Publications by authors named "Ayman A Soubh"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Epac-1/Rap-1 signaling pathway orchestrates the reno-therapeutic effect of ticagrelor against renal ischemia/reperfusion model.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jul 3;139:111488. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ahram Canadian University, 6th of October City, Giza, Egypt.

Despite the renal expression of PY, the purinergic receptor for adenosine diphosphate, few data are available to discuss the renotherapeutic potential of ticagrelor, one of its reversible blockers. Indeed, the tonic inhibitory effect of this receptor has been linked to the activation of exchange protein activated by cyclic adenosine monophosphate-1 (Epac-1) protein through the cyclic adenosine monophosphate cascade. Epac-1 is considered a crossroad protein, where its activation has been documented to manage renal injury models. Hence, the current study aimed to investigate the possible therapeutic effectiveness of ticagrelor, against renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) model with emphasis on the involvement of Epac-1 signaling pathway using R-CE3F4, a selective Epac-1 blocker. Accordingly, rats were randomized into four groups; viz., sham-operated, renal I/R, I/R post-treated with ticagrelor for 3 days, and ticagrelor + R-CE3F4. Treatment with ticagrelor ameliorated the I/R-mediated structural alterations and improved renal function manifested by the reduction in serum BUN and creatinine. On the molecular level, ticagrelor enhanced renal Epac-1 mRNA expression, Rap-1 activation (Rap-1-GTP) and SOCS-3 level. On the contrary, it inhibited the protein expression of JAK-2/STAT-3 hub, TNF-α and MDA contents, as well as caspase-3 activity. Additionally, ticagrelor enhanced the protein expression/content of AKT/Nrf-2/HO-1 axis. All these beneficial effects were obviously antagonized upon using R-CE3F4. In conclusion, ticagrelor reno-therapeutic effect is partly mediated through modulating the Epac-1/Rap-1-GTP, AKT/Nrf-2/HO-1 and JAK-2/STAT-3/SOCS-3 trajectories, pathways that integrate to afford novel explanations to its anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-apoptotic potentials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2021.111488DOI Listing
July 2021

MiR-200a inversely correlates with Hedgehog and TGF-β canonical/non-canonical trajectories to orchestrate the anti-fibrotic effect of Tadalafil in a bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis model.

Inflammopharmacology 2021 Feb 10;29(1):167-182. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ahram Canadian University, 6th of October City, Giza, 12566, Egypt.

Few reports have documented the ability of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE-5-Is) to ameliorate idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) mainly by their anti-inflammatory/antioxidant capacities, without unveiling the possible molecular mechanisms involved. Because of the recent role of miR-200 family and Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) trajectory in IPF, we have studied their impact on the anti-fibrotic potential of tadalafil against bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Animals were allocated into normal-control, bleomycin-fibrotic control, and bleomycin post-treated with tadalafil or dexamethasone, as the reference drug. On the molecular level, tadalafil has reverted the bleomycin effect on all the assessed parameters. Tadalafil upregulated the gene expression of miR-200a, but decreased the smoothened (SMO) and the transcription factors glioma-associated oncogene homolog (Gli-1, Gli-2), members of SHH pathway. Additionally, tadalafil ebbed transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, its canonical (SMAD-3/alpha smooth muscle actin [α-SMA] and Snail), and non-canonical (p-Akt/p-Forkhead box O3 (FOXO3) a) pathways. Besides, a strong negative correlation between miR-200a and the analyzed pathways was proved. The effect of tadalafil was further confirmed by the improved lung structure and the reduced Ashcroft score/collagen deposition. The results were comparable to that of dexamethasone. In conclusion, our study has highlighted the involvement of miR-200a in the anti-fibrotic effect of tadalafil with the inhibition of SHH hub and the pro-fibrotic pathways (TGF-β/ SMAD-3/α-SMA, Snail and p-AKT/p-FOXO3a). Potential anti-fibrotic effect of tadalafil. Modulation of miR200a/SHH/canonical and non-canonical TGF-β trajectories. → : stimulatory effect; ┴: inhibitory effect.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10787-020-00748-wDOI Listing
February 2021

Geraniol activates Nrf-2/HO-1 signaling pathway mediating protection against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 2020 10 16;393(10):1849-1858. Epub 2020 May 16.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, October 6 University, 6th of October City, Giza, 12566, Egypt.

Geraniol (GOH) is a natural essential oil that possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic properties by various signaling pathways. Liver ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a serious event that triggers liver dysfunction or even failure. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a transcriptional factor, maintains cellular defense mechanism through antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. To detect GOH effect against liver IRI through the activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 antioxidant pathway, five groups of rats were randomized to normal, sham, IR, GOH, and GOH/IR. Blood samples and liver tissues were collected to measure various biochemical parameters related to liver function, and oxidative stress as well as inflammatory and apoptotic indicators besides liver tissue histopathology was evaluated by light microscopy. GOH induces activation of Nrf2 along with the upregulation of HO-1 expression. Also, the antioxidant activity of GOH was shown by the elevation of total antioxidant capacity and GSH levels, together with normalizing malondialdehyde. Regarding the anti-inflammatory effect of GOH, it suppresses the levels of TNF-α, iNOS, and COX-2. Additionally, the antiapoptotic effect of GOH, Bax, and caspase-3, 9 were reduced in liver tissue. GOH is a promising hepatoprotective agent in liver IRI through the activation of Nrf2/HO-1 antioxidant pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00210-020-01887-1DOI Listing
October 2020

