Publications by authors named "Babatunde M Duduyemi"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Acetic Acid-Induced Ulcerative Colitis in Sprague Dawley Rats Is Suppressed by Hydroethanolic Extract of Leaves through Reduced Serum Levels of TNF- and IL-6.

Int J Chronic Dis 2020 6;2020:8785497. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana.

Background: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a recurrent inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes long-lasting inflammation on the innermost lining of the colon and rectum. Leaf decoctions of have been used in traditional medicine either alone or in combination with other plant preparations to treat the disease.

Aim: In this study, we investigated the effect of hydroethanolic extract of have been used in traditional medicine either alone or in combination with other plant preparations to treat the disease.

Method: Male Sprague Dawley rats received oral treatment of either saline (10 ml/kg), sulfasalazine (500 mg/kg), or CVE (30-300 mg/kg) daily for 7 days. On day 4, colitis was induced by a single intrarectal administration of 500 l of acetic acid (4% //.

Results: CVE significantly ( < 0.05) prevented colonic ulceration and reduced the inflammatory score. Serum levels of TNF- and IL-6 were significantly reduced. Depletion of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities by acetic acid was significantly inhibited while lipid peroxidation indexed as malondialdehyde (MDA) level in the colon was reduced. However, loss of body weight was not significantly affected by treatment with CVE.

Conclusion: This data suggest that CVE has a potential antiulcerative effect.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/8785497DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7026722PMC
February 2020

Skin and Soft Tissue Lesions in a District Hospital in Central Nigeria: A Histopathological Study.

Dermatol Res Pract 2019 26;2019:8143680. Epub 2019 Dec 26.

Department of Pathology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

. Skin and soft tissue diseases form a large and heterogeneous group of mesenchymal extraskeletal and dermatologic lesions in humans. Diseases of the skin and soft tissue can develop virtually anywhere in the body, extremities, the trunk, the retroperitoneum, the head, and the neck. Our study aims to review skin and soft tissue specimens from our centre describing the histopathological patterns.

Method: A cross sectional study was done using secondary data of all skin and soft tissue specimens over a 3 year period. Patients' demographics, sites of specimen, and histological diagnoses were extracted from the surgical day book. The data were analysed in terms of age and sex distribution and histological characteristics of pathologic lesions using the SPSS version 22. The data for these patients were presented in tables and figures.

Result: 451 skin and soft tissue specimens constituting 18% of all the specimens with an M : F ratio of 1 : 1.2. The age range of our patients was 4-85 years with a mean of 33.52 ± 15.05 years. The peak age of occurrence was 30-39 years. Most of our cases were seen in the extremities (50.7%) followed by head (22.2%), while the least common sites were the perineal and neck areas (5.3% each). The commonest site in females was the upper limb (32.4%); the head and lower limb were the commonest sites in males (28.4% each). Most of our patients have neoplastic lesions of skin and soft tissue constituting 68.3%, inflammatory lesions (16.9%), and the least common lesion being hamartoma (0.2%). The most common category of lesions includes inflammatory (nonspecific dermatitis 6.5%); cysts (dermoid cyst 6%); reactive (hypertrophic scar 1%); and neoplastic (lipoma 32.4%). The benign neoplasms were more common (92.9%) than the malignant ones (7.1%). The neoplastic lesions were relatively more common in males than females and the reverse was true for the inflammatory lesions.

Conclusion: Skin and soft tissue lesions are relatively common in our environment with majority being benign neoplastic lesion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8143680DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7012205PMC
December 2019

Allergic Airway-Induced Hypersensitivity Is Attenuated by Bergapten in Murine Models of Inflammation.

