Publications by authors named "Aurélie Belleville"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Does a homeopathic medicine reduce hot flushes induced by adjuvant endocrine therapy in localized breast cancer patients? A multicenter randomized placebo-controlled phase III trial.

Support Care Cancer 2019 May 7;27(5):1879-1889. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Medical Oncology, Centre Léon Bérard, 28 rue Laennec, 69373, Lyon Cedex 08, France.

Purpose: Endocrine therapy (ET) used to reduce the risk of recurrence in hormone receptor-expressing disease (75% of breast cancers) is associated with worsening of climacteric symptoms with a negative impact on quality of life (QoL). Homeopathy might allow a better management of hot flushes (HF).

Methods: In this multicenter randomized double-blind placebo-controlled phase III study ( ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01246427), we enrolled ≥ 18 years old women with histologically proven non metastatic localized breast cancer, with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group-Performance Status (ECOG-PS) ≤ 1, treated for at least 1 month with adjuvant ET, and complaining about moderate to severe HF. Patients should not be scheduled for chemotherapy or radiotherapy, and had no associated pathology known to induce HF. After a 2- to 4-week placebo administration, we randomly assigned (1:1) patients with HFS ≥ 10 using an interactive web-based centralized platform to BRN-01 homeopathic medicine complex (Actheane®) in arm A or Placebo (Arm P). Randomization was stratified by adjuvant ET (taxoxifen/aromatase inhibitor) and recruiting site. HF scores (HFS) were calculated as the mean of HF frequencies before randomization, at 4, and at 8 weeks post-randomization (pre-, 4w,- and 8w-) weighted by a 4-level intensity scale. Primary endpoint was assessed at 4-week post-randomization, as the variation between pre- and 4w-HFS. Secondary endpoints included HFS variation between pre- and 8w-HFS, compliance and tolerance assessed 8 weeks after randomization, and QoL and satisfaction assessed at 4- and 8-week post-randomization.

Results: Two hundred ninety-nine patients were included, and 138 (46.2%) randomized (A, 65; P, 73). Median 4w-HFS absolute variation (A, - 2.9; P, - 2.5 points, p = 0.756) and relative decrease (A, - 17%; P, - 15%, p = 0.629) were not statistically different. However, 4w-HFS decreased for 46 (75%) in A vs 48 (68%) patients in P arm. 4w-QoL was stable or improved for respectively 43 (72%) vs 51 (74%) patients (p = 0.470).

Conclusions: The efficacy endpoint was not reached, and BRN-01 administration was not demonstrated as an efficient treatment to alleviate HF symptoms due to adjuvant ET in breast cancer patients. However, the study drug administration led to decreased HFS with a positive impact on QoL. Without any recommended treatment to treat or alleviate the HF-related disabling symptoms, Actheane® could be a promising option, providing an interesting support for better adherence to ET, thereby reducing the risk of recurrence with a good tolerance profile.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-018-4449-xDOI Listing
May 2019

Telomere uncapping during in vitro T-lymphocyte senescence.

Aging Cell 2009 Feb 11;8(1):52-64. Epub 2008 Dec 11.

Université Claude Bernard Lyon, CNRS UMR ENS - HCL, Oullins, France.

Normal lymphocytes represent examples of somatic cells that are able to induce telomerase activity when stimulated. As previously reported, we showed that, during lymphocyte long-term culture and repeated stimulations, the appearance of senescent cells is associated with telomere shortening and a progressive drop in telomerase activity. We further showed that this shortening preferentially occured at long telomeres and was interrupted at each stimulation by a transitory increase in telomere length. In agreement with the fact that telomere uncapping triggers lymphocyte senescence, we observed an increase in gamma-H2AX and 53BP1 foci as well as in the percentage of cells exhibiting DNA damage foci in telomeres. Such a DNA damage response may be related to the continuous increase of p16(ink4a) upon cell stimulation and cell aging. Remarkably, at each stimulation, the expression of shelterin genes, such as hTRF1, hTANK1, hTIN2, hPOT1 and hRAP1, was decreased. We propose that telomere dysfunction during lymphocyte senescence caused by iterative stimulations does not only result from an excessive telomere shortening, but also from a decrease in shelterin content. These observations may be relevant for T-cell biology and aging.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-9726.2008.00448.xDOI Listing
February 2009

Changes in the expression of telomere maintenance genes suggest global telomere dysfunction in B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Blood 2008 Feb 12;111(4):2388-91. Epub 2007 Dec 12.

