Publications by authors named "Aurelien Clément"

2 Publications

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The Genetic Linkage Map of the Medicinal Mushroom Agaricus subrufescens Reveals Highly Conserved Macrosynteny with the Congeneric Species Agaricus bisporus.

G3 (Bethesda) 2016 05 3;6(5):1217-26. Epub 2016 May 3.

INRA, UR1264 MycSA, Mycologie et Sécurité des Aliments, Villenave d'Ornon, France.

Comparative linkage mapping can rapidly facilitate the transfer of genetic information from model species to orphan species. This macrosynteny analysis approach has been extensively used in plant species, but few example are available in fungi, and even fewer in mushroom crop species. Among the latter, the Agaricus genus comprises the most cultivable or potentially cultivable species. Agaricus bisporus, the button mushroom, is the model for edible and cultivable mushrooms. We have developed the first genetic linkage map for the basidiomycete A. subrufescens, an emerging mushroom crop known for its therapeutic properties and potential medicinal applications. The map includes 202 markers distributed over 16 linkage groups (LG), and covers a total length of 1701 cM, with an average marker spacing of 8.2 cM. Using 96 homologous loci, we also demonstrated the high level of macrosynteny with the genome of A. bisporus The 13 main LG of A. subrufescens were syntenic to the 13 A. bisporus chromosomes. A disrupted synteny was observed for the three remaining A. subrufescens LG. Electronic mapping of a collection of A. subrufescens expressed sequence tags on A. bisporus genome showed that the homologous loci were evenly spread, with the exception of a few local hot or cold spots of homology. Our results were discussed in the light of Agaricus species evolution process. The map provides a framework for future genetic or genomic studies of the medicinal mushroom A. subrufescens.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1534/g3.115.025718DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4856074PMC
May 2016

Inflammatory cytokine and microRNA responses of primary human dendritic cells cultured with Helicobacter pylori strains.

Front Microbiol 2013 20;4:236. Epub 2013 Aug 20.

Bacteriology Laboratory, Université Bordeaux Bordeaux, France ; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U853 Bordeaux, France.

Primary human dendritic cells (DC) were used to explore the inflammatory effectors, including cytokines and microRNAs, regulated by Helicobacter pylori. In a 48 h ex-vivo co-culture system, both H. pylori B38 and B45 strains activated human DCs and promoted a strong inflammatory response characterized by the early production of pro-inflammatory TNFα and IL-6 cytokines, followed by IL-10, IL-1β, and IL-23 secretion. IL-23 was the only cytokine dependent on the cag pathogenicity island status of the bacterial strains. DC activation and cytokine production were accompanied by an early miR-146a upregulation followed by a strong miR-155 induction, which mainly controlled TNFα production. These results pave the way for further investigations into the nature of H. pylori antigens and the subsequently activated signaling pathways involved in the inflammatory response to H. pylori infection, the deregulation of which may likely contribute to gastric lymphomagenesis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2013.00236DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3747313PMC
August 2013