Publications by authors named "Ayman Diab"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Removal of Methylene Blue and Congo Red Using Adsorptive Membrane Impregnated with Dried and .

Plants (Basel) 2021 Feb 17;10(2). Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, College of Science, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif 21944, Saudi Arabia.

Biosorption is a bioremediation approach for the removal of harmful dyes from industrial effluents using biological materials. This study investigated Methylene blue (M. blue) and Congo red (C. red) biosorption from model aqueous solutions by two marine macro-algae, and incorporated within acrylic fiber waste to form composite membranes, Acrylic fiber- (AF-U) and Acrylic fiber- (AF-S), respectively. The adsorption process was designed to more easily achieve the 3R process, i.e., removal, recovery, and reuse. The process of optimization was implemented through one factor at a time (OFAT) experiments, followed by a factorial design experiment to achieve the highest dye removal efficiency. Furthermore, isotherm and kinetics studies were undertaken to determine the reaction nature. FT-IR and SEM analyses were performed to investigate the properties of the membrane. The AF-U membrane showed a significant dye removal efficiency, of 88.9% for 100 ppm M. blue conc. and 79.6% for 50 ppm C. red conc. after 240 min sorption time. AF-S recorded a sorption capacity of 82.1% for 100 ppm M. blue conc. after 30 min sorption time and 85% for 100 ppm C. red conc. after 240 min contact time. The membranes were successfully applied in the 3Rs process, in which it was found that the membranes could be used for five cycles of the removal process with stable efficiency.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/plants10020384DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7922868PMC
February 2021

IL-8 secreted by tumor associated macrophages contribute to lapatinib resistance in HER2-positive locally advanced breast cancer via activation of Src/STAT3/ERK1/2-mediated EGFR signaling.

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res 2021 May 2;1868(6):118995. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt; Director of Biotechnology program, Faculty of Science, Galala University, 43511 Suez, Egypt. Electronic address:

Locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) is an aggressive disease characterized by late clinical presentation, large tumor size, treatment resistance and low survival rate. Expression of EGFR/HER2 and activation of intracellular tyrosine kinase domains in LABC are associated with poor prognosis. Thus, target therapies such as the anti-receptor tyrosine kinases lapatinib drug have been more developed in the past decade. The response to lapatinib involves the inhibition of RTKs and subsequently signaling molecules such as Src/STAT3/Erk1/2 known also to be activated by the cytokines in the tumor microenvironment (TME). The aim of the present study is to identify the major cytokine that might contribute to lapatinib resistance in EGFR+/HER2+ LABC patients. Indeed, tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) are the main source of cytokines in the TME. Herein, we isolated TAMs from LABC during modified radical mastectomy (MRM). Cytokine profile of TAMs revealed that IL-8 is the most prominent highly secreted cytokine by TAMs of LABC patients. Using in-vitro cell culture model we showed that recombinant IL-8 (50 and 100 ng/mL) at different time intervals interfere with lapatinib action via activation of Src/EGFR and signaling molecules known to be inhibited during treatment. We proposed that to improve LABC patients' response to lapatinib treatment it is preferred to use combined therapy that neutralize or block the action of IL-8.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamcr.2021.118995DOI Listing
May 2021

Antibacterial and Anti-Fungal Biological Activities for Acrylonitrile, Acrylamide and 2-Acrylamido-2-Methylpropane Sulphonic Acid Crosslinked Terpolymers.

Materials (Basel) 2020 Oct 30;13(21). Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Faculty of Biotechnology, October University for Modern Science and Arts, 26 July Mehwar Road Intersection with Wahat Road, 6th October City 11435, Egypt.

