Publications by authors named "B Žajdlíková"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

UVEAL MELANOMA IN A 15-YEAR-OLD GIRL. CASE REPORT.

Cesk Slov Oftalmol 2021 ;77(2):94-100

Uveal melanoma is the most common intraocular tumour in adults, it is a form of cancer that affects mostly older adults, as the average age at detection of this tumour is 60 years, but it can occur in any age group with no significant gender difference. However, uveal melanoma is very rare in children compared to the adult population, accounting for 1 % of all cases. In pediatric patients, malignant uveal melanoma is more frequently manifested during puberty, leading to speculation of an association between uveal melanoma and growth hormone levels. Prognostic factors for uveal melanoma include tumour histology, chromosomal abnormalities, tumour size, extrascleral spread and tumour location. Risk factors for uveal melanoma include melanocytosis, neurofibromatosis type 1 and dysplastic naevus syndrome. Some studies point to a significantly lower risk of developing metastases in younger patients, but the prognosis of uveal melanoma in children is not yet fully known. Clinical signs and treatment options for malignant uveal melanoma in children are still under discussion. Differential diagnosis of uveal lesions in children can sometimes be very difficult, as evidenced by following case report in which authors describe a case of choroidal melanoma in a 15-year-old girl.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.31348/2021/13DOI Listing
May 2021

BILATERAL OPTIC DISC PIT WITH MACULOPATHY - THE CASE REPORT.

Cesk Slov Oftalmol 2019 ;75(2):86-90

An optic disc pit is a rare congenital anomaly of the optic nerve disc. It occurs rarely, and in case of its bilateral occurance, it can be caused by an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. Ophthalmoscopically, the disc pit appears as an ovoid depression of the optic nerve disc. When identified unilaterally, the optic nerve disc is usually larger than the disc of the other healthy eye. Optic disc pits can be located anywhere in optic disc. Moreover, when located in the temporal margin, they can be accompanied by a maculopathy. The latest therapeutic possibilities include the retinal laser photocoagulation and pars plana vitrectomy, however the prognosis quoad visum neverthelles remains poor. This report deals with bilateral occurance of the optic disc pit in case of 9-year-old asymptomatic patient. The patient had been transferred to our ophthalmology department with suspected retinal detachment. Following the examination, the optic disc pit was diagnosed. The patient remains subject to further observation, however, owing to his current satisfactory vision without the need for a surgical intervention.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.31348/2019/2/5DOI Listing
November 2019

Primary orbital teratoma - case study.

Cesk Slov Oftalmol 2019 ;75(1):40-44

Teratomas are tumours deriving from embryonal stem cells. They consist of elements of all three germinal layers. Orbital localization of this type of tumour is very rare. Symptoms develop in the first months of life, rarely later, as cystoid components of the tumour grow in size. Surgical treatment is extremely difficult, eye is spared in individual cases. In our case study, we present baby girl with a diagnosis of primary intraorbital teratoma, who underwent partial resection of the tumour with not just the eye globe spared, but also with visual functions present after the surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.31348/2019/1/5DOI Listing
October 2019

[Our experience with sub-Tenon's anesthesia in ophthalmic surgery].

Cesk Slov Oftalmol 2006 Nov;62(6):411-4

Ocní oddelení Nemocnice Kyjov, príspevková organizace.

The goal of the paper is to refer to and to inform about our own experiences with the Sub-Tenon's anesthesia in the surgery of the anterior as well as posterior segment of the eye. In cataract surgery it is equally efficient as the retrobulbar, peribulbar or topic anesthesia, and it is safer because no sharp needle is used. We operate on the posterior segment in sub-Tenon's anesthesia in patients with contraindicated general anesthesia because of their advanced age, decompensated diabetes mellitus or hypertension, in whom the pars plana vitrectomy is the only possibility to improve the patients' vision. Using the sub-Tenon's anesthesia, about 13.000 cataract surgeries and 127 pars plana vitrectomies without complications were performed. The simple pars plana vitrectomy may be realized at the outpatient basis as well.
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November 2006