Publications by authors named "Aynur Kirbas"

40 Publications

Infliximab Modulates Cisplatin-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats.

Balkan Med J 2016 Sep 1;33(5):504-511. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

Department of Internal Medicine, Kumru State Hospital, Rize, Turkey.

Background: Cisplatin (Cis) is one of the most commonly used antineoplastic drugs. It is used as chemotherapy for many solid organ malignancies such as brain, neck, male and female urogenital, vesical and pulmonary cancers. Infliximab blocks tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Several studies have reported that infliximab ameliorates cell damage by reducing cytokine levels.

Aims: We aimed to investigate whether infliximab has a preventive effect against cisplatin-induced hepatotoxicity and whether it has a synergistic effect when combined with Cis.

Study Design: Animal experimentation.

Methods: Male Wistar albino rats were divided in three groups as follows: Cis group, infliximab + Cis (CIN) group and the control group. Each group comprised 10 animals. Animals in the Cis group received an intraperitoneal single-dose injection of Cis (7 mg/kg). In the CIN group, a single dose of infliximab (7 mg/kg) was administered 72 h prior to the Cis injection. After 72 h, a single dose of Cis (7 mg/kg) was administered. All rats were sacrificed five days after Cis injection.

Results: TNF-α levels in the Cis group were significantly higher (345.5±40.0 pg/mg protein) than those of the control (278.7±62.1 pg/mg protein, p=0.003) and CIN groups (239.0±64.2 pg/mg protein, p=0.013). The Cis group was found to have high carbonic anhydrase (CA)-II and low carbamoyl phosphate synthetase-1 (CPS-1) levels. Aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) levels were lower in the CIN group as compared to the Cis group. Total histological damage was greater in the Cis group as compared to the control and CIN groups.

Conclusion: Cis may lead to liver damage by increasing cytokine levels. It may increase oxidative stress-induced tissue damage by increasing carbonic anhydrase II (CA-II) enzyme levels and decreasing CPS-1 enzyme levels. Infliximab decreases Cis-induced hepatic damage by blocking TNF-α and it may also protect against liver damage by regulating CPS-1 and CA-II enzyme levels.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/balkanmedj.2016.150576DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5056652PMC
September 2016

Investigation of surfactant protein-D and interleukin-6 levels in patients with blunt chest trauma with multiple rib fractures and pulmonary contusions: a cross-sectional study in Black Sea Region of Turkey.

BMJ Open 2016 10 12;6(10):e011797. Epub 2016 Oct 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Turkey.

Objective: Multiple rib fractures (RFs) and pulmonary contusions (PCs), with resulting systemic lung inflammation, are the most common injuries caused by blunt chest trauma (BCT) in motor vehicle accidents. This study examined levels of the inflammation marker interleukin (IL)-6 and those of the acute-phase reactant surfactant protein (SP)-D in patients with BCT.

Design: Prospective, cross-sectional, observational study.

Setting: Single-centre, tertiary care hospital in the Black Sea Region of Turkey.

Participants: The study included 60 patients with BCT who were hospitalised in our thoracic surgery department.

Parameters Measures: The SP-D and IL-6 serum levels of patients with RFs (two or more RFs) (n=30) and patients with PCs (n=30) were measured after 6 hours, 24 hours and 7 days, and compared with those of age-matched and gender-matched healthy participants.

Results: The 6-hour serum SP-D levels of the RFs (p=0.017) and PCs (p<0.001) groups were significantly higher than those of the healthy controls. The 24-hour and 7-day SP-D levels of both groups were also higher than the control group. The serum IL-6 levels of both groups were significantly higher than those of the control group. We have found Injury Severity Score to be independently related to 6-hour IL-6 (β=1.414, p<0.001) and 24-hour IL-6 levels (β=1.067, p<0.001). The development of complications was independently related to 6-hour SP-D level (β=0.211, p=0.047).

Conclusions: RFs and PCs after BCT lead to local and systemic inflammation due to lung injury. The levels of the systemic inflammation marker IL-6 and those of the acute-phase reactant SP-D were elevated in the present study. The SP-D level may be used as a marker in the follow-up of BCT-related complications.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011797DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5073616PMC
October 2016

The relationship between serum YKL-40 levels and arterial stiffness in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.

Acta Reumatol Port 2017 Apr-Jun;42(2):183-190

Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Medical School.

Objective: Serum YKL-40 plays roles in inflammatory and vascular processes. Our aim was to evaluate serum YKL-40 levels in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and to investigate their potential relationship with arterial stiffness based on carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV).

Methods: Forty-three patients with AS and 41 healthy controls with no history or current signs of cardiovascular disease were included in the study. All patients were administered nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and none were prescribed anti-tumor necrosis factor agents. Serum YKL-40 levels were measured. CF-PWV and intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery (IMT-C) were evaluated.

Results: The mean age of AS patients was 34.6 ± 10.2 years and of controls was 36.3 ± 9.0 years. CF-PWV was significantly higher in AS patients than in controls (8.2±2.7 vs.7.0±1.6 m/s, respectively; P=0.015). However, the IMT-C was not significantly different between AS patients and controls (0.6±0.3 vs. 0.5±0.2 mm, P=0.501). YKL-40 levels were significantly higher in AS patients than in controls (78.9±37.9 vs. 58.4±21.2 ng/mL, P=0.003) and were strongly correlated with CF-PWV (r=0.773, P < 0.001) and IMT-C (r=0.548, P < 0.001). A multiple linear regression analysis revealed that CF-PWV could be explained by serum YKL-40 levels and IMT-C (adjusted R²= 0.707, P=0.013 and P=0.001, respectively). AS patients with a higher disease activity score had higher YKL-40 levels, IMT-C, and CF-PWV than did those with a lower disease activity score (P < 0.001, P=0.008, and P < 0.001, respectively) Conclusion: AS patients had higher serum YKL-40 levels, CF-PWV, and IMT-C than did healthy controls. Additionally, there was an association between increased CF-PWV and serum YKL-40 levels. Therefore, we conclude that CF-PWV and YKL-40 levels may be used for early diagnosis of atherosclerosis in AS patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2018

The Protective Effect of Adalimumab on Renal Injury in a Model of Abdominal Aorta Cross-Clamping.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2016 Mar-Apr;25(2):219-26

Department of Internal Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Turkey.

