Publications by authors named "Bahman Jalali Kondori"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Anti-proliferative and apoptotic effects of hull-less pumpkin extract on human papillary thyroid carcinoma cell line.

Anat Cell Biol 2021 Mar;54(1):104-111

Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is one of the most common cancers of the endocrine system. Previous studies have shown that the extract of hull-less pumpkin seed (HLPS) has a significant anti-cancer effect. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of this plant extract on the proliferation of PTC cells. In this study, an extract of this plant was prepared by soxhlet extraction method and analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. The cytotoxicity of PTX and plant extract was investigated using the methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) method. For careful investigation of morphological alteration, we used hematoxylin and eosin and Giemsa stinging. Based on MTT assay test, the IC value of paclitaxel (PTX) was significantly less than the hydro-alcoholic extract of HLPS at all of the incubation time. Our results of histological staining showed that HLPS and PTX induced significant morphological alteration in the PTC cultured cell that consistent with cell death. Comparing the groups treated by PTX or HLPS with control group showed significant differences. It seems that HLPS extract has an apparent effect on treatment of PTC, at least in laboratory condition, albeit for realistic decision about the effect of HLPS on PTC, more molecular investigations are necessary.
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March 2021

Therapeutic Potential of Nanoparticle-loaded Hydroxyurea on Proliferation of Human Breast Adenocarcinoma Cell Line.

Iran J Pharm Res 2020 ;19(1):271-281

Applied Virology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Although Hydroxyurea is one of the most widely used drugs in treating breast cancer, the use of it leads to some side effects. Hence, in order to reduce complications of treatment and increase its efficiency, drug delivery has been attracted more attention. Present study included three stages. The first stage was involved in the synthesis of nanoparticles-loaded Hydroxyurea that its characteristics were evaluated by using scanning electron microscopy and Zetasizer system. In the second stage, cultured MCF-7 cells were undergone treatments by Hydroxyurea and Nanoparticles-loaded Hydroxyurea in various concentrations. In the third stage, the MCF-7 was treated by IC of Hydroxyurea and nanoparticles-loaded Hydroxyurea which are in combination with radiation and hyperthermia. Afterward, the viable of cell, apoptosis, and levels of caspase-8 and-9 proteins were assessed. The average size and the potential surface of nanoparticles and nanoparticles-loaded Hydroxyurea were 26 nm, 48 nm, 3.86 mV, and -29.3 mV, respectively. Results of MTT assay and apoptosis represented that the percentage of cytotoxicity in the treated groups by in combination group and nanoparticles-loaded Hydroxyurea was significantly increased in comparison with Hydroxyurea. This increase was dependent on the concentration of nanoparticles-loaded Hydroxyurea. Nevertheless, the activity of caspase-8 shows any significant changes, the activity of caspase-9 was significantly increased in the control and treatment groups. We concluded that nanoparticles-loaded Hydroxyurea and it in combination with radiation and hyperthermia induces mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis by down-regulation of caspase-8 and up-regulation of caspase-9 expressions and have higher toxicity effect on MCF-7 cells in comparison with pure Hydroxyurea.
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January 2020

Evaluation of the protective and therapeutic effects of gum aqueous extract on cellular and pathological aspects of experimental asthma in Balb/c mice.

Avicenna J Phytomed 2019 May-Jun;9(3):248-259

Faculty of medicine, Baqiyatallah University of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective and therapeutic effects of aqueous extract of gum on an experimental asthma in BALB/c mice.

Materials And Methods: Aqueous extract of dried and milled gum was assemble and evaluate by GC-MS. In order to investigate the effect of gum extract on cellular and pathological aspects of asthma, 60 BALB/c mice were divided into six groups as: negative control, asthmatic group, asthmatic group receiving dexamethasone (1mg/kg; intraperitoneal (IP)) and three asthmatic groups receiving different concentrations of the extract (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg, orally) from the beginning of the study and continued for 84 days. The examined parameters included cell population, IgE antibody production, levels of IL-4, IL-5, TGF-β, INF-γ, IL-10, and IL-17 cytokines, and lung tissue damage.

