Publications by authors named "Aude Houchard"

20 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Multicenter, Observational Study of Lanreotide Autogel for the Treatment of Patients with Acromegaly in Routine Clinical Practice in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2021 Mar 7;129(3):224-233. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

ENDOC Center for Endocrine Tumors, Hamburg.

Background: Evidence from controlled trials has shown that lanreotide autogel is effective in achieving biochemical and symptom control in patients with acromegaly. However, it is important to better understand the real-world patient population receiving lanreotide autogel treatment.

Methods: In this non-interventional study the long-term treatment response to lanreotide autogel in adult patients with acromegaly from office-based centers or clinics in Germany, Austria and Switzerland was studied. Assessments included growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-I levels, symptoms, quality of life, lanreotide plasma levels and tumor somatostatin receptor subtype expression. The primary endpoint was achievement of full biochemical control, defined as growth hormone ≤2.5 µg/L and insulin-like growth factor I normalization at month 12.

Results: 76 patients were enrolled from 21 sites. 7/51 (13.7%) patients of the efficacy population had full biochemical control at baseline, 15/33 (45.5%) at month 12 and 10/26 (38.5%) at month 24 of treatment. At 12 months of treatment higher rates of biochemical control were observed in the following subgroups: older patients (>53 years [median]), females, treatment-naïve patients, and patients with a time since diagnosis of longer than 1.4 years (median). No clinically relevant differences in acromegaly symptoms or quality of life scores were observed. Median fasting blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin levels remained unchanged throughout the study. No new safety signals were observed. Overall tolerability of treatment with lanreotide autogel was judged by 80.8% of the enrolled patients at month 12 as 'very good' or 'good'.

Conclusion: Treatment with lanreotide autogel in a real-world setting showed long-term effectiveness and good tolerability in patients with acromegaly.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-1247-4713DOI Listing
March 2021

Evaluation of Nurse Preferences Between the Lanreotide Autogel New Syringe and the Octreotide Long-Acting Release Syringe: An International Simulated-Use Study (PRESTO).

Adv Ther 2020 04 11;37(4):1608-1619. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Department of Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

Introduction: Somatostatin analogues are used to treat symptoms and slow tumour progression in patients with neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) and carcinoid syndrome and to reduce hormone secretion and pituitary tumour volume in patients with acromegaly. A new syringe for lanreotide autogel/depot (LAN) was developed following feedback from a human factors study to improve ease of injection compared with previous syringes. PRESTO aimed to assess preferences of nurses between the LAN new syringe and the octreotide long-acting release (LAR) syringe.

Methods: PRESTO, a multinational, multicentre, prospective, noninterventional, simulated-use study, enrolled nurses with ≥ 2 years' experience injecting LAN and/or octreotide LAR in patients with NETs and/or acromegaly. Nurses administered injections into pads using the LAN new syringe and octreotide LAR syringe in a randomised sequence. In an anonymous web-based questionnaire, nurses reported their overall preference ('strong' or 'slight'; primary endpoint) and rated and ranked the importance of nine attributes for each syringe (1 [not at all] to 5 [very much]).

Results: Overall, 90 nurses attended sessions and completed valid questionnaires. Most nurses (97.8%) expressed a preference (85.6% 'strong', 12.2% 'slight') for the LAN new syringe versus the octreotide LAR syringe (P < 0.0001). Attribute performance ratings (1 [not at all] to 5 [very much]) were consistently higher for the LAN new syringe versus the octreotide LAR syringe, with the greatest differences in 'fast administration' and 'confidence the syringe will not be clogged' (mean difference [SD]: 2.6 [1.2] and 2.3 [1.5], respectively; P < 0.0001). The attribute ranked most important was 'confidence the syringe will not be clogged' (24.4%); least important was 'convenience of syringe format, including packaging, from preparation to injection' (34.4%).

Conclusions: Nurses preferred the user experience of the LAN new syringe compared with the octreotide LAR syringe, with a particular preference for attributes related to product delivery with the LAN new syringe.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12325-020-01255-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7140743PMC
April 2020

Lessons from a multicentre retrospective study of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy combined with lanreotide for neuroendocrine tumours: a need for standardised practice.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2020 09 15;47(10):2358-2371. Epub 2020 Feb 15.

Molecular Imaging and Therapy Service, Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Purpose: PRELUDE aimed to assess use and effectiveness/safety of lanreotide autogel/depot (LAN) combined with Lu-DOTATOC or Lu-DOTATATE (LAN-peptide receptor radionuclide therapy [PRRT]) in patients with progressive neuroendocrine tumours (NETs).