Adv Pharmacol Sci 2019 3;2019:6097349. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health & Allied Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Bergapten (5-methoxypsoralen, 5-MOP) is a plant-derived furocoumarin with demonstrated anti-inflammatory action. The present study investigated its effects on allergic inflammation in two related pathways of mast cell degranulation. Compound 48/80 and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were used to activate the IgE-independent pathway while bovine serum albumin (BSA) was used as allergen for the IgE-dependent pathway. The modulatory effect of bergapten on mast cell degranulation, neutrophil extravasation, protein concentration, lung histopathology, and oxidative stress was assessed. Bergapten at 10, 30, and 100 g/ml for 15 min stabilized mast cells in rat mesenteric tissue from disruption and when administered at 3, 10, and 30 mg kg for 1 h protected mice from fatal anaphylaxis induced by compound 48/80. Similarly, treatment of LPS-challenged mice with bergapten (3, 10, and 30 mg kg) for 24 h significantly decreased neutrophil infiltration into bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, mean protein concentration, and inflammatory cell infiltration of pulmonary tissues when compared to the saline-treated LPS-challenged control. In addition, lung histology of the bergapten-treated LPS-challenged mice showed significantly less oedema, congestion, and alveolar septa thickening when compared to the saline-treated LPS-challenged disease control. LPS-induced oxidative stress was significantly reduced through increased tissue activities of catalase and superoxide dismutase and reduced malondialdehyde levels on treatment with bergapten. In the triple antigen-induced active anaphylaxis, daily administration of bergapten at 3, 10, and 30 mg kg for 10 days, respectively, protected previously sensitized and challenged mice against anaphylactic shock. Overall, our study demonstrates the ability of bergapten to attenuate allergic airway-induced hypersensitivity in murine models of inflammation, suggesting its possible therapeutic benefit in this condition.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6097349DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378071PMC
February 2019

Malformations: A 5-year review of the presentation and management in a Teaching Hospital in Ghana.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):118-120

Department of Surgery, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.

Background: Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are congenital defects affecting the distal gastrointestinal tract and anus with frequent fistulous connections to the genitourinary system. The spectrum of the disease is considerably wide, and thus, an individualised approach to its management is required. There are few recent publications about the burden of this malformation in Africa and the outcome of surgical intervention. We present our experiences with the management of ARM, peculiar challenges and the outcome at a tertiary hospital catering for the Northern and Central parts of Ghana.

Materials And Methods: This was a retrospective folder review of children with ARM at the Paediatric Surgical Unit of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana, from 2011 to 2015. The data extracted included diagnosis, associated features, initial and definitive surgical treatment and post-operative complications.

Results: Of the 53 records that were conclusively retrieved, the sex ratio was 1:1. The median age of presentation was 4.5 days (neonates), 4.5 months (infants) and 1.6 years (older children). There were 12 (44%) rectoperineal and 18 (69%) rectovestibular fistulas, representing the most common types of ARM in boys and girls, respectively. Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty and abdominoperineal pull-through were the corrective procedures performed. The overall complication rate was <10%.

Conclusion: Our patients generally presented later than their Western counterparts, making a single-stage correction rare. The types of ARM documented in our study suggest the existence of a geographical variation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_10_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615007PMC
September 2019

A 6-year retrospective review of histopathological pattern of surgical biopsies in children with refractory constipation in a Tertiary Hospital in Ghana.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2018 Apr-Jun;15(2):111-113

Departments of Child Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Background: Children with chronic constipation dating to infancy frequently undergo rectal biopsy in order to rule out Hirschsprung's disease (HD) which is a common cause of this sort of presentation. Few publications have however focused on the documentation of the proportion of such patients who truly had histopathological findings confirming the disease. In this preliminary work, we aim to present the histopathological findings of children who had rectal biopsies in our centre from 2009 to 2014.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective study was undertaken to review the histopathology reports of all rectal biopsies submitted to the Department of Pathology of the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, from 2009 to 2014 on account of refractory constipation and suspected HD. Patient's biodata, clinical signs and symptoms were extracted from the request form.

Results: Eighty-eight cases were seen during the study period with male to female ratio 2.8:1 and age range 6 months to 10 years. The modal age range is 24-36 months. Seventy-six of the specimens were adequate for histopathological assessment with 64 cases confirmed as HD while 12 cases were normal. Out of the confirmed cases, 3 cases showed absence of ganglion cells but no hypertrophy of nerve fibres.

Conclusion: This preliminary work reveals that HD is rarely confirmed by biopsy in early infancy in our setting due to late presentation although the epidemiology of the disease is similar to that reported elsewhere.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajps.AJPS_70_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6615015PMC
September 2019

The Ethanolic Stem-Bark Extract of Inhibits Carrageenan-Induced Pleurisy and Pedal Oedema in Murine Models of Inflammation.

