Publications by authors named "Bao-An Cui"

26 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Construction and immunogenicity of a recombinant pseudorabies virus co-expressing porcine circovirus type 2 capsid protein and interleukin 18.

Virus Res 2015 Apr 18;201:8-15. Epub 2015 Feb 18.

The College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450002, China.

A novel recombinant pseudorabies virus (PRV) expressing porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) capsid protein and IL-18 was constructed. The PCV2 open reading frame 2 (ORF2) and porcine IL-18 genes were amplified by PCR and then inserted into the PRV transfer vector (pG) to produce a recombinant plasmid (pGO18). Plasmid pGO18 was transfected into porcine kidney cell (PK15) pre-infected with PRV HB98 vaccine strain to generate a recombinant virus. The recombinant virus PRV-ORF2-IL18 was purified by green fluorescent plaque purification and the inserts were confirmed by PCR, enzyme digestion, sequencing, and Western blot. The humoral and cellular responses induced by the recombinant virus were assessed in mice. Mice (n=10) were immunized with PRV-ORF2-IL18, PRV-ORF2, PRV HB98, or inactivated PCV2. PRV-ORF2-IL18 elicited high titers of ELISA and serum neutralizing antibodies and strong cell-mediated immune responses in mice as indicated by anti-PCV2 ELISA, PRV-neutralizing assay, PCV2 specific lymphocyte proliferation assay, CD3(+), CD4(+) and CD8(+) T lymphocytes analysis, respectively. And PRV-ORF2-IL18 immunization protected mice against a lethal challenge of a virulent PRV Fa strain and significantly reduced the amount of PCV2 viremia. These results suggest an adjuvant effect of IL-18 on cellular immune responses. The recombinant virus might be an attractive candidate vaccine for preventing PCV2 and PRV infections in pigs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2015.02.010DOI Listing
April 2015

Complete genome sequence of a porcine parvovirus strain isolated in central china.

Genome Announc 2014 Jan 30;2(1). Epub 2014 Jan 30.

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China.

We report here the complete genome sequence of the porcine parvovirus (PPV) strain J-PPV, isolated from central China. Our data, together with sequence data for PPV isolates from other regions of China, will help in understanding the epidemiology and molecular characteristics of PPV field isolates in China.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/genomeA.01247-13DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3907734PMC
January 2014

Genomic sequence analysis of a new reassortant infectious bursal disease virus from commercial broiler flocks in Central China.

Arch Virol 2013 Sep 31;158(9):1973-8. Epub 2013 Mar 31.

Henan Center for Animal Disease Control and Prevention, Animal Husbandry Bureau of Henan Province, Zhengzhou, 450008, Henan Province, People's Republic of China.

We report the complete nucleotide sequence of a reassortant infectious bursal disease (IBD) virus (IBDV) HN isolate from commercial broiler flocks in central China. The genome consisted of 3,232 and 2,652 nucleotides in the coding regions of segments A and B, respectively. Alignment of both nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences and phylogenetic analysis revealed that the genome segments A and B of HN were derived from the attenuated strain B87 and the VV strain OKYM. This is a new reassortant IBDV strain that has emerged in nature, involving segment A of a cell-culture-adapted attenuated vaccine strain B87.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-013-1682-yDOI Listing
September 2013

Molecular detection and genomic characterization of Torque teno sus virus 1 and 2 from domestic pigs in central China.

Virus Genes 2013 Jun 7;46(3):479-86. Epub 2013 Mar 7.

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Nongye Road, Zhengzhou, 450002, Henan, People's Republic of China.

In the present study, Torque teno sus viruses (TTSuVs) were detected in tissue and blood samples obtained from domestic pigs in central China, and complete genomes of TTSuVs were characterized. A total of three tissue samples (3/20, 15 %) from post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome-affected pigs and 30 blood samples (30/40, 75 %) from healthy pigs were positive for Torque teno sus virus 1 (TTSuV1) and/or 2 (TTSuV2). Two TTSuV strains (TTV1Hn54 and TTV2Hn93) comprising 2,794 and 2,875 nucleotides, respectively, each had four open reading frames (ORFs) and the untranslated region with TATA box and GC-rich region. Genomic sequence of TTV2Hn93 strain was unique in length compared with other TTSuV2 genomic sequences. Interestingly, three rolling-circle replication (RCR) motif-IIIs (YXXK) which were located at amino acid (aa) position 166-169, 328-331, and 379-382, respectively, were found in the ORF1 of TTV1Hn54. Two RCR motif-IIIs (YXXK) at the aa position 105-108 and 480-483 respectively, were also identified in the ORF1 of TTV2Hn93. Phylogenetic tree based on complete genomes showed that TTV1Hn54 strain was designated into type TTSuV1b and had a slight high sequence identity of 91 % with the Canada strain (JQ120664). TTV2Hn93 strain was classified into subtype TTSuV2d and shared the highest identity (97 %) with the Spain strain (GU570207).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11262-013-0897-zDOI Listing
June 2013

