Publications by authors named "Atsuro Sawada"

32 Publications

[Complete Remission of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma with Invasion of the Duodenum and Pancreas after Treatment with Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab Followed by Axitinib and Surgery : A Case Report].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2021 May;67(5):197-203

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital.

A man in his 60s was diagnosed with clear cell carcinoma of the right kidney with multiple lung metastases, tumor thrombus of the inferior vena cava (IVC), and invasion of the duodenum and pancreas. Ipilimumab plus nivolumab was administered as first-line therapy. After 3 treatment courses, computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a slight decrease in the size of the primary tumor and lung metastases. However, the patient became hemodynamically unstable due to persistent duodenal bleeding during treatment despite frequent blood transfusions. Axitinib was then initiated as second-line therapy. The duodenal bleeding ceased 10 days after starting axitinib and his anemia remissed. Subsequent CT showed further decrease in the size of the primary tumor and lung metastases. The patient underwent right nephrectomy after improvement of nutrition. IVC thrombectomy, and pancreaticoduodenectomy. The lung metastases disappeared on postoperative imaging and no additional treatment was provided. Twelve months after surgery, he was in good health and showed no signs of recurrence.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_67_5_197DOI Listing
May 2021

[A Case of Pelvic Unicentric Castleman Disease Treated by Preoperative Transcatheter Arterial Embolization and Tumor Complete Resection with Combined Lower Abdominal and Posterior Approach].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2021 Apr;67(4):157-162

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital.

A 22-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for further examination of an incidentally discovered hypervascular pelvic tumor with a maximum diameter of 10 cm. Although Castleman disease was suspected based on the imaging findings and pathologic findings of the needle biopsy, a definitive diagnosis was not made. Preoperative transcatheter arterial embolization was performed to decrease intraoperative bleeding, and tumor resection was performed on the following day. As for posterior approach prior to anterior approach, the patient was placed in a prone position, and the dorsal aspect of tumor was approached through the dissection of gluteal muscles. Then, dilated branches of the internal iliac vein was found on the tumor capsule, which were safely ligated under direct vision with favorable visual field. Then, the patient was placed in a supine position, the tumor was completely resected by anterior approach without transfusion. Histopathological diagnosis was Castleman disease hyaline vascular type. The patient was discharged without complication and has been free from recurrence for 6 months after surgery.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_67_4_157DOI Listing
April 2021

Effect of optimal neoadjuvant chemotherapy on oncological outcomes of locally advanced bladder cancer with laparoscopic radical cystectomy: A matched-pair analysis in a multicenter cohort.

Int J Urol 2021 06 7;28(6):656-664. Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Objectives: To assess the effect of optimal neoadjuvant chemotherapy of at least three cycles of cisplatin-based regimen on oncological outcomes of clinical stage T3 or higher bladder cancer treated with laparoscopic radical cystectomy.

Methods: Laparoscopic radical cystectomies carried out at 10 institutions were included in this retrospective study. The outcomes of patients who received optimal neoadjuvant chemotherapy and those who did not receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy were compared using propensity score matching in clinical stage T3-4 or T2 cohorts, separately.

Results: Of the 455 patients screened, matched pairs of 54 patients in the clinical T3-4 cohort and 68 patients in the clinical T2 cohort were finally analyzed. In the cT3-4 cohort, the 5-year overall survival (78% vs 41%; P = 0.014), cancer-specific survival (81% vs 44%; P = 0.008) and recurrence-free survival (71% vs 53%; P = 0.049) were significantly higher in the optimal neoadjuvant chemotherapy group than in the no neoadjuvant chemotherapy group; no significant survival difference was shown between the two groups in the cT2 cohort. In the cT3-4 cohort, the incidence of local recurrence (4% vs 26%; P = 0.025) and abdominal or intrapelvic recurrence, including peritoneal carcinomatosis (7% vs 30%; P = 0.038), was significantly lower in the optimal neoadjuvant chemotherapy group.

Conclusions: Administration of optimal neoadjuvant chemotherapy has a significant survival benefit. It decreases the incidence of local and atypical recurrence patterns in patients with clinical stage T3 or higher locally advanced bladder cancer undergoing laparoscopic radical cystectomy.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iju.14533DOI Listing
June 2021

Evaluation of the Quality of Life and Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients With End-Stage Kidney Disease Resulting From Kidney Transplantation Using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form and EuroQOL-5 Dimension-5 Level Questionnaires.

Transplant Proc 2021 Apr 7;53(3):881-884. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

Department of Urology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: Renal transplantation improves the quality of life (QOL) of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with renal failure. However, it remains unclear which renal disease-specific QOL aspects determine general health-related QOL of ESRD patients. This study aimed to identify these QOL items by examining the QOL of ESRD patients using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life-Short Form (KDQOL-SF), version 1.3, and EuroQoL-5 dimension-5 levels (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaires.

Methods: We conducted QOL surveys with 67 renal transplant recipients at our hospital. EQ-5D-5L, which evaluates general health-related QOL, was the response variable, and KDQOL-SF, which includes the renal disease-specific instrument and general health-related QOL SF-36 instrument, was the explanatory variable. We analyzed the effects of each KDQOL-SF domain on EQ-5D-5L using Pearson correlation coefficient.