Methods: International, non-interventional, retrospective, non-comparative analysis of medical records from patients with progressive metastatic or locally advanced grade 1 or 2 gastroenteropancreatic (GEP)- or lung-NETs. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) at end of last LAN-PRRT cycle. Secondary endpoints included PFS at last available follow-up, best overall response, objective response rate (ORR), presence and severity of diarrhoea and flushing, and safety. Post-hoc analyses were conducted to determine pre-treatment tumour growth rate (TGR) cutoffs that best predicted the ORR during treatment.

Results: Forty patients were enrolled (GEP-NETs, n = 39; lung-NETs, n = 1). PFS rates were 91.7% at end of last LAN-PRRT cycle and 95.0% at last available follow-up. In the full analysis set, best overall response among patients with GEP-NETs (n = 23) was stable disease (n = 14, 60.9%), partial response (n = 8, 34.8%) and progressive disease (n = 1, 4.3%). The ORR was 27.3% at end of last LAN-PRRT cycle and 36.8% at last available follow-up. Optimal baseline TGR cutoffs for predicting ORR at these time points were 1.18% and 0.33%, respectively. At baseline, 81.0% of patients had diarrhoea or flushing; both remained stable or improved in most cases. No increased adverse drug reactions were reported.

Conclusion: Despite the major recruitment shortfall for the PRELUDE study, effectiveness data were encouraging in this selected population, highlighting the potential usefulness and feasibility of LAN combined with and after PRRT in patients with GEP-NETs. The study also identified challenges associated with evaluating clinical practice in a rare-disease setting and highlighted the need for standardisation of PRRT procedures.

Trial Registration: Trial number: NCT02788578; URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02788578.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00259-020-04712-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7396404PMC
September 2020

Predictive factors for responses to primary medical treatment with lanreotide autogel 120 mg in acromegaly: post hoc analyses from the PRIMARYS study.

Pituitary 2020 Apr;23(2):171-181

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, CHU Larrey, Toulouse, France.

Purpose: PRIMARYS (NCT00690898) was a 48-week, open-label, phase 3b study, evaluating treatment with the somatostatin receptor ligand lanreotide autogel (stable dose: 120 mg/28 days) in treatment-naïve patients with growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary macroadenoma. This post hoc analysis aimed to evaluate factors predictive of long-term responses.

Methods: Potential predictive factors evaluated were: sex, age, and body mass index at baseline; and GH, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and tumor volume (TV) at baseline and week 12, using univariate regression analyses. Treatment responses were defined as hormonal control (GH ≤ 2.5 µg/L and age- and sex-normalized IGF-1), tight hormonal control (GH < 1.0 µg/L and normalized IGF-1), or ≥ 20% TV reduction (TVR). Receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed using predictive factors significant in univariate analyses. Cut-off values for predicting treatment responses at 12 months were derived by maximizing the Youden index (J).

Results: At baseline, older age, female sex, and lower IGF-1 levels were associated with an increased probability of achieving long-term hormonal control. ROC area-under-the curve (AUC) values for hormonal control were high for week-12 GH and IGF-1 levels (0.87 and 0.93, respectively); associated cut-off values were 1.19 μg/L and 110% of the upper limit of normal (ULN), respectively. Results were similar for tight hormonal control (AUC values: 0.92 [GH] and 0.87 [IGF-1]; cut-off values: 1.11 μg/L and 125% ULN, respectively). AUC and J values associated with TVR were low.

Conclusions: The use of predictive factors at baseline and week 12 of treatment could inform clinical expectations of the long-term efficacy of lanreotide autogel.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11102-019-01020-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066297PMC
April 2020

Treatment Patterns and Survival among Patients with Metastatic Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours in Sweden - a Population-based Register-linkage and Medical Chart Review Study.

J Cancer 2019 17;10(27):6876-6887. Epub 2019 Nov 17.

Former employee at Department of Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NETs) are neoplasms derived from the endocrine system in the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. Treatment options include surgery; pharmacological treatments like somatostatin analogues (SSA), interferon alpha, molecular targeted therapy and chemotherapy; and peptide receptor radionuclide therapy. The objective of this study was to describe treatment patterns and survival among patients with metastatic GEP-NET grade 1 or 2 in Sweden. Data was obtained via linkage of nationwide registers. Patients diagnosed with metastatic GEP-NET grade 1 or 2 in Sweden between 2005 and 2013 were included (n=811; National population). In addition, medical chart review was performed for the subpopulation diagnosed at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg (n=127; Regional population). Treatment patterns, including treatment sequences, and overall survival were assessed. Most patients had small intestinal NET (76%). In the regional population, 72% had grade 1 tumours; 50% had functioning tumours. The two most common first-line treatments were surgery (57%) and SSA (25%). After first-line surgery, 46% received SSA, while 40% had no further treatment. After first-line SSA, 52% received surgery, while 27% had no further treatment. Overall median survival time from date of diagnosis was 7.0 years (95% CI 6.2-not reached). Among patients with distant metastases, pancreatic NET (vs. small intestinal NET) was associated with poorer survival (HR 1.9; 95% CI 1.1-3.3), as were liver metastases (HR 3.2; 95% CI 1.5-7.0). First-line surgery was typically followed by SSA or no further treatment. Among patients with distant metastases, pancreatic NET or liver metastases were associated with a poorer survival.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/jca.32381DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6909946PMC
November 2019

Staging and managing patients with acromegaly in clinical practice: baseline data from the SAGIT® validation study.