Simultaneous detection of porcine parvovirus and porcine circovirus type 2 by duplex real-time PCR and amplicon melting curve analysis using SYBR Green.

J Virol Methods 2013 Jan 4;187(1):15-9. Epub 2012 Jul 4.

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.

The development of a SYBR Green-based duplex real-time PCR is described for simultaneous detection of porcine parvovirus (PPV) and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2) genomes. Viral genomes were identified in the same sample by their distinctive melting temperature (T(m)) which is 77.5°C for PPV VP2 313bp amplicon and 82.3°C for PCV-2 ORF2 171bp amplicon, respectively. The detection limit of the method was 0.01TCID(50)/mL for PPV and PCV-2, about 10 times more sensitive than conventional PCR. In addition, PPV and PCV-2 viral load were measured in 126 field samples, confirming the sensitivity and specificity, and the result showed that 70/126 samples were positive for PPV and 92/126 samples were positive for PCV2 by the duplex real-time PCR. This method may be a useful alternative rapid and reliable method for the detection of PPV/PCV-2 co-infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2012.06.024DOI Listing
January 2013

Enhancing immune responses to inactivated porcine parvovirus oil emulsion vaccine by co-inoculating porcine transfer factor in mice.

Vaccine 2012 Jul 13;30(35):5246-52. Epub 2012 Jun 13.

The College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450002, PR China.

Inactivated porcine parvovirus (PPV) vaccines are available commercially and widely used in the breeding herds. However, inactivated PPV vaccines have deficiencies in induction of specific cellular immune response. Transfer factor (TF) is a material that obtained from the leukocytes, and is a novel immune-stimulatory reagent that as a modulator of the immune system. In this study, the immunogenicity of PPV oil emulsion vaccine and the immuno-regulatory activities of TF were investigated. The inactivated PPV oil emulsion vaccines with or without TF were inoculated into BALB/c mice by subcutaneous injection. Then humoral and cellular immune responses were evaluated by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), fluorescence-activated cell sorter analyses (FACS). The results showed that the PPV specific immune responses could be evoked in mice by inoculating with PPV oil emulsion vaccine alone or by co-inoculation with TF. The cellular immune response levels in the co-inoculation groups were higher than those groups receiving the PPV oil emulsion vaccine alone, with the phenomena of higher level of IFN-γ, a little IL-6 and a trace of IL-4 in serum, and a vigorous T-cell response. However, there was no significant difference in antibody titers between TF synergy inactivated vaccine and the inactivated vaccine group (P>0.05). In conclusion, these results suggest that TF possess better cellular immune-enhancing capability and would be exploited into an effective immune-adjuvant for inactivated vaccines.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.05.077DOI Listing
July 2012

Immune responses of chickens inoculated with a recombinant fowlpox vaccine coexpressing glycoprotein B of infectious laryngotracheitis virus and chicken IL-18.

FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 2011 Nov;63(2):289-95

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China.

Infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) is an alphaherpesvirus that causes severe and economically significant respiratory disease in poultry worldwide. Herein, the immunogenicity of two recombinant fowlpox viruses (rFPV-gB and rFPV-gB/IL18) containing ILTV glycoprotein B (gB) and chicken interleukin-18 (IL-18) were investigated in a challenge model. One-day-old specific-pathogen-free chickens were vaccinated by wing-web puncture with the two rFPVs and challenged with the virulent ILTV CG strain. There were differences in antibody levels elicited by either rFPV-gB/IL18 or rFPV-gB as determined using ELISA. The ratios of CD4(+) to CD8(+) in chickens immunized with rFPV-gB/IL18 were higher (P < 0.05) than in those immunized with rFPV-gB, and the level of proliferative response of the T cells in the rFPV-gB/IL18-vaccinated group was higher (P < 0.05) than that in the rFPV-gB group. All chickens immunized with rFPV-gB/IL18 were protected (10/10), whereas only eight of 10 of the chickens immunized with the rFPV-gB were protected. The results showed that the protective efficacy of the rFPV-gB vaccine could be enhanced by simultaneous expression of chicken IL-18.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-695X.2011.00850.xDOI Listing
November 2011

Inhibitory effects of indigowoad root polysaccharides on porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus replication in vitro.

