hospital, Badalona, Catalonia, Spain (Mr Alonso-Fernandez).

Background: Most standardized nursing care plans for healthy neonates include multiple nursing diagnoses to reflect nurses' judgments on the infant's status; however scientific literature concerning this issue is scarce. Newborn physiological immaturity is a concept in the ATIC terminology (architecture, terminology, interface, information, nursing [infermeria], and knowledge [coneixement]) to represent the natural status of vulnerability of the healthy neonate.

Purpose: To identify the essential attributes of the concept and provide its conceptual and operational definition, using the Wilsonian approach.

Findings: The concept under analysis embeds a natural cluster of vulnerabilities and environmental interactions that enhance the evolving maturation process.

Implications For Practice: The use of this diagnosis may simplify the process of charting the nursing care plans and reduce time needed for documentation while maintaining the integrity of the information.

Implications For Research: Consistent development and use of nursing concepts is essential for knowledge building. Studies on the actual use of nursing diagnoses are needed to inform decision making.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0000000000000162DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4961275PMC
April 2015
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