Publications by authors named "Aurora Toubi"

8 Publications

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Harefuah 2016 Sep;155(9):537-541

Department of Urology, Bnai-Zion Medical Center, Haifa.

Introduction: Little is known about the prevalence of kidney diseases according to renal biopsy in Israel. Since updated literature worldwide emphasizes changing etiologies of chronic kidney disease, it is crucial to research and define the epidemiology and pathology of kidney disease in Israel. Hereby, we introduce an original review of the prevalence of kidney diseases in our study population, which we believe reflects the prevalence of kidney diseases in the population of Israel.

Aims: To investigate the prevalence of kidney diseases diagnosed by renal biopsy, according to age, gender, race and clinical symptoms.

Methods: A total of 155 kidney biopsies were conducted in the years 2000-2014 in Bnai-Zion Medical Center in Haifa, according to formal accepted indications. Most of the biopsies (65%) were needle aspirations in a retroperitoneal approach, in which 90% were ultrasound guided and the rest computed tomography guided, while the other 35% of biopsies involved laparoscopic approaches.

Results: The most common indications for kidney biopsy were nephrotic syndrome, nephritic syndrome and proteinuria (37.4%, 25.8% and 24.5%, respectively). Average glomeruli number per biopsy was 17.5 vs. 82.2 for needle aspiration and laparoscopic approach, respectively (statistically significant). The most common diagnosis was focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), followed by chronic glomerulonephritis, IgA nephropathy, lupus nephritis, minimal change disease (MCD), membranous nephropathy and tubulointerstitial disease (20%, 11.5%, 11.5%, 10.1%, 9.5%, 8.1% and 6.1%, respectively).

Conclusions: FSGS was the most common diagnosis in patients presented with nephrotic syndrome or proteinuria, men, and patients above 60 years of age. Patients below 30 years of age were mainly diagnosed with IgA nephropathy.

Discussion: In recent years, FSGS is becoming more prevalent compared with other chronic kidney disease especially in the older population. IgA nephropathy is still the most common diagnosis in young patients and in patients presented with hematuria. To the best of our knowledge, no data exists on the prevalence of kidney diseases in Israel, and our study is an important contribution to the epidemiological and clinical knowledge on the subject.
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September 2016

Inflamation of the testis and epidididymis in an otherwise healthy child: is it a true bacterial urinary tract infection?

J Pediatr Urol 2006 Aug 24;2(4):386-9. Epub 2006 Mar 24.

Department of Urology Rambam Medical Center, The Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israeli Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.

Purpose: The exact etiology of acute gonadal inflamation (EO) in children is unknown. Bacterial infection and underlying urological abnormalities are thought to be the main causes, and hence antibiotic treatment and further invasive urinary tract imaging studies are usually recommended. The purpose of this study was to assess the role of bacterial infection in pediatric acute EO.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively searched our electronic medical archive for children under the age of 18 years with the diagnosis of acute EO between 1997 and 2002. Patients' charts were retrieved and reviewed for clinical and laboratory data.

Results: During 1997-2002, 193 patients with acute EO were treated. There were two subgroups according to the results of urinary cultures: 182 children (94.3%) had negative urine cultures and 11 (5.7%) had positive cultures. In the negative culture group the mean age was 9.8+/-3.2 years (0.5-17). Medical history for urological disease was negative in all patients. Presenting symptom was scrotal pain in 165 (90.7%), and only three patients (1.6%) had accompanying urinary symptoms. Physical examination was normal besides tender gonad. Urinalysis was completely normal in 169 (92.9%) patients. Scrotal Doppler ultrasound (US) demonstrated non-specific inflammatory process in 146 patients (80%), in nine (5%) torsion of the appendix testis was documented and in 27 (14.8%) scrotal US was normal. Follow up was available in 40% all of whom had an uneventful recovery with normal physical examination. In the positive culture group of 11 patients, the mean age was 11+/-6.7 years (3 months to 16 years), and eight patients (73%) had a known congenital urological abnormality. Presenting symptom was pain in five (45.4%) and pain with swelling in six (55.6%). Accompanying dysuria, frequency and urgency occurred in eight (72.7%) patients. Urinalysis was abnormal in 10 (90.9%). US demonstrated increased blood flow to the gonad in 10 (90.9%).

Conclusions: Negative history for urological disease, absence of urinary symptoms and normal urinalysis make the diagnosis of bacterial EO unlikely. In this setting, once testicular torsion was excluded, there is no justification for antimicrobial treatment or further imaging of the urinary tract.
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August 2006

Neonatal sepsis presenting as a choledochal cyst.