Background: Adalimumab (ADA) is a potent inhibitor of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α). ADA treatment suppresses proinflammatory cytokines, leading to a decrease or inhibition of the inflammatory process.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective effects of ADA on oxidative stress and cellular damage on rat kidney tissue after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R).

Material And Methods: A total of 30 male Wistar albino rats were divided into three groups: control, I/R, and I/R plus ADA (I/R + ADA); each group comprised 10 animals. The control group underwent laparotomy without I/R injury. After undergoing laparotomy, I/R groups underwent two hours of infrarenal abdominal aortic cross ligation, which was followed by two hours of reperfusion. ADA (50 mg/kg) was administered as a single dose, intraperitoneally, to the I/R + ADA group, 5 days before I/R.

Results: The I/R group's TNF-α (1150.9 ± 145.6 pg/mg protein), IL-1β (287.0 ± 32.4 pg/mg protein) and IL-6 (1085.6 ± 56.7 pg/mg protein) levels were significantly higher than those of the control (916.1 ± 88.7 pg/mg protein, p = 0.003; 187.5 ± 37.2 pg/mg protein, p < 0.001; 881.4 ± 57.1 pg/mg protein, p < 0.001, respectively) and I/R + ADA groups (864.2 ± 169.4 pg/mg protein, p = 0.003; 241.4 ± 33.4 pg/mg protein, p = 0.010; 987.7 ± 66.5 pg/mg protein, p = 0.004, respectively). To date, a few histopathological changes have been reported regarding renal I/R injury in rats due to ADA treatment whereas I/R caused severe histopathological injury to kidney tissue.

Conclusions: ADA treatment significantly attenuated the severity of kidney I/R injury, inhibiting I/R-induced oxidative stress and renal damage. Because of its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, ADA pretreatment may have protective effects on experimental kidney injury.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17219/acem/33250DOI Listing
December 2016

Serum levels of homocysteine, asymmetric dimethylarginine and nitric oxide in patients with Parkinson's disease.

Acta Clin Belg 2016 Apr 6;71(2):71-5. Epub 2016 Feb 6.

c Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine , Recep Tayyip Erdogan University , Rize , Turkey.

Objectives: Endothelial dysfunction has been implicated as a crucial event in the development of several neurodegenerative diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the serum homocysteine, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and nitric oxide (NO) levels in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and to compare the results with data from healthy controls.

Methods: A total of 132 subjects, including 82 idiopathic PD patients who were newly diagnosed and untreated (47 males, 35 females, mean age of 60.8 ± 7.1 years) and 50 healthy controls (28 males, 22 females, mean age of 60.2 ± 6.7 years) were enrolled in this study. The serum ADMA and NO levels were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), while the homocysteine levels were determined by chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay.

Results: The ADMA and NO levels of the PD patients were significantly higher than those of the healthy controls. The serum ADMA levels were 0.70 ± 0.15 μmol/L in the PD patients and 0.50 ± 0.12 μmol/L in the healthy controls (p < 0.001). The serum NO levels were 78.7 ± 10.3 μmol/L in the PD patients and 59.9 ± 9.5 μmol/L in the healthy controls (p < 0.001). In addition, the ADMA and NO levels were significantly correlated with the serum homocysteine levels in patients with PD (r = 0.874, p < 0.001, r = 0.803, p = 0.005, respectively).

Conclusion: In our study, the high ADMA and NO levels of patients with PD indicate endothelial dysfunction, and this dysfunction may play a role in PD pathogenesis. Larger studies, including randomised clinical trials in humans and animal studies, are needed to validate our findings and help in developing a better understanding of the pathogenesis of PD.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17843286.2016.1138592DOI Listing
April 2016

Nesfatin-1 and Vitamin D levels may be associated with systolic and diastolic blood pressure values and hearth rate in polycystic ovary syndrome.

Bosn J Basic Med Sci 2015 Jul 9;15(3):57-63. Epub 2015 Jul 9.

University of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Obesity, insulin resistance (IR), inflammation, and hyperandrogenism may lead to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hypertension. Nesfatin-1 (N1) may be related to IR, obesity, and hypertension. Furthermore, a vitamin D (VD) deficiency is associated with hypertension and PCOS. We aimed to investigate N1 and VD levels in PCOS that have an effect on systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR).This study included 54 patients with PCOS and 48 age-body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy controls. PCOS was diagnosed according to clinical practice guidelines. Ferriman-Gallwey scores (FGS) were calculated, while N1, VD, and other hormonal and biochemical parameters were measured for all subjects. Systolic and diastolic BP was measured as well. HR was calculated using an electrocardiogram.The levels of N1 (p < 0.001), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (p = 0.036), homeostasis model assessment as an index of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (p < 0.001), systolic (p < 0.001) and diastolic (p < 0.001) BP and HR (p < 0.001) in the PCOS group were significantly higher than in the control group. However, the VD levels of the PCOS group were lower than the control group (p = 0.004). N1 had a strong positive correlation with BMI, HOMA-IR, hs-CRP, luteinizing hormone, systolic and diastolic BP, and HR. VD levels were negatively correlated with HOMA-IR and luteinizing hormone.Elevated N1 and decreased VD levels may be related to the presence of high-normal BP or hypertension in PCOS subjects.  N1 level may be associated with an increased BP due to its relation to inflammation and IR.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4594327PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.17305/bjbms.2015.432DOI Listing
July 2015

Effect of infliximab on renal injury due to methotrexate in rat.

Iran J Kidney Dis 2015 May;9(3):221-9

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Turkey.

Introduction: Methotrexate, an antagonist of folic acid used in the treatment of many cancers and inflammatory diseases, is associated with side effects that limit its usage. Infliximab has been reported to have a protective effect against nephrotoxicity induced by some drugs and ischemic reperfusion. We aimed to investigate whether infliximab has a protective effect against methotrexate-induced nephrotoxicity.

Materials And Methods: We administered methotrexate at a dose of 20 mg/kg as a single intraperitoneal injection in 10 rats (methotrexate group). Another group of 10 rats received a single dose of infliximab, 7 mg/kg, intraperitoneally (infliximab group). The methotrexate and infliximab group received a similar single injection of infliximab 72 hours prior to methotrexate injection. After 72 hours a single dose of methotrexate, 20 mg/kg, was administered intraperitoneally. Five days after methotrexate injection, blood samples were collected and the kidney tissues were removed for biochemical and histological examination.