There is a pressing demand to synthesize polymers that have antibacterial and antifungal properties. The aim of this study was to synthesize a crosslinked hydrophilic terpolymer with acrylamide, acrylonitrile, acrylic acid, acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulphonic acid and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as a crosslinker. The chemical structure and thermal stability of the prepared cross-linked terpolymers were confirmed by spectroscopic and thermal analyses. Moreover, the swelling experiments were performed to investigate their swelling capacity. Furthermore, the efficiency of the synthesized cross-linked polymer gels was assessed as an antimicrobial agent against Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria and fungal strains. The synthesized polymers showed broad inhibition effect, with more antibacterial activity by the AM4 polymer sample containing high percentage of acrylonitrile monomer in the prepared terpolymers (4 mol ratio of acrylic acid: 1 mol ratio of acrylamide: 16 mole ratio of acrylonitrile against Gram negative bacterial strain), while sample M3 terpolymer (1 mol ratio of acrylamide: 1 mole ratio acrylonitrile: 3 mole ratio of acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulphonic acid) showed a promising anti-fungal activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma13214891DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7662814PMC
October 2020

Evaluation of the Cytotoxicity and Apoptotic Induction in Human Liver Cell Lines Exposed to Three Food Additives.

Recent Pat Food Nutr Agric 2020 ;11(3):193-201

Cairo University, Faculty of Science, Giza, Egypt.

Background: Rapid lifestyle, especially among people living in urban areas, has led to increasing reliance on the processed food market. Unfortunately, harmful effects caused by the excessive use of food additives in such type of industry are often neglected.

Objective: This proposal investigates in vitro cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of three food preservatives commonly consumed in daily meals; sodium sulphite, boric acid, and benzoic acid.

Methods: The effect of the three preservatives on cell viability was tested on two different cell lines; normal liver cell line THLE2 and human hepatocellular carcinoma cancer cell line HepG2 using MTT assay. Cell cycle arrest was measured using flow cytometry by propidium iodide. Measurement of expression levels of two central genes, p53 and bcl-2 that play key roles in cell cycle and apoptosis was carried out in HepG2 cells using real time-PCR.

Results: Although the effect was more significantly realized in the HepG2 cell line, the viability of both cell lines was decreased by all of the three tested compounds. Flow cytometric analysis of HepG2 cells treated with sodium sulphite, boric acid, and benzoic acid has revealed an increase in G2/M phase cell cycle arrest. In Sodium sulphite and boric acid-treated cells, expression levels of p53 were up-regulated, while that of the Bcl2 was significantly down-regulated. On the other hand, Benzoic acid has shown an anti-apoptotic feature based on the increased expression levels of Bcl-2 in treated cells.

Conclusion: In conclusion, all of the tested compounds have decreased the cell line viability and induced both cell cycle arrest and apoptotic events indicating their high potential of being cytotoxic and genotoxic materials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/2212798411666200217124630DOI Listing
January 2020

Green Technology for Remediation of Water Polluted with Petroleum Crude Oil: Using of (Mart.) Solms Combined with Magnetic Nanoparticles Capped with Myrrh Resources of Saudi Arabia.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2020 Feb 4;10(2). Epub 2020 Feb 4.

Faculty of Biotechnology, Modern Science and Arts University, 6th October City 11435, Egypt.

Crude oil pollution of water bodies is a worldwide problem that affects water ecosystems and is detrimental to human health and the diversity of living organisms. The objective of this study was to assess the ability of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms) combined with the presence of magnetic nanoparticles capped with natural products based on Myrrh to treat fresh water contaminated by crude petroleum oil. Magnetic nanoparticles based on magnetite capped with Myrrh extracts were prepared, characterized, and used to adsorb heavy components of the crude oil. The hydrophobic hexane and ether Myrrh extracts were isolated and used as capping for magnetite nanoparticles. The chemical structures, morphologies, particle sizes, and magnetic characteristics of the magnetic nanoparticles were investigated. The adsorption efficiencies of the magnetic nanoparticles show a greater efficiency to adsorb more than 95% of the heavy crude oil components. Offsets of Water hyacinth were raised in bowls containing Nile River fresh water under open greenhouse conditions, and subjected to varying crude oil contamination treatments of 0.5, 1, 2, 3, and 5 mL/L for one month. Plants were harvested and separated into shoots and roots, oven dried at 65 °C, and grounded into powder for further analysis of sulphur and total aromatic and saturated hydrocarbons, as well as individual aromatic constituents. The pigments of chlorophylls and carotenoids were measured spectrophotometrically in fresh plant leaves. The results indicated that the bioaccumulation of sulphur in plant tissues increased with the increased level of oil contamination. Water analysis showed significant reduction in polyaromatic hydrocarbons. The increase of crude oil contamination resulted in a decrease of chlorophylls and carotenoid content of the plant tissues. The results indicate that the water hyacinth can be used for remediation of water slightly polluted by crude petroleum oil. The presence of magnetite nanoparticles capped with Myrrh resources improved the remediation of water highly polluted by petroleum crude oil.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano10020262DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7075181PMC
February 2020