Laboratoire de Biologie Moleculaire et de Cellule, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR5239, IFR128, Faculté de Médecine Lyon Sud, Université Lyon 1, Lyon, France.

In this study, we explored the telomeric changes that occur in B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL), in which telomere length has recently been demonstrated to be a powerful prognostic marker. We carried out a transcriptomic analysis of telomerase components (hTERT and DYSKERIN), shelterin proteins (TRF1, TRF2, hRAP1, TIN2, POT1, and TPP1), and a set of multifunctional proteins involved in telomere maintenance (hEST1A, MRE11, RAD50, Ku80, and RPA1) in peripheral B cells from 42 B-CLL patients and 20 healthy donors. We found that, in B-CLL cells, the expressions of hTERT, DYSKERIN, TRF1, hRAP1, POT1, hEST1A, MRE11, RAD50, and KU80 were more than 2-fold reduced (P < .001), contrasting with the higher expression of TPP1 and RPA1 (P < .001). This differential expression pattern suggests that both telomerase down-regulation and changes in telomeric proteins composition are involved in the pathogenesis of B-CLL.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2007-09-111245DOI Listing
February 2008

TRF2 inhibition triggers apoptosis and reduces tumourigenicity of human melanoma cells.

Eur J Cancer 2006 Aug 5;42(12):1881-8. Epub 2006 Jun 5.

Experimental Chemotherapy Laboratory, Experimental Research Centre, Regina Elena Cancer Institute, Via delle Messi d'Oro 156, Rome 00158, Italy.

The inhibition of the telomere-binding protein TRF2, by expressing the dominant negative form TRF2(DeltaBDeltaC), has been used as a model of anti-telomere strategy to induce a reversion of the malignant phenotype of M14 and JR5 human melanoma lines. Over-expression of TRF2(DeltaBDeltaC) induced apoptosis and reduced tumourigenicity exclusively in JR5 cells. p53 and Rb status and apoptotic response to DNA damage did not seem to account for the different response of the two lines to TRF2 inhibition. Interestingly, JR5 cells possess shorter and more dysfunctional telomeres compared to M14 line. Moreover, the treatment with the G-quadruplex-interacting agent (G4-ligand) RHPS4 sensitises M14 cells to TRF2 inhibition. These results demonstrate that TRF2 can impair tumuorigenicity of human cancer cells. They further suggest that a basal level of telomere instability favours an efficient response to TRF2 inhibition and that a combined anti-TRF2 and G4-ligand therapy would have synergistic inhibitory effects on tumour cell growth.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2006.03.010DOI Listing
August 2006

A balanced transcription between telomerase and the telomeric DNA-binding proteins TRF1, TRF2 and Pot1 in resting, activated, HTLV-1-transformed and Tax-expressing human T lymphocytes.

Retrovirology 2005 Dec 15;2:77. Epub 2005 Dec 15.

Virologie Humaine INSERM-U412, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, IFR 128 BioSciences Lyon-Gerland, 46 Allée d'Italie, 69364, Lyon Cedex 07, France.

Background: The functional state of human telomeres is controlled by telomerase and by a protein complex named shelterin, including the telomeric DNA-binding proteins TRF1, TRF2 and Pot1 involved in telomere capping functions. The expression of hTERT, encoding the catalytic subunit of telomerase, plays a crucial role in the control of lymphocyte proliferation by maintaining telomere homeostasis. It has been previously found that hTERT activity is down-regulated by the human T cell leukaemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) Tax protein in HTLV-1 transformed T lymphocytes. In this study, we have examined the effects of Tax expression on the transcriptional profile of telomerase and of shelterin in human T lymphocytes.

Results: We first provide evidence that the up-regulation of hTERT transcription in activated CD4+ T lymphocytes is associated with a down-regulation of that of TERF1, TERF2 and POT1 genes. Next, the down-regulation of hTERT transcription by Tax in HTLV-1 transformed or in Tax-expressing T lymphocytes is found to correlate with a significant increase of TRF2 and/or Pot1 mRNAs. Finally, ectopic expression of hTERT in one HTLV-1 T cell line induces a marked decrease in the transcription of the POT1 gene. Collectively, these observations predict that the increased transcriptional expression of shelterin genes is minimizing the impact on telomere instability induced by the down-regulation of hTERT by Tax.

Conclusion: These findings support the notion that Tax, telomerase and shelterin play a critical role in the proliferation of HTLV-1 transformed T lymphocytes.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1742-4690-2-77DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1343578PMC
December 2005