Results: The methotrexate group had significantly higher tissue levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (P = .008), interleukin-1β (P = .04), nitric oxide (P < .001), and adenosine deaminase (P < .001) than the methotrexate and infliximab group after the 5-day study. The methotrexate group also had significantly higher total histological scores (P < .001) and carbonic anhydrase-II activity (P < .001) when compared to the methotrexate and infliximab group.

Conclusions: Infliximab has a strong protective effect against methotrexate-induced nephrotoxicity by suppressing cytokines release. It may decrease methotrexate-induced nephrotoxicity by regulating carbonic anhydrase-II enzyme activities and slowing down purine metabolism.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
May 2015

Protective effect of infliximab on methotrexate-induced liver injury in rats: unexpected drug interaction.

J Cancer Res Ther 2015 Jan-Mar;11(1):164-9

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Turkey.

Aims: Although methotrexate (mtx) is a widely used agent to treat cancer and inflammatory diseases, its hepatotoxic effect limits for clinical utility. We aimed to investigate whether infliximab (inf), an inhibitor of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) has a protective effect against mtx-induced hepatotoxicity.

Materials And Methods: For mtx group, the animals received an intraperitoneal single dose injection of mtx at a dose of 20 mg/kg. For inf group, the animals received an intraperitoneal single dose injection of inf at a dose of 7 mg/kg. For mtx + inf group, the single dose of inf at a dose of 7 mg/kg was given 72 h prior to mtx injection. After 72 h, a single dose of mtx 20 mg/kg was given. All rats were sacrificed 5 days after mtx injection.

Results: TNF-α and nitric oxide (NO) levels of mtx group was significantly higher than the control (P < 0.001), inf (P < 0.001) and mtx + inf (P < 0.001) groups. Total score of histological damage was higher in the mtx group when compared with the mtx + inf group. Arginase and carbamoyl phosphate synthetase 1 (CPS-1) of mtx group was suppressed in comparison with the control group and was markedly increased in mtx + inf group.

Conclusion: Inf may partially prevent mtx-induced hepatic damage in rats. However, the combined usage of mtx and inf increases arginase and CPS-1 enzyme activities and at the same time blocks TNF-α. This combination especially in cancer patients may lead to cancer cell invasion and metastasis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0973-1482.140809DOI Listing
January 2016

Protective effects of erdosteine, vitamin E, and vitamin C on renal injury induced by the ischemia-reperfusion of the hind limbs in rats.

Turk J Med Sci 2015 ;45(1):33-7

Background/aim: To compare the protective efficacy of erdosteine and vitamins C and E against renal injury caused by hind limb ischemia-reperfusion (I/R).

Materials And Methods: Rats were split into 4 groups: group I as the control, group II as I/R, group III as I/R + erdosteine, and group IV as I/R + vitamins C and E. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities and malondialdehyde (MDA) tissue levels were determined.

Results: MDA levels were found comparable with the control group in groups II and III. However, they were considerably decreased in group IV when compared to group II (P < 0.01). Additionally, SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px activities were considerably (P < 0.05) decreased in group II. While CAT and GSH-Px activities were restored (P <0.01) by vitamin E and C treatment, SOD activity was not significantly affected. While GSH-Px activities were higher (P < 0.05) with erdosteine administration, SOD and CAT activities were unchanged.

Conclusion: The protective effect of vitamins C and E is higher than that of erdosteine treatment in reducing the oxidative stress after renal ischemia in this animal model.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-1310-38DOI Listing
April 2015

Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor is a novel biomarker predicting acute exacerbation in COPD.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2015 13;10:357-65. Epub 2015 Feb 13.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, School of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Turkey.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory condition, and progresses with acute exacerbations. (AE). During AE, levels of acute phase reactants such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and inflammatory cells in the circulation increase. Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) levels increase in acute viral and bacterial infections and in diseases involving chronic inflammation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of suPAR in predicting diagnosis of AE of COPD (AE-COPD) and response to treatment.

Methods: The study population consisted of 43 patients diagnosed with AE-COPD and 30 healthy controls. suPAR, CRP, and fibrinogen levels were measured on the first day of hospitalization and on the seventh day of treatment.

Results: We found that fibrinogen (P<0.001), CRP (P<0.001), and suPAR (P<0.001) were significantly higher in patients with AE-COPD than in healthy controls. Fibrinogen (P<0.001), CRP (P=0.001), and suPAR (P<0.001) were significantly decreased by the seventh day of treatment. However, the area under receiver operator characteristic curve showed that suPAR is superior to CRP and fibrinogen in distinguishing AE-COPD. There was a correlation between fibrinogen, CRP, and suPAR. However, only fibrinogen was a powerful predictor of suPAR in multiple linear regression. In multiple logistic regression, only suPAR and fibrinogen were strong predictors of AE-COPD (P=0.002 and P=0.014, respectively). Serum suPAR was negatively correlated with forced expiratory volume in 1 second (r=-478, P=0.001).

Conclusion: suPAR is a marker of acute inflammation. It is well correlated with such inflammation markers as CRP and fibrinogen. suPAR can be used as a predictor of AE-COPD and in monitoring response to treatment.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S77654DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4334296PMC
September 2015

Evaluation of the effects of fasting associated dehydration on maternal NGAL levels and fetal renal artery Doppler parameters.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2016 24;29(4):629-32. Epub 2015 Feb 24.

a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology .

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate maternal neutrophil gelatinase-asssociated lipocalin (NGAL) levels and fetal renal artery (fRA) Doppler flow indices in pregnant women fasting in Ramadan in respect of dehydration in long hot summer days as a marker of hypoperfusion and early renal injury.

Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was carried out at a University Hospital. Fasting pregnant women and non-fasting age, gravidity and gestational age-matched women were evaluated for hematologic, blood biochemistry and urine parameters in the first and fourth weeks of the Ramadan. Umbilical artery and fRA Doppler flows were studied in each evaluation.