Int Sch Res Notices 2017 17;2017:6859230. Epub 2017 Jul 17.

Department of Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana.

We investigated the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of a 70% v/v ethanol extract of the stem bark of on murine models of carrageenan-induced pleurisy and paw oedema. Rat pleural fluid was analysed for volume, protein content, and leucocytes, while lung histology was assessed for damage. Lung tissue homogenates were assayed for glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), malondialdehyde (MDA), and myeloperoxidase (MPO). Phytochemical analysis was carried out on the stem bark. Acute toxicity studies were conducted in rats. In the pleurisy model the extract (30-300 mg/kg) significantly reduced the volume and amount of proteins and leucocytes in the exudate and also protected against lung injury. Tissue level of GSH and SOD and CAT expression were increased while MDA level and MPO activity were reduced. The peak and total oedema responses were significantly suppressed when given both preemptively and curatively in the mice paw oedema test. Saponins, alkaloids, triterpenoids, and tannins were present in the stem bark. extract exhibited no apparent acute toxicity. We conclude that the ethanolic stem-bark extract of has antioxidant action and exhibits significant anti-inflammatory activity through suppression of pleurisy and paw oedema induced with carrageenan.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/6859230DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5535746PMC
July 2017

Characteristics, management, and outcomes of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in Africa: a multicountry observational study from the Africa Liver Cancer Consortium.

Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2017 02 3;2(2):103-111. Epub 2016 Dec 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma is a leading cause of cancer-related death in Africa, but there is still no comprehensive description of the current status of its epidemiology in Africa. We therefore initiated an African hepatocellular carcinoma consortium aiming to describe the clinical presentation, management, and outcomes of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in Africa.

Methods: We did a multicentre, multicountry, retrospective observational cohort study, inviting investigators from the African Network for Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases to participate in the consortium to develop hepatocellular carcinoma research databases and biospecimen repositories. Participating institutions were from Cameroon, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Clinical information-demographic characteristics, cause of disease, liver-related blood tests, tumour characteristics, treatments, last follow-up date, and survival status-for patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma between Aug 1, 2006, and April 1, 2016, were extracted from medical records by participating investigators. Because patients from Egypt showed differences in characteristics compared with patients from the other countries, we divided patients into two groups for analysis; Egypt versus other African countries. We undertook a multifactorial analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model to identify factors affecting survival (assessed from the time of diagnosis to last known follow-up or death).

Findings: We obtained information for 2566 patients at 21 tertiary referral centres (two in Egypt, nine in Nigeria, four in Ghana, and one each in the Ivory Coast, Cameroon, Sudan, Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Uganda). 1251 patients were from Egypt and 1315 were from the other African countries (491 from Ghana, 363 from Nigeria, 277 from Ivory Coast, 59 from Cameroon, 51 from Sudan, 33 from Ethiopia, 21 from Tanzania, and 20 from Uganda). The median age at which hepatocellular carcinoma was diagnosed significantly later in Egypt than the other African countries (58 years [IQR 53-63] vs 46 years [36-58]; p<0·0001). Hepatitis C virus was the leading cause of hepatocellular carcinoma in Egypt (1054 [84%] of 1251 patients), and hepatitis B virus was the leading cause in the other African countries (597 [55%] of 1082 patients). Substantially fewer patients received treatment specifically for hepatocellular carcinoma in the other African countries than in Egypt (43 [3%] of 1315 vs 956 [76%] of 1251; p<0·0001). Among patients with survival information (605 [48%] of 1251 in Egypt and 583 [44%] of 1315 in other African countries), median survival was shorter in the other African countries than in Egypt (2·5 months [95% CI 2·0-3·1] vs 10·9 months [9·6-12·0]; p<0·0001). Factors independently associated with poor survival were: being from an African countries other than Egypt (hazard ratio [HR] 1·59 [95% CI 1·13-2·20]; p=0·01), hepatic encephalopathy (2·81 [1·72-4·42]; p=0·0004), diameter of the largest tumour (1·07 per cm increase [1·04-1·11]; p<0·0001), log α-fetoprotein (1·10 per unit increase [1·02-1·20]; p=0·0188), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 3-4 (2·92 [2·13-3·93]; p<0·0001) and no treatment (1·79 [1·44-2·22]; p<0·0001).

