Publications by authors named "Banu Atalar"

46 Publications

Stereotactic MR-guided online adaptive radiation therapy (SMART) for the treatment of liver metastases in oligometastatic patients: initial clinical experience.

Radiat Oncol J 2021 Mar 26;39(1):33-40. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: We aimed to present our initial clinical experience on the implementation of a stereotactic MR-guided online adaptive radiation therapy (SMART) for the treatment of liver metastases in oligometastatic disease.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-one patients (24 lesions) with liver metastasis treated with SMART were included in this retrospective study. Step-and-shoot intensity-modulated radiotherapy technique was used with daily plan adaptation. During delivery, real-time imaging was used by acquiring planar magnetic resonance images in sagittal plane for monitoring and gating. Acute and late toxicities were recorded both during treatment and follow-up visits.

Results: The median follow-up time was 11.6 months (range, 2.2 to 24.6 months). The median delivered total dose was 50 Gy (range, 40 to 60 Gy); with a median fraction number of 5 (range, 3 to 8 fractions) and the median fraction dose was 10 Gy (range, 7.5 to 18 Gy). Ninety-three fractions (83.7%) among 111 fractions were re-optimized. No patients were lost to follow-up and all patients were alive except one at the time of analysis. All of the patients had either complete (80.9%) or partial (19.1%) response at irradiated sites. Estimated 1-year overall survival was 93.3%. Intrahepatic and extrahepatic progression-free survival was 89.7% and 73.5% at 1 year, respectively. There was no grade 3 or higher acute or late toxicities experienced during the treatment and follow-up course.

Conclusion: SMART represents a new, noninvasive and effective alternative to current ablative radiotherapy methods for treatment of liver metastases in oligometastatic disease with the advantages of better visualization of soft tissue, real-time tumor tracking and potentially reduced toxicity to organs at risk.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3857/roj.2020.00976DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8024184PMC
March 2021

Magnetic resonance image-guided stereotactic body radiation therapy for liver rhabdoid tumor in infancy: A case report.

J Med Imaging Radiat Sci 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Acibadem MAA University School of Medicine, Istanbul 34450, Turkey. Electronic address:

Extracranial malignant rhabdoid tumors are rare and aggressive tumors that typically occur in the pediatric age group and have a poor prognosis. Herein, we report a case of a one year and five months old male infant who was referred with the diagnosis of malignant rhabdoid tumor of the liver. Magnetic resonance guided stereotactic body radiotherapy was administered with concomitant chemotherapy. Treatment was well tolerated with no severe acute side effects. A 40.8% volumetric reduction of the tumor was observed at the last fraction of MR guided radiotherapy. Résumé: Les tumeurs rhabdoïdes malignes extracrâniennes sont des tumeurs rares et agressives qui surviennent généralement dans le groupe d'âge pédiatrique et dont le pronostic est mauvais. Nous rapportons ici le cas d'un enfant de sexe masculin d'un an et cinq mois qui a été référé avec le diagnostic de tumeur rhabdoïde maligne du foie. Une radiothérapie corporelle stéréotaxique guidée par résonance magnétique a été administrée avec une chimiothérapie concomitante. Le traitement a été bien toléré, sans effets secondaires aigus graves. Une réduction volumétrique de 40,8 % de la tumeur a été observée lors de la dernière fraction de la radiothérapie guidée par résonance magnétique.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmir.2021.02.006DOI Listing
March 2021

Oligometastatic Bone Disease in Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer Patients Treated With Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Using 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT: TROD 09-004 Study.

Clin Nucl Med 2021 06;46(6):465-470

Department of Radiation Oncology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara.

Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of metastasis-directed treatment (MDT) using stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for bone-only oligometastasis (OM) detected with gallium prostate-specific membrane antigen (68Ga-PSMA) PET/CT in castration-sensitive prostate cancer (PC) patients.

Methods: In this multi-institutional study, clinical data of 74 PC patients with 153 bone lesions who were undergoing MDT were retrospectively evaluated. Twenty-seven patients (36.5%) had synchronous, and 47 (63.5%) had metachronous OM. All patients had PC with 5 metastases or fewer detected by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT and treated using SBRT with a median dose of 20 Gy. The prognostic factors for PC-specific survival (PCSS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were analyzed.

Results: The median follow-up was 27.3 months. Patients with synchronous OM were older and received higher rates of androgen deprivation therapy after SBRT compared with patients with metachronous OM. The 2-year PCSS and PFS rates were 92.0% and 72.0%, respectively. A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) decline was observed in 56 patients (75.7%), and 48 (64.9%) had a PSA response defined as at least 25% decrease of PSA after MDT. The 2-year local control rate per lesion was 95.4%. In multivariate analysis, single OM and PSA response after MDT were significant predictors for better PCSS and PFS. In-field recurrence was observed in 4 patients (6.5%) with 10 lesions at a median of 13.1 months after MDT completion. No serious late toxicity was observed.

Conclusions: We demonstrated that SBRT is an efficient and well-tolerated treatment option for PC patients with 5 bone-only oligometastases or fewer detected with 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLU.0000000000003558DOI Listing
June 2021

Magnetic resonance image-guided adaptive stereotactic body radiotherapy for prostate cancer: preliminary results of outcome and toxicity.

Br J Radiol 2021 Jan 29;94(1117):20200696. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Acıbadem MAA University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Using moderate or ultra-hypofractionation, which is also known as stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for treatment of localized prostate cancer patients has been increased. We present our preliminary results on the clinical utilization of MRI-guided adaptive radiotherapy (MRgRT) for prostate cancer patients with the workflow, dosimetric parameters, toxicities and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response.