Results: Blood urea nitrogen, potassium and hematocrit levels, blood and urine NGAL levels were significantly higher, and fRA Doppler indices increased in fasting women (p < 0.05) during the second visit in the last week of the Ramadan, while non-fasting women had no significant alterations in each evaluation (p > 0.05).

Conclusions: Adequate maternal vascular volume is essential for the maintenance of healthy pregnancy. Fasting during the long and hot summer days leads to fluid deprivation and dehydration which was found to be related to subclinical maternal renal dysfunction and increased fRA Doppler indices.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/14767058.2015.1014789DOI Listing
September 2016

[Elevated pleural copeptin levels can distinguish to exudate from transudates].

Tuberk Toraks 2014 ;62(4):267-72

Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Turkey.

Introduction: Copeptin is released simultaneously along with arginine-vasopressine as a result of different stimuli from the neurohypophysis. Physiological function of copeptin is still unclear. Increased blood copeptin levels is associated with poor prognosis in many diseases. Pleural effusion is a common clinical condition. The most common causes of pleural effusions are heart failure, parapneumonic effusion, pulmonary embolism and malignacy.Tuberculosis is one of the other major causes of pleural effusion in developing countries. In this study, we aimed to assess whether pleural copeptin level may be a new discriminative biomarker for exudates and transudates pleural effusions.

Materials And Methods: Research was done at Recep Tayyip Erdogan University School of Medicine in the Department of Chest Diseases. The concentrations of pleural copeptin and typical pleural and serum marker levels were measured in 76 subjects with pleural effusions including 22 transudates caused by congestive heart failure (CHF), and 54 exudates including 18 parapneumonic (PPE), 18 tuberculous pleural effusions (TBPEs), 18 malignant effusions (MPEs).

Results: Median pleural fluid copeptin levels were higher in exudates than in transudates (1936 ng/mL and 1313 pg/mL, p value < 0.001). There was no statistical significancy for pleural fluid copeptin levels with in-group exudates (n= 54). Pleural copeptin levels of exudates, with a cut off value of 1469 ng/mL, yielded a 79.6% sensitivity, 81.8% specificity, with an are a under the curve of 0.851.

Conclusion: Pleural copeptin level is a new biomarker to separate exudates from transudates. Pleural effusion discriminative effect of copeptin is lower than plasma protein level and plasma lactat dehydrogenase (LDH). Pleural copeptin measurement is not recommended for routine clinical use. Pleural copeptin level is not contribute to different iate exudative pleural fluids from each other like PPE, TBPE and MPE.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5578/tt.8690DOI Listing
July 2015

The role of hypoxia at primary dysmenorrhea, utilizing a novel hypoxia marker--SCUBE1.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2015 Feb 20;28(1):63-65. Epub 2014 May 20.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Faculty of Medicine, Rize, Turkey.

Study Objective: To determine the SCUBE1 levels in adolescents with primary dysmenorrhea.

Design: A prospective cross-sectional study.

Setting: A university hospital outpatient clinic, Rize, Turkey.

Participants: A total of 40 adolescent girls, 15 on menses and 25 not on menses.

Interventions And Main Outcome Measures: Demographic features and menstrual history of the participants were assessed and blood samples were obtained for detecting the platelet volume, platelet counts, and SCUBE1 levels of the participants.

Results: No difference was detected between the 2 groups in mean platelet volume, platelet count, and SCUBE1 levels.

Conclusion: Future trials are required to investigate the relation between SCUBE1 levels and primary dysmenorrhea.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2014.05.001DOI Listing
February 2015

The relationship of plasma catestatin concentrations with metabolic and vascular parameters in untreated hypertensive patients: Influence on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.

Anatol J Cardiol 2015 Jul 17;15(7):577-85. Epub 2014 Jul 17.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University; Rize-Turkey.

Objective: Catestatin has several cardiovascular actions, in addition to diminished sympatho-adrenal flow. Decreased plasma catestatin levels may reflect a predisposition for the development of hypertension and metabolic disorders. We planned to investigate the possible roles of catestatin in untreated hypertensive patients. As a secondary objective, we compared catestatin concentrations of healthy subjects with those of hypertensive patients in order to understand whether catestatin is increased reactively or diminished at onset.

Methods: Our study was cross-sectional and observational. The patient group, comprising 109 consecutive untreated hypertensive patients without additional systemic or coronary heart disease, underwent evaluations of plasma catestatin, waist circumference, lipid parameters, left ventricular mass, carotid intima-media thickness, and flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery. Additionally, we measured catestatin concentrations of 38 apparently healthy subjects without any disease using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit.

Results: We documented increased catestatin concentrations in previously untreated hypertensive patients compared to healthy controls (2.27±0.83 vs. 1.92±0.49 ng/mL, p=0.004). However, this association became insignificant after adjustments for age, gender, height, and weight. Within the patient group, catestatin levels were significantly higher in females. Among all study parameters, age, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) correlated positively to plasma catestatin, whereas triglycerides, hemoglobin, and left ventricular mass correlated negatively to plasma catestatin. We could not detect an association between vascular parameters and catestatin. Catestatin levels were significantly elevated with increasing HDL-C (1.91±0.37, 2.26±0.79, and 3.1±1.23 ng/mL in patients with HDL-C <40, 40-60, and >60 mg/dL, respectively). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed age (beta: 0.201, p=0.041) and HDL-C (beta: 0.390, p<0.001) as independent correlates of plasma catestatin concentration. Additionally, male gender (beta:-0.330, p=0.001) and plasma catestatin (beta: 0.299, p=0.002) were significantly associated with HDL-C concentrations.

Conclusion: We documented that plasma catestatin is an independent predictor of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In addition to antihypertensive effects, catestatin appears to be related to improved lipid and metabolic profiles. Coexistence of low catestatin levels with low HDL-C may provide a probable mechanism for the predictive value of low HDL-C for increased hypertension and cardiovascular events.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/akd.2014.5536DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5337039PMC
July 2015

Is resveratrol a potential substitute for leuprolide acetate in experimental endometriosis?

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2015 Jan 11;184:1-6. Epub 2014 Nov 11.

Departments of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, School of Medicine, 53020 Rize, Turkey.

Objective: Resveratrol, a phytoalexin polyphenol, has anti-angiogenic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory properties. We aimed to compare the anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic effects of resveratrol and leuprolide acetate (LA) in an experimental endometriosis model.