Results: Regarding the general health-related QOL assessed by SF-36, physical health aspects, such as physical functioning (R = 0.749) and daily functioning physical (R = 0.603), showed a strong correlation with EQ-5D-5L, and the domains related to the psychological and social aspects of QOL showed a limited correlation. Regarding kidney disease-specific scales, symptoms/problems related to physical function showed a good correlation (R = 0.691) with EQ-5D-5L, whereas other scales, including burden of kidney disease (R = 0.168), quality of social interaction (R = 0.284), and those related to the mental and social aspects of QOL showed a low correlation with EQ-5D-5L.

Conclusion: Among kidney transplant recipients, the physical health aspects of QOL, such as symptoms/problems, were the major factors influencing overall QOL as assessed by EQ-5D-5L.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2020.09.018DOI Listing
April 2021

Masked acute rejection of the graft kidney under the recovery of native kidneys in a patient who underwent simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation.

IJU Case Rep 2020 Nov 18;3(6):237-240. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Department of Department of Urology Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine Kyoto Japan.

Introduction: Simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation is a life-saving procedure for patients with liver failure and irreversible renal dysfunction. However, some studies have reported the recovery of native renal function after simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation.

Case Presentation: A 33-year-old woman initially underwent living-donor liver transplantation for liver failure. When graft liver failure developed, she also sustained acute renal failure and required continuous hemodiafiltration for 6 weeks. Simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation from a brain-dead donor recovered her liver and renal function. A 1-year protocol graft kidney biopsy revealed acute cellular rejection despite stable serum creatinine levels. Renal scintigraphy showed functional native kidneys masking acute rejection of the graft kidney. The rejection was improved by pulse steroid therapy.

Conclusion: Acute rejection of the graft kidney may silently progress due to recovery of the native kidney function after simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation. Renal scintigraphy and graft kidney biopsy should be considered even if blood tests indicate stable total renal function.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/iju5.12197DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7609179PMC
November 2020

Solitary recurrence of prostate cancer surrounded by seminal vesicle/vas deferens-like epithelium.

IJU Case Rep 2020 Sep 30;3(5):171-173. Epub 2020 Jul 30.

Department of Nephro-urologic Surgery Mie University Hospital Tsu Japan.

Introduction: Clinical recurrence of prostate cancer after curative treatment with a limited number of metastases is often termed as oligorecurrence. We report a case of solitary recurrence of prostate cancer surrounded by epithelium of the seminal vesicle or vas deferens.

Case Presentation: A 54-year-old man diagnosed with localized prostate cancer underwent radiation therapy. Six years later, imaging studies detected a solitary recurrence. We performed metastasectomy, and histopathological examination revealed the metastatic lesion surrounded by the epithelium of the seminal vesicle or vas deferens. Surgical resection achieved a complete biochemical response.

Conclusion: We presented with a case of prostate cancer metastasis surrounded by the epithelium of the seminal vesicle or vas deferens.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/iju5.12168DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7469812PMC
September 2020

Tc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine Cortical Renography Predicts Outcomes in Adult Living Donor Renal Transplant Recipients.

Transplant Proc 2020 Dec 27;52(10):3090-3096. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of Urology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: The clinical utility of Tc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine cortical renography for the prediction of graft function in kidney transplant recipients has been unknown.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed post-transplant cortical renograms in 40 kidney transplant recipients. We analyzed the correlation between T (elimination half-life) and graft function (measured-to-expected glomerular filtration rate [GFR]) 1 week, and 1, 3, and 6 months post operation compared with whole-kidney renograms.

Results: Delayed drainage (T > 11 minutes) was observed in 22 recipients (55%). T and postoperative GFR ratio were inversely correlated (1 week: R = 0.317, P = .0002; 1 month: R = 0.206, P = .003; 3 months: R = 0.117, P = .031; 6 months: R = 0.161, P = .010). Recipients with delayed drainage had a significantly lower GFR ratio than those with normal drainage 1 week (median, 0.93 vs 1.32; P = .001), 1 month (median, 1.65 vs 2.23; P = .0010), 3 months (median, 1.55 vs 2.17; P = .041), and 6 months (median, 1.67 vs 2.34; P = .018) post operation, respectively. Whole-kidney renograms failed to discriminate recipients with lower GFR ratio at 1, 3, and 6 months.

Conclusions: T in post-transplant cortical renography was inversely correlated with early graft function and may predict early post-transplant graft function.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2020.02.169DOI Listing
December 2020

Perioperative and oncological outcomes of laparoscopic radical cystectomy with intracorporeal versus extracorporeal ileal conduit: A matched-pair comparison in a multicenter cohort in Japan.

Int J Urol 2020 Jun 20;27(6):559-565. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Objectives: To compare the perioperative and oncological outcomes of pure laparoscopic intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion versus extracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion after laparoscopic radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in a multicenter cohort in Japan.