Pituitary 2019 Oct;22(5):476-487

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Purpose: The SAGIT® instrument, designed to assist clinicians to stage acromegaly, assess treatment response and adapt patient management, was well received by endocrinologists in a pilot study. We report an interim analysis of baseline data from the validation phase.

Methods: The SAGIT® validation study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02539927) is an international, non-interventional study. Data collection included: demographic/disease characteristics; medical/surgical histories; concomitant acromegaly treatments; investigators' subjective evaluation of disease-control status (clinical global evaluation of disease control [CGE-DC]; controlled/not controlled/yet to be clarified) and clinical disease activity (active/not active); growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels; investigators' therapeutic decision.

Results: Of 228 patients enrolled, investigators considered disease to be controlled in 110 (48.2%), not controlled in 105 (46.1%), and yet to be clarified in 13 (5.7%) according to CGE-DC. Thirty-three patients were treatment-naïve (not controlled, n = 31; yet to be clarified, n = 2). Investigators considered 48.2% patients in the controlled and 95.2% in the not-controlled groups to have clinically active disease. In the controlled group, 29.7% of patients did not exhibit hormonal control (GH ≤ 2.5 µg/L; normalized IGF-1) and 47.3% did not have rigorous hormonal control (GH < 1.0 µg/L; normalized IGF-1) by contemporary consensus. Current acromegaly treatment was continued with no change for 91.8% of patients in the controlled and 40.0% in the not-controlled groups.

Conclusions: These data highlight discrepancies between investigator-evaluated disease-control status, disease activity, hormonal control, and treatment decisions in acromegaly. Once validated, the SAGIT® instrument may assist clinicians in making active management decisions for patients with acromegaly.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11102-019-00977-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6728296PMC
October 2019

ACROSTART: A retrospective study of the time to achieve hormonal control with lanreotide Autogel treatment in Spanish patients with acromegaly.

Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr 2019 May 14;66(5):320-329. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Endocrinology Department, Hospital General Universitario de Alicante-ISABIAL-FISABIO, Alicante, Spain.

Objectives: The ACROSTART study was intended to determine the time to achieve normalization of GH and IGF-I levels in responding patients with acromegaly administered different dosage regimens of lanreotide Autogel (Somatuline Autogel).

Methods: From March 2013 to October 2013, clinical data from 57 patients from 17 Spanish hospitals with active acromegaly treated with lanreotide for ≥4 months who achieved hormonal control (GH levels <2.5ng/ml and/or normalized IGF-I levels in ≥2 measurements) were analyzed. The primary objective was to determine the time from start of lanreotide treatment to hormonal normalization.

Results: Median patient age was 64 years, 21 patients were male, 39 patients had undergone surgery, and 14 patients had received radiotherapy. Median hormonal values at start of lanreotide treatment were: GH, 2.6ng/ml; IGF-I, 1.6×ULN. The most common starting dose of lanreotide was 120mg (29 patients). The main initial regimens were 60mg/4 weeks (n=13), 90mg/4 weeks (n=6), 120mg/4 weeks (n=13), 120mg/6 weeks (n=6), and 120mg/8 weeks (n=9). An initial treatment regimen with a long interval (≥6 weeks) was administered in 25 patients. Mean duration of lanreotide treatment was 68 months (7-205). Median time to achieve hormonal control was 4.9 months. Injections were managed without healthcare assistance in 13 patients. Median number of visits to endocrinologists until hormonal control was achieved was 3. Fifty-one patients were "satisfied"/"very satisfied" with treatment and 49 patients did not miss any dose.

Conclusions: Real-life treatment with lanreotide Autogel resulted in early hormonal control in responding patients, with high treatment adherence and satisfaction despite disparity in starting doses and dosing intervals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.endinu.2018.12.004DOI Listing
May 2019

Cost-of-illness of metastatic gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours in Sweden-A population-based register-linkage study.

Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) 2019 Mar 16;28(2):e12983. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Surgery, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

The objective was to estimate the cost-of-illness of grades 1 and 2 metastatic gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NETs) in Sweden in 2013 in a population-based study including all patients diagnosed between 2005 and 2013. Data were obtained from national registers, and patients who utilised healthcare resources due to metastatic GEP-NETs in 2013 were included. The study included 478 patients (mean age 64 [SD=11] years, 51% men). The majority (80%) had small intestinal NET, 10% had pancreatic NET, and 41% had carcinoid syndrome. The total cost-of-illness was €12,189,000 in 2013, of which direct costs constituted 77% and costs from production loss constituted 22%. The largest contributor to the direct medical costs was prescription drugs (54%; primarily somatostatin analogues [91% of the total drug cost]). Production loss due to sickness absence constituted 52% of the total costs of production loss. The total annual cost per patient was €25,500. By patient group, the cost was €24,800 (95% CI €21,600-€28,100) for patients with small intestinal NET, €37,300 (95% CI €23,300-€51,300) for those with pancreatic NET and €18,600 (95% CI €12,600-€24,500) for patients with other GEP-NETs. To conclude, the total annual cost of grades 1 and 2 metastatic GEP-NETs in Sweden was €25,500 per patient and year.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecc.12983DOI Listing
March 2019

MRI T2 signal intensity and tumor response in patients with GH-secreting pituitary macroadenoma: PRIMARYS post-hoc analysis.

Eur J Endocrinol 2018 12 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

P Caron, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Larrey, Toulouse, France.

Objective Pituitary adenoma MRI T2 signal intensity associates with tumor characteristics including responsiveness to somatostatin analogs (SSAs). These analyses determined whether baseline T2 signal intensity predicts response to primary medical treatment with long-acting SSA. Design Post-hoc analyses of the prospective multicenter, open-label, single-arm PRIMARYS study in which patients with treatment-naïve GH-secreting pituitary macroadenomas received fixed-dose lanreotide autogel (120mg) every 4-weeks for 48-weeks. Methods Associations were investigated between adenoma T2-signal hypo/iso/hyperintensity and treatment responses at week 48/last visit: hormonal control (GH ≤2.5μg/L and IGF-1 normalization); tumor response (tumor volume reduction [TVR] ≥20%); separate GH/IGF-1 control; and change-from-baseline in GH/IGF-1 and tumor volume. Results Adenomas were hypointense at baseline in 50/85 (59%) patients using visual assessment. Of these, 40% achieved hormonal control and 76% achieved a tumor response. Significant univariate associations arose for hypo- vs isointensity with tumor response and achievement of GH ≤2.5 μg/L, but not IGF-1 normalization or overall hormonal control. In multivariate analysis, tumor response was 6-times more likely for hypo- vs isointense tumors (=6.15; 95% CI [1.36;27.88]). In univariate change-from-baseline analyses, hypo- vs isointensity was associated with greater TVR and IGF-1 reduction but not change in GH. In multivariate analysis, IGF-1 decreased by an estimated additional 65 μg/L [P=0.0026]) for hypo- vs isointense. Conclusions Patients with hypointense vs isointense GH-secreting macroadenomas had greater reductions in IGF-1 following primary treatment with lanreotide autogel, and were more likely to achieve tumor response. Assessment of T2 signal intensity at baseline may help to predict long-term responses to primary treatment with SSAs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EJE-18-0254DOI Listing
December 2018

Relationship Between Symptoms and Health-related Quality-of-life Benefits in Patients With Carcinoid Syndrome: Post Hoc Analyses From TELESTAR.

Clin Ther 2018 12 24;40(12):2006-2020.e2. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA.

Purpose: Patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors and carcinoid syndrome (CS) may experience chronic, recurring symptoms despite somatostatin analogue therapy. Little is known about the relationship between bowel movement (BM) frequency, patient-reported symptoms and health-related quality of life (QoL). Data from the TELESTAR study were used in exploratory, post hoc analyses to understand the relationship between durable reductions in BM frequency, symptom relief, and health-related QoL.

Methods: Patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors and CS in the Phase III TELESTAR study were randomized (1:1:1) to receive telotristat ethyl (TE) 250 mg, TE 500 mg, or placebo three times daily (TID) during a 12-week double-blind treatment period (DBTP). All patients received TE 500 mg TID in an open-label extension (OLE) to Week 48. Durable response was predefined. Analyses compared durable responders (DRs) and non-durable responders (NDRs), irrespective of treatment group, at Weeks 12, 24, and 48.

Findings: At the start of the DBTP, 135 patients were randomized, 45 patients each to TE 250 mg, TE 500 mg, and placebo. After the 12-week DBTP, 48 of 135 patients were DRs (TE 250 mg, n = 20; TE 500 mg, n = 19; placebo, n = 9). Of the 115 patients who entered the OLE, 35 were DRs initially randomized to TE 250 mg (n = 18) or 500 mg (n = 17), 29 of whom maintained a durable response throughout the OLE. Of the 71 DBTP-NDRs (inclusive of patients initially randomized to placebo), 28 became OLE-DRs. There were 29 NDRs initially randomized to placebo who entered the OLE, 16 of whom became DRs when switched to TE 500 mg. DRs during the DBTP had greater symptom improvements in the DBTP; these improvements continued over the OLE. DBTP-DRs also maintained more meaningful QoL improvements in EORTC QLQ-C30 global health status, nausea and vomiting, pain, diarrhea, and EORTC QLQ-GINET21 gastrointestinal symptoms over the DBTP and OLE periods than DBTP-NDRs.