Study Design: A prospective experimental study was conducted in a University Surgical Research Center. Thirty-three non-pregnant female Sprague-Dawley rats, in which experimental model of endometriosis were surgically induced were randomly divided into four groups. Group 1 was administered 30 mg/kg resveratrol i.m. for 14 days, group 2 was given 1mg/kg s.c. single dose LA, group 3 was administered both resveratrol and LA, and group 4 had no medication. After two weeks medication rats were sacrificed and size, histopathology and immunreactivity to matrix metalloproteinase (mmp)2, mmp9, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) of the endometriotic implants were evaluated. Plasma and peritoneal fluid levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were analyzed.

Results: The endometriotic implant volumes, histopathological grade and immunreactivity to mmp2, mmp9 and VEGF were significantly reduced (p<0.001), and plasma and peritoneal fluid levels of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α were significantly decreased in group 1 and group 2 in comparison to group 3 and group 4 (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Resveratrol alone is a potential agent for the treatment of endometriosis and may be an alternative to LA. In contrast, the combination of LA and resveratrol decreased the anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic effects of each agent. Since resveratrol is widely used as an alternative therapy for a variety of conditions, it can undermine the effectiveness of LA. Therefore, caution should be exercised when used in combination with other agents.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2014.10.041DOI Listing
January 2015

Topiramate ameliorates abdominal aorta cross-clamping induced liver injury in rats.

Saudi J Gastroenterol 2014 Sep-Oct;20(5):297-303

Department of Internal Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, School of Medicine, Rize, Turkey.

Background And Aim: Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in the liver occurs after a prolonged period of ischemia followed by restoration of hepatic blood perfusion. During the surgery of abdominal aorta, I/R injury causes damage to lower extremities and many organs, especially liver. The antioxidant and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) suppression effects of topiramate (TPM) have been reported in several studies. We evaluated the potential protective effect of TPM on cellular damage in liver tissue during I/R injury.

Materials And Methods: Thirty male Wistar albino rats were divided into three groups: Control, I/R, and I/R plus TPM (I/R + TPM) groups. Laparotomy without I/R injury was performed in the control group. After laparotomy, cross-ligation of infrarenal abdominal aorta was applied for 2 h in I/R groups that was followed by 2 h of reperfusion. TPM (100 mg/kg/day) was orally administrated to the animals in the I/R + TPM group for seven consecutive days before I/R procedure.

Results: The I/R group's TNF-α and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were significantly higher than those of the control (P = 0.010; P = 0.002) and I/R + TPM groups (P = 0.010; P = 0.002, respectively). Asymmetric dimethyl arginine (ADMA) levels of I/R group were higher than the control (P = 0.015) and I/R + TPM groups. I/R caused serious histopathological damage to liver tissue; however, TPM led to very low histopathological changes.

Conclusion: Our data demonstrated that TPM treatment prominently decreases the severity of liver I/R injury. TPM pretreatment may have preventive effects on liver injury via I/R during intra-abdominal surgery.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1319-3767.141690DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4196345PMC
June 2015

A novel biomarker in the diagnosis of parapneumonic effusion: neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin.

Multidiscip Respir Med 2014 15;9(1):49. Epub 2014 Sep 15.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Bahcesehir University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: The protein neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a mediator synthesized and released by neutrophils. Its physiological function is as yet unclear. Levels in blood increase in several inflammatory diseases. High serum values indicate poor prognosis for several diseases. Pleural effusion may appear as the result of various pathologies. The most common cause is heart failure (HF). Other common causes include parapneumonic (PPE) and malignant (MPE) pleural effusions, and pulmonary embolism. Tubercular effusion (TE) is commonly encountered in Turkey and similar developing countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of NGAL, a current inflammation marker, in discriminating between different etiological diseases that cause pleural effusion.

Methods: The study was performed at the Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Faculty of Medicine Chest Diseases Clinic. One hundred patients were included in the study, 25 with parapneumonic effusion, 25 with heart failure-related effusion, 25 with tubercular effusion and 25 with cancer-related effusion. NGAL was measured in patients' serum and pleural fluids.

Results: Serum NGAL levels in PPE (171 ± 56 ng/ml) were significantly higher (p < 0.001) than those in HF (86 ± 31 ng/ml), CA (103 ± 42 ng/ml) and TE (63 ± 19 ng/ml). Pleural NGAL levels were also significantly higher in PPE compared to HF, MPE and TE (p < 0.001). Serum NGAL levels exhibited a positive correlation with white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil, C-reactive protein (CRP), sedimentation, serum LDH, creatinine, pleural leukocyte and pleural neutrophil numbers. The most significant correlation was between NGAL level and WBC (p < 0.001, r = 0.579). Both serum and pleural NGAL levels are highly effective in differentiating patients with PPE from those without PPE (AUC: 0.910 and 0.790, respectively).

Conclusions: NGAL can be used in the diagnosis of diseases with an acute inflammatory course. Serum and pleural NGAL levels can differentiate PPE from other diseases causing pleural fluid with high sensitivity and specificity.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2049-6958-9-49DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4169811PMC
September 2014

Effect of infliximab against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.

Saudi Med J 2014 Sep;35(9):953-8

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize 53100, Turkey. Tel. +90 (464) 2130491 Ext. 1859. Fax. +90 (464) 2170364. E-mail.

Objectives: To investigate whether infliximab (Ib), an inhibitor of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), prevents cisplatin (Cis)-induced nephrotoxicity.

Methods: The study was performed in the Department of Internal Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Turkey, between November 2012 and May 2013. Thirty male Wistar albino rats were divided into 3 groups, a control group, a Cis group, and a Cis+Ib group. The animals of the Cis group were injected with a single dose (7 mg/kg) of Cis intraperitoneally. The animals of the Cis+Ib group were injected with a single dose (7 mg/kg) of Ib 72 hours prior to Cis injection.

Results: The TNF-α, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1b), nitric oxide (NO) and adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels of the Cis group were higher than both the control group TNF-α (p<0.001), IL-1α (p<0.001), NO (p<0.001) and ADA (p<0.001), and the Cis+Ib group TNF-α (p<0.001), IL-1b (p<0.001), NO (p<0.001), and ADA (p=0.003). Histopathological examination revealed extensive damage in the Cis group, while the damage in the Cis+Ib group was lower. While the carbonic anhydrase II (CA-II) level of the Cis group was lower than both groups, it was similar in the Cis+Ib and the control groups.