Morin post-treatment confers neuroprotection in a novel rat model of mild repetitive traumatic brain injury by targeting dementia markers, APOE, autophagy and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

Brain Res 2019 08 16;1717:104-116. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Exposure to repetitive brain trauma has gained attention for its similarity to sport-related trauma. The traumatic brain injury (TBI) is strongly associated with neurodegenerative pathology that affects cognition, memory and behavior. The current study developed a novel mild repetitive traumatic brain injury (mRTBI) model to highlight some of the possible molecular pathological mechanisms compared to those of single trauma. Additionally, the study investigated the potential post-traumatic neuroprotective effect of Morin and/or MK-801. mRTBI was induced by weight drop model once daily for 5 days using Sprague-Dawley male rats. Animals were classified into control, mild TBI, mRTBI-5, mRTBI-7, mRTBI-5+DMSO, mRTBI-5+DMSO, mRTBI-5+Morin, mRTBI-5+MK801, and mRTBI-5+Morin+MK801. All treatments, especially the combination regimen, abated the cortical contents/protein expression of dementia markers (APO-E, Aβ, p(thr231)Tau, and p(Ser33)β-catenin), inflammatory markers (p(Ser536)NF-κBp65, and TNF-α, IL-6), and caspase-3 activity. Moreover, treatments enhanced the protein expression of Wnt-1 and autophagy-related markers (LC3BII/I and Beclin-1), besides the tissue content of the anti-apoptotic marker Bcl-2. These results entailed an improvement in the behavioral outcome, histological structure, and neuronal survival. In conclusion, the study proved that mRTBI impairs memory and alters APO-E/Aβ/p(thr231)Tau via the modulation of Wnt/β-catenin trajectory, autophagy, apoptosis, and inflammation. Additionally, post-treatment with Morin and/or MK-801 ameliorated these alterations, especially the combined regimen. It is also worth mentioning that Morin alone showed the finest behavioral improvements relative to the normal group. These results are summarized in Fig. 1.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2019.04.003DOI Listing
August 2019

Mangiferin protects against ‭intestinal ischemia/reperfusion-induced ‭liver injury: ‬‬Involvement of PPAR-‭γ, GSK-3β and Wnt/β-catenin pathway‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬.

Eur J Pharmacol 2017 Aug 12;809:80-86. Epub 2017 May 12.

Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Cairo University, 11562 Cairo, Egypt.

Aim: Mangiferin (MF), a xanthonoid from Mangifera indica, possesses anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and potent antioxidant effects; however, its protective effect against mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced liver injury has not been fully clarified. The study was designed to assess the possible mechanism of action of MF against mesenteric I/R model.

Main Methods: Male Wister rats were treated with MF (20mg/kg, i.p) or the vehicle for 3 days before I/R, which was induced by clamping the superior mesenteric artery for 30min followed by declamping for 60min.

Key Findings: The mechanistic studies revealed that MF protected the 2 organs studied, viz., liver and intestine partly via increasing the content of β-catenin and PPAR-γ along with decreasing that of GSK-3β and the phosphorylated NF-қB-p65. MF antioxidant effect was evidenced by increasing contents of total antioxidant capacity and GST, besides normalizing that of MDA. Regarding the anti-inflammatory effect, MF reduced IL-1β and IL-6, effects that were mirrored on the tissue content of MPO. Moreover, MF possessed anti-apoptotic character evidenced by elevating Bcl-2 content and reducing that of caspase-3. In the serum, intestinal I/R increased the activity of ALT, AST, and creatine kinase.

Significance: The intimated protective mechanisms of MF against mesenteric I/R are mediated, partially, by modulation of oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis possibly via the involvement of Wnt/β-catenin/NF-қβ/ PPAR-γ signaling pathways.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2017.05.021DOI Listing
August 2017

Geraniol ameliorates TNBS-induced colitis: Involvement of Wnt/β-catenin, p38MAPK, NFκB, and PPARγ signaling pathways.

Life Sci 2015 Sep 10;136:142-50. Epub 2015 Jul 10.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:

Aims: Geraniol, a natural component of plant essential oils, exhibits potent chemopreventive effects in the colon; however, its possible role/mechanisms in experimental colitis have not been elucidated, which is the aim of this study.

Main Methods: To fulfill this goal, rats were treated for 11days with geraniol and/or sulfasalazine using a TNBS-induced colitis model.

Key Findings: Geraniol significantly hindered the colitis-clinical signs (weight loss, colon edema,ulcerative area, colon/spleen mass indices) and opposed the altered oxidative/nitrosative stress. It restored the depleted total antioxidant capacity and lessened the elevated levels of nitric oxide and lipid peroxide. TNBS induced apoptosis and inflammatory cell infiltration, whereas geraniol curtailed these effects by diminishing the levels of caspase-3, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and myeloperoxidase. The anti-inflammatory effect was documented by inhibiting the colon contents of prostaglandin E2 and interleukin-1β. In order to delve into the anti-colitic signaling pathways, geraniol inhibited the content/expression of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β, β-catenin, p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38MAPK), and nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB), but upregulated that of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ). These effects were comparable to those of sulfasalazine, the standard drug, whereas its combination with geraniol mediated effects that surpassed either treatment alone.

Significance: Geraniol in the current study improved experimental colitis partly via its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immunosuppressive potentials, possibly by modulating the Wnt/GSK-3β/β-catenin, p38MAPK, NFκB, and PPARγ signaling pathways. The study also revealed that geraniol represents a valuable asset against colitis alone or in combination with the conventional anti-colitic therapies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2015.07.004DOI Listing
September 2015