Antivir Ther 2011 ;16(3):357-63

The College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan, People's Republic of China.

Background: Indigowoad root polysaccharide (IRPS) is a natural polysaccharide isolated from the traditional Chinese medicinal herb Radix Isatidis, and has many kinds of biological activities. However, the IRPS antiviral activity, especially the anti-porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) effect, has not been evaluated.

Methods: PRRSV was propagated in the MARC-145 cell line, and viral titre was determined by cytopathic effect and expressed as the 50% tissue culture infection dose (TCID(50)) in the current study. The cell cytotoxic effect of IRPS toward MARC-145 was evaluated by MTT assay firstly, then the inhibitory effects of IRPS on PRRSV replication in vitro were investigated by determining the effect of IRPS upon a single replicative cycle of PRRSV in MARC-145 cells. The effects of IRPS on viral RNA and protein synthesis in PRRSV-infected cells were investigated using real-time PCR and double-antibody (sandwich) ELISA.

Results: IRPS was able to effectively suppress the infectivity of the PRRSV in a dose-dependent manner, especially by adding IRPS during the PRRSV infection. IRPS could affect the attachment of PRRSV to MARC-145 cells, and also inhibit the viral RNA and protein synthesis.

Conclusions: IRPS has an antiviral effect on PRRSV replication in MARC-145 cells and might be useful in medical development for antiviral research. However, the precise mechanism of the host and viral targets of IRPS are unknown, so further studies should be conducted to investigate the precise mechanism of IRPS inhibitory effect on PRRSV infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3851/IMP1755DOI Listing
September 2011

Immune responses of chickens inoculated with a recombinant fowlpox vaccine coexpressing HA of H9N2 avain influenza virus and chicken IL-18.

Antiviral Res 2011 Jul 23;91(1):50-6. Epub 2011 Apr 23.

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, People's Republic of China.

Control of the circulation of H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV) is a major concern for both animal and public health, and H9N2 AIV poses a major threat to the chicken industry worldwide. Here, we developed a recombinant fowlpox virus (rFPV-HA) expressing the haemagglutinin (HA) gene of the A/CH/JY/1/05 (H9N2) influenza virus and a recombinant fowlpox virus (rFPV-HA/IL18) expressing the HA gene and chicken interleukin-18 (IL-18) gene. Recombinant plasmid pSY-HA/IL18 was constructed by cloning chicken IL-18 expression cassette into recombinant plasmid pSY-HA containing the HA gene. Two rFPVs were generated by transfecting two recombinant plasmids into the chicken embryo fibroblast cells pre-infected with S-FPV-017, and assessed for their immunological efficacy on one-day-old White Leghorn specific-pathogen-free chickens challenged with the A/CH/JY/1/05 (H9N2) strain. There was a significant difference in HI antibody levels (P<0.05) elicited by either rFPV-HA or rFPV-HA/IL18. The level of splenocyte proliferation response in the rFPV-HA/IL18-vaccinated group was significantly higher (P<0.05) than that in the rFPV-HA group. After challenge with 10(6.5)ELD(50) H9N2 AIV 43days after immunization, rFPVs vaccinated groups could prevent virus shedding and replication in multiple organs in response to H9N2 AIV infection, and rFPV-HA/IL18 vaccinated group had better inhibition of viruses than rFPV-HA vaccinated group. Our results show that the protective efficacy of the rFPV-HA vaccine could be enhanced significantly by simultaneous expression of IL-18.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2011.04.007DOI Listing
July 2011

Construction and immunogenicity of a recombinant fowlpox vaccine coexpressing S1 glycoprotein of infectious bronchitis virus and chicken IL-18.

Vaccine 2010 Nov 14;28(51):8112-9. Epub 2010 Oct 14.

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Wenhua Road 95#, 450002 Zhengzhou, Henan Province, People's Republic of China.

Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) poses a major threat to the chicken industry worldwide. In this study, we developed a recombinant fowlpox virus (rFPV) vaccine expressing the IBV S1 gene and chicken interleukin-18 gene (IL-18), rFPV-S1/IL18. Recombinant plasmid pSY-S1/IL18 was constructed by cloning chicken IL-18 into fowlpox virus transfer plasmid containing S1 gene and transfected into the chicken embryo fibroblasts cell pre-infected with S-FPV-017 to generate rFPV-S1/IL18. Expression of the recombinant proteins was confirmed by RT-PCR and IFA. We also constructed the recombinant fowlpox virus rFPV-S1 without IL-18. One-day-old chickens were vaccinated by wing-web puncture with the two rFPVs, and the induced humoral and cellular responses were evaluated. There was a significant difference in ELISA antibody levels (P<0.05) elicited by either rFPV-S1 or rFPV-S1/IL18. The ratios of CD4(+) to CD8(+) in chickens immunized with rFPV-S1/IL18 were significantly higher (P<0.05) than in those immunized with rFPV-S1. All chickens immunized with rFPV-S1/IL18 were completely protected (20/20) after challenge with the virulent IBV HN99 strain 43 days after immunization, while only 15 out of 20 of the chickens immunized with the rFPV-S1 were protected. Our results show that the protective efficacy of the rFPV-S1 vaccine could be enhanced significantly by simultaneous expression of IL-18.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2010.09.106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7115522PMC
November 2010

Interleukin-18-mediated enhancement of the protective effect of an infectious laryngotracheitis virus glycoprotein B plasmid DNA vaccine in chickens.

J Med Microbiol 2011 Jan 9;60(Pt 1):110-116. Epub 2010 Sep 9.

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Wenhua Road 95, 450002 Zhengzhou, Henan, PR China.

The immunogenicity of an infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) glycoprotein B (gB) plasmid DNA vaccine and the immunoregulatory activity of chicken interleukin-18 (IL-18) were investigated in a challenge model. Two recombinant plasmids, pcDNA3.1/gB (pgB) and pcDNA3.1/IL-18 (pIL-18), containing gB and IL-18 were constructed. Chickens were intramuscularly administered two immunizations 2 weeks apart, and challenged with the virulent CG strain of ILTV 2 weeks later. All animals vaccinated with pgB alone or with a combination of pgB plus pIL-18 developed a specific anti-ILTV ELISA antibody and splenocyte proliferation response. The ratios of CD4(+) to CD8(+) T lymphocytes in chickens immunized with pgB plus pIL-18 were significantly higher than in those immunized with pgB alone. Co-injection of pIL-18 significantly increased the production of gamma interferon and IL-2, indicating that IL-18 enhances the T helper 1-dominant immune response. Challenge experiments showed that the morbidity rate in the pgB group (25  %) was significantly higher than that in the pgB plus pIL-18 group (10  %). The mortality rates in the pgB and pgB plus pIL-18 groups were 10 and 0 %, respectively, and the corresponding protection rates were 60 and 80  %. These results indicate that IL-18 may be an effective adjuvant for an ILTV vaccine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.024109-0DOI Listing
January 2011

Use of a Multiplex RT-PCR Assay for Simultaneous Detection of the North American Genotype Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus, Swine Influenza Virus and Japanese Encephalitis Virus.

Agric Sci China 2010 Jul 17;9(7):1050-1057. Epub 2010 Jul 17.

College of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, P.R. China.

A multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (multiplex RT-PCR) assay was developed and subsequently evaluated for its efficacy in the detection of multiple viral infections simultaneously, in swine. Specific primers for each of the 3 RNA viruses, North American genotype porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, and swine influenza virus, were used in the testing procedure. The assay was shown to be highly sensitive because it could detect as little as 10 ng of each of the respective amplicons in a single sample containing a composite of all 3 viruses. The assay was also effective in detecting one or more of the same viruses in various combinations in specimens, including lymph nodes, lungs, spleens, and tonsils, collected from clinically ill pigs and in spleen specimens collected from aborted pig fetuses. The results from the multiplex RT-PCR were confirmed by virus isolation. The relative efficiency (compared to the efficiency of separate assays for each virus) and apparent sensitivity of the multiplex RT-PCR method show that this method has potential for application in routine molecular diagnostic procedures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1671-2927(09)60189-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7129351PMC
July 2010

Enhancement of the immunogenicity of an infectious laryngotracheitis virus DNA vaccine by a bicistronic plasmid encoding glycoprotein B and interleukin-18.