Method: A total of 455 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical cystectomy carried out at 10 institutions were included in this retrospective study. The perioperative data of the intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion and extracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion groups were compared using the propensity score matching method. The Kaplan-Meier curves were obtained to elucidate time to ureteroenteric stricture, reoperation, recurrence and survival.

Results: In total, 72 matched pairs were evaluated for the final analysis. The median follow-up period was 28 and 23 months in the intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion and extracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion groups, respectively. The operative time in the intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion group was approximately 1 h longer than that in the extracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion group. The early and late postoperative complication rates were similar in both groups, except for the reduced wound-related complication rates in the intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion group. The median days to regular oral food intake were 4 and 5 days in the intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion and extracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion groups, respectively (P = 0.014). No significant difference was noted in the occurrence of ureteroenteric strictures and reoperation rate. Furthermore, recurrence-free, cancer-specific, and overall survival rates and recurrence patterns did not significantly differ.

Conclusions: Laparoscopic intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion is a safe, feasible and reproducible procedure with similar postoperative complication rates, ureteroenteric stricture rate and oncological outcomes when compared with extracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion, but faster postoperative bowel recovery and decreased wound-related complication rates.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iju.14245DOI Listing
June 2020

Oncological outcomes and recurrence patterns after laparoscopic radical cystectomy for bladder cancer: A Japanese multicenter cohort.

Int J Urol 2020 Mar 16;27(3):250-256. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Objective: To investigate oncological outcomes and recurrence patterns after laparoscopic radical cystectomy for bladder cancer in a Japanese multicenter cohort, and to explore the risk factors associated with recurrences due to tumor dissemination.

Method: Laparoscopic radical cystectomies carried out at 10 institutions were included in this retrospective study. Multivariate analyses were carried out to identify the clinical parameters associated with overall recurrences together with specific recurrence types. Kaplan-Meier curves were created to elucidate time to recurrence and survival.

Results: A total of 411 patients were included after the final analysis. Postoperative pathology was T2 or higher in 196 patients (48%), and lymph node metastasis was present in 46 patients (11%). The median follow-up period was 23 months, and the 2-year recurrence-free and cancer-specific survival rates were 71.0% and 84.7%, respectively. The recurrence sites involved distant metastasis in 75 patients (18%), local recurrence in 52 patients (13%) and urinary tract recurrence in eight patients (2%). When local recurrence at the cystectomy bed (28 patients; 7%) and abdominal recurrence including peritoneal carcinomatosis or port site recurrence (17 patients; 4%), which might be caused by tumor dissemination, were combined into a single group, prolonged surgical time was a significant risk factor, in addition to high pathological stage (T3-4 and/or positive lymph nodes), positive surgical margins, and variant histology by both univariate and multivariate analyses.

Conclusions: Our study findings suggest that recurrences after laparoscopic radical cystectomy might be caused by tumor dissemination, and attention should be paid to avoid prolonged surgical time in laparoscopic radical cystectomy.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iju.14182DOI Listing
March 2020

[Kidney Auto-Transplantation for Intraoperative Right Renal Artery Injury in a Single Kidney Patient : A Case Report].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2019 Nov;65(11):455-458

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital.

A man in his 70's who had undergone left radical nephrectomy for kidney cancer had the right renal artery ablated unexpectedly during pancreatoduodenectomy for a huge duodenal tumor. For this intraoperative emergency, an autologous kidney transplantation was performed with the right kidney being removed, perfused, and transplanted into the right iliac fossa. Warm ischemic time was over 2 hours. The patient developed postoperative hemorrhagic infarction of a renal artery branch, which was successfully treated with intravascular intervention. The patient was weaned off hemodialysis and was discharged in 16 weeks postoperatively.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_65_11_455DOI Listing
November 2019

[Post-Operative Urethral Stricture after Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2019 Nov;65(11):445-449

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital.

Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is a safe and effective surgical procedure for patients suffering from comparatively larger benign prostatic hyperplasia. However, the rate of postoperative urethral stricture (POUS) is relatively high, which can render further invasive intervention. Here we assessed the POUS rate, riskfactors and outcomes in 206 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia who underwent HoLEP at our hospital between January 2006 and December 2015. POUS was observed in 24 patients (11.7%). The rate of intraoperative urethral stricture was significantly higher in the patients with POUS (8 out of 24 patients, 33.3%) than in those without POUS (12 out of 186 patients, 6.6%). The odds ratio was 7.08, 95% and combination index (CI) was 2.53-19.9, p<0.001). The relative riskfor POUS based on intraoperative urethral stricture was 4.65 (95% CI : 2.28-9.48). The most common POUS site was external urethral orifice (12 out of 24 cases). The POUS onset was significantly earlier in patients with external urethral orifice than the other sites (p=0.0389). The site of postoperative stricture concurred with that of intraoperative stricture at a high rate (7 out of 8 patients). Significant differences were observed between patients with and without POUS within one month in international prostate symptom score, quality of life score and in Qmax after the operation, while they were improved by simple interventions such as bougie. In conclusion, we should consider the possibility of POUS when the patient had an intraoperative stricture in HoLEP.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_65_11_445DOI Listing
November 2019

[The Safety of Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy during Initial Phases in a Japanese Multicenter Cohort].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2019 Nov;65(11):439-444

The Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University.

