Publications by authors named "Athanasios Sachlas"

16 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Association of the apoptotic marker APO1/Fas with children's predisposing factors for metabolic syndrome and with mean platelet volume.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Laboratory of Biology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, University of Peloponnese, Tripoli, Greece.

Background: Apoptosis antigen 1/FAS receptor (APO1/Fas) signaling in endothelial cells plays a significant role in angiogenesis while increased mean platelet volume (MPV) is an important marker for platelet activation. We investigated the possible correlation between APO1/Fas and both metabolic parameters and platelet activity (indicated by the MPV) in a healthy pediatric population.

Methods: One hundred and eighty-five children, aged 5-17 years old, were enrolled in the study. The participants were divided into subgroups according to their age and body mass index percentile (BMI%). APO1/Fas was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and MPV by the MEK-6410K.

Results: Eighty-one children (43.8%) had excess weight, which was more prevalent in children ≤9 years of age. Sixty-five children (35.1%) exhibited a predisposition for metabolic syndrome. A negative correlation was found between APO1/Fas and predisposing factors for metabolic syndrome: Glucose, cholesterol, uric acid, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and triglycerides. In contrast, a positive correlation was found between APO1/Fas and C-reactive protein (CRP). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed a predisposition to metabolic syndrome when APO1/Fas was <78.46 pg/mL. A negative correlation was also observed between APO1/Fas and MPV. MPV was also positively correlated with predisposing factors for metabolic syndrome: BMI%, glucose, cholesterol, uric acid, LDL, and negatively with high-density lipoprotein.

Conclusions: APO1/Fas expression is associated with a lower predisposition to metabolic syndrome may be through endothelial homeostasis, the induction of apoptosis of cells involved in atherosclerosis, and platelet activity. It may also enhance CRP-mediated noninflammatory clearance of apoptotic cells. Early monitoring of all the components of metabolic syndrome in overweight children is important in order to prevent metabolic and cardiovascular complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2021-0352DOI Listing
August 2021

The roles of triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio and uric acid as predisposing factors for metabolic syndrome in healthy children.

Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2019 Sep 30;24(3):172-179. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Peloponnese, Tripolis, Greece.

Purpose: To estimate the roles of triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL) ratio and uric acid in predisposition for metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in healthy children.

Methods: Anthropometric and biochemical analyses were performed on 110 children, aged 5 to 12 years, from the Greek county of Laconia. The children were studied as a whole population and in separate groups according to age and predisposition to MetS after taking into consideration International Diabetes Federation criteria, body mass index, and lipid profile.

Results: Seventeen percent of children exhibited predisposition to MetS, while 39.1% had TG/HDL ratio >1, and 3.64% had high level of uric acid. According to a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the relative probability for MetS predisposition sextupled when TG/HDL ratio was ≥1 (odds ratio [OR], 5.986; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.968-18.205). Children in the total population and those aged < 9 years had a greater probability for increased low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (OR, 3.614; 95% CI, 1.561-8.365) when TG/HDL ratio was ≥ 1. The TG/HDL ratio was positively correlated with body mass index (BMI) (P=0.035) in children without MetS, cholesterol in the total population (P=0.06) and children ≥9 years old (P=0.026), and with LDL in the total population and both age groups (P=0.001). The TG/HDL ratio was also positively correlated with alanine aminotransferase in the total population (P=0.033) and gamma-glutamyl transferase in most studied groups (P<0.001). Uric acid was positively correlated with waist circumference in the total population (P=0.043) and in those without MetS (P=0.027). It was also positively correlated with BMI, TG, cholesterol, and TG/HDL ratio and negatively correlated with HDL in most studied groups (P<0.005).

Conclusion: The studied parameters correlated with MetS components and could be characterized as effective indexes for childhood MetS, regardless of age and predisposition to MetS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6065/apem.2019.24.3.172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6790870PMC
September 2019

Phototherapy as a first-line treatment for early-stage mycosis fungoides: The results of a large retrospective analysis.

Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 2018 Sep 21;34(5):307-313. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Cutaneous Lymphoma Clinic, A. Sygros Hospital for skin diseases, National & Kapodestrian University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece.

Background: Phototherapy is one of the main treatments for mycosis fungoides (MF). In this study, we analyzed the efficacy and safety of phototherapy as a first-line treatment in patients with early-stage disease.

Methods: We analyzed treatment outcomes in a group of 227 early-stage patients. The chi-squared test, the parametric t test, and ANOVA test and the non-parametric tests of Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis were applied for data analysis.

Results: 55.9% of patients treated with UVB-NB reached complete remission (CR), while analog rates after PUVA treatment were 74.5% (P = .015). Patients with patch-stage disease showed better response rates to PUVA compared to UVB-NB therapy (CRs 56.7% vs 91.3%, P < .001). Regarding the latter, long-lasting disease was proven as an independent negative prognostic factor for treatment outcome. Phototypes I and II were found to be favorable prognostic factors for patients treated with PUVA. Maintenance treatment did not alter final relapse rates but led to prolonged time to relapse compared to no-maintenance treated cases (19.5 months, vs 32.3, P < .002).

Conclusion: Our analysis indicates that PUVA leads to better responses and longer relapse-free intervals both in patch- and plaque-stage disease. UVB-NB could be a valid therapeutic alternative for patients with recent disease presentation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/phpp.12383DOI Listing
September 2018

The Effect of Nutrition and Sleep Habits on Predisposition for Metabolic Syndrome in Greek Children.