Implications: These results suggest that sustained improvements in BM frequency in patients with CS may have multifaceted, long-term effects on a patient's well-being. ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT01677910.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinthera.2018.10.008DOI Listing
December 2018

Correction to: Signs and symptoms of acromegaly at diagnosis: the physician's and the patient's perspectives in the ACRO-POLIS study.

Endocrine 2019 01;63(1):130

Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Bicêtre, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares de l'Hypophyse HYPO, F94275, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in corresponding author name as Philippe Chanson in the affiliation section.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-018-1789-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329722PMC
January 2019

Signs and symptoms of acromegaly at diagnosis: the physician's and the patient's perspectives in the ACRO-POLIS study.

Endocrine 2019 01 29;63(1):120-129. Epub 2018 Sep 29.

Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Bicêtre, Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares de l'Hypophyse HYPO, F94275, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.

Purpose: Acromegaly is characterized by a broad range of manifestations. Early diagnosis is key to treatment success, but is often delayed as symptomatology overlaps with common disorders. We investigated sign-and-symptom associations, demographics, and clinical characteristics at acromegaly diagnosis.

Methods: Observational, cross-sectional, multicenter non-interventional study conducted at 25 hospital departments in France that treat acromegaly (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02012127). Adults diagnosed with acromegaly < 5 years were enrolled. Demographic and clinical data were obtained from medical reports and patient questionnaires. Sign-and-symptom associations were assessed by multiple correspondence analysis (MCA).

Results: Overall, 472 patients were included in the analyses. MCA was unsuccessful in identifying sign-and-symptom associations at diagnosis. Endocrinologists (29.5% patients) and other clinical specialists (37.2% patients) were commonly first to suspect acromegaly. Morphologic manifestations (83.7-87.9% patients), snoring syndrome (81.4% patients), and asthenia (79.2% patients) were frequently present at diagnosis; differences were found between sexes for specific manifestations. Rates of discrepancy between patient- and physician-reported manifestations were highest for functional signs. Earliest manifestations prior to diagnosis, according to how they were detected, were enlarged hands and feet (6.4 ± 6.8 and 6.2 ± 6.9 years, functional signs), hypertension (6.6 ± 7.5 years, complementary examination) and carpal/cubital tunnel syndrome (5.7 ± 6.7 years, functional signs with complementary examination).

Conclusions: Results confirm the broad range of manifestations at diagnosis and delay in recognizing the disease. We identified early manifestations and sex differences that may aid physicians in diagnosing acromegaly. Discrepancy rates suggest physicians should obtain the patient's perspective and seek functional signs during diagnosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-018-1764-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329724PMC
January 2019

LanroNET - A Non-Interventional Prospective Study to Assess the Resource Utilisation and Cost of Lanreotide Autogel 120 mg in the Population of Polish Patients with Symptomatic Neuroendocrine Tumours.

Endokrynol Pol 2018 22;69(5):567-573. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Ipsen Poland, 29th Jana Pawła II St., 00-867 Warsaw, Poland.

Wstęp: Celem badania LanroNET była ocena wykorzystania zasobów medycznych oraz kosztów objawowego leczenia polskich chorych na nowotwory neuroendokrynne z zastosowaniem lanreotydu autogel 120 mg. Materiał i metody: LanroNET to wieloośrodkowe, nieinterwencyjne, obserwacyjne, prospektywne badanie przeprowadzone w 12 ośrod-kach w Polsce. W badaniu uczestniczyli dorośli chorzy na wydzielające nowotwory neuroendokrynne leczeni lanreotydem autogel 120 mg od przynajmniej 3 miesięcy przed włączeniem do badania. Podczas 24-miesięcznej obserwacji rzeczywistej praktyki klinicznej zbierano dane dotyczące wykorzystania zasobów medycznych oraz przebiegu terapii chorych z wydzielającymi nowotworami neuroendokrynnymi. WYNIKI: W badaniu uczestniczyło 54 chorych na wydzielające nowotwory neuroendokrynne. Przeciętny czas stosowania lanreotydu wynosił 1,7 roku (zakres 0,0-2,2 lata). Badanie ukończyło 33 pacjentów, najczęstszą przyczyną przedwczesnego zakończenia leczenia (8/16) była progresja choroby. Całkowity średni koszt wykorzystanych zasobów bez kosztów farmakoterapii oszacowano na 26 307 zł/EUR 6.030,35 na pacjenta/rok. W czasie badania średni odstęp między wstrzyknięciami lanreotydu wynosił 31,7 dni (6,7). Pod koniec obserwacji, po 24 miesiącach od follow-up, 7 pacjentów stosowało 42-dniowe odstępy między dawkami. Średni rzeczywisty koszt lanreotydu autogel 120 mg wyniósł 4216,30 zł/966,49 EUR na pacjenta/28 dni we wspólnej perspektywie płatnika i pacjenta i był niższy o 554,16 zł/127,02 EUR niż koszt stosowania standardowych 28-dniowych odstępów między dawkami. WNIOSKI: Badanie LanroNET jest pierwszym w Polsce obserwacyjnym dwuletnim badaniem chorych na czynne hormonalnie nowotwo-ry neuroendokrynne żołądkowo-jelitowo-trzustkowe oceniającym koszty codziennej praktyki klinicznej i koszty leczenia lanreotydem autogel.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/EP.a2018.0057DOI Listing
April 2019

