Publications by authors named "Banu Ayhan"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The Effect of Different End-tidal Desflurane Concentrations on Bispectral Index Values in Normal Children and Children with Cerebral Palsy.

Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2013 Dec 23;41(6):200-5. Epub 2013 May 23.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of different intraoperative end-tidal desflurane concentrations on bispectral index (BIS) values in normal children and children with cerebral palsy.

Methods: Twenty normal children (Group N) and 20 children with non-communicative/nonverbal cerebral palsy (Group CP), between 2 and 15 years of age, undergoing elective orthopaedic surgery were included in the study. Following premedication with midazolam, anaesthesia was induced by infusing 1% propofol at a rate of 200 mL hr(-1) until BIS reached 50. Heart rate, blood pressure and BIS values were recorded before and after the induction of anaesthesia, at steady-state end-tidal concentrations of 4% and 6% desflurane, and after emergence from anaesthesia. A p value <0.05 was considered significant in the statistical analyses, including Kolmogorov-Smirnov, t-test, paired samples t-test and chi-square test.

Results: The time to extubation and eye opening after discontinuation of anaesthesia was longer in Group CP. BIS values before the induction of anaesthesia, at a steady-state end-tidal desflurane concentration of 4% and after emergence from the anaesthetic were significantly lower in Group CP. At a steady-state end-tidal desflurane concentration of 6%, BIS values were slightly lower in Group CP but this difference was not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Based on the data obtained, we concluded that BIS monitoring in children with cerebral palsy can be useful in terms of decreasing adverse effects and drug interactions due to multiple drug usage by reducing the use of anaesthetic agents and improving emergence from the anaesthetic.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/TJAR.2013.33DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4894209PMC
December 2013

The effects of non-leukoreduced red blood cell transfusions on microcirculation in mixed surgical patients.

Transfus Apher Sci 2013 Oct 9;49(2):212-22. Epub 2013 Feb 9.

Department of Intensive Care, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:

Background: The impact of the storage process on oxygen-carrying properties of red blood cells and the efficacy of red blood cell (RBC) transfusions concerning tissue oxygenation remain an issue of debate in transfusion medicine. Storage time and leukocyte content probably interact since longer storage duration is thought to cause greater accumulation of leukocyte-derived cytokines and red blood cell injury.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of storage and the efficacy of fresh (stored for less than 1 week) versus aged (stored for more than 3 weeks) non-leukoreduced RBC transfusions on sublingual microvascular density and flow in mixed surgical patients.

Methods: Eighteen surgical patients were included in this study. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups receiving fresh (Group A) and aged (Group B) RBC transfusions. Sublingual microcirculatory functional capillary density (FCD) and microvascular flow index (MFI) were assessed using orthogonal polarization spectral (OPS) imaging. Measurements and collection of blood samples were performed after induction of general anesthesia, before RBC transfusion and 30 min after the RBC transfusion ended.

Results: In both groups RBC transfusions caused an increase in hemoglobin concentration (p<0.001). RBC transfusions increased FCD in Group A (p<0.001), while FCD remained unaffected in Group B. Changes in MFI following RBC transfusion in both groups remained unaltered.

Conclusions: Fresh non-leukoreduced RBC transfusions but not RBCs stored for more than 3weeks, were effective in improving microciruculatory perfusion by elevating the number of perfused microvessels in mixed surgical patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transci.2013.01.016DOI Listing
October 2013

The effect of HES (130/0.4) usage as the priming solution on renal function in children undergoing cardiac surgery.

Ren Fail 2013 11;35(2):210-5. Epub 2012 Dec 11.

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Experience with hydroxyethyl starch (HES) in children is limited. This study was conducted to observe the effects of HES or Ringer's lactate (RL) usage as the priming solution on renal functions in children undergoing cardiac surgery.

Methods: After ethical committee approval and parent informed consent, 24 patients were included in this prospective, randomized study. During cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), Group I received RL and Group II received HES (130/0.4) as priming solution. Serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), β2-microglobulin, cystatin C, and urinary albumin and creatinine, serum, and urine electrolytes were analyzed after the induction (T1), before CPB (T2), during CPB (T3), after CPB (T4), at the end of the operation (T5), on 24th hour (T6), and on 48th hour postoperatively (T7). Fractional sodium excretion (FENa), urinary albumin/creatinine ratio, and creatinine clearance were calculated. Drainage, urine output, inotropes, diuretics, and blood requirements were recorded.

Results: In both the groups, β2-microglobulin was decreased during CPB and cystatin C was decreased at T3,T4, and T5 periods (p < 0.05) and the levels remained within the normal range. Creatinine clearance did not differ in the HES group, but increased in the RL group (p < 0.05). Urine albumin/creatinine ratio was increased (p < 0.05) after CPB in the HES group, and it increased at T3, T4, and T5 in the RL group (p < 0.05). There were no differences in cystatin C, β2-microglobulin, FENa, urine albumin/creatinine ratio, creatinine clearance, total fluid amount, urine output, drainage, and inotropic and diuretic requirements between the groups.

Conclusion: We conclude that usage of HES (130/0.4) did not have negative effects on renal function, and it can be used as a priming solution in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/0886022X.2012.747139DOI Listing
August 2013

Comparison of the effects of sevoflurane, isoflurane, and desflurane on microcirculation in coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012 Oct 15;26(5):791-8. Epub 2012 May 15.

Department of Anesthesia, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: This investigation was performed to compare the effects of inhalation agents on microcirculation in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using orthogonal polarization spectral imaging.

Design: This prospective and randomized study was performed in patients scheduled for CABG surgery from March through September 2010.

Setting: Tertiary care university hospital.

Participants: Thirty patients undergoing elective CABG.

Interventions: Patients were assigned to sevoflurane, desflurane, or isoflurane.

Measurements And Main Results: Orthogonal polarization spectral imaging was used to evaluate the sublingual microcirculation. Hemodynamic variables (heart rate, mean arterial pressure, central venous pressure, cardiac output, and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure), laboratory parameters (hematocrit, lactate, and potassium), and microcirculatory variables (total vascular density [TVD] [mm/mm(2)], microvascular flow index [MFI] [arbitrary units], perfused vessel density [PVD] [mm/mm(2)], and proportion of perfused vessels [PPV] [percentage] were obtained before induction, after induction, during cardiopulmonary bypass, at the end of surgery, and 24 hours after surgery. The greatest alterations in microcirculation parameters were found during cardiopulmonary bypass. In the sevoflurane group, TVD (14.7%), PVD (22%), PPV (5.97%, p < 0.05), and MFI (7.69%, p > 0.05) were decreased. In the isoflurane group, TVD (14.7%) and PVD (20.3%) were decreased, whereas PPV (1.69%) and MFI (17.99%) were increased (p < 0.05). In the desflurane group, there were no changes in TVD and PVD, but MFI (8.99%, p > 0.05) and PPV (1.48%, p < 0.05) were increased in the small vessels. These changes returned to their initial values 24 hours postoperatively.

Conclusions: Sevoflurane had a negative effect on the microcirculation. Isoflurane decreased vascular density and increased flow. Desflurane produced stable effects on the microcirculation. These inhalation agents induced transient alterations in microvascular perfusion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jvca.2012.03.019DOI Listing
October 2012
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