Methods: 50 prostate cancer patients treated with ultra-hypofractionation were included in the study. Treatment was performed with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (step and shoot) technique and daily plan adaptation using MRgRT. The SBRT consisted of 36.25 Gy in 5 fractions with a 7.25 Gy fraction size. The time for workflow steps was documented. Patients were followed for the acute and late toxicities and PSA response.

Results: The median follow-up for our cohort was 10 months (range between 3 and 29 months). The median age was 73.5 years (range between 50 and 84 years). MRgRT was well tolerated by all patients. Acute genitourinary (GU) toxicity rate of Grade 1 and Grade 2 was 28 and 36%, respectively. Only 6% of patients had acute Grade 1 gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity and there was no Grade ≥ 2 GI toxicity. To date, late Grade 1 GU toxicity was experienced by 24% of patients, 2% of patients experienced Grade 2 GU toxicity and 6% of patients reported Grade 2 GI toxicity. Due to the short follow-up, PSA nadir has not been reached yet in our cohort.

Conclusion: In conclusion, MRgRT represents a new method for delivering SBRT with markerless soft tissue visualization, online adaptive planning and real-time tracking. Our study suggests that ultra-hypofractionation has an acceptable acute and very low late toxicity profile.

Advances In Knowledge: MRgRT represents a new markerless method for delivering SBRT for localized prostate cancer providing online adaptive planning and real-time tracking and acute and late toxicity profile is acceptable.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjr.20200696DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7774684PMC
January 2021

Magnetic Resonance-Guided Radiation Therapy to Boost Cervical Cancer When Brachytherapy Is Not Available: A Case Report.

Adv Radiat Oncol 2020 Sep-Oct;5(5):1066-1070. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Mehmet Ali Aydınlar Acıbadem University, School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adro.2020.02.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7557129PMC
March 2020

Risk of symptomatic radiation necrosis in patients treated with stereotactic radiosurgery for brain metastases.

Neurocirugia (Astur) 2020 Oct 17. Epub 2020 Oct 17.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University, School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introductio: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a treatment option in the initial management of patients with brain metastases. While its efficacy has been demonstrated in several prior studies, treatment-related complications, particularly symptomatic radiation necrosis (RN), remains as an obstacle for wider implementation of this treatment modality. We thus examined risk factors associated with the development of symptomatic RN in patients treated with SRS for brain metastases.

Patients And Methods: We performed a retrospective review of our institutional database to identify patients with brain metastases treated with SRS. Diagnosis of symptomatic RN was determined by appearance on serial MRIs, MR spectroscopy, requirement of therapy, and the development of new neurological complaints without evidence of disease progression.

Results: We identified 323 brain metastases treated with SRS in 170 patients from 2009 to 2018. Thirteen patients (4%) experienced symptomatic RN after treatment of 23 (7%) lesions. After SRS, the median time to symptomatic RN was 8.3 months. Patients with symptomatic RN had a larger mean target volume (p<0.0001), and thus larger V100% (p<0.0001), V50% (p<0.0001), V12Gy (p<0.0001), and V10Gy (p=0.0002), compared to the rest of the cohort. Single-fraction treatment (p=0.0025) and diabetes (p=0.019) were also significantly associated with symptomatic RN.

Conclusion: SRS is an effective treatment option for patients with brain metastases; however, a subset of patients may develop symptomatic RN. We found that patients with larger tumor size, larger plan V100%, V50%, V12Gy, or V10Gy, who received single-fraction SRS, or who had diabetes were all at higher risk of symptomatic RN.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neucir.2020.08.009DOI Listing
October 2020

Patient-Reported Tolerance of Magnetic Resonance-Guided Radiation Therapy.

Front Oncol 2020 21;10:1782. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Mehmet Ali Aydınlar Acıbadem University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Magnetic resonance-guided radiation therapy (MRgRT) has been incorporated into a growing number of clinical practices world-wide, however, there is limited data on patient experiences with MRgRT. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate patient tolerance of MRgRT using patient reported outcome questionnaires (PRO-Q).

Methods: Ninety patients were enrolled in this prospective observational study and treated with MRgRT (MRIdian Linac System, ViewRay Inc. Oakwood Village, OH, United States) between September 2018 and September 2019. Breath-hold-gated dose delivery with audiovisual feedback was completed as needed. Patients completed an in-house developed PRO-Q after the first and last fraction of MRgRT.

Results: The most commonly treated anatomic sites were the abdomen (47%) and pelvis (33%). Respiratory gating was utilized in 62% of the patients. Patients rated their experience as positive or at least tolerable with mean scores of 1.0-2.8. The most common complaint was the temperature in the room (61%) followed by paresthesias (57%). The degree of anxiety reported by 45% of the patients significantly decreased at the completion of treatment (mean score 1.54 vs. 1.36, = 0.01). Forty-three percent of the patients reported some degree of disturbing noise which was improved considerably by use of music. All patients appreciated their active role during the treatment.

Conclusion: This evaluation of PROs indicates that MRgRT was well-tolerated by our patients. Patients' experience may further improve with adjustment of room temperature and noise reduction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2020.01782DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7537416PMC
September 2020

Management of symptomatic radiation necrosis after stereotactic radiosurgery and clinical factors for treatment response.

Radiat Oncol J 2020 Sep 14;38(3):176-180. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

Institute of Health Sciences, Mehmet Ali Aydinlar Acibadem University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Approximately 10% of patients who received brain stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) develop symptomatic radiation necrosis (RN). We sought to determine the effectiveness of treatment options for symptomatic RN, based on patient-reported outcomes.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 217 patients with 414 brain metastases treated with SRS from 2009 to 2018 at our institution. Symptomatic RN was determined by appearance on serial magnetic resonance images (MRIs), MR spectroscopy, requirement of therapy, and development of new neurological complaints without evidence of disease progression. Therapeutic interventions for symptomatic RN included corticosteroids, bevacizumab and/or surgical resection. Patient-reported therapeutic outcomes were graded as complete response (CR), partial response (PR), and no response.