We evaluated the safety of laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) during initial phases and its learning curve in a Japanese multicenter cohort by studying 436 patients who underwent LRC with no robot assistance at 10 institutions in Japan. We divided the patients into three groups according to cumulative surgical volume at each institution (first 10 cases, 11-30 cases, after 31 cases in each institution), and compared perioperative and pathologic variables among the three groups. The first, second, and third groups included 100, 166, 170 patients, respectively. The preoperative variables were similar in the three groups except for the rate of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The methods of LRC procedure, such as urinary diversion, the extent of lymph node dissection, and concomitant urethrectomy or nephroureterectomy, were similar in the three groups. Mean operative time was 629, 562 and 531 minutes, respectively, and mean blood loss was 755, 650 and 435 ml, respectively. Both values decreased over time with the institution's experience. There was no significant difference among the three groups in the rate of positive surgical margin, the number of retrieved lymph nodes, and the rate of intra- and postoperative complications. LRC was safely performed during initial phases with an acceptable complication rate and without compromising oncological results, although operative time was longer and blood loss increased.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_65_11_439DOI Listing
November 2019

LacdiNAc-Glycosylated Prostate-specific Antigen Density is a Potential Biomarker of Prostate Cancer.

Clin Genitourin Cancer 2020 02 17;18(1):e28-e36. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Department of Urology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: Serum LacdiNAc-glycosylated prostate-specific antigen (LDN-PSA) and LDN-PSA density together with PSA and PSA density (PSAD) were measured as a diagnostic tool for prostate cancer (PCa).

Patients And Methods: We included 150 patients with PCa without hormonal therapy and 41 patients without PCa obtained from the Kyoto University Hospital between 2012 and 2017. LDN-PSA levels were measured through a WFA-anti-PSA antibody sandwich immunoassay using a highly sensitive surface plasmon field-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy (SPFS) system. Diagnostic performance of serum LDN-PSA and LDN-PSAD was evaluated by measuring the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC).

Results: The AUCs of LDN-PSA, LDN-PSAD, and PSAD levels (0.780, 0.848, and 0.835, respectively) detected in patients with PCa were significantly higher (P = .0001, P < .0001, and P < .0001, respectively) than that of PSA (0.590). Moreover, among 143 patients with PCa who received radical prostatectomy (RP), the AUCs of LDN-PSA, LDN-PSAD, and PSAD levels (0.750, 0.812, and 0.769, respectively) detected in patients with a pathologic Gleason grade group ≥ 2 were significantly higher (P = .0170, P = .0028, and P = .0003, respectively) than that of PSA (0.578). In the group comprising 35 patients who received RP with a Gleason grade group 1-graded biopsy, the LDN-PSA, LDN-PSAD, and PSAD levels were significantly different (P = .0097, P = .0024, and P = .0312, respectively). However, PSA alone could not discriminate cases with adverse features (P = .454).

Conclusions: LDN-PSAD is a potential marker for detecting PCa and selecting candidates for RP.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clgc.2019.10.011DOI Listing
February 2020

[Clinical Effect of Nivolumab on Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma with Peritoneal Metastasis].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2019 Oct;65(10):413-419

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital.

Peritoneal dissemination or metastasis is a relatively rare presentation of renal cell carcinoma. We report four cases of advanced renal cell carcinoma with peritoneal metastases treated with nivolumab. Three cases showed an objective response in the metastatic lesions including peritoneal sites. After nivolumab administration, the computed tomography scan showed a transient enlargement of peritoneal lesions in two cases, which could be considered as pseudoprogression. Temporal changes of neutrophil-tolymphocyte ratio, C-reactive protein, and eosinophil ratio during the clinical course reflected the treatment effect of nivolumab in these patients, indicating that these could be potential biomarkers of the response. To our knowledge, this is the first case series showing therapeutic activity of nivolumab against peritoneal metastases in patients with renal cell carcinoma.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_65_10_413DOI Listing
October 2019

Efficacy and Safety of Carboplatin Plus Paclitaxel as the First-, Second-, and Third-line Chemotherapy in Men With Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer.

Clin Genitourin Cancer 2019 10 12;17(5):e923-e929. Epub 2019 Jun 12.

Department of Urology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Carboplatin and paclitaxel (CP) had shown moderate efficacy in treating castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) before standard first-line docetaxel chemotherapy became available. Currently, for patients with homology-directed repair gene defects as well as for unselected patients, platinum chemotherapy is administered after all standard treatments have been ineffective. Here, we retrospectively studied the efficacy and safety of CP administered as the first-, second-, and third-line chemotherapy in patients with CRPC.

Patients And Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for 58 patients with CRPC who received CP between 2001 and 2018 in a single institution. Twenty-seven patients received CP as the first-line chemotherapy, 21 as the second-line after docetaxel, and 10 as the third-line after docetaxel and cabazitaxel. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) responses (> 50% decline of PSA from baseline), progression-free survival, overall survival, and adverse events were examined.