Conclusion: Infliximab acts against Cis-induced nephrotoxicity by a strong inhibition of TNF-α. Additionally, the combination of these 2 drugs does not obviously change the level of CA-II.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4362156PMC
September 2014

The relation between carotid intima media thickness and serum osteoprotegerin levels in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2014 Jun 1;12(5):283-9. Epub 2014 Apr 1.

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Faculty of Medicine , Rize, Turkey .

Aim: This study was designed to evaluate carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) and serum osteoprotegerin (OPG) levels in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in comparison to healthy controls and to investigate factors predicting the CIMT increase.

Materials And Methods: A total of 60 outpatients [median (min-max) age 44.5 (24.0-65.0) years, 63.3% were females] diagnosed with NAFLD via ultrasonography performed during their admission to our hospital for any reason and 30 control subjects [median (min-max) age 39.5 (24.0-57.0) years, 73.3% were females] with normal liver echogenicity in ultrasonography were included in this study. Data on demographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements, biochemical and hematological tests, CIMT measurement, serum levels for OPG, and predictive factors for the CIMT increase were collected.

Results: Median (min-max) CIMT [0.60 (0.40-1.10) vs. 0.50 (0.30-0.60), P<0.001) and OPG (pg/mL) [65.0 (18.1-272.8) vs. 32.0 (10.1-82.3), P<0.001] levels were significantly higher in NAFLD patients compared to controls, while there was a significant positive correlation between CIMT and serum OPG (r=0.42, P<0.001). Mean CIMT value was determined to increase significantly by 0.001 cm (P=0.001) for each 1 pg/mL of increase in OPG levels, by 0.103 cm (P<0.001) in case of concomitant NAFLD (P<0.001), and by 0.006 cm (P<0.001) for each 1 pg/mL of increase in urea levels.

Conclusion: Our findings indicate higher levels of serum OPG and CIMT in patients with NAFLD compared to controls along with a positive correlation between serum OPG and CIMT levels. High levels of serum OPG, presence of NAFLD, and high levels of serum urea seem to be the independent risk factors predictive for the CIMT increase.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/met.2013.0151DOI Listing
June 2014

Adalimumab ameliorates abdominal aorta cross clamping which induced liver injury in rats.

Biomed Res Int 2014 16;2014:907915. Epub 2014 Jan 16.

Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, 53100 Rize, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective effects of adalimumab (ADA) on cell damage in rat liver tissue during ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury of infrarenal abdominal aorta. Thirty male Wistar-albino rats were divided into three groups: control, I/R, and I/R+ADA, each group containing 10 animals. Laparotomy without I/R injury was performed in the control group animals. Laparotomy in the I/R group was followed by two hours of infrarenal abdominal aortic cross ligation and then two hours of reperfusion. ADA (50 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally as a single dose, to the I/R+ADA group, five days before I/R. The tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) (pg/mg protein) and nitric oxide (NO) (µmol/g protein) levels in the I/R group (430.8 ± 70.1, 8.0 ± 1.1, resp.) were significantly higher than those in the I/R+ADA group (338.0 ± 71.6, P = 0.006; 6.3 ± 1.2, P = 0.008) and the control group (345.5 ± 53.3, P = 0.008; 6.5 ± 1.5, P = 0.010, resp.). I/R causes severe histopathological injury to the liver tissue, but ADA leads to much less histopathological changes. ADA treatment significantly decreased the severity of liver I/R injury. ADA pretreatment may have protective effects on experimental liver injury.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/907915DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3914326PMC
September 2014

Low-density lipoprotein subfraction, carotid artery intima-media thickness, nitric oxide, and tumor necrosis factor alpha are associated with newly diagnosed ischemic stroke.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2013 Oct;16(4):498-503

Department of Biochemistry, University of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Rize, Turkey.

Objectives: Small dense (sd) low-density lipoprotein (LDL), tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha (α), and nitric oxide (NO) have recently emerged as important stroke risk factors. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of increased levels of small LDL particle size, TNF-α and NO on the developed ischemic stroke and increased carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT).

Materials And Methods: A total of 29 women and 25 men (a total of 54 ischemic stroke patients) and a similar age group of 50 controls (29 females and 21 males) were included in the study. CIMT, C-reactive protein (CRP), TNF-α, NO, and lipid subfraction test of the two groups were measured.

Results: The mean LDL particle size was smaller in patients with stroke than in the controls (26.8 ± 0.31 nm vs. 27.0 ± 0.31 nm, P = 0.003). sd-LDL, TNF-α, NO, CRP, right CIMT, and left CIMT were higher in patients with stroke than in the controls (respectively; 8.2 ± 7.8 mg/dL vs. 3.3 ± 3.5 mg/dL, P < 0.001;75.6 ± 25.0 pg/mL vs. 65.4 ± 9.1 pg/mL, P = 0.009;76.4 ± 53.3 mmol/L vs. 41.5 ± 27.0 mmol/L, P < 0.001;1.9 ± 2.6 mm vs. 0.4 ± 0.3 mm P < 0.001;0.97 ± 0.38 mm vs. 0.83 ± 0.15 mm, P = 0.007;1.04 ± 0.44 mm vs. 0.87 ± 0.19 mm, P = 0.010).

Conclusion: These results show that sd-LDL is independently associated with the incidence of stroke and may be a risk factor in the development of stroke. In addition, TNF-α, NO, right CIMT, and left CIMT may be a risk factor in the development of ischemic stroke.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-2327.120438DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3841588PMC
October 2013

The evaluation of relationship between adiponectin levels and epicardial adipose tissue thickness with low cardiac risk in Gilbert`s syndrome: an observational study.

Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 2013 Dec 25;13(8):791-6. Epub 2013 Oct 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University, Rize-Turkey.

Objective: Atherosclerotic heart diseases are less frequently seen in patients with Gilbert's syndrome (GS). We aimed to investigate whether serum adiponectin (APN) and epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness have an effect beside the antioxidant effect of bilirubin in lowering the incidence of the atherosclerotic process.

