Publications by authors named "Ayako Shingyoji"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Diagnostic value of IMP3 and p53 immunohistochemical staining in EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration for solid pancreatic tumors.

Sci Rep 2021 08 26;11(1):17257. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Gastroenterology, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba, 260-8670, Japan.

We previously identified insulin-like growth factor-II messenger ribonucleic acid-binding protein 3 (IMP3) as a valuable marker to distinguish malignant from benign lesions in pancreatic solid masses. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the usefulness of IMP3 and p53 immunohistochemical staining in endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) samples for pancreatic solid masses. The study recruited 90 consecutive patients with pancreatic masses, including 62 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs), 11 benign tumors, and 17 other tumors, who underwent EUS-FNA, and conducted IMP3 and p53 immunohistochemical staining. The main outcome measurement was improved diagnostic utility using IMP3 and p53 immunohistochemical staining. IMP3 and p53 expressions were detected in 60.8% and 49.4% of malignant lesions, 69.4% and 58.1% of PDACs, and 0% of benign lesions, respectively. In PDAC and benign tumors, the use of IMP3 and/or p53 immunostaining increased the sensitivity of cytohistological analysis from 88.7 to 93.5%, although the difference was not statistically significant. The sensitivity of histological analysis combined with that of IMP3 staining was 91.9%, which was significantly greater than that of histology alone (80.6%). The use of IMP3 and p53 immunohistochemical staining did not significantly improve the sensitivity of cytohistological analysis; however, IMP3 staining may be helpful for the histological analysis of malignant pancreatic tumors.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-96492-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8390649PMC
August 2021

Percutaneous Two-Dimensional Shear Wave Elastography for Diagnosis of Pancreatic Tumor.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Mar 11;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Gastroenterology, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-8-1 Inohan, Chuo-ku Chiba City 260-8670, Japan.

Background: To investigate the efficacy of two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) for the diagnosis of pancreatic mass lesions.

Methods: This ethics committee-approved cross-sectional study included 52 patients with histologically-proven pancreatic tumors (pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), 36; tumor-forming pancreatitis (TFP), 15; neuroendocrine tumor, 1) and 33 control subjects. The 2D-SWE was performed for the tumor/non-tumor tissues, and SWE-mapping patterns and propagation quality were assessed.

Results: Three mapping patterns were detected based on the size and distribution of the coloring areas. Pattern A (whole coloring) was detected in all non-tumor tissues and TFP, whereas pattern C (multiple small coloring spots) was detected in PDAC only. Pattern B (partial coloring with smaller spots) was detected in other lesions. The specificity and positive predictive value of pattern A for non-PDAC and those of pattern C for PDAC were 100%. The SWE value was higher in tumor lesions than in the non-tumor tissues (38.1 vs. 9.8 kPa; < 0.001) in patients with PDAC. The SWE value in the non-tumor lesion was higher in patients with PDAC than in control (9.8 vs. 7.5 kPa; < 0.001).

Conclusions: 2D-SWE may play a role as a novel diagnostic tool for PDAC to detect a specific mapping pattern with quantitative assessment.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11030498DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8001884PMC
March 2021

Diverse transitions in diabetes status during the clinical course of patients with resectable pancreatic cancer.

Jpn J Clin Oncol 2020 Dec;50(12):1403-1411

Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

Objective: Pancreatic cancer and diabetes status have complex bilateral interactions; therefore, understanding their clinical features is essential for the clinical management of pancreatic cancer patients. We aimed to evaluate the diabetes status before diagnosis, after resection and until the time of recurrence in patients with resectable pancreatic cancer and to clarify the correlations among the clinical course of pancreatic cancer, operative procedure and diabetes status.

Methods: Between 2011 and 2016, we retrospectively identified 189 pancreatic cancer patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy or distal pancreatectomy at our institution. The entire clinical course of each patient was retrieved from the medical records, and the diabetes status in the longest possible duration was assessed.

Results: Among 115 pancreatic cancer patients who had normal glucose tolerance at the time of resection, 22 (19.1%) developed type 2 diabetes after resection. In a multivariate analysis, distal pancreatectomy was strongly associated with the development of postoperative diabetes. On the other hand, 74 pancreatic cancer patients had already been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes at the time of resection. During the follow-up period, 15 patients were noted to have diabetes resolution after resection; interestingly, the majority of these patients had newly diagnosed diabetes, which was defined as the diagnosis of diabetes within 3 months before resection. Moreover, newly diagnosed diabetes was an independent factor for diabetes resolution after resection.