Comorbidities, treatment patterns and cost-of-illness of acromegaly in Sweden: a register-linkage population-based study.

Eur J Endocrinol 2017 Feb 15;176(2):203-212. Epub 2016 Nov 15.

Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical NutritionInstitute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg and Department of Endocrinology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Objective: Acromegaly is a complex endocrine disease with multiple comorbidities. Treatment to obtain biochemical remission includes surgery, medical therapy and radiation. We aimed to describe comorbidities, treatment patterns and cost-of-illness in patients with acromegaly in Sweden.

Design: A nationwide population-based study.

Methods: Patients with acromegaly were identified and followed in national registers in Sweden. Longitudinal treatment patterns were assessed in patients diagnosed between July 2005 and December 2013. The cost-of-illness during 2013 was estimated from a societal perspective among patients diagnosed between 1987 and 2013.

Results: Among 358 patients with acromegaly (48% men, mean age at diagnosis 50.0 (s.d. 15.3) years) at least one comorbidity was reported in 81% (n = 290). The most common comorbidities were hypertension (40%, n = 142), neoplasms outside the pituitary (30%, n = 109), hypopituitarism (22%, n = 80) and diabetes mellitus (17%, n = 61). Acromegaly treatment was initiated on average 3.7 (s.d. 6.9) months after diagnosis. Among the 301 treated patients, the most common first-line treatments were surgery (60%, n = 180), somatostatin analogues (21%, n = 64) and dopamine agonists (14%, n = 41). After primary surgery, 24% (n = 44) received somatostatin analogues. The annual per-patient cost was €12 000; this was €8700 and €16 000 if diagnosed before or after July 2005, respectively. The cost-of-illness for acromegaly and its comorbidities was 77% from direct costs and 23% from production loss.

Conclusions: The prevalence of comorbidity is high in patients with acromegaly. The most common first-line treatment in acromegalic patients was surgery followed by somatostatin analogues. The annual per-patient cost of acromegaly and its comorbidities was €12 000.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EJE-16-0623DOI Listing
February 2017

Glucose and lipid levels with lanreotide autogel 120 mg in treatment-naïve patients with acromegaly: data from the PRIMARYS study.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2017 Apr 27;86(4):541-551. Epub 2016 Dec 27.

JJR Macleod Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology & Metabolism (Mac-DEM), Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, UK.

Objective: Impaired glycaemic control, characteristic of acromegaly, can be exacerbated by treatment with somatostatin analogues (SSAs), particularly those with multireceptor activity. We present data from the PRIMARYS study on the impact of the SSA lanreotide, associated with tumour volume and hormonal improvements, on glucose and other metabolic parameters in acromegaly.

Design: PRIMARYS was a 48-week open-label single-arm phase 3b study of lanreotide autogel 120 mg/4 weeks. A priori and post hoc metabolic profile data are reported for the overall population, patients with/without diabetes and patients achieving/not achieving hormonal control.

Patients: Treatment-naïve adults with pituitary macroadenoma, mean growth hormone >1 μg/l and elevated insulin-like growth factor-1 levels (n = 90).

Measurements: Glycaemic parameters [glycated haemoglobin (HbA ) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels] assessed at baseline and weeks 12, 24 and 48. Lipid-profile data (triglycerides, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol) collected at baseline and study end.

Results: In patients with diabetes (n = 24), HbA showed a clinically relevant decrease during treatment [mean change from baseline to week 48, -1·44% (95% CI: -2·52, -0·36)]. In the overall population, in patients without diabetes, or in patients with/without hormonal control, HbA did not significantly change by week 48. Mean FPG levels showed no significant change by week 48 in all populations. Individually, increases and decreases in glycaemic parameters affected some patients in all populations. Glycaemic status as a composite measure of HbA and FPG (classification as normal, mild or diabetic) was stable from baseline to study end in most patients (overall, 70%; patients with diabetes, 50%; patients without diabetes, 76%), but worsened by week 48 in nine (15%) patients [seven (50%) with diabetes at baseline] and improved in nine (15%) patients (none with diabetes). Changes in lipid profiles were not considered clinically meaningful.