Methods: Sixty-eight patients diagnosed with GS (39 females and 29 males) who had applied at the internal medicine clinic of the hospital were included in this cross-sectional, observational study. The control group included 63 healthy people (39 females and 24 males). EAT thickness was measured by echocardiography. The serum APN levels were also checked. Statistical analysis was performed by using independent sample t-test, Pearson correlation and linear regression analyses.

Results: The mean age of the GS group was 28 ± 9 years, and the average EAT thickness was found to be 2.5 ± 0.1 mm. The mean age of the control group was 26 ± 6 years, and the average EAT thickness was found to be 4.2 ± 0.5 mm. When comparing the two groups, the EAT thickness of the GS group was found to be significantly lower (p<0.001) than that of the control group. In the GS group the APN was 14.9 ± 4.2 mg/L, and in the control group the APN was 12.6 ± 4.5 mg/L (p<0.022). We found that total bilirubin (β=-1,607, p<0,001) and indirect bilirubin (β=1,086, p<0,001) have an independent association with decreased EAT thickness.

Conclusion: EAT thickness is associated with coronary atherosclerosis. Low EAT thickness may be related with low release of proinflammatory cytokine. High levels of APN may be related high anti-inflammatory effect. Therefore, low EAT thickness and high levels of APN may demonstrate protective effect on atherosclerotic heart diseases in GS patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/akd.2013.266DOI Listing
December 2013

Paraoxonase and arylesterase activity and total oxidative/anti-oxidative status in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease.

J Clin Neurosci 2014 Mar 19;21(3):451-5. Epub 2013 Oct 19.

Department of Neurology, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Faculty of Medicine, Rize, Turkey.

This study investigated serum paraoxonase (PON1) and arylesterase activity along with determination of oxidative status via measurement of total oxidant status (TOS), total anti-oxidant status (TAS) and oxidative stress index (OSI) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and compared results with data from healthy controls. A total of 82 subjects, including 42 patients with idiopathic PD, newly diagnosed and untreated (24 men, 18 women, aged 47-66 years) and 40 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. We aimed to evaluate the oxidative status of PD patients via measurement of serum TOS and TAS and estimation of OSI using new automated methods. PON1 and arylesterase activities were measured spectrophotometrically. Serum total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and triglyceride levels were measured using routine methods. TAS levels of PD patients were significantly lower than that of controls (p<0.05). TOS levels of PD patients were higher than those of controls (p<0.05). PON1 and arylesterase activities of PD were lower than those of controls (p<0.05). Serum levels of total and LDL cholesterol were significantly reduced in PD patients. In conclusion, the presence of high TOS and OSI levels together with low levels of TAS in PD patients supports the important role of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of PD. Since oxidative stress is involved in neurodegeneration, selecting anti-oxidants, metal chelators or other compounds boosting endogenous enzymatic and non-enzymatic defense mechanisms seems to be an obvious choice as treatment for PD.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2013.04.025DOI Listing
March 2014

Alterations of natriuretic peptides amino-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide and amino-terminal pro C-type natriuretic peptide during the pregnancy.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2014 Jul 5;27(11):1103-7. Epub 2013 Nov 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the plasma levels of natriuretic peptides amino-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT proBNP) and amino-terminal pro C-type natriuretic peptide (NT proCNP) during pregnancy and any possible changes occurring in each trimester.

Methods: This was a prospective longitudinal case-control study conducted in a University Hospital antenatal outpatient clinic. Subjects were all healthy pregnant women without a history of previous cardiac disease, hypertension or preeclampsia, and each patient was assessed during every trimester, and blood samples were collected for the measurement of NT proBNP and NT proCNP levels.

Results: Twenty pregnant women were followed-up during pregnancy without any complications. We obtained longitudinal levels of natriuretic peptides in each trimester. The mean NT proBNP levels were 14.95 ± 16.8, 9.37 ± 10.76, 52.48 ± 126.65 pmol/ml and the mean NT proCNP levels were 44.64 ± 41.64, 45.70 ± 47.03, 47.22 ± 55.09 pmol/l, respectively. No statistically significant alteration of plasma levels of natriuretic peptides was detected between trimesters.

Conclusion: This is the first study evaluating the longitudinal levels of NT proCNP during the pregnancy, and demonstrates that NT proCNP remained constant, but NT proBNP levels do not significantly alter during pregnancy.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/14767058.2013.850488DOI Listing
July 2014

Relationship between pulse wave velocity and serum YKL-40 level in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis.

Rheumatol Int 2013 Nov 25;33(11):2751-6. Epub 2013 Jun 25.

Subclinical atherosclerosis has been demonstrated in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) without any signs of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum YKL-40 level and arterial stiffness in patients with ERA. Forty two patients with ERA and 35 healthy controls with no history or current sign of CVD were included in the study. ERA patients with active disease, defined as DAS28 ≥ 3.2, and symptoms onset <12 months were recruited. Arterial stiffness was evaluated by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV), and the intima-media thickness carotid (IMT-C) was measured by carotid ultrasonography. Serum YKL-40 levels were measured by an enzyme-linked immunoassay method. The mean age was 43.1 ± 5.8 years in ERA patients and 41.0 ± 5.9 years in control group. The CFPWV and IMT-C of the ERA patients were determined significantly higher than the control group (P = .001, P < .001, respectively). YKL-40 levels were significantly elevated in ERA patients than controls (P = .008). The serum levels of YKL-40 in the ERA patients showed a strong correlation with CF-PWV (r = .711, P < .001) and IMT-C (r = .733, P < .001). Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that CF-PWV could be explained by serum YKL-40 levels (adjusted R² = .493, P < .001). We have shown that patients with ERA had increased CF-PWV and serum YKL-40 levels. In addition, there was an association between CF-PWV values and serum YKL-40 levels in patients with ERA. As a result, we believe that serum YKL-40 level and CF-PWV might reflect early atherosclerosis in patients with ERA.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00296-013-2810-4DOI Listing
November 2013

Increased YKL-40 levels in patients with isolated coronary artery ectasia: an observational study.

Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 2013 Aug 27;13(5):465-70. Epub 2013 May 27.

Departments of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Rize University, Rize-Turkey.