Results: PSA responses at any time were 55.6%, 19.0%, and 10.0%; PSA responses at 12 weeks were 48.1%, 14.3%, and 10.0%; the median progression-free survival was 3, 1, and 1 month; and the median overall survival was 19, 11, and 6 months, respectively, for the first-, second-, and third-line settings. The only patient who achieved exceptional and durable PSA response in the third-line setting had a deleterious germline BRCA2 mutation (5645C>A). The adverse event profile was favorable.

Conclusion: CP shows moderate efficacy against CRPC in the first-line setting, but shows little effect in the third-line setting. CP after docetaxel and cabazitaxel may be recommended in selected patients with CRPC with homology-directed repair gene defects.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clgc.2019.04.017DOI Listing
October 2019

[A Case of Late Onset Nivolumab-Induced Interstitial Nephritis in a Patient with Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2019 May;65(5):157-161

The Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University.

A 43-year-old man underwent nephrectomy for right renal cell carcinoma (cT3aN0M1 (PUL), clear cell carcinoma). Thereafter, he was treated with sunitinib for lung metastases as the first-line therapy for three months. Because lung metastases progressed and new bone metastases appeared, nivolumab was started for the second-line treatment. Although the cancer progression was suppressed by multidisciplinary treatment combined with systemic immunotherapy and local radiation therapy, he developed severe acute kidney injury with cortical swelling after eighteen months of nivolumab treatment. A diagnosis of acute interstitial nephritis induced by nivolumab was made based on biopsy findings. Treatment with prednisolone (1.0 mg/kg daily) led to a rapid improvement in renal function. We must consider the possibility of immunerelated adverse events, especially nivolumab-induced acute kidney injury, even after long-term treatment.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_65_5_157DOI Listing
May 2019

Laparoscopic radical cystectomy in octogenarians: analysis of a Japanese multicenter cohort.

Int J Clin Oncol 2019 Sep 10;24(9):1081-1088. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.

Backgrounds: This study aimed to describe the morbidity and mortality in older patients undergoing laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) and compare the outcomes of LRC between octogenarians and younger patients (< 80 years) in a Japanese multicenter cohort.

Methods: We identified 433 patients (80 octogenarians) who underwent LRC in a retrospective multicenter database from 10 institutions. The perioperative outcomes and the 90-day and late (> 90-day) complications according to the Clavien-Dindo classification were compared between the octogenarians and younger patients. Recurrence-free survival (RFS), overall survival (OS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were measured by the Kaplan-Meier method.

Results: Compared with the younger group, the octogenarian group included a significantly higher proportion of women, patients with a lower body mass index, patients with a lower preoperative albumin level, and patients with a history of abdominal surgery. The 90-day rates of all complications and major complications (grades III-V) were 50.0% and 20.0% among octogenarians and 54.7% and 16.4% among younger patients. The 90-day mortality rate among octogenarians was 3.8%. The 2-year RFS, CSS, and OS rates for octogenarians stratified by pathological stage was 95.2, 100, and 100% for ≤ pT1; 50.7, 76.6, and 56.1% for pT2; 33.6, 82.5, and 72.6% for ≥ pT3; and 23.1, 42.2, and 37.5% for pN + or distant metastasis, respectively. There was significant difference between octogenarians and younger patients only in 2-year OS for pT2 (56.1% vs 87.7%, p = 0.03).

Conclusions: This study revealed that LRC can be performed for selected octogenarians with a complication rate similar to that of younger patients. Appropriate risk evaluation and modification of surgical procedures are necessary for octogenarians.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10147-019-01446-6DOI Listing
September 2019

[A Case of Advanced Right Renal Pelvic Cancer with Left Supraclavicular Lymph Node Metastasis that Attained Long-Term Survival by Multidisciplinary Treatments].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2019 Jan;65(1):13-17

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital.

A man in his 70s was referred to our hospital for further examination of a positive occult blood finding. Imaging studies showed that the patient had right renal pelvic cancer with interaortocaval, multiple paracaval and left supraclavicular lymph node metastases (cT3N2Ml). Induction chemotherapy was performed with 5 cycles of MEC (methotrexate/epirubicin/cisplatin) followed by 2 cycles of GT (gemcitabine/paclitaxel). After the combined chemotherapies, the residual lesions were the primary tumor in the right renal pelvis and the left supraclavicular lymph node. Right total nephroureterectomy combined with lymph node dissection of paraaortic, paracaval, and interaortocaval area and left cervical area were performed. Histopathologically the postoperative T stage of the primary tumor was determined as ypT3. As for lymph nodes dissected, an interaortocaval lymph node alone, but not the other nodes, contained viable cancer cells. Adjuvant chemotherapy was performed with 7 courses of GT therapy. The patient had intravesical recurrence once and received transurethral resection of bladder tumor followed by intravesical instillations of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG). Finally, the patient has been free from recurrence for 10 years after the final treatment.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_65_1_13DOI Listing
January 2019

Complications and reoperations after laparoscopic radical cystectomy in a Japanese multicenter cohort.