Conclusions: In pancreatic cancer patients who underwent pancreatectomy, distal pancreatectomy was correlated with postoperative diabetes, and newly diagnosed diabetes had a high probability of resolution after resection.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jjco/hyaa136DOI Listing
December 2020

Endoscopic Ultrasound Criteria for Arterial Invasion in Pancreatic Cancer of the Body and Tail.

Pancreas 2020 04;49(4):561-567

From the Departments of Gastroenterology.

Objectives: We aimed to determine the difference in endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) images between portal vein (PV) and arterial invasion of pancreatic cancer and to develop criteria for arterial involvement.

Methods: We reviewed EUS data of consecutive patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy from December 2010 to May 2017. We categorized the tumor-vessel relationship into 4 and 5 types, respectively, for the PV and arteries: (a) clear separation between tumor and vessel; (b) tumor border at vessel, echo-rich vessel wall uninterrupted; (c) echo-rich vessel wall interrupted; (d) vessel contour irregularity; and (e) arterial wall thickening or echogenic band surrounding the artery. We compared EUS outcomes with surgical and pathological results.

Results: Overall, 56 patients underwent distal pancreatectomy, of whom 22 received en bloc celiac axis resection. The pathological invasion rates of PVs and arteries were 46.2% and 0% in (c), and 72.5% and 42.4% in (d) (P = 0.046, P = 0.016), respectively. The overall sensitivity and specificity were 92.1% and 83.2%, respectively, for diagnosing venous invasion and 70.0% and 84.4%, respectively, for arterial invasion.

Conclusions: Different EUS criteria may be necessary for diagnosing arterial and portal venous invasions. Criterion (d) might be appropriate for diagnosing arterial invasion.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPA.0000000000001523DOI Listing
April 2020

Clinical characteristics and outcomes of primary sclerosing cholangitis and ulcerative colitis in Japanese patients.

PLoS One 2018 20;13(12):e0209352. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

Background: In Western countries, most patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) have concurrent ulcerative colitis (UC). The number of patients with UC in East Asia has increased markedly over the past two decades. However, current clinical features of PSC and of PSC associated with UC (PSC-UC) have not yet been clarified in East Asia, particularly in Japan. We aimed to reveal the clinical courses and associations with UC in Japanese patients with PSC from the mutual viewpoint of PSC and UC.

Methods: We retrospectively retrieved medical records of patients with PSC (69) and UC (1242) who were diagnosed at Chiba University Hospital between June 1991 and August 2017.

Results: In the present cohort, 37 patients had PSC-UC; the cumulative risks of PSC in patients with UC and of UC in patients with PSC were 3.0% and 53.6%, respectively. We confirmed similar distinctive results by a Japanese nationwide survey, noting that younger patients with PSC had a notably high possibility of association with UC. From the viewpoint of the UC cohort, the occurrence of right-sided disease was significantly higher in patients with PSC-UC than in those with UC (16.2% vs. 4.2%, P = 0.003). Pancolitis was more commonly observed in PSC-UC, and proctits/left-sided colitis was less commonly found in patients with UC. The number of patients with young-onset PSC-UC may be increasing similar to an increase in patients with UC in Japan.

Conclusions: In our cohort, the comorbidity rate of PSC-UC was higher than that obtained in previous reports. The incidence of PSC-UC and UC may increase in the future in East Asia, particularly in Japan.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0209352PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6301618PMC
May 2019

Risk factors of ineffective drainage in uncovered self-expandable metal stenting for unresectable malignant hilar biliary strictures.

Oncotarget 2018 Jun 15;9(46):28185-28194. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

Aim: In this study, we assessed the factors contributing to ineffective drainage in the initial transpapillary uncovered self-expandable metal stent (USEMS) placements in patients with unresectable malignant hilar biliary strictures (UMHBSs) (Bismuth type II or higher).

Methods: This was a retrospective, single-center study. A total of 97 patients with UMHBSs who underwent technically successful initial USEMS placements using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were classified into the effective drainage group (n = 73) or the ineffective drainage group (n = 24). We then compared group characteristics, clinical outcomes, and drained liver volumes. Drained liver volume was measured by using computed tomography volumetry. The definition of effective biliary drainage was a 50% decrease in the serum total bilirubin level or normalization of the level within 14 days of stent placement.

Results: Univariate analysis showed that ineffective drainage was associated with the pre-ERCP serum total bilirubin level ( = 0.0075), pre-ERCP serum albumin level ( = 0.042), comorbid liver cirrhosis ( = 0.010), drained liver volume ( = 0.0010), and single stenting ( = 0.022). Multivariate analysis identified comorbid liver cirrhosis (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 5.79; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.30-25.85; = 0.022) and drained liver volume < 50% (adjusted OR, 5.50; 95% CI, 1.50-20.25; = 0.010) as independent risk factors of ineffective drainage.