Objective: YKL-40, a new biomarker of localized inflammation, is secreted by macrophages within the atherosclerotic plaques. Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a clinical entity with unclear etiopathogenesis. Some studies have revealed that CAE may be a form of atherosclerosis that has more localized and intense inflammatory properties than atherosclerosis. The goal of this study was to investigate YKL-40 and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in patients with isolated CAE compared to patients with normal coronary arteries (NCA) and coronary artery disease (CAD).

Methods: Our study has an observational and cross-sectional design. Forty-nine patients with isolated CAE (mean age: 60±10 years), 30 age-and gender-matched control participants with NCA (30 patients, mean age: 58±12 years) and 30 patients with CAD (mean age: 61±10 years), were included in the study. The relationship between YKL-40, CRP levels and the presence of CAE was investigated. Univariate and multiple logistic regression analysis were used for analysis of independent variables to predict CAE.

Results: Serum YKL-40 levels were significantly different among study groups (NCA: 110±53 μg/L, CAE: 144±68 and CAD: 180±117, p=0.005). CAD group and CAE group had significantly higher YKL-40 levels than NCA group (p=0.004 and p=0.015, respectively). CRP was not significantly different between three groups. In addition, there were no any statistically significant differences, with respect to age, gender, the presence of hypertension or diabetes mellitus, and the smoking status (p>0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed only YKL-40 level as the determinant of CAE (OR: 1.010, 95% CI: 1.001-1.019, p=0.027).

Conclusion: YKL-40 levels in patients with isolated CAE compared to patients with NCA were found significantly high and only YKL-40 level was established as the determinant of CAE. We believe that further studies are needed to clarify the possible causative roles of YKL-40 in patients with isolated CAE.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/akd.2013.145DOI Listing
August 2013

Serum paraoxonase and arylesterase activity and oxidative status in patients with multiple sclerosis.

J Clin Neurosci 2013 Aug 10;20(8):1106-9. Epub 2013 May 10.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize 53100, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to investigate serum paraoxonase and arylesterase activities, and to determine oxidative status via the measurement of total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant status (TAS) and the oxidative stress index (OSI) in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Results were compared with data from healthy controls. A total of 60 subjects, including 30 newly diagnosed and untreated patients with RRMS (20 females, 10 males, 18-40 years of age) and 30 healthy controls (20 female, 10 male 20-40 years of age) were enrolled in this study. The oxidative status of the RRMS patients was measured by TOS, TAS and estimation of the OSI was made by a new automated method. Paraoxonase (PON1) and arylesterase activities were measured spectrophotometrically. TAS levels of RRMS patients were significantly lower than that of controls (p < 0.05). TOS levels of RRMS patients were higher than that of controls (p < 0.05). PON1 and arylesterase activities of RRMS patients were lower, but not significantly, than those of controls (p > 0.05). There was no correlation between serum PON1 activity and OSİ in patients with RRMS (p > 0.05). Hypercholesterolemia was not observed in multiple sclerosis patients. In conclusion, although the mechanism underlying the significant reduction of TAS levels of multiple sclerosis patients compared with those of controls is unknown, the results imply that endogenous antioxidants may have been exhausted by increased oxidative stress and we believe that additional antioxidant treatment might be beneficial for these patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2012.09.020DOI Listing
August 2013

High serum YKL-40 level in patients with COPD is related to hypoxemia and disease severity.

Tohoku J Exp Med 2013 02;229(2):163-70

Department of Chest Disease, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University School of Medicine, Rize, Turkey.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major health problem with increasing morbidity and mortality throughout the world. YKL-40 is a chitin-binding glycoprotein consisting of 383 amino acids, with a molecular mass of 40 kDa, and its serum level is elevated in inflammatory diseases. YKL-40 is a newly recognized biomarker of inflammation and has not been thoroughly investigated in COPD. The aim of the study is to investigate the relationship between serum YKL-40 levels and severity of COPD. The study population consisted of 52 patients with COPD with the mean age of 60.2 ± 10.1 years. The serum YKL-40 level increased significantly with increasing age (p = 0.022, r = 0.346). In COPD patients, high serum YKL-40 level is correlated to low forced expiratory volume at 1 second (FEV₁, percent of predicted) (r = -0.277, p = 0.047). Moreover, high serum YKL-40 level is correlated to low arterial oxygen pressure (PaO₂, mmHg) (r = -0.387, p = 0.005). The mean serum YKL-40 level was found as 243.1 ± 129.2 ng/ml in COPD patients with desaturation during 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and this value was higher than the mean serum YKL-40 level (155.8 ± 59.1 ng/ml) of COPD patients without desaturation during 6MWT (p = 0.004). This study demonstrated that high serum YKL-40 levels were correlated to severity of COPD. We propose that circulating YKL-40 levels could be a biomarker for hypoxemia and decline in lung function.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1620/tjem.229.163DOI Listing
February 2013

The effects of Gilbert's syndrome on the mean platelet volume and other hematological parameters.

Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 2013 Jul;24(5):484-8

Department of Biochemistry, University of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Rize, Turkey.

The protective effect of increased levels of indirect bilirubin on atherosclerotic heart disease in patients of Gilbert's syndrome is well known. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of increased levels of bilirubin on the mean platelet volume (MPV) and other hematological parameters. Thirty-two men and 36 women (a total of 68 Gilbert's syndrome patients) and a similar age group of 68 healthy individuals (32 men and 36 women) were included in the study. Hematologic tests, C-reactive protein (CRP) and biochemical values of the two groups were checked. MPV level of Gilbert's syndrome group was 7.8±1.0fl and CRP 0.2±0.27mg/dl. In the control group MPV was 8.6±1.0fl and CRP 0.3±0.38mg/dl. MPV of patients group (P<0.001) and CRP (P=0.037) were significantly lower than the control group. When dividing Gilbert's syndrome and control groups according to sex into subgroups the level of indirect bilirubin in men with Gilbert's syndrome (1.8±0.8mg/dl) was found to be higher than other groups. Healthy men had higher levels of MPV (8.8±0.9fl) whereas Gilbert's syndrome male patients had lower levels (7.7±1.1fl), (P<0.001). The elevated levels of bilirubin and decreasing levels of MPV and CRP in Gilbert's syndrome patients may have an effect on the slowing down of the atherosclerotic process.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MBC.0b013e32835e4230DOI Listing
July 2013