Antimicrobial Activity of Hybrids Terpolymers Based on Magnetite Hydrogel Nanocomposites.

Materials (Basel) 2019 Nov 3;12(21). Epub 2019 Nov 3.

Chemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

In the past few years, the development of hydrogel properties has led to the emergence of nanocomposite hydrogels that have unique properties that allow them to be used in various different fields and applications such as drug delivery, adsorption soil containing, tissue engineering, wound dressing, and especially antimicrobial applications. Thus, this study was conducted in order to fabricate a novel crosslinked terpolymer nanocomposite hydrogel using the free radical copolymerization method based on the usage of 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid (AMPS), acrylamide (AAm), acrylonitrile (AN), and acrylic acid (AA) monomers and iron oxide (FeO) magnetic nanoparticles and using benzoyl peroxide as an initiator and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as a crosslinker. The structure of the synthesized composite was confirmed using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and x-ray powder diffraction (XRD) measurements. Furthermore, the surface morphology and the magnetic nanoparticle distributions were determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurement. In addition, the swelling capacity of the hydrogel nanocomposite was measured using the swelling test. Lastly, the efficiency of the produced composite was evaluated as an antimicrobial agent for Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains and a fungal strain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma12213604DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6862480PMC
November 2019

The prognostic significance of the long non-coding RNAs "CCAT1, PVT1" in t(8;21) associated Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

Gene 2019 Jul 31;707:172-177. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Faculty of Biotechnology, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA), Cairo, Egypt.

Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) is recently linked to various types of cancers, CCAT and PVT1 are two LncRNAs linked to t(8;21) associated Acute Myeloid Leukemia, the interplay between CCAT, PVT1 and the MYC proto-oncogene implicated in t(8;21) could present an opportunity for using LncRNA as prognostic biomarker or a target for therapy, We investigated the expression levels of LncRNAs in 70 patients; 30 with t(8;21) positive AML and 40 with t(8;21) negative AML, We found that CCAT1 and PVT1 are expressed in higher levels in t(8;21) positive -AML by 5.3 folds compared to t(8;21) negative group; the expression values were significantly associated with high-risk clinical criteria; moreover, they are associated with lower overall survival (OS) rate and leukemia-free survival (LFS), however we didn't find a statistically significant cut-off value of LncRNAs using the Cox regression analysis for Lnc_PVT1 except with LFS, we conclude that high expression levels of CCAT1 and PVT1 are associated with poor prognosis while being poor prognostic biomarkers in t(8;21) associated AML.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2019.03.055DOI Listing
July 2019

Evaluation of Mir-224, Mir-215 and Mir-143 as Serum Biomarkers for HCV Associated Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2017 11 26;18(11):3167-3171. Epub 2017 Nov 26.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Egypt. Email:

HCV induced hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma as its sequel are major health problems world-wide and especially in Egypt. For diagnosis and during treatment of liver diseases, liver functions are monitored through determination of serum levels of liver enzymes and α-fetoprotein although the obtained information is generally not sufficient for either early detection of hepatic insult or effective follow up of therapeutic effects. More sensitive biomarkers may help to achieve these goals. MiRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that have an important role in gene expression and regulation. Many, such as miR-224, miR-215, miR-143 are correlated with tumor appearance and with the degree of fibrosis in lung, breast and colon cancer. This study was performed to estimate the level of these miRNAs in serum of patients with HCV-associated hepatitis and HCC in relation to grade of hepatitis, stage of fibrosis and differentiation of tumor tissue. In addition, correlations between serological and tissue levels were assessed. A total of 80 patients were examined, out of which 50 were included in the study. Blood samples and tissue specimens from malignant tumor and corresponding non-tumor tissue of HCV hepatitis patients were collected. Blood samples from 20 healthy volunteers were also obtained as controls. It was found that miRNAs profiles differed in HCC patients compared to controls and HCV-associated hepatitis cases. Distinction of tumor grade and fibrosis stage of patients as well as between different grades of tumor differentiation proved possible, making miRNAs promising biomarkers for diagnosis and assessment of treatment response of HCC patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/APJCP.2017.18.11.3167DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5773807PMC
November 2017