J Pediatr Nurs 2018 May - Jun;40:e2-e8. Epub 2018 May 7.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece. Electronic address:

Purpose: To investigate the effect of lifestyle habits in childhood Metabolic Syndrome (MTS).

Design And Methods: Descriptive correlation study with 480 participants (5-12 years old) using a specially designed questionnaire was conducted. Anthropometric and biochemical analyses were performed.

Results: Fifteen percent of children exhibited predisposition for MTS. Regarding sleep habits, logistic regression analysis (LRA) showed that hour of sleep -before 22:00- was associated with decreased waist circumference (WC%) (p = .026). Midday siesta was negatively correlated with systolic (SBP) (p = .001) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (p = .046). In children without MTS, lack of sleep and night time sleep was positively correlated with DBP (p = .044) and fasting blood glucose (FBG) (p = .005). Regarding nutrition habits, fast food consumption was positively correlated with SBP (p = .006) and meat consumption was positively correlated with both Body Mass Index% (BMI%) (p = .038) and WC% (p = .023). LRA showed that fruit (p = .001) and legume (p = .040) consumption was associated with decreased FBG; fish consumption with decreased Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (p = .031), vegetable (p = .054) and cereal consumption (p = .012) with decreased DBP. In children with MTS, fruits were associated with increased FBG (p = .034). In children without MTS, meat consumption was associated with increased LDL (p = .024), cereal with increased WC% (p = .002) and olive products with increased High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and BMI% (p = .037).

Conclusions: The adoption of both balanced diet and sleep habits seemed to be crucial for the prevention of MTS.

Practice Implications: Clinical health nurses could develop and implement preventive intervention programs in order to avoid metabolic complications in adulthood.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2018.01.012DOI Listing
October 2018

Fatigue in Arthritis: A Multidimensional Phenomenon with Impact on Quality of Life : Fatigue and Quality of Life in Arthritis.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2017 ;987:243-256

Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences Department of Nursing, Efstathiou & Stamatikis Valioti and Plateon, University of Peloponnese, Sparti, 23100, Greece.

An important factor which influences the quality of life of patients with arthritis is the fatigue they experience. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between fatigue and quality of life among patients with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Between January 2015 and March 2015, 179 patients with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis completed the Fatigue Assessment Scale and the Missoula-VITAS Quality of Life Index-15 (MVQoLI-15). The study was conducted in Rehabilitation Centers located in the area of Peloponnese, Greece. Data related to sociodemographic characteristics and their individual medical histories were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed using the IBM SPSS Statistics version 19. The analysis did not reveal statistically significant correlation between fatigue and quality of life neither in the total sample nor among patients with osteoarthritis (r = -0.159; p = 0.126) or rheumatoid arthritis. However, there was a statistically significant relationship between some aspects of fatigue and dimensions of quality of life. Osteoarthritis patients had statistically significant lower MVQoLI-15 score than rheumatoid arthritis patients (13.73 ± 1.811 vs 14.61 ± 1.734) and lower FAS score than rheumatoid patients (26.14 ± 3.668 vs 29.94 ± 3.377) (p-value < 0.001). The finding that different aspects of fatigue may affect dimensions of quality of life may help health care professionals by proposing the early treatment of fatigue in order to gain benefits for quality of life.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57379-3_22DOI Listing
April 2018

Assessment of Depression in Elderly. Is Perceived Social Support Related? A Nursing Home Study : Depression and Social Support in Elderly.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2017 ;987:139-150

Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, Department of Nursing, Efstathiou & Stamatikis Valioti and Plateon, University of Peloponnese, Sparti, 23100, Greece.

Geriatric depression is more common in nursing homes and social support is a mechanism that mitigates the stressors of life factors and simultaneously promotes wellness and health. The purpose of the study was to assess the levels of depression and social support among elderly in nursing homes. During the period February 2016-March 2016 170 elderly residents in nursing homes completed the Geriatric Depression Scale-15 (GDS-15) and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS). Statistical analysis was conducted with IBM SPSS Statistics 23. 37, 1% of the sample had depressive symptoms. Depression is statistically correlated with age and it is affected by the years of education (p = 0.003), the number of the children (p = 0.006), whether the elderly person is bedridden or not (p < 0.001), the frequency of visits by family members (p < 0.001) and whether the elderly performs activities outside the nursing home (0.001). Higher GDS score had those who were illiterate (6.41), those with one or no children (6.82 and 6.59 respectively), the bedridden (6.70), people without visits from relatives (7.69) and without activities outside (5.64). Also, social support is affected by the family status (p < 0.001), the number of children (p < 0.001), the frequency of visits by relatives (p < 0.001) and whether the elderly performs activities outside the foundation (p < 0.008). Higher MSPSS score had those who were married (61.60), those who had four children (63.50), people who accept visits from relatives every day (64.58) and people who do activities outside the institution (58.07). The appearance of this increased rate of depression symptoms in this elderly population leads to the need for more aid social support.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57379-3_13DOI Listing
April 2018

Correlations Between Nutrition Habits, Anxiety and Metabolic Parameters in Greek Healthy Adults.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2017 ;987:23-34

Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, Department of Nursing, Efstathiou & Stamatikis Valioti and Plateon, University of Peloponnese, Sparti, 23100, Greece.

Background: Anxiety combined with nervousness and apprehension consist a focal response to different life conditions. Lifestyle habits, anxiety and biochemical markers are in a constant interaction.

Aim: To investigate the prevalence of anxiety in healthy adults and its possible association with biochemical factors-lipid profile, liver markers, thyroid hormones-and lifestyle habits.

Methods: Quantitative descriptive correlation study. A total