Conclusions: Glucose and lipid levels were not detrimentally affected in most patients, while only a relatively small proportion showed deterioration in glucose control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cen.13285DOI Listing
April 2017

Factors predicting progression to castrate-resistant prostate cancer in patients with advanced prostate cancer receiving long-term androgen-deprivation therapy.

BJU Int 2017 Jan 23;119(1):74-81. Epub 2016 Mar 23.

Department of Urology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Objectives: To assess time to progression to castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and factors influencing longer-term outcomes in patients receiving androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in an extension to the Triptocare study (NCT01020448). This is pertinent as the Triptocare study did not show that urinary prostate cancer antigen-3 (PCA3) score was a reliable marker of cancer stage in advanced prostate cancer and was not useful for assessing response 6 months after initiation of ADT with triptorelin 22.5 mg.

Patients And Methods: An international, multicentre, non-interventional, observational, longitudinal, prospective study involving patients from the Triptocare study. CRPC status of patients was collected for up to 3 years from ADT initiation. Patient treatment and assessments were at the investigator's discretion. Co-primary endpoints were rate of CRPC at 3 years after initiating ADT and the median time to CRPC. An exploratory endpoint was the association of Triptocare baseline variables (including TMPRSS2-ERG and PCA3 scores) and PCA3 score at Triptocare last value available with CRPC onset.

Results: Of the 325 patients in the Triptocare study safety population, 180 patients were enrolled in the Triptocare LT study (102 received continuous and 78 received intermittent ADT). CRPC rates at 3 years were 24/102 (23.5%) and 6/78 (7.7%) patients in the continuous and intermittent ADT groups, respectively. The median time to CRPC was not reached for either group. PCA3 score status at baseline was the only variable associated with a higher risk of progression to CRPC in both the intermittent and continuous ADT groups; compared with a baseline PCA3 score of ≥35, a PCA3 score below the level of quantification had a hazard ratio (HR) of 20.04 ([95% confidence interval (CI) 2.71-148.34] and a HR of 9.44 [95% CI 2.39-37.27], respectively). Baseline metastatic disease and testosterone level were additionally associated with progression to CRPC in the continuous ADT population (HR 5.20, 95% CI 1.68-16.06 and HR 0.995, 95% CI 0.991-0.999, respectively).

Conclusion: In men with locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer, a PCA3 score of ≥35 at the time of initiating ADT may predict a lower risk of developing CRPC in the following 3 years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bju.13455DOI Listing
January 2017

Effects of lanreotide Autogel primary therapy on symptoms and quality-of-life in acromegaly: data from the PRIMARYS study.

Pituitary 2016 Apr;19(2):149-57

Departments of Endocrinology/Medicine, Sant Pau Biomedical Research Institute, Hospital de Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of lanreotide Autogel on patient-reported outcomes and association with biochemical control, using PRIMARYS data.

Methods: PRIMARYS was a 1-year, open-label study of lanreotide Autogel (Depot in USA) 120 mg every 4 weeks in 90 treatment-naïve patients with acromegaly. Symptoms were assessed using Patient-assessed Acromegaly Symptom Questionnaire (PASQ) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using the AcroQoL questionnaire. Correlations between PASQ and AcroQoL scores, and between PASQ/AcroQoL and growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels were also evaluated (post hoc).

Results: Acromegaly symptoms and HRQoL significantly improved from week 12 to week 48, with modest correlations at week 48 between PASQ total score (R = -0.55, p < 0.0001) and AcroQoL global and physical scores (R = -0.67, p < 0.0001). Approximately 60% of patients achieved a minimal important difference (MID; improvement >50% of baseline standard deviation) in PASQ total score and >40% achieved a MID in AcroQoL global score (post hoc). Changes in PASQ scores were similar in biochemically controlled (GH levels ≤2.5 μg/L and normal IGF-1 levels) and uncontrolled groups, while changes in global and psychological AcroQoL scores were greater in the controlled group. There was no correlation between changes in PASQ or AcroQoL scores and changes in GH or IGF-1 levels.

Conclusions: Primary treatment with lanreotide Autogel over 1 year was associated with rapid and sustained improvements in clinical signs and symptoms and HRQoL in patients with acromegaly. Improvements in HRQoL, but not symptoms, were greater in those achieving biochemical control (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00690898; EudraCT: 2007-000155-34).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11102-015-0693-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4799252PMC
April 2016

SAGIT®: clinician-reported outcome instrument for managing acromegaly in clinical practice--development and results from a pilot study.

Pituitary 2016 Feb;19(1):39-49

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Purpose: The SAGIT instrument is a comprehensive clinician-reported outcome instrument assessing key features of acromegaly: signs and symptoms, associated comorbidities; growth hormone levels; insulin-like growth factor-1 levels; and tumor profile. The SAGIT instrument has been designed to assist endocrinologists managing acromegaly in practice. Here, we report on pre-testing (to assess ease of understanding and acceptability) and a pilot study (to assess relevance, ease of use, and utility in real-life conditions) (NCT02231593).