Purification and immobilization of L-arginase from thermotolerant Penicillium chrysogenum KJ185377.1; with unique kinetic properties as thermostable anticancer enzyme.

Arch Pharm Res 2014 Oct 18. Epub 2014 Oct 18.

Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt,

L-Arginase, hydrolyzing L-arginine to L-ornithine and urea, is a powerful anticancer, L-arginine-depleting agent, against argininosuccinate synthase expressing tumors. Otherwise, the higher antigenicity and lower thermal stability of this enzyme was the main biochemical hurdles. Since, the intrinsic thermal stability of enzymes follow the physiological temperature of their producer, thus, characterization of L-arginase from thermotolerant Penicillium chrysogenum was the objective of this study. L-Arginase (Arg) was purified to its homogeneity from P. chrysogenum by 10.1-fold, with 37.0 kDa under denaturing PAGE, optimum reaction at 50 °C, pH stability (6.8-7.9), with highest molar ratio of constitutional arginine, glutamic acid, lysine and aspartic acid. The purified enzyme was PEGylated and immobilized on chitosan, with 41.9 and 22.1 % yield of immobilization. At 40 °C, the T value of free-Arg, PEG-Arg and Chit-Arg was 10.4, 15.6, 20.5 h, respectively. The free-Arg and Chit-Arg have a higher affinity to L-arginine (K 4.8 mM), while, PEG-Arg affinity was decreased by about 3 fold (K 15.2 mM). The inhibitory constants to the free and PEG-Arg were relatively similar towards HA and PPG. The IC for the free enzyme against HEPG-2 and A549 tumor cells was 0.136 and 0.165 U/ml, comparing to 0.232 and 0.496 U/ml for PEG-Arg, respectively. The in vivo T to the free Arg and PEG-Arg was 16.4 and 20.4 h, respectively as holo-enzyme. The residual L-arginine level upon using free Arg was 156.9 and 144.5 µM, after 6 and 8 h, respectively, regarding to initials at 253.6 µM, while for Peg-Arg the level of L-arginine was nil till 7 h of initial dosing. The titer of IgG was induced by 10-15 % in response to free-Arg after 28 days comparing to IgG titer for PEG-Arg.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12272-014-0498-yDOI Listing
October 2014

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in dromedary camels: an outbreak investigation.

Lancet Infect Dis 2014 Feb 17;14(2):140-5. Epub 2013 Dec 17.

Department of Viroscience, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands; Centre for Infectious Disease Research, Diagnostics and Screening, Division of Virology, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) causes severe lower respiratory tract infection in people. Previous studies suggested dromedary camels were a reservoir for this virus. We tested for the presence of MERS-CoV in dromedary camels from a farm in Qatar linked to two human cases of the infection in October, 2013.

Methods: We took nose swabs, rectal swabs, and blood samples from all camels on the Qatari farm. We tested swabs with RT-PCR, with amplification targeting the E gene (upE), nucleocapsid (N) gene, and open reading frame (ORF) 1a. PCR positive samples were tested by different MERS-CoV specific PCRs and obtained sequences were used for phylogentic analysis together with sequences from the linked human cases and other human cases. We tested serum samples from the camels for IgG immunofluorescence assay, protein microarray, and virus neutralisation assay.