Int J Urol 2019 04 1;26(4):493-498. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Objectives: To describe the complications and their surgical management after laparoscopic radical cystectomy in a Japanese multicenter cohort.

Methods: The participants were drawn from a retrospective multicenter study at 10 institutions. We identified 436 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical cystectomy with no robot assistance. Early and late complications were graded according to their Clavien-Dindo classification. The records of all patients who underwent surgical interventions for laparoscopic radical cystectomy-specific complications were also reviewed. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to describe the time to surgical intervention.

Results: The 90-day rates for overall complications, high-grade complications (Clavien-Dindo classification III-V) and mortality were 53%, 17% and 1.4%, respectively. Gastrointestinal (25%), infectious (22%) and abdominal wall-related (9%) complications were the most common. The late complication rate was 18%, and a total of 81 patients (19%) underwent surgical intervention during the median follow-up period of 22 months. The reoperation rate was 25% at 5 years. Gastrointestinal complications in the early postoperative period and abdominal wall-related complications in the late postoperative period were the main reasons for reoperation. Seven (7%) out of 100 female patients underwent emergent surgical reoperation for transvaginal bowel evisceration as a result of vaginal dehiscence.

Conclusions: Early and late postoperative complications and surgical reoperations are notable after laparoscopic radical cystectomy. Abdominal wall-related complications including vaginal dehiscence are common, and they represent the main indication for reoperation during long-term follow up.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iju.13917DOI Listing
April 2019

[Initial Clinical Experience of Nivolumab for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2018 10;64(10):383-389

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital.

Nivolumab was approved as a new agent for advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in Japan on September 2016. Nivolumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor that activates the cytotoxic immune response and has exerted antitumor effects in a mechanism different from other available molecular targeted agents. Therefore, its response pattern, efficacy and adverse events are different from those of the molecular targeted agents for RCC. Here, we report our initial clinical experience with nivolumab. From December 2016 to September 2017, we applied nivolumab to 7 patients with metastatic RCC. The most common metastatic site was the lungs, followed by lymph nodes, bones and brain. According to the immune-related response criteria, the efficacy was stable disease in 2 patients and progressive disease in 5 patients. In 5 cases with multiple metastases, responses differed with the site of metastasis. The response was best in lung metastasis and worst in brain metastasis. Six cases had minor adverse events. In two cases, we discontinued administration of nivolumab temporarily. The patients recovered completely and we considered nivolumab effective and safe for treatment of metastatic RCC.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_64_10_383DOI Listing
October 2018

Laparoscopic excision of an acquired ureteral diverticulum: A case report.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2019 Oct 24;12(4):478-481. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.

Ureteral diverticula, especially acquired diverticula, are rare. Surgery is indicated when a diverticulum is accompanied by complications such as stones, pyelonephritis, stenosis, and signs of malignancy. A 59-year-old woman visited our urology department with asymptomatic macrohematuria. Enhanced CT scan revealed a right ureteral diverticulum with a 16-mm diameter that contained two tiny stones inside. After 8 months, the size of these stones increased; therefore, the patient underwent laparoscopic resection of the ureteral diverticulum and end-to-end anastomosis of the ureter. Subsequent histopathology of the excised specimen revealed an acquired diverticulum. Follow-up intravenous pyelography showed adequate urine passage with only minor dilatation of the pelvis at 3 months after the operation. The laparoscopic approach is believed to be feasible for ureteral diverticula cases that require ureteral end-to-end anastomosis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ases.12663DOI Listing
October 2019

[Two Cases of Metastatic and Recurrent Non-Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Re-Diagnosed as Renal Mucinous Tubular and Spindle Cell Carcinoma during Long-Term Follow-Up].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2018 Mar;64(3):111-115

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital.

Renal mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC) is a rare, low-grade renal epithelial neoplasm. MTSCC has a lower malignant potential and shows relatively good prognosis, but can be difficult to distinguish from other renal cell carcinoma (RCC) subtypes. Here, we report two cases of metastatic and recurrent renal MTSCC diagnosed after long-term follow-up. Case 1 was a 79-year-old man with a history of macroscopic hematuria in whom a right kidney mass was detected and diagnosed as RCC (cT3bN0M0). After a radical nephrectomy, microscopic findings showed that the tumor consisted of spindle cells arranged in tubular patterns embedded in sarcomatoid tissues ; we diagnosed it as unclassified RCC with sarcomatoid differentiations (pT3aN0M0). Thereafter, metastases were twice detected and resected completely. The patient had no evidence of disease at his most recent follow-up, 10 years 1 month after the initial surgery. Case 2 was in a 72-year-old man in whom a right kidney mass, swollen lymph nodes, and a lung node were incidentally detected. This tumor was diagnosed as RCC (cT4N2M1), and radical nephrectomy and lymph node dissections were carried out. From the microscopic findings, we diagnosed papillary RCC type-2 (pT3aN2M1). After the surgery, pleural and bone metastases was detected. Despite sequential treatments with IFN-α and sunitinib, the patient suffered indolent-growing metastases and died at 5 years 6 months after operation. As these patients had relatively good prognoses despite assumed aggressive RCC subtypes, we reviewed their pathological findings. In both cases, tumor samples showed tubules lined by short cuboidal cells that were set within myxoid stromata and spindle cells ; we finally diagnosed these cases as renal MTSCC.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_64_3_111DOI Listing
March 2018

Impact of a robotic surgical system on treatment choice for men with clinically organ-confined prostate cancer.