Antiviral Res 2010 Aug 27;87(2):235-41. Epub 2010 May 27.

College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Wenhua Road 95#, 450002 Zhengzhou, Henan Province, People's Republic of China.

A DNA vaccine against infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) can induce specific humoral and cell-mediated immunity. However, compared to conventional vaccines, DNA vaccines usually induce poor antibody responses. To determine if co-expression of a cytokine can result in a more potent ILTV DNA vaccine, immunogenicity and protective efficacy of a monocistronic vector encoding the glycoprotein B (gB) of ILTV was compared to that of a bicistronic vector separately encoding the gB and chicken interleukin-18. Humoral and cellular responses induced by the DNA vaccines administered to the quadriceps muscle of chickens were evaluated. There were significant differences in antibody levels elicited by either monocistronic or bicistronic DNA vaccines as determined by ELISA. The percentages of CD3(+), CD3(+)CD8(+) and CD3(+)CD4(+) subgroups of peripheral blood T-lymphocytes in chickens immunized with the bicistronic DNA vaccine were higher than those in chickens immunized with monocistronic DNA vaccine. When chickens were challenged with a virulent CG strain of ILTV, the protective efficacy was enhanced significantly after immunization with the bicistronic DNA vaccine. These results demonstrated that co-expression of an adjuvant cytokine from a bicistronic DNA vaccine may be an effective approach to increasing ILTV DNA vaccine immunogenicity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2010.05.009DOI Listing
August 2010

Cloning, in vitro expression, and bioactivity of interleukin-18 isolated from a domestic porcine breed found in Henan.

FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol 2009 Nov 27;57(2):129-35. Epub 2009 Jul 27.

Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, China.

To evaluate the effects of recombinant porcine interleukin-18 (rpIL-18) on the replication of viruses in host cells and proliferation of lymphocytes, porcine IL-18 (pIL-18) isolated from a domestic big-white porcine breed found in the Henan province (HN) was cloned using a reverse transcriptase-PCR. The cloned HN pIL-18 contained an ORF of 579 base pairs encoding a 192-amino-acid precursor protein. The amino acid sequence of HN pIL-18 was compared with all the other pIL-18 amino acid sequences and varied by at least one amino acid to the consensus of all the others available. HN pIL-18 mature protein gene was inserted into a prokaryotic vector pGEX-4T-1 and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21. The expression of glutathione-S-transferase-pIL18 fusion protein was confirmed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Western blot analysis. The rpIL-18 induced in vitro proliferation of concanavalin-A-stimulated porcine splenocytes, as revealed by the MTT assay. We studied the antiviral activities of the rpIL-18 on the replication of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), pseudorabies virus (PRV), and porcine parvovirus (PPV) cultured in two homologous cell lines. The results suggested that rpIL-18 can stimulate the proliferation of lymphocytes and inhibit viral pathogens infecting the porcine population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-695X.2009.00589.xDOI Listing
November 2009

Secretory expression of porcine interferon-gamma in baculovirus using HBM signal peptide and its inhibition activity on the replication of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus.

Vet Immunol Immunopathol 2009 Dec 6;132(2-4):314-7. Epub 2009 Jun 6.

Key Laboratory of Animal-derived Food Safety of Henan Province, College of Husbandry and Veterinary, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450002, China.

The gene sequence encoding mature porcine interferon-gamma (PoIFN-gamma) fused with a C-terminal 6x histidine tag was cloned into the baculovirus pFastBac Dual vector of the Bac-to-Bac Baculovirus expression system under the control of PH promoter. The authentic signal sequence of porcine interferon-gamma was substituted with the honeybee melittin (HBM) signal sequence, and expressed in insect cells. The recombinant proteins were detected by SDS-PAGE and immunofluorescence assay. The nickel affinity column purified recombinant porcine interferon-gamma with HBM signal peptide (rPoIFN-gammaH) was shown to be a 19kDa protein as confirmed by Western blot analysis. The recombinant PoIFN-gammaH was shown to have cytokine activity, inhibiting the cytopathic effect of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) in PK-15 cells at about 1.07x10(6)U/mL. The 2(-7) dilution of the rPoIFN-gammaH in culture supernatant protected the MARC-145 cells from the cytopathic effect caused by 100TCID(50) of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2009.05.017DOI Listing
December 2009

Function of PRRSV GP5 envelope protein by using pseudotyped virus.

Vet Microbiol 2009 Sep 19;138(3-4):297-303. Epub 2009 Apr 19.

Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, China.

The porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is an enveloped RNA virus. Virions of PRRSV contain six membrane proteins: the major proteins GP5 and M and the minor proteins GP2, GP3, GP4, and E. The GP5 is the major envelope proteins, which was involved in the formation and infectivity of PRRSV by coaction with other membrane proteins. Here, to determine the function of alone GP5 envelope protein in viral entry, we investigated the formation and infectivity of GP5-pseudotyped virus particles. By co-transfection of GP5 expression plasmids with murine leukemia virus (MuLV) based retroviral vectors (pHIT60, encoding MuLV Gag-Pol; pHIT111, encoding an MuLV genome with a beta-galactosidase reporter gene) into 293 T cells and analysis of the culture medium using ultracentrifugation, Western blot, and infection assay. We observed that the GP5 envelope protein was incorporated into the MuLV retroviral vectors to generate an pseudotyped murine leukemia virus, which was infectious to PAM and Mack-145 target cells and displayed the same host range with wild-type PRRSV. The infection of the pseudotyped virus on PAM target cells is effectively neutralized by polyclonal antibodies specific for PRRSV or GP5. The results suggested that the GP5 protein may play a key role in the viral entry by interacting with the host cell receptor. The GP5-pseudotyped virus will be useful in the identification of the cellular receptor binding with GP5 protein.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2009.04.013DOI Listing
September 2009

Nitric oxide inhibits the replication cycle of porcine parvovirus in vitro.

Arch Virol 2009 13;154(6):999-1003. Epub 2009 May 13.

The College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Agricultural University, Wenhua Road 95#, 450002, Zhengzhou, Henan, People's Republic of China.

This study investigated the inhibitory effect and mechanism of nitric oxide (NO) on porcine parvovirus (PPV) replication in PK-15 cells. The results showed that two NO-generating compounds, S-nitroso-L-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) and L-arginine (LA), at a noncytotoxic concentration could reduce PPV replication in a dose-dependent manner and that this anti-PPV effect could be reversed by the NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). By assaying the steps of the PPV life cycle, we also show that NO inhibits viral DNA and protein synthesis. This experiment provides a frame of reference for the study of the anti-viral mechanism of NO.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00705-009-0392-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7087247PMC
June 2009

Comparative analysis of the immunogenicity of SARS-CoV nucleocapsid DNA vaccine administrated with different routes in mouse model.

Vaccine 2009 Mar 30;27(11):1758-63. Epub 2009 Jan 30.

State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Science, Wuhan 430071, PR China.

The development of strategies to augment the immunogenicity of DNA vaccines is critical for improving their clinical utility. One such strategy involves using the different immune routes with DNA vaccines. In the present study, the immunogenicity of SARS-CoV nucleocapsid DNA vaccine, induced by using the current routine vaccination routes (intramuscularly, by electroporation, or orally using live-attenuated Salmonella typhimurium), was compared in mouse model. The comparison between the three vaccination routes indicated that immunization intramuscularly induced a moderate T cell response and antibody response. Mice administrated by electroporation induced the highest antibody response among the three immunization groups and a mid-level of cellular response. In contrast, the orally DNA vaccine evoked vigorous T cell response and a weak antibody production. These results indicated that the distinct types of immune responses were generated by the different routes of DNA immunization. In addition, our results also show that the delivery of DNA vaccines by electroporation and orally using live-attenuated Salmonella in vivo is an effective method to increase the immune responses. Further studies could be carried out using a combination strategy of both oral and electroporation immunizations to stimulate higher cellular and humoral immune responses.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.01.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7115532PMC
March 2009

A TaqMan-based real-time polymerase chain reaction for the detection of porcine parvovirus.

J Virol Methods 2009 Mar 17;156(1-2):84-8. Epub 2008 Dec 17.

College of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China.