Findings: We obtained samples from 14 camels on Oct 17, 2013. We detected MERS-CoV in nose swabs from three camels by three independent RT-PCRs and sequencing. The nucleotide sequence of an ORF1a fragment (940 nucleotides) and a 4·2 kb concatenated fragment were very similar to the MERS-CoV from two human cases on the same farm and a MERS-CoV isolate from Hafr-Al-Batin. Eight additional camel nose swabs were positive on one or more RT-PCRs, but could not be confirmed by sequencing. All camels had MERS-CoV spike-binding antibodies that correlated well with the presence of neutralising antibodies to MERS-CoV.

Interpretation: Our study provides virological confirmation of MERS-CoV in camels and suggests a recent outbreak affecting both human beings and camels. We cannot conclude whether the people on the farm were infected by the camels or vice versa, or if a third source was responsible.

Funding: European Union projects EMPERIE (contract number 223498), ANTIGONE (contract number 278976), and the VIRGO consortium.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(13)70690-XDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7106553PMC
February 2014

Construction of genetic linkage map with chromosomal assigment and quantitative trait loci associated with some important agronomic traits in cotton.

GM Crops Food 2013 Jan-Mar;4(1):36-49. Epub 2013 Jan 1.

Molecular Markers and Genome Mapping Department, Agricultural Genetic Engineering Research Institute (AGERI), Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Giza, Egypt.

Cotton is the world's leading natural fiber and second most important oilseed crop and has been a focus of genetic, systematic and breeding research. The genetic and physiological bases of some important agronomic traits in cotton were investigated by QTL mapping through constructing of genetic map with chromosomal assignment. A segregating F2 population derived from an interspecific cross (G. barbadense x G. hirsutum) between two genotypes, cvs. "Giza 83" and "Deltapine" was used in this study. Different molecular markers including SSR, EST, EST-SSR, AFLP and RAPD were employed to identify markers that reveal differences between the parents. In total 42 new markers were merged with 140 previously mapped markers to produce a new map with 182 loci covering a total length of 2370.5 cM. Among these new markers, some of them were used to assign chromosomes to the produced 26 linkage groups. The LG2, LG3, LG11 and LG26 were assigned to chromosomes 1, 6, 5 and 20 respectively. Single point analysis was used to identify genomic regions controlling traits for plant height, number of nodes at flowering time, bolling date, days to flowering and number of bolls. In total 40 significant QTL were identified for the five traits on 11 linkage groups (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 10, 11, 12, 18, 19 and 23). This work represents an improvement of the previously constructed genetic map in addition to chromosomal assignment and detection of new significant QTL for the five traits in Egyptian cotton. The Significant QTLs detected in this study can be employed in marker assisted selection for molecular breeding programs aiming at developing cotton cultivars with improved agronomic traits.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/gmcr.23287DOI Listing
April 2014

Identification of drought-inducible genes and differentially expressed sequence tags in barley.

Theor Appl Genet 2004 Nov 26;109(7):1417-25. Epub 2004 Oct 26.

Department of Plant Breeding, Cornell University, 252 Emerson Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.

Drought limits cereal yields in several regions of the world and plant water status plays an important role in tolerance to drought. To investigate and understand the genetic and physiological basis of drought tolerance in barley, differentially expressed sequence tags (dESTs) and candidate genes for the drought response were mapped in a population of 167 F8 recombinant inbred lines derived from a cross between "Tadmor" (drought tolerant) and "Er/Apm" (adapted only to specific dry environments). One hundred sequenced probes from two cDNA libraries previously constructed from drought-stressed barley (Hordeum vulgare L., var. Tokak) plants and 12 candidate genes were surveyed for polymorphism, and 33 loci were added to a previously published map. Composite interval mapping was used to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with drought tolerance including leaf relative water content, leaf osmotic potential, osmotic potential at full turgor, water-soluble carbohydrate concentration, osmotic adjustment, and carbon isotope discrimination. A total of 68 QTLs with a limit of detection score > or =2.5 were detected for the traits evaluated under two water treatments and the two traits calculated from both treatments. The number of QTLs identified for each trait varied from one to 12, indicating that the genome contains multiple genes affecting different traits. Two candidate genes and ten differentially expressed sequences were associated with QTLs for drought tolerance traits.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-004-1755-0DOI Listing
November 2004