Results: Twenty-six patients experienced symptomatic RN after treatment of 50 separate lesions. The mean prescription dose was 22 Gy (range, 15 to 30 Gy) in 1 to 5 fractions (median, 1 fraction). Of the 12 patients managed with corticosteroids, 6 patients (50%) reported CR and 4 patients (33%) PR. Of the 6 patients managed with bevacizumab, 3 patients (50%) reported CR and 1 patient (18%) PR. Of the 8 patients treated with surgical resection, all reported CR (100%). Other than surgical resection, age ≥54 years (median, 54 years; range, 35 to 81 years) was associated with CR (odds ratio = 8.40; 95% confidence interval, 1.27-15.39; p = 0.027).

Conclusion: Corticosteroids and bevacizumab are commonly utilized treatment modalities with excellent response rate. Our results suggest that patient's age is associated with response rate and could help guide treatment decisions for unresectable symptomatic RN.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3857/roj.2020.00171DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7533401PMC
September 2020

New horizons from novel therapies in malignant pleural mesothelioma.

Adv Respir Med 2020 ;88(4):343-351

Department of Radiation Oncology, Acıbadem Maslak Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a relatively rare, but highly lethal cancer of the pleural mesothelial cells. Its pathoge-nesis is integrally linked to asbestos exposure. In spite of recent developments providing a more detailed understanding of the pathogenesis, the outcomes continue to be poor. To date, trimodality therapy involving surgery coupled with chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy remains the standard of therapy. The development of resistance of the tumor cells to radiation and several che-motherapeutic agents poses even greater challenges in the management of this cancer. Ionizing radiation damages cancer cell DNA and aids in therapeutic response, but it also activates cell survival signaling pathways that helps the tumor cells to overcome radiation-induced cytotoxicity. A careful evaluation of the biology involved in mesothelioma with an emphasis on the workings of pro-survival signaling pathways might offer some guidance for treatment options. This review focuses on the existing treatment options for MPM, novel treatment approaches based on recent studies combining the use of inhibitors which target different pro-survival pathways, and radiotherapy to optimize treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/ARM.a2020.0103DOI Listing
January 2020

Prognostic factors in medically inoperable early stage lung cancer patients treated with stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR): Turkish Radiation Oncology Society Multicentric Study.

Clin Respir J 2020 Nov 17;14(11):1050-1059. Epub 2020 Aug 17.

Faculty of Medicine, Radiation Oncology Department, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: We identified factors influencing outcomes in patients with medically inoperable early stage lung cancer (MIESLC) treated with stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR) at 14 centers in Turkey.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 431 patients with stage I-II MIESLC treated with SABR from 2009 through 2017. Age; sex; performance score; imaging technique; tumor histology and size; disease stage radiation dose, fraction and biologically effective dose with an α/β ratio of 10 (BED ); tumor location and treatment center were evaluated for associations with overall survival (OS), local control (LC) and toxicity.

Results: Median follow-up time was 27 months (range 1-115); median SABR dose was 54 Gy (range 30-70) given in a median three fractions (range 1-10); median BED was 151 Gy (range 48-180). Tumors were peripheral in 285 patients (66.1%), central in 69 (16%) and <1 cm from mediastinal structures in 77 (17.9%). Response was evaluated with PET/CT in most cases at a median 3 months after SABR. Response rates were: 48% complete, 36.7% partial, 7.9% stable and 7.4% progression. LC rates were 97.1% at 1 year, 92.6% at 2 years and 91.2% at 3 years; corresponding OS rates were 92.6%, 80.6% and 72.7%. On multivariate analysis, BED > 100 Gy (P = .011), adenocarcinoma (P = .025) and complete response on first evaluation (P = .007) predicted favorable LC. BED > 120 Gy (hazard ratio [HR] 1.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1-3.2, P = .019) and tumor size (<2 cm HR 1.9, 95% CI 1.3-3, P = .003) predicted favorable OS. No grade 4-5 acute side effects were observed; late effects were grade ≤3 pneumonitis (18 [4.2%]), chest wall pain (11 [2.5%]) and rib fracture (1 [0.2%]).

Conclusion: SABR produced encouraging results, with satisfactory LC and OS and minimal toxicity. BED > 120 Gy was needed for better LC and OS for large, non-adenocarcinoma tumors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/crj.13240DOI Listing
November 2020

Time Analysis of Online Adaptive Magnetic Resonance-Guided Radiation Therapy Workflow According to Anatomical Sites.

Pract Radiat Oncol 2021 Jan-Feb;11(1):e11-e21. Epub 2020 Jul 30.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Acıbadem University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To document time analysis of detailed workflow steps for the online adaptive magnetic resonance-guided radiation therapy treatments (MRgRT) with the ViewRay MRIdian system and to identify the barriers to and solutions for shorter treatment times.

Methods And Materials: A total of 154 patients were treated with the ViewRay MRIdian system between September 2018 and October 2019. The time process of MRgRT workflow steps of 962 fractions for 166 treatment sites was analyzed in terms of patient and online adaptive treatment (ART) characteristics.

Results: Overall, 774 of 962 fractions were treated with online ART, and 83.2% of adaptive fractions were completed in less than 60 minutes. Sixty-three percent, 50.3%, and 4.2% of fractions were completed in less than 50 minutes, 45 minutes, and 30 minutes, respectively. Eight-point-three percent and 3% of fractions were completed in more than 70 minutes and 80 minutes, respectively. The median time (t) for ART workflow steps were as follows: (1) setup t: 5.0 minutes, (2) low-resolution scanning t: 1 minute, (3) high-resolution scanning t: 3 minutes, (4) online contouring t: 9 minutes, (5) reoptimization with online quality assurance t: 5 minutes, (6) real targeting t: 3 minutes, (7) beam delivery with gating t: 17 minutes, and (8) net total treatment time t: 45 minutes. The shortest and longest t rates of net total treatment time were 41.59 minutes and 64.43 minutes for upper-lung-lobe-located thoracic tumors and ultracentrally located thoracic tumors, respectively.

Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first broad treatment-time analysis for online ART in the literature. Although treatment times are long due to human- and technology-related limitations, benefits offered by MRgRT might be clinically important. In the future, implementation of artificial intelligence segmentation, an increase in dose rate, and faster multileaf collimator and gantry speeds may lead to achieving shorter MRgRT treatments.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prro.2020.07.003DOI Listing
July 2020

Impact of Prolonged Neoadjuvant Treatment-surgery Interval on Histopathologic and Operative Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Total Mesorectal Excision for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2020 Dec;30(6):511-517

Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University School of Medicine.

Background: This study primarily aimed to assess the impact of prolonged neoadjuvant treatment-surgery interval (PNSI) on histopathologic and postoperative outcomes. Impacts of the mode of neoadjuvant treatment (NT) and surgery on the outcomes were also evaluated in the same patient population.

Patients And Methods: Between February 2011 and December 2017, patients who underwent NT and total mesorectal excision for locally advanced rectal cancer were included. PNSI was defined as >4 and >8 weeks after short-course and long-course NT modalities, respectively.

Results: A total of 44 (27%) patients received short-course NT (standard interval: n=28; PNSI: n=16) and 122 (73%) patients received long-course NT (standard interval: n=39; PNSI: n=83). Postoperative morbidity was similar between the standard interval and PNSI in patients undergoing short-course [n=3 (11%) vs. n=3 (19%), P=0.455] and long-course [n=6 (15%) vs. n=16 (19%), P=0.602] NT. PNSI was associated with increased complete pathologic response in patients receiving short-course NT [0 vs. n=5 (31%), P=0.002]. Compared with short-course NT, long-course NT was superior in terms of tumor response based on the Mandard [Mandard 1 to 2: n=6 (21%) vs. 6 (38%), P=0.012] and the College of American Pathologists (CAP) [CAP 0 to 1: n=13 (46%) vs. n=8 (50%), P=0.009] scores. Postoperative morbidity was similar after open, laparoscopic, and robotic total mesorectal excision [n=1 (14.2%) vs. n=21 (21%) vs. n=6 (12.5%), P=0.455] irrespective of the interval time to surgery and the type of NT.

Conclusions: PNSI can be considered in patients undergoing short-course NT due to its potential oncological benefits. The mode of surgery performed at tertiary centers has no impact on postoperative morbidity after both NT modalities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLE.0000000000000836DOI Listing
December 2020

Treatment outcomes of metastasis-directed treatment using Ga-PSMA-PET/CT for oligometastatic or oligorecurrent prostate cancer: Turkish Society for Radiation Oncology group study (TROD 09-002).

Strahlenther Onkol 2020 Nov 2;196(11):1034-1043. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of Ga prostate-specific membrane antigen (Ga-PSMA) positron-emission tomography (PET)/CT-based metastasis-directed treatment (MDT) for oligometastatic prostate cancer (PC).

Methods: In this multi-institutional study, clinical data of 176 PC patients with 353 lesions receiving MDT between 2014 and 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. All patients had biopsy proven PC with ≤5 metastases detected with Ga-PSMA-PET/CT. MDT was delivered with conventional fractionation or stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) techniques. CTCAE v4.0 was used for acute and RTOG/EORTC Late Radiation Morbidity Scoring Schema was used for late toxicity evaluation.

Results: At the time of MDT, 59 patients (33.5%) had synchronous and 117 patients (66.5%) had metachronous metastases. Median number of metastases was one and the MDT technique was SBRT in 73.3% patients. The 2‑year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 87.6% and 63.1%, respectively. With a median follow-up of 22.9 months, 9 patients had local recurrence at the irradiated site. The 2‑year local control rate at the treated oligometastatic site per patient was 93.2%. In multivariate analysis, an increased number of oligometastases and untreated primary PC were negative predictors for OS; advanced clinical tumor stage, untreated primary PC, BED3 value of ≤108 Gy, and MDT with conventional fractionation were negative predictors for PFS. No patient experienced grade ≥3 acute toxicity, but one patient had a late grade 3 toxicity of compression fracture after spinal SBRT.

Conclusion: Ga-PSMA-PET/CT-based MDT is an efficient and safe treatment for oligometastatic PC patients. Proper patient selection might improve treatment outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00066-020-01660-6DOI Listing
November 2020

Long-term toxicity and survival outcomes after stereotactic ablative radiotherapy for patients with centrally located thoracic tumors.

Radiol Oncol 2020 06 26;54(4):480-487. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Acibadem MAA University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) is effective for thoracic cancer and metastases; however, adverse effects are greater for central tumors. We evaluated factors affecting outcomes and toxicities after SABR for patients with primary lung and oligometastatic tumors. Patients and methods We retrospectively identified consecutive patients with centrally located lung tumors that were treated at our hospital from 2009-2016. The effects of patient, disease, and treatment-related parameters on local control (LC), overall survival (OS), and toxicity-free survival (TFS) were evaluated with multivariate analyses. Results Among 65 consecutive patients identified with 70 centrally located tumors, 20 tumors (28%) were reirradiated. Median (range) total dose for all tumors was 55 (30-60) Gy in 5 (3-10) fractions. Radiographic complete response was obtained in 43 lesions (61%). None of the analyzed factors were correlated with complete response. After a median follow-up of 57 (95% CI, 48-65) months, 10 tumors (14%) relapsed and 37 patients (57%) died; the actuarial 2- and 5-year OS rates were 52% and 28%, respectively. Median OS was significantly lower in patients with grade 3 or higher toxicity vs. lower toxicity (5 vs. 39 months; P < 0.001). Among 17 severe toxicities, 5 were grade 5, and 3 of them were reirradiated to the same field. Grade 3 to 5 TFS was lower with vs. without reirradiation (2-year TFS, 63% vs. 96%; P = 0.02). Conclusions Our study showed that modern SABR is effective for central lung tumors, and toxicities are acceptable. SABR for reirradiated central lung lesions and possibly for lesions abutting the tracheobronchial tree may result in higher risk of serious toxicities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/raon-2020-0039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7585334PMC
June 2020