A real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using a TaqMan probe was developed to detect porcine parvovirus (PPV). Real-time PCR was optimized to quantify PPV using a detection system (Rotor Gene 2000 detector) and a dual-labeled fluorogenic probe. The gene-specific labeled fluorogenic probe for the VP2 gene of PPV was used to detect PPV. Quantitation of PPV was accomplished by a standard curve plotting cycle threshold values (Ct) against each dilution of standard plasmids. When the specificity of the assay using specific PPV primers was evaluated by testing the PPV standard strain and other viruses, no cross-reactions were detected with non-PPV reference viruses. The detection limit of real-time PCR for PPV was 2.08log10 genome copy equivalent (gce). In this study, a real-time PCR assay was performed on 80 clinical samples and compared with a conventional PCR assay. In 48 of 80 samples, PPV DNA was detected by the conventional PCR assay. All samples positive for PPV DNA by the conventional PCR assay were also positive by the real-time PCR assay, and 12 of 32 samples that tested negative for PPV DNA by the conventional method tested positive by the real-time PCR assay. Using the real-time PCR assay, the number of samples in which PPV was detected increased by 15%. Therefore, it is considered to be a useful tool for the detection of PPV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2008.10.029DOI Listing
March 2009

[Pseudotyping of murine leukemia virus particles with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus M protein-mediated E protein].

Bing Du Xue Bao 2008 Sep;24(5):345-51

The College of Animal Husbandy and Veterinary, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China.

For constructing pcDNA-ORF5, pcDNA-ORF5-ORF6, pcDNA-ORF5/6, the ORF5 and ORF6 of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) were amplified by RT-PCR, and transiently transfected into 293T cells by calciumphosphate co-precipitation. After 48 h, 293T cells were collected and surveyed by flow cytometry examination. The result indicated that the expression level of the E protein that mediated by the M protein was higher than that of the E protein expressed independently. Then pcDNA-ORF5, pcDNA-ORF5-ORF6, pcDNA-ORF5/6 were respectivly co-transfected into 293T cells with pHIT60 (include MuLV structural genes,namely gag and pol) and pHIT111 (retroviral genome, containing LacZ as a reporter). The supernatants were harvested 48 h post-transfection,and the analysis of the characteristic of the pseudotyping virions was performed by Western blot and infection test. The result indicated that the E proteins were expressed on the virions, and incorporated into the retroviral virions. Infection test were performed on Marc-145 and PAM, all the cells infected were Lac Z positive. These results indicated the pseudotype virions of MuLV-E and MuLV-E/M were infectious, and higher infectivity was achieved by MuLV-E/M.
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September 2008

Cloning, in vitro expression and bioactivity of duck interleukin-18.

Vet Immunol Immunopathol 2008 Jun 8;123(3-4):205-14. Epub 2008 Feb 8.

College of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China.

The encoding sequence for duck IL-18 was obtained, using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, from mRNA harvested from Con A-stimulated Gushi (GS) duck splenic mononuclear cells. Recombinant duck IL-18 (rduIL-18) was produced in a prokaryotic expression system. In vitro bioactivity of rduIL-18 was determined in a lymphocyte proliferation assay and in vivo bioactivity of rduIL-18 was assessed by addition to a vaccine. Monoclonal antibody (mAb) and polyclonal antibodies (pAbs) specific for rduIL-18 were generated and subsequently characterized by ELISA, Western blot and neutralizing assays. Sequence analysis of GS duck IL-18 demonstrated an open reading frame (ORF) of 603 base pairs encoding for a 200 amino acid precursor protein. The duck encoding sequence shares 85.3% similarity to the chicken equivalent, at the nucleotide level. A His-duIL-18 fusion protein was recognized in Western blot by mAbs against duck and chicken IL-18 (chIL-18), but not by mAb against human IL-18. Recombinant duIL-18 induced in vitro proliferation of Con A-stimulated duck splenocytes and enhanced the immune response of ducks vaccinated with an inactivated oil emulsion vaccine against avian influenza virus. PAb and mAb 5B2 against rduIL-18 had neutralizing ability, inhibiting the biological activities of both recombinant duIL-18 and endogenous duIL-18. The results indicate that rduIL-18 has the potential to be used as an immunoadjuvant, and the mAb against rduIL-18 further facilitates basic immunobiological studies of the role of IL-18 in the avian immune system.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2008.01.036DOI Listing
June 2008

Antimicrobial susceptibility and molecular detection of chloramphenicol and florfenicol resistance among Escherichia coli isolates from diseased chickens.

J Vet Sci 2007 Sep;8(3):243-7

College of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou, PR China.