Conclusion: Comorbid liver cirrhosis and a drained liver volume < 50% contributed significantly to ineffective drainage in the initial transpapillary USEMS placements for UMHBSs.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.25598DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6021331PMC
June 2018

Usefulness of the 2-Devices-in-1-Channel Method in Case of Difficult Selective Biliary Cannulation Due to Parapapillary Diverticulum/Diverticular Papilla.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2018 Oct;28(5):295-297

Department of Gastroenterology and Nephrology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

Purpose: To investigate whether the 2-devices-in-1-channel method is useful for selective biliary cannulation in patients with parapapillary diverticulum or intradiverticular papilla, where the papilla cannot be seen from the front.

Materials And Methods: Biliary cannulation using the 2-devices-in-1-channel method was performed in 28 patients who presented difficulty due to parapapillary diverticulum or intradiverticular papilla. There were 15 men and 13 women whose mean age was 68.8 (58 to 88) years. There were 22 patients with common bile duct stones, 5 with pancreatic cancer, and 1 with gallbladder cancer.

Results: Selective biliary cannulation was successful in all 28 patients. Common bile duct stones could be removed in all 22 patients after endoscopic sphincterotomy or endoscopic balloon dilation, and all 5 patients with pancreatic cancer as well as the patient with gallbladder cancer were successfully drained. There were no procedure-related complications.

Conclusions: From these results, we consider the 2-devices-in-1-channel method is useful and safe to perform selective biliary cannulation when the papilla cannot be seen from the front due to parapapillary diverticulum, or intradiverticular papilla.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLE.0000000000000551DOI Listing
October 2018

Risk factors of adverse events in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for patients aged ≥85 years.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018 Jul 24;18(7):1038-1045. Epub 2018 Mar 24.

Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

Aim: Little is known about the factors that contribute to the occurrence of adverse events in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for people aged ≥85 years and safety for the super-old. Therefore, we decided to identify these factors and to examine whether ERCP is safe in the super-old.

Methods: This was a single-center retrospective study. A total of 137 patients aged ≥85 years who underwent therapeutic ERCP at Chiba University Hospital from January 2012 to March 2017 were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: Four cases of Billroth II reconstruction and two cases of gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction were excluded, and 131cases in total were examined in the present study. A total of 10 and 121 cases with and without adverse events, respectively, were present. Using univariate analysis, factors significantly contributing to the occurrence of adverse events in therapeutic ERCP were identified as aged ≥90 years (P = 0.0096), duodenal papilla cancer (P = 0.0012), gallbladder carcinoma (P = 0.023), and biliary metal stenting (P = 0.040). In multivariate analysis, only ≥90 years-of-age was a significant factor (P = 0.049). In addition, comparison between 25 cases of the super-old and 106 cases aged 85-89 years was carried out. In the super-old group, the average value of the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification and Charlson's Comorbidity Index were significantly better than those in 85-89-year-olds (P = 0.0035 and P < 0.0001, respectively).

Conclusions: Although the super-old group had fewer comorbid diseases, they had significantly increased adverse events compared with patients aged 85-89 years. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018; 18: 1038-1045.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ggi.13302DOI Listing
July 2018

Granular cell tumor of the pancreas diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2018 Jun 27;11(3):193-199. Epub 2018 Jan 27.

Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba, 260-8670, Japan.

A 68-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for the treatment of bile duct stone, pancreatic tumor, and pancreatic cysts. First, bile duct stone was removed using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. By abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography, a 12-mm diameter tumor was found in the pancreatic body. The tumor was isodense compared with the surrounding pancreatic parenchyma in the non-contrast phase and poorly enhanced in the arterial phase; it exhibited gradual enhancement from the portal vein phase to the late phase. Numerous pancreatic cysts were also observed by contrast-enhanced computed tomography. By magnetic resonance imaging, the tumor was hypointense in T1-weighted images, isointense in T2-weighted images, and hyperintense in diffusion-weighted images. By magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, the main pancreatic duct was not dilated, and pancreatic cysts communicated with the main pancreatic duct. The pancreatic cysts were diagnosed as branch-type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm. Histopathologic assessment of the specimens obtained by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration revealed the tumor as benign pancreatic granular cell tumor. The patient was followed up without surgical resection. On contrast-enhanced computed tomography at 6 months after admission, the tumor did not show any changes in diameter or characteristics.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-018-0821-0DOI Listing
June 2018
-->