Multi-institutional validation of the ESMO-ESGO-ESTRO consensus conference risk grouping in Turkish endometrial cancer patients treated with comprehensive surgical staging.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2020 Apr 29:1-7. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey.

In this study, 683 patients with endometrial cancer (EC) after comprehensive surgical staging were classified into four risk groups as low (LR), intermediate (IR), high-intermediate (HIR) and high-risk (HR), according to the recent consensus risk grouping. Patients with disease confined to the uterus, ≥50% myometrial invasion (MI) and/or grade 3 histology were treated with vaginal brachytherapy (VBT). Patients with stage II disease, positive/close surgical margins or extra-uterine extension were treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT)±VBT. The median follow-up was 56 months. The overall survival (OS) was significantly different between LR and HR groups, and there was a trend between LR and HIR groups. Relapse-free survival (RFS) was significantly different between LR and HIR, LR and HR and IR and HR groups. There was no significant difference in OS and RFS rates between the HIR and HR groups. In HR patients, the OS and RFS rates were significantly higher in stage IB - grade 3 and stage II compared to stage III and non-endometrioid histology without any difference between the two uterine-confined stages and between stage III and non-endometrioid histology. The current risk grouping does not clearly discriminate the HIR and IR groups. In patients with comprehensive surgical staging, a further risk grouping is needed to distinguish the real HR group.Impact statement The standard treatment for endometrial cancer (EC) is surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) and/or chemotherapy is recommended according to risk factors. The recent European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO) and European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO) guideline have introduced a new risk group. However, the risk grouping is still quite heterogeneous. This study demonstrated that the current risk grouping recommended by ESMO-ESGO-ESTRO does not clearly discriminate the intermediate risk (IR) and high-intermediate risk (HIR) groups. Based on the results of this study, a new risk grouping can be made to discriminate HIR and IR groups clearly in patients with comprehensive surgical staging.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01443615.2020.1737661DOI Listing
April 2020

Multichannel Film Dosimetry for Quality Assurance of Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy Treatment Plans Under 0.35 T Magnetic Field.

Cureus 2020 Mar 20;12(3):e7334. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Radiation Oncology, Acıbadem Hospital, Istanbul, TUR.

Purpose To evaluate the intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) quality assurance (QA) results of the multichannel film dosimetry analysis with single scan method by using Gafchromic™ EBT3 (Ashland Inc., Covington, KY, USA) film under 0.35 T magnetic field. Methods Between September 2018 and June 2019, 70 patients were treated with ViewRay MRIdian (ViewRay Inc., Mountain View, CA) linear accelerator (Linac). Film dosimetry QA plans were generated for all IMRT treatments. Multichannel film dosimetry for red, green and blue (RGB) channels were compared with treatment planning system (TPS) dose maps by gamma evaluation analysis. Results The mean gamma passing rates of RGB channels are 97.3% ± 2.26%, 96.0% ± 3.27% and 96.2% ± 3.14% for gamma evaluation with 2% DD/2 mm distance to agreement (DTA), respectively. Moreover, the mean gamma passing rates of RGB channels are 99.7% ± 0.41%, 99.6% ± 0.59% and 99.5% ± 0.67% for gamma evaluation with 3% DD/3 mm DTA, respectively. Conclusion The patient specific QA using Gafchromic™ EBT3 film with multichannel film dosimetry seems to be a suitable tool to implement for MR-guided IMRT treatments under 0.35 T magnetic field. Multichannel film dosimetry with Gafchromic™ EBT3 is a consistent QA tool for gamma evaluation of the treatment plans even with 2% DD/2 mm DTA under 0.35 T magnetic field presence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7334DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164695PMC
March 2020

First 500 Fractions Delivered with a Magnetic Resonance-guided Radiotherapy System: Initial Experience.

Cureus 2019 Dec 24;11(12):e6457. Epub 2019 Dec 24.

Radiation Oncology, Acibadem University School of Medicine, Acibadem Maslak Hospital, Istanbul, TUR.