Interpretation: Characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma differ between Egypt and other African countries. The proportion of patients receiving specific treatment in other African countries was low and their outcomes were extremely poor. Urgent efforts are needed to develop health policy strategies to decrease the burden of hepatocellular carcinoma in Africa.

Funding: None.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-1253(16)30161-3DOI Listing
February 2017

Cytopathology practice in Kumasi: A 2-year retrospective audit.

J Cytol 2017 Jan-Mar;34(1):22-26

Department of Molecular Medicine, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana, Africa.

Aim: Surgical pathology service is generally unavailable in most developing countries and comes with challenges. Cytopathology is a reliable, inexpensive adjunct to surgical histopathology. We present a retrospective review of the various cytopathology cases received at the department.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review of 836 cytopathology cases from January 2010 to December 2011 at the Department of Pathology of our hospital was conducted. All cytopathology reports and records from the department were retrieved and analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 16 for windows.

Results: A total of 836 (mean age 38.18 ± 22.18) cases were reviewed, at an average of approximately 418 cases performed a year (5.7% of the total workload). More than half (58.0%) of the cases received had no clinical diagnosis indicated on request forms. Seventy-seven percent (77%) of the cases were diagnosed as either definite or nondefinite. The breast was the most aspirated specimen site (20.2%). Benign cases formed 45.0% of all the cases and 29.0% were malignant. There were more benign than malignant cases with respect to all sites aspirated except the breast (18.3%), lymph nodes (35.0%), and soft tissues (11.7%) where the reverse occurred.

Conclusion: Patronage of cytopathology in Kumasi is increasing and serves as a quick, cheap, and effective alternate means for diagnosis. Improving and expanding on the current practice will ensure that pathologists in practice sustain and improve diagnostic cytopathology and provide material for training young pathologists.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0970-9371.197593DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5259925PMC
February 2017

Schwannoma extending from the umbilical region to the mid-thigh, compressing the major vessels of the right leg: A case report and review of the literature.

S Afr Med J 2016 Jun 17;106(7):692-4. Epub 2016 Jun 17.

Department of Surgery, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; Directorate of Surgery, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.

Schwannomas are benign, usually encapsulated, nerve sheath tumours derived from Schwann cells. They commonly arise from the cranial nerves as acoustic schwannomas and are extremely rare in the pelvis and retroperitoneal area (<0.5% of reported cases) unless they are combined with Von Recklinghausen disease (type 1 neurofibromatosis). We report the case of a 23-year-old woman with a mass extending from the umbilical region in the abdomen to the upper two-thirds of the thigh. As this tumour is so rare, and in order to ensure optimal treatment and survival for our patient, a computed tomography-guided biopsy was performed before en bloc tumour excision. Because of the possibility of malignancy, complete excision of the mass was performed, with pelvic blunt dissection. Histological examination showed a benign neoplasm, originating from the cells of peripheral nerve sheaths; the diagnosis was a schwannoma. Abdominal schwannomas are rare neoplasms that can be misdiagnosed. Laparoscopy is a safe and efficient option for approaching benign pelvic tumours and may offer the advantage of better visualisation of structures owing to the magnification in laparoscopic view, especially in narrow anatomical spaces. However, in our case laparoscopy was not considered owing to the size and anatomical location of the tumour.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106i7.10252DOI Listing
June 2016

Dermoid cyst of the urinary bladder as a differential diagnosis of bladder calculus: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2007 Jun 26;1:32. Epub 2007 Jun 26.

Urology Division, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital, PMB 5116, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Dermoid cysts are extremely rare in the urinary bladder and can pose a diagnostic dilemma to both the Urologist and the Histopathologist. Only a few cases were found documented and cited in PubMed. We present a case of dermoid cyst in the urinary bladder presenting as a bladder stone with a brief review of the literature.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1752-1947-1-32DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1920516PMC
June 2007
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