Int J Clin Oncol 2018 Apr 11;23(2):347-352. Epub 2017 Nov 11.

Department of Urology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Shogoinkawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Background: Introducing a new surgical technology may affect behaviors and attitudes of patients and surgeons about clinical practice. Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) was approved in 2012 in Japan. We investigated whether the introduction of this system affected the treatment of organ-confined prostate cancer (PCa) and the use of radical prostatectomy (RP).

Methods: We conducted a retrospective multicenter study on 718 patients with clinically determined organ-confined PCa treated at one of three Japanese academic institutions in 2011 (n = 338) or 2013 (n = 380). Two patient groups formed according to the treatment year were compared regarding the clinical characteristics of PCa, whether referred or screened at our hospital, comorbidities and surgical risk, and choice of primary treatment.

Results: Distribution of PCa risk was not changed by the introduction of RALP. Use of RP increased by 70% (from 127 to 221 cases, p < 0.0001), whereas the number of those undergoing radiotherapy or androgen deprivation therapy decreased irrespective of the disease risk of PCa. Increased use of RP (from 34 to 100 cases) for intermediate- or high-risk PCa patients with mild perioperative risk (American Society of Anesthesiologists score 2) accounted for 70% of the total RP increase, whereas the number of low- or very low-risk PCa patients with high comorbidity scores (Charlson Index ≥ 4) increased from 8 to 25 cases, accounting for 18%. Use of expectant management (active surveillance, watchful waiting) in very low-risk PCa patients was 15% in 2011 and 12% in 2013 (p = 0.791).

Conclusions: Introduction of a robotic surgical system had little effect on the risk distribution of PCa. Use of RP increased, apparently due to increased indications in patients who are candidates for RP but have mild perioperative risk. Although small, there was an increase in the number of RPs performed on patients with severe comorbidities but with low-risk or very low-risk PCa.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10147-017-1203-1DOI Listing
April 2018

[Simultaneous Hepatorenal Transplantation from a Brain-Dead Donor for Graft Dysfunction and Renal Insufficiency in a Liver Transplant Recipient : A Case Report].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2017 Aug;63(8):313-318

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital.

We report a case of lethal hepatorenal insufficiency in a 52-year-old man who received successful simultaneous hepatorenal transplantation from a deceased donor. The patient had undergone live-donor liver transplantation for type-C hepatitis and liver cirrhosis 11 years before he developed graft liver dysfunction due to recurrent viral hepatitis and cirrhosis. At that instance, he also developed end-stage renal dysfunction due to calcineurin inhibitor nephropathy and hepatorenal syndrome. Although he needed three open hemostases and abundant blood transfusion, he was withdrawn from continuous hemodiafiltration on the 55th day and discharged from the hospital on the 272nd day postoperatively. Simultaneous hepatorenal transplantation was reported to be associated with more favorable outcomes of graft function, lower rejection rates, but higher perioperative complication rates compared with liver transplantation alone in patients on hemodialysis. Particularly, close attention should be paid for hemostasis since patients have a hemorrhagic tendency until the recovery of graft liver function.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_63_8_313DOI Listing
August 2017

[A Case of Thyroid-Like Follicular Carcinoma of the Kidney].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2017 Apr;63(4):145-149

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital.

A 51-year-oldwoman with a right renal mass was referredto our hospital. Computedtomographic (CT) scan demonstrated a 30 mm-diameter renal mass with delayed enhancement. She underwent a robotassistedlaparoscopic right partial nephrectomy. The pathological examination showedthat tumor cells with eosinophilic, clear cytoplasm formedtubules of various sizes containing colloid-like material, which resembled the findings of thyroidfollicular carcinoma. The tumor was immunoreactive for vimentin andcytokeratin (CK) 7, whereas it lackedreactivity for thyroidtranscription factor-1 (TTF-1) or thyroglobulin. No tumors were detectedin the thyroidglandor other organs of the patient. Subsequently, the diagnosis of thyroidlike follicular carcinoma of the kidney (TLFCK) was determined. At 4 months postoperatively, the patient is alive with no evidence of disease recurrence. TLFCK is an extremely rare subtype of renal cancer, and only 26 cases have been reportedpreviously. We provide a brief literature review on this cancer.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14989/ActaUrolJap_63_4_145DOI Listing
April 2017

A 45,X/46,XY Male with Orchidopexy Diagnosed with Mixed Germ Cell Tumor After 21-year Follow-up.

Urol Case Rep 2017 Jul 5;13:120-122. Epub 2017 May 5.

Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.