Objectives Improved soft-tissue visualization, afforded by magnetic resonance imaging integrated into a radiation therapy linear accelerator-based radiation delivery system (MR-linac) promises improved image-guidance. The availability of MR-imaging can facilitate on-table adaptive radiation planning and enable real-time intra-fraction imaging with beam gating without additional exposure to radiation. However, the novel use of magnetic resonance-guided radiation therapy (MRgRT) in the field of radiation oncology also potentially poses challenges for routine clinical implementation. Herein the early experience of a single institution, implementing the first MRgRT system in the country is reported. We aim to describe the workflow and to characterize the clinical utility and feasibility of routine use of an MR-linac system. Methods The ViewRay MRIdian MR-linac system consists of a split-magnet 0.35 T MR-imaging scanner with a double focused multi-leaf collimator (MLC) equipped 6MV linear accelerator. Unique to the system are the control console integrated on-table adaptive radiation therapy (oART) planning capabilities as well as automated beam gating based on real-time intra-fraction MR imaging. From the first day of clinical implementation, oART was performed according to physicians' discretion when medically indicated. All fractions were delivered under real-time imaging with soft tissue-based automated beam gating with individualized gating boundary settings. Patients actively assisted in breath-hold beam gating with the help of custom designed prismatic glasses allowing sight of a computer monitor mounted on the back wall just behind the MRI system bore. Patient demographics and treatment experience, indications for MRgRT including diagnosis and disease site, radiation dose prescribed and fractionation scheme, utilization of oART, respiratory gating settings, as well as duration of each treatment phase were analyzed. Results Between September 2018 and May 2019, 72 patients with 84 tumor sites were treated with MRgRT in 500 total fractions. Median patient age was 66 years (range: 28-83 years). Among 84 tumor sites, the most frequently treated regions were upper abdominal and pelvic (n = 36, 43% and n = 29, 34%, respectively). The most common diagnosis was prostate cancer, with 14 patients treated. In 69 patients (93.2%) oART was used at least once during a treatment course. Twenty-nine targets (43.1%) with significant breathing-related motion were treated in breath-hold with patient visual feedback. Median prescribed dose was 36.25 Gy (range: 24-70 Gy) in median five fractions (range: 3-28 fractions). A gating boundary of 3 mm around a gating region of interest (gROI) was most commonly used (range: 3-5 mm) with 95% of the gROI (range: 93-97%) required to be within the gating boundary for the beam to automatically engage. Mean total treatment time was 47 min (range: 21-125 min) and mean beam-on time was 16.7 min (range: 6-62 min). Conclusions MRgRT afforded by an MR-linac system has been successfully implemented into routine clinical use at our institution as the first system of its kind in Turkey. While the overall number of patients treated and fractions delivered is still limited, we have demonstrated the feasibility of both on-table adaptive radiation therapy as well as automated real-time beam gating on a daily basis in acceptable time schedules.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.6457DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6977582PMC
December 2019

The impact of total neo-adjuvant treatment on nonoperative management in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer: The evaluation of 66 cases.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2020 03 8;46(3):402-409. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Acibadem University Maslak Hospital, Radiology, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Background: The study aimed to assess if adherence to a total-neoadjuvant-treatment (TNT) protocol followed by observation(watch-and-wait) led to the successful nonoperative-management of low-rectal-cancer.

Methods: In this study, patients with primary, resectable-T3-T4, N0-N1 distal-rectal-adenocarcinoma underwent-chemoradiotherapy + consolidation-chemotherapy (TNT). During the-TNT-period, endoscopy, MRI, and FDG-PET/CT were performed. We allocated patients with complete-clinical-tumor-regression, who underwent endoscopy every two months, MRI every-four-months, and PET/CT every-six-months-after-treatment, to the observation-group(OG). All other patients were referred for surgery. The OG was followed-up. The primary endpoint was local tumor-ecurrence after allocation to the OG.

Results: Between 2015 and 2018, we enrolled 66-patients. Of 60-patients who were eligible to participate, 39 had complete-clinical-response(cCR) and were allocated to the OG, six underwent local-excision (LE), and 15 underwent total-mesorectal-excision (TME). The median follow-up duration was 22 (9-42) months. The local-recurrence-rate in the OG was 15.3%, and the LE and TME rates were 16.6% and 0%, respectively. All recurrence cases were salvaged through either LE or TME. The-distant-metastasis rate was 5.1%, 16.6%, and 12.5% in the OG, LE, and TME groups, respectively. The endoscopic negative-predictive-value(NPV) was 50%, and the positive-predictive-value(PPV) was 76.9% in the surgery group (LE + TME). MRI; NPV-50%, PPV-76.9%. PET/CT; NPV-100%, PPV-93.3%. Six patients(28.57%) from surgery group achieved complete pathological response (cPR).

Conclusion: Our results indicated a high proportion of selected-rectal-cancers with-cCR after neo-adjuvant-therapy could potentially be managed non-operatively, and major surgery may be avoided.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso.2019.07.012DOI Listing
March 2020

Evaluation of response to stereotactic radiosurgery in patients with radioresistant brain metastases.

Radiat Oncol J 2019 Dec 31;37(4):265-270. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Mehmet Ali Aydinlar Acibadem University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and melanoma have been considered 'radioresistant' due to the fact that they do not respond to conventionally fractionated radiation therapy. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) provides high-dose radiation to a defined target volume and a limited number of studies have suggested the potential effectiveness of SRS in radioresistant histologies. We sought to determine the effectiveness of SRS for the treatment of patients with radioresistant brain metastases.

Materials And Methods: We performed a retrospective review of our institutional database to identify patients with RCC or melanoma brain metastases treated with SRS. Treatment response were determined in accordance with the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors.

Results: We identified 53 radioresistant brain metastases (28% RCC and 72% melanoma) treated in 18 patients. The mean target volume and coverage was 6.2 ± 9.5 mL and 95.5% ± 2.9%, respectively. The mean prescription dose was 20 ± 4.9 Gy. Forty lesions (75%) demonstrated a complete/partial response and 13 lesions (24%) with progressive/stable disease. Smaller target volume (p < 0.001), larger SRS dose (p < 0.001), and coverage (p = 0.008) were found to be positive predictors of complete response to SRS.

Conclusion: SRS is an effective management option with up to 75% response rate for radioresistant brain metastases. Tumor volume and radiation dose are predictors of response and can be used to guide the decision-making for patients with radioresistant brain metastases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3857/roj.2019.00409DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6952719PMC
December 2019

Current treatment strategies in malignant pleural mesothelioma with a treatment algorithm.

