Publications by authors named "Atilla Yoldas"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The effect of Farnesoid X receptor agonist tropifexor on liver damage in rats with experimental obstructive jaundice.

Acta Cir Bras 2021 25;36(9):e360902. Epub 2021 Oct 25.

MD. University of Sharjah - College of Medicine - Clinical Sciences Department - Sharjah, UAE.

Purpose: To investigate experimentally the effects of Tropifexor, a farnesoid X receptor agonist, on liver injury in rats with obstructive jaundice.

Methods: Forty healthy Wistar albino female rats were divided randomly in selected groups. These groups were the sham group, control group, vehicle solution group, Ursodeoxycholic acid group and Tropifexor group. Experimental obstructive jaundice was created in all groups, except the sham one. In the blood samples obtained, aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), total bilirubin and direct bilirubin levels were established and recorded. Additionally, liver malondialdehyde, myeloperoxidase and catalase enzyme activity in the tissue samples were studied. Histopathological analysis was also performed.

Results: No statistical difference was found between the control group and the Tropifexor group when AST, ALT and ALP values were compared. However, it was found that the Tropifexor group had statistically significant decreases in the values of GGT, total bilirubin and direct bilirubin (p < 0.05). Additionally, Tropifexor decreased the median values of malondialdehyde and myeloperoxidase, but this difference was not statistically significant compared to the control group. Finally, the Tropifexor group was statistically significant in recurring histopathological liver damage indicators (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Tropifexor reduced liver damage due to obstructive jaundice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/ACB360902DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8555997PMC
November 2021

Morphological characteristics of renal artery and kidney in rats.

ScientificWorldJournal 2014 4;2014:468982. Epub 2014 Mar 4.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Selçuk, 42031 Konya, Turkey.

The gross anatomy and morphometry of the kidney and renal arteries were studied in the strains of laboratory rat: Sprague-Dawley (Sp) and Wistar (W) rats. Total of 106 three-dimensional endocasts of the intrarenal arteries of kidney that were prepared using standard injection-corrosion techniques were examined. A single renal artery was observed in 100% of the cases. The renal arteries were divided into a dorsal and a ventral branch. The dorsal and ventral branches were divided into two branches, the cranial and caudal branch. Renal arteries were classified into types I and II, depending on the cranial and caudal branches and their made of branching. The present study also showed that the right kidney was slightly heavier than the left one and that the kidney of the male was generally larger than that of the female. The mean live weights of the Sprague-Dawley and Wistar rats were found to be 258.26 ± 5.9 and 182.4 ± 19.05 g, respectively. The kidney weights were significantly correlated (P < 0.01) with body weights. The kidney weights were not found significantly correlated (P > 0.01) with the length of renal arteries.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/468982DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3967660PMC
January 2015

Response of the expanded inter-premaxillary suture to intermittent compression. Early bone changes.

Aust Orthod J 2010 May;26(1):49-55

Department of Orthodontics, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey.

Objective: To determine the response of the expanded premaxillary suture in the rat to an externally applied force. Specifically, to investigate early bone changes in the expanded suture to intermittent loading and unloading.

Methods: Twenty-four 50 to 60 day-old Wistar rats were assigned to three groups. The inter-premaxillary sutures in all animals were expanded with a 50 g force applied to the upper incisors. Group I served as the control, whereas in Groups II and III the incisors were subjected to intermittent loading and unloading after five days of expansion. The intermittent forces were produced by a cam (0.416 mm, 100 cycles per minute) applied to the disto-gingival margins of the upper incisors. The mechanical stimuli were applied daily over nine days for six seconds in Group II (30 grams force, 10 cycles/day) and 10 minutes in Group III (30 grams force, 1000 cycles/day). Bone regeneration in the suture was evaluated histomorphometrically. The area of new bone (microm2), the perimeter around the new bone (microm), Feret's diameter (microm) and the percentage of new bone to non-ossified tissue (%) were measured and compared.

Results: Statistically significant differences were found between the groups for all histomorphometric parameters. New bone area (p < 0.001), bone perimeter (p < 0.001), Feret's diameter (p < 0.001) and percentage of new bone (p < 0.001) were significantly larger in the experimental groups as compared with the Control group. The histomorphometric measurements confirmed that more new bone was deposited in the sutures subjected to intermittent loading and unloading.

Conclusion: The application of cyclic loading and unloading to the orthopaedically expanded inter-premaxillary suture during the early retention phase stimulated the formation of new bone.
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May 2010
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