Results: Regardless of the dose, aqueous extract of gum, caused significant decrease in the number of BALF eosinophilic cells and levels of anti-ovalbumin IgE, IL-4, IL-5 and IL-17 cytokine levels, as well as pathologic damage of the lung tissue. In addition, the amount of anti-inflammatory IL-10, TGF-β, and INF-γ Th1 cytokines significantly increased in the extract-treated groups compared to the asthmatic and dexamethasone-treated groups. Moreover, IFN-γ/IL-4 ratio significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner compared to the un-treated asthma group.

Conclusion: The aqueous extract of gum can be considered as a potent anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory compound and may be used as a natural compound for treatment of immune system disorders.
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May 2019

A Rare Case of Takayasu's Arteritis with Aortic Arch Branching Pattern Variation in a Young Female.

Arch Iran Med 2019 04 1;22(4):217-219. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Takayasu's arteritis, formerly known as "pulseless disease", is a chronic inflammatory disease which affects the aorta and its main branches. The prevalence of this disease is higher in Asian countries and among young women. Depending on the progress of the disease, the symptoms and prognosis of the disease is different. Herein, we report the case of a 31-year-old woman with Takayasu's arteritis in the Iranian population. In this case, the size of the aorta and the main branches increased and the large artery walls were thickened. Narrowing of the right and left subclavian artery, carotid artery and left vertebral artery were obvious in these patients. In addition, an anatomic variation was observed in the aortic arch branches. In this patient, the left vertebral artery was branched directly from the aortic arch instead of the left subclavian artery. Hepatomegaly and splenomegaly, indicating a chronic inflammatory disease, were also observed in this case.
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April 2019

Magnetic Resonance Angiographic Study of Anatomic Variations of the Circle of Willis in a Population in Tehran.

Arch Iran Med 2017 Apr;20(4):235-239

Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medical Sciences, Baqiyatallah University, Tehran, Iran.

Background And Objectives: The circle of Willis, an anastomotic polygon at the base of the brain, forms an important collateral network to maintain cerebral blood perfusion. The aim of this study was to investigate different anatomic variations of the circle of Willis and their prevalence.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 525 healthy participants including 205 men and 320 women. The mean age of the patients was 51.5 years. Three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (3D-TOF MRA) technique was used. Vascular variations in the anterior and posterior parts of the circle were evaluated.

Results: The findings show that the complete circle of Willis was visible in a small number of patients. The circle of Willis had a complete vascular structure in 20.9% of the patients. The anterior part of the circle of Willis had a complete structure in 80.95% of the cases, while the posterior part had a complete structure in 20.95% of the cases.

Conclusion: We observed wide variations in the circle of Willis configuration in our study. Similar to other studies, most variations are related to the posterior part of the circle of Willis. Absence of bilateral posterior communicating artery variation is more common than other types of variations in this population.
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April 2017

Anatomical Variations in Aortic Arch Branching Pattern.

Arch Iran Med 2016 Jan;19(1):72-4

Andisheh Badie Rayan Institute, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The branch anatomy of the aortic arch varies widely between individuals. These are likely due to alterations in the development of aortic arch arteries during the embryonic period. The purpose of this study is to determine the frequency of the aortic arch branch variations in the local population and provide useful data to intervention radiologists, neck and thoracic surgeons.

Methods: In this study, branching pattern of the aortic arch in 226 patients was retrospectively evaluated by MR angiography. MRA performed on a high field 3 Tesla MRI scanner using 3D flash sequence.

Results: The normal aortic arch branching pattern was observed in 192 patients (84.9%). Also, three variations of the aortic arch branching pattern were observed. The aortic arch in 12.4% of the patients had two arterial branches. In 0.9% of cases, the left vertebral artery originated directly from the aortic arch. In 1.8% of cases, the right subclavian artery originated as the fourth aortic arch branch.

Conclusion: Although the number of cases with aortic arch branches variation in our study is similar to other studies, the Bovine aortic arch variation is more common than other variations of aortic arch branches.
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January 2016