Seventy Escherichia coli isolates recovered from diseased chickens diagnosed with colibacillosis in Henan Province, China, between 2004 and 2005 were characterized for antimicrobial susceptibility profiles via a broth doubling dilution method. Overall, the isolates displayed resistance to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (100%), oxytetracycline (100%), ampicillin (83%), enrofloxacin (83%), and ciprofloxacin (81%), respectively. Among the phenicols, resistance was approximately 79% and 29% for chloramphenicol and florfenicol, respectively. Molecular detection revealed that the incidence rates of the floR, cmlA, cat1, cat2 and cat3 were 29, 31, 16, 13, and 0%, respectively. Additionally, 10% of the isolates were positive for both floR and cmlA. As these antimicrobial agents may potentially induce cross-resistance between animal and human bacterial pathogens, their prudent use in veterinary medicine is highly recommended.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2868130PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.4142/jvs.2007.8.3.243DOI Listing
September 2007

[Prokaryotice expression of the NS1 gene of PPV and renaturation of the recombinant protein].

Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao 2007 Feb;47(1):126-30

Henan Key Laboratory for Animal Food Safety, Zhengzhou 450002, China.

The antigen of NS1 gene of PPV was amplified by PCR, and the amplified fragments were cloned into the prokaryotic expression vector pGEX-4T-1. The insert position, the size and the frame were identified by PCR, restriction enzyme digestion and the sequence analysis of the recombinant plasmids. The sequence analysis results of pGEX-NS1-HN1 showed that the prokaryotic expression vector was successfully constructed. The target gene was successfully expressed in the host cell BL21 when induced with IPTG. The expression was optimized with proper inducing conditions of 1.0mmol/L IPTG, 10 hours and 37 degree C induction. The expression of the target protein added up to 29.8% of the total bacterial protein. The results of SDS-PAGE indicated that molecular weight of the expressed protein was about 52kDa and the expressed protein mainly existed in the inclusion body. Western blot analysis proved the recombinant protein has good reactive ability against PPV positive serum. The pGEX-NS1-HN1 inclusion body was dissolved with 8mol/L urea. Then the expressed protein was renatured by dilution method and the systems of GSH and GSSG. ELISA detection proved the renaturation protein has good biological activity.
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February 2007

[Construction of the eukaryotic expression vector with IL-2 gene and VP2 gene of PPV and research on immunogenicity].

Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao 2006 May;22(3):425-30

Henan Key Laboratory for Animal Food Safety, Zhengzhou, Henan 450002, China.

To construct gene vaccine of PPV and to investigate the effects of interleukin 2 (IL-2) as an adjuvant on immune responses in mouse, the recombinant expression plasmid of pCIneo-IL2-VP2 was constructed and transfected into PK-15 cells by lipofectamine, the expressed product was detected by immunofluore assay. To study the immune effects of DNA vaccine in vitro and in vivo, mice were used as the animal model. The recombinant plasmid pCIneo-IL2-VP2, the control plasmid pCI-neo and the PPV live vaccine were immunized by intramuscular injection. Anti-PPV antibodies were measured by ELISA, lymphocyte proliferation activity was detected using MTT method, and the specific killing activities of CTL were assayed too. The results show that the immunized mice produced PPV antibody after one week, and reached to highest after four weeks. Compared with the control group, the pCIneo-IL2-VP2 immunized group produced significant differences in the antibody titers, the lymphocyte proliferation activity and the specific killing activities of CTL. The pCIneo-IL2-VP2 induced humoral and cellular immunity responses similarly to that the live vaccine induced. These results manifested that the PPV DNA vaccine successfully induced humoral and cellular immunity response in mice with the IL-2 gene as an adjuvant.
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May 2006

[Inhibitory effect of new antimicrobial substance by Bacillus subtilis fmbJ on Newcastle disease virus and infectious Bursal disease virus in vitro].

Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao 2006 Mar;22(2):328-33

College of Food Science & Technology, Nanjing Agriculture university, Nanjing 210095, China.

The resistance effect on Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and Infectious Bursal Disease Virus(IBDV) in vitro of a new antimicrobial substance (AS), which produced by a Bacillus subtilis strain named B. subtilis fmbJ. Results showed that the TD50 and TD0 value of this AS on Chicken Embryo Fibroblasts cell (CEF) were 128.95mg/L and 25.79mg/L, respectively. This AS could strongly inhibit the cytopathic effects of cell induced by NDV as well as IBDV, and increase the survival rate of cell remarkably. This AS could inhibit the function of NDV and IBDV, and it could defend against the infection and inhibit multiplication of NDV and IBDV, and the effect was the same as the antiviral medicine Ribavirin. It had lower toxicity to CEF cell, therefore we would study it further that it was as antiviral medicine.
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March 2006