Methods: For pre-testing, 11 endocrinologists completed the SAGIT instrument using patient medical records and were also interviewed. They subsequently completed a PRAgmatic Content and face validity Test (PRAC-Test(©)) to report their experiences using SAGIT, and feedback was used to revise the instrument. In the pilot study, nine endocrinologists completed the SAGIT instrument in real-time with patients belonging to three different categories (stable/controlled, active/uncontrolled acromegaly, treatment-naïve), while four completed the instrument based on medical-record review. All participants then completed the PRAC-Test(©) and their feedback was used to update the instrument.

Results: The SAGIT instrument was well accepted by endocrinologists, with most indicating that it was concise, practical, easy to understand, useful for assessing treatment response, and valuable as a component of the patient's medical record. The pilot study confirmed the instrument's acceptability, utility, and ease of use, and indicated its potential for distinguishing acromegaly clinical stages.

Conclusions: The SAGIT instrument is promising as a tool for use by endocrinologists in everyday practice to assess the status and evolution of disease in patients with acromegaly and to guide treatment decision-making.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11102-015-0681-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4710645PMC
February 2016

Effectiveness and Safety of rhIGF-1 Therapy in Children: The European Increlex® Growth Forum Database Experience.

Horm Res Paediatr 2015 21;83(5):345-57. Epub 2015 Mar 21.

Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background/aims: We report data from the EU Increlex® Growth Forum Database (IGFD) Registry, an ongoing, open-label, observational study monitoring clinical practice use of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1 (rhIGF-1) therapy in children.

Methods: Safety and effectiveness data on rhIGF-1 treatment of 195 enrolled children with growth failure were collected from December 2008 to September 2013.

Results: Mean ± SD (95% CI) height velocity during first year of rhIGF-1 treatment was 6.9 ± 2.2 cm/year (6.5; 7.2) (n = 144); in prepubertal patients naïve to treatment, this was 7.3 ± 2.0 cm/year (6.8; 7.7) (n = 81). Female sex, younger age at start of rhIGF-1 therapy, and lower baseline height SDS predicted first-year change in height SDS. The most frequent targeted treatment-emergent adverse events (% patients) were hypoglycemia (17.6%, predictors: young age, diagnosis of Laron syndrome, but not rhIGF-1 dose), lipohypertrophy (10.6%), tonsillar hypertrophy (7.4%), injection site reactions (6.4%), and headache (5.9%). Sixty-one serious adverse events (37 related to rhIGF-1 therapy) were reported in 31 patients (16.5%).

Conclusion: Safety and effectiveness data on use of rhIGF-1 in a 'real-world' setting were similar to those from controlled randomized trials. Severe growth phenotype and early start of rhIGF-1 improved height response and predicted risk of hypoglycemia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000371798DOI Listing
March 2016

Recombinant human growth hormone plus recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1 coadministration therapy in short children with low insulin-like growth factor-1 and growth hormone sufficiency: results from a randomized, multicenter, open-label, parallel-group, active treatment-controlled trial.

Horm Res Paediatr 2015 6;83(4):268-79. Epub 2015 Mar 6.

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Background/aims: Growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) both contribute to growth. To determine if recombinant human (rh)GH + rhIGF-1 therapy is more effective than rhGH alone to treat short stature, we assessed the efficacy and safety of coadministered rhGH + rhIGF-1 in short children with GH sufficiency and low IGF-1.

Methods: In a 3-year, randomized, multicenter, open-label trial, patients with height SD score ≤-2.0 and IGF-1 SD score ≤-1.0 for age and sex, and with stimulated GH ≥10 ng/ml for age and sex, were randomized to receive (all doses in µg/kg/day): 45 rhGH alone (group A), 45 rhGH + 50 rhIGF-1 (group B), 45 rhGH + 100 rhIGF-1 (group C) or 45 rhGH + 150 rhIGF-1 (group D). Height velocity (HV) and Δ height SD score were measured.

Results: The first-year HV (modified intention-to-treat population) was 9.3 ± 1.7 cm/year (group A), 10.1 ± 1.3 cm/year (group B), 9.7 ± 2.5 cm/year (group C) and 11.2 ± 2.1 cm/year (group D) (p = 0.001 for groups A vs. D). This effect was sustained, resulting in a height SD score improvement during the second and third years. Most treatment-emergent adverse events were mild and transient.

Conclusion: In children with short stature, GH sufficiency and low IGF-1, coadministration of rhGH/rhIGF-1 (45/150 µg/kg) significantly accelerated linear growth compared with rhGH alone, with a safety profile similar to the individual monotherapies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000371799DOI Listing
February 2016