Acta Paediatr 2008 Feb;97(2):246-9

Department of Pediatrics, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Technion, Haifa, Israel.

Unlabelled: We report a case of a neonate who presented with Klebsiella sepsis and a fusiform dilation of the common bile duct on ultrasound suspected to be a choledochal cyst type Ia. In addition, a biliary sludge was noted in the gallbladder. All findings resolved with resolution of the sepsis. We discuss the case and review the literature regarding the association of sepsis with cholestasis and biliary sludge.

Conclusions: we suggest that in any case of sepsis presenting as a choledochal cyst, it is essential to repeat the ultrasound after complete recovery before a surgery is planned.
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February 2008

Critical validation of ultrasound Doppler in the diagnosis of torsion of undescended testis.

Isr Med Assoc J 2007 Feb;9(2):99-101

Departments of Pediatric Surgery, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

Background: Testicular torsion associated with undescended testis is uncommon but requires immediate treatment. Ultrasound Doppler is recognized as the preferred imaging modality for testicular torsion due to its high specificity, sensitivity and availability.

Objectives: To determine the accuracy of ultrasound Doppler in diagnosis of torsion of undescended testis.

Methods: We describe three patients with known undescended testis who were admitted with groin pain and had preoperative ultrasound Doppler. The discrepancy between these and the intraoperative findings is discussed.

Results: In two patients incarcerated inguinal hernia was diagnosed with ultrasound Doppler; however, surgery revealed torsion of an undescended testis. In the third patient ultrasound Doppler diagnosed torsion of undescended testis, but at surgery incarcerated inguinal hernia was found, without evidence of testicular torsion.

Conclusions: Torsion of undescended testis should be a clinical rather than radiologic diagnosis.
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February 2007

The evolution of infantile pyloric stenosis.

Isr Med Assoc J 2006 Jan;8(1):71-2

Department of Pediatrics, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

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January 2006

Crohn's disease and recurrent appendicitis: a case report.

World J Gastroenterol 2005 Nov;11(43):6891-3

Department of Pediatrics, Bnai Zion Medical Center, 47 Golomb St. POB 4940, Haifa 31048, Israel.

The clinical diagnosis of classic Crohn's disease (CD) of the small bowel is based on a typical history, tender right lower quadrant fullness or mass, and characteristic radiographic findings of the terminal ileum. Appendicitis may as well present with chronic or recurrent symptoms and this presentation may be confused with CD. We herein describe the case of a young teenage girl with a presumptive diagnosis of CD, who was ultimately diagnosed as having chronic nongranulomatous appendicitis. The literature on the subject is reviewed.
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November 2005

99mTc-RBC scintigraphy showing portal vein aneurysm.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2004 Nov 25;31(11):1568. Epub 2004 Jun 25.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Bnai-Zion Medical Center and the Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, PO Box 4940, 31048, Haifa, Israel.

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November 2004

Diagnosis of pregnancy-associated uterine venous plexus thrombosis on the basis of transvaginal sonography.

J Ultrasound Med 2003 Mar;22(3):287-93

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

Objective: To describe the sonographic signs of uterine venous plexus thrombosis.

Methods: Four pregnant patients had a diagnosis of uterine venous plexus thrombosis in the first half of gestation. The diagnosis was based on transvaginal sonography only in 3 cases, and the fourth had magnetic resonance imaging corroboration.

Results: All 4 patients had similar sonographic features of uterine venous plexus thrombosis on transvaginal sonographic examination. The thrombi within the dilated veins were shown as elongated echogenic structures along the lumen that appeared round on transverse views of the affected veins. They showed swinging movements provoked by gentle transducer pressure. Power and color Doppler sonography enhanced the uterine venous plexus thrombosis diagnosis by showing blood flow around the thrombi. There were no signs of thromboembolic disease. Sonographic findings in deep leg veins and iliac veins were normal in all cases. Complete thrombophilia studies did not reveal any abnormalities. The uterine venous plexus thrombosis could not be detected on transabdominal sonography and was shown better by transvaginal sonography compared with magnetic resonance imaging. During 3 months of anticoagulation therapy, the thrombi gradually disappeared in all cases.

Conclusions: Focusing on the pelvic veins while performing a transvaginal sonographic study during pregnancy may reveal important findings, which may have clinical implications. The therapeutic treatment of uterine venous plexus thrombosis is controversial and still empirical.
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March 2003