A case of a 45,X/46,XY boy with gonadal dysgenesis is presented. The patient showed hypospadias and right undescended testis. He underwent underwent repair surgery for hypospadias, right orchidopexy, and bilateral testicular biopsy. Testicular biopsy revealed no malignant finding. He was followed-up annually by scrotum palpation. When the patient grew up to 24 years old, he was diagnosed to have right testicular tumor. High orchiectomy revealed pT1 seminoma. The management of undescended testis in men with gonadal dysgenesis and disordered sexual development is discussed.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eucr.2017.04.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5423312PMC
July 2017

MK2206 potentiates cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis through an interaction of inactivated Akt signaling pathway.

Urol Oncol 2015 Mar 9;33(3):111.e17-26. Epub 2014 Dec 9.

Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address:

Objectives: To improve conventional chemotherapeutic efficacy, it is important to detect new molecular markers for chemosensitivity and possible accelerating cell-killing mechanisms. In this study, we investigated how MK2206, an allosteric Akt inhibitor, enhances the cisplatin (CDDP)-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in urothelial cancer cells.

Materials And Methods: We examined bladder cancer cell lines for the expression of phospho(p)-Akt and its downstream targets by Western blot. The potential antitumor effects were analyzed by MTT assay in vitro and by subcutaneous xenograft models in vivo. The cell invasion was examined by transwell invasion assay, and the activities of the Akt signaling pathway and expression of apoptosis-related proteins were measured by Western blot.

Results: The expression of p-Akt and its downstream targets was increased in invasive bladder cancer cell lines vs. in noninvasive bladder cancer cell lines. MK2206 (500 nM) inhibited cell invasion in UMUC3 cell line and significantly increased the susceptibility of bladder cancer cell lines to CDDP. When used in combination with CDDP, MK2206 (500 nM) enhanced CDDP-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis, with suppressed expression of p-Akt and its downstream targets. In vivo MK2206 combined with CDDP effectively suppressed tumor growth in subcutaneous xenograft models.

Conclusions: These results suggest that concomitant use of MK2206 could promote the CDDP-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in urothelial cancer cell lines through the inhibited expression of the Akt pathway. This combined treatment may provide a new therapeutic option to enhance chemosensitivity in bladder cancer.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urolonc.2014.10.018DOI Listing
March 2015

[A case of adrenal metastasectomy in renal cell carcinoma after neoadjuvant therapy with sunitinib].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2014 Feb;60(2):79-82

The Department of Urology, Tenri Hospital.

A 58-year-old man had undergone laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for right renal cell carcinoma. The histopathological diagnosis was clear cell carcinoma, grade 2>3, pT1b. Two years and 10 months postoperatively, computed tomography scans demonstrated an enhanced mass on the right adrenal gland. As we could not detect other metastatic lesions, it was diagnosed as solitary adrenal metastasis of renal cell carcinoma. Albeit metastasectomy was planned with curative intent, right hemihepatectomy was also required for surgical removal because the tumor was adherent to the right lobe of the liver broadly and had indistinct margins. So we started neoadjuvant therapy with sunitinib. Eight courses of treatment shrunk the metastatic tumor enough to allow it to be removed completely without partial hepatectomy. Neoadjuvant therapy with the molecular targeted drugs may provide an effective option for metastasectomy in renal cell carcinoma regarding increased curability and decreased the risk of an operation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2014

[A case of retroperitoneal liposarcoma with inflammatory pseudotumor].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2012 Feb;58(2):79-82

The Department of Urology, Tenri Hospital.

A 54-year-old man presented with pollakiuria and dysuria. Ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a retroperitoneal tumor 10 cm in diameter. Pathological examination of a transrectal biopsy specimen obtained from the patient revealed the presence of an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT). The patient underwent surgical resection of the tumor. Histopathologically, the tumor was composed of 3 parts : the largest part was compatible with an inflammatory pseudotumor: the second part, well-differentiated liposarcoma: and the third part, a myxoid liposarcoma. He has been followed up for 14 months ; but there was no evidence of local recurrence of the tumor. We believe that the inflammatory pseudotumor complicated in repairing the inflammation arising from the liposarcoma.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
February 2012

[Age-related Epstein-Barr virus-associated lymphoproliferative disorder presenting as rapidly developing renal mass].

Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi 2011 Jan;102(1):39-42

Department of Urology, Tenri Hospital.

An 83-year-old man visited our department with a slightly enhanced mass of about 2 cm in diameter, detected incidentally in the left kidney on computed tomography (CT) performed for other reasons in a different department. Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography was performed under the suspicion of metastatic renal tumor and malignant lymphoma. Accumulation was observed in the mass but not in other regions. The tumor size was about 2 mm on CT 4 months previously, indicating rapid enlargement. Based on these observations, a malignant renal tumor was diagnosed and laparoscopic left nephrectomy was performed. Pathologic examination revealed relatively large cells diffused within a background of many small lymphocytes and histiocytes. The large cells were positive when tested by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded RNA in situ hybridization. No clinically apparent immunodeficiency was observed, suggesting age-related EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorder caused by an underlying age-related reduction in immunocompetence. This is the first report of a kidney-localized case in Japan.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5980/jpnjurol.102.39DOI Listing
January 2011