Adv Respir Med 2019 ;87(5):289-297

Department of Radiation Oncology, Mehmet Ali Aydınlar Acıbadem University, School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is arare disease with apoor prognosis. The main therapeutic options for MPM include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy (RT). Although multimodality therapy has been reported to improve survival, not every medically operable patient is able to undergo all recommended therapy. With improvements in surgical techniques and systemic therapies, as well as advancements in RT, there has been apotential new paradigm in the management of this disease. In this review, we discuss the current literature on MPM management and propose afunctional treatment algorithm.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/ARM.2019.0051DOI Listing
April 2020

Nodular Leptomeningeal Disease-A Distinct Pattern of Recurrence After Postresection Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Brain Metastases: A Multi-institutional Study of Interobserver Reliability.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2020 03 10;106(3):579-586. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford Cancer Institute, Stanford, California. Electronic address:

Purpose: For brain metastases, surgical resection with postoperative stereotactic radiosurgery is an emerging standard of care. Postoperative cavity stereotactic radiosurgery is associated with a specific, underrecognized pattern of intracranial recurrence, herein termed nodular leptomeningeal disease (nLMD), which is distinct from classical leptomeningeal disease. We hypothesized that there is poor consensus regarding the definition of LMD, and that a formal, self-guided training module will improve interrater reliability (IRR) and validity in diagnosing LMD.

Methods And Materials: Twenty-two physicians at 16 institutions, including 15 physicians with central nervous system expertise, completed a 2-phase survey that included magnetic resonance imaging and treatment information for 30 patients. In the "pretraining" phase, physicians labeled cases using 3 patterns of recurrence commonly reported in prospective studies: local recurrence (LR), distant parenchymal recurrence (DR), and LMD. After a self-directed training module, participating physicians completed the "posttraining" phase and relabeled the 30 cases using the 4 following labels: LR, DR, classical leptomeningeal disease, and nLMD.

Results: IRR increased 34% after training (Fleiss' Kappa K = 0.41 to K = 0.55, P < .001). IRR increased most among non-central nervous system specialists (+58%, P < .001). Before training, IRR was lowest for LMD (K = 0.33). After training, IRR increased across all recurrence subgroups and increased most for LMD (+67%). After training, ≥27% of cases initially labeled LR or DR were later recognized as nLMD.

Conclusions: This study highlights the large degree of inconsistency among clinicians in recognizing nLMD. Our findings demonstrate that a brief self-guided training module distinguishing nLMD can significantly improve IRR across all patterns of recurrence, and particularly in nLMD. To optimize outcomes reporting, prospective trials in brain metastases should incorporate central imaging review and investigator training.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2019.10.002DOI Listing
March 2020

LONG-TERM RESULTS OF EXTREMITY SOFT TISSUE SARCOMAS LIMB-SPARING SURGERY AND RADIOTHERAPY.

Acta Ortop Bras 2019 Jul-Aug;27(4):207-211

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Radiation Oncology Department, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: To assess the prognostic factors and results of limb sparing surgery and postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) in patients with non-metastatic soft tissue sarcomas (STS) of the extremities.

Methods: Between 1980-2007, 114 extremity-located STS treated with PORT were analyzed retrospectively. Tumors were mostly localized in the lower extremities (71,9%). The median radiotherapy (RT) dose was 60.9 Gy. Chemotherapy was administered to 37.7% of the patients. Tumor sizes were between 3-26 cm (median 7 cm). The three most frequent histological types included undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (26.3%), liposarcoma (25.4%), and synovial sarcoma (13.2%). The median follow-up for all patients was 60 months, and 81 months for survivors.

Results: The 5- and 10-year local control (LC) rates were 77% and 70.4%, respectively; actuarial survival rates for 5 and 10 years were 71.8% and 69.1%, respectively. Increasing the dose above 60 Gy for all patients and the patients with positive margins demonstrated a clear benefit on 5-year LC (p=0.03 and p=0.04, respectively). Based on multivariate analysis, the addition of chemotherapy and RT dose were independent prognostic factors for LC. A recurrent presentation significantly affects the disease-free survival.

Conclusions: PORT for STS of the extremities provides good long-term disease control with acceptable toxicity in a multidisciplinary approach. .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-785220192704217574DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6699380PMC
August 2019

Strahlentherapie bei Brustkrebs löst kutanen Lupus erythematodes aus.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2019 Aug;17(8):832-833

Department of Pathology, Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ddg.13888_gDOI Listing
August 2019

Cutaneous lupus erythematosus induced by radiotherapy for breast carcinoma.

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2019 08 15;17(8):832-833. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Department of Pathology, Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ddg.13888DOI Listing
August 2019

Treatment outcomes of prostate cancer patients with Gleason score 8-10 treated with definitive radiotherapy : TROD 09-001 multi-institutional study.

Strahlenther Onkol 2019 Oct 29;195(10):882-893. Epub 2019 May 29.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, 06100, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To validate the clinical outcomes and prognostic factors in prostate cancer (PCa) patients with Gleason score (GS) 8-10 disease treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) + androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in the modern era.

Methods: Institutional databases of biopsy proven 641 patients with GS 8-10 PCa treated between 2000 and 2015 were collected from 11 institutions. In this multi-institutional Turkish Radiation Oncology Group study, a standard database sheet was sent to each institution for patient enrollment. The inclusion criteria were, T1-T3N0M0 disease according to AJCC (American Joint Committee on Cancer) 2010 Staging System, no prior diagnosis of malignancy, at least 70 Gy total irradiation dose to prostate ± seminal vesicles delivered with either three-dimensional conformal RT or intensity-modulated RT and patients receiving ADT.

Results: The median follow-up time was 5.9 years (range 0.4-18.2 years); 5‑year overall survival (OS), biochemical relapse-free survival (BRFS) and distant metastases-free survival (DMFS) rates were 88%, 78%, and 79%, respectively. Higher RT doses (≥78 Gy) and longer ADT duration (≥2 years) were significant predictors for improved DMFS, whereas advanced stage was a negative prognosticator for DMFS in patients with GS 9-10.

Conclusions: Our results validated the fact that oncologic outcomes after radical EBRT significantly differ in men with GS 8 versus those with GS 9-10 prostate cancer. We found that EBRT dose was important predictive factor regardless of ADT period. Patients receiving 'non-optimal treatment' (RT doses <78 Gy and ADT period <2 years) had the worst treatment outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00066-019-01476-zDOI Listing
October 2019

Survival Impact of Optimal Surgical Cytoreduction in Recurrent Epithelial Ovarian Cancer with Brain Metastasis.

Oncol Res Treat 2019 19;42(3):101-106. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the clinicopathological characteristics, treatment details and outcome of patients with brain metastasis from epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC).

Methods: This study included 21 patients diagnosed with brain metastasis from EOC between 1999 and 2009.

Results: Median age was 61 years (range 38-77). The median time elapsed from EOC diagnosis to brain metastasis detection was 32 months. Single brain metastases were found in 10 (48%) cases, and there was extra-cranial disease in 11 (52%) cases. During the mean 86 months of follow-up, 18 of the patients (86%) died of the disease and 3 (14%) were alive with disease. The median survival time after the initial diagnosis of brain metastasis was 9 months. The median overall survival (OS) from initial diagnosis of EOC was 50 months. In univariate analysis, prolonged time from initial diagnosis to central nervous system metastasis (more than 32 months) (p = 0.001), treatment with radiotherapy (p < 0.001), optimal cytoreductive operation (p = 0.02) were all positively correlated with OS.

Conclusion: The prognosis of patients with brain metastasis from EOC is still poor. The significant predictors of survival in our series were whole brain radiotherapy, prolonged elapsed time from initial diagnosis to brain metastasis and optimal cytoreductive surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494334DOI Listing
August 2019

Dealing with the gray zones in the management of gastric cancer: The consensus statement of the İstanbul Group.

Turk J Gastroenterol 2019 Jul;30(7):584-598

Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

The geographical location and differences in tumor biology significantly change the management of gastric cancer. The prevalence of gastric cancer ranks fifth and sixth among men and women, respectively, in Turkey. The international guidelines from the Eastern and Western countries fail to manage a considerable amount of inconclusive issues in the management of gastric cancer. The uncertainties lead to significant heterogeneities in clinical practice, lack of homogeneous data collection, and subsequently, diverse outcomes. The physicians who are professionally involved in the management of gastric cancer at two institutions in Istanbul, Turkey, organized a consensus meeting to address current problems and plan feasible, logical, measurable, and collective solutions in their clinical practice for this challenging disease. The evidence-based data and current guidelines were reviewed. The gray zones in the management of gastric cancer were determined in the first session of this consensus meeting. The second session was constructed to discuss, vote, and ratify the ultimate decisions. The identification of the T stage, the esophagogastric area, imaging algorithm for proper staging and follow-up, timing and patient selection for neoadjuvant treatment, and management of advanced and metastatic disease have been accepted as the major issues in the management of gastric cancer. The recommendations are presented with the percentage of supporting votes in the results section with related data.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/tjg.2018.18737DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6629281PMC
July 2019

Non-small Cell Lung Cancer with Multiple Brain Metastases Treated with Radiosurgery and Erlotinib: A Case Report.

Cureus 2017 Dec 29;9(12):e2003. Epub 2017 Dec 29.

Radiation Oncology, Acibadem University Acibabem Maslak Hospital, Turkey.

Brain metastases are commonly seen complications in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The incidence of brain metastases is increasing as a result of more effective systemic targeted therapies with prolonged survival. The prognosis is usually poor, and up to six months of median survivals were reported with different therapeutic options. Here, we present an NSCLC case with multiple brain metastases treated with radiosurgery and systemic erlotinib therapy with prolonged survival. The use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) in conjunction with either stereotactic radiosurgery or whole brain radiotherapy is not well established in terms of efficiency and toxicity. This reported case had an excellent response with a tolerable toxicity profile from the combination of either therapies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5832407PMC
December 2017

Treatment outcome and prognostic factors for adult patients with medulloblastoma: The Rare Cancer Network (RCN) experience.

Radiother Oncol 2018 Apr 17;127(1):96-102. Epub 2018 Jan 17.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic Hospital, Phoenix, AZ, United States.

Background And Purpose: The optimal treatment for adults with newly diagnosed medulloblastoma (MB) has not been defined. We report a large series of cases from the Rare Cancer Network.

Material And Methods: Thirteen institutions enrolled 206 MB patients who underwent postoperative radiotherapy (RT) between 1976 and 2014. Log-rank univariate and Cox-modeled multivariate analyses were used to analyze data collected.

Results: Median patient age was 29 years; follow-up was 31 months. All patients had the tumor resected; surgery was complete in 140 (68%) patients. Postoperative RT was given in 202 (98%) patients, and 94% received craniospinal irradiation (CSI) and, usually, a posterior fossa boost. Ninety-eight (48%) patients had chemotherapy, mostly cisplatin and vincristine-based. The 10-year local control, overall survival, and disease-free survival rates were 46%, 51%, and 38%, respectively. In multivariate analyses, Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) ≥80 and CSI were significant for disease-free and overall survival (P ≤ .04 for all); receiving chemotherapy and KPS ≥80 correlated with better local-control rates.

Conclusions: Patients with high KPS who received CSI had better rates of disease-free and overall survival. Chemotherapy was associated with better local control. These results may serve as a benchmark for future studies designed to improve outcomes for adults with medulloblastoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2017.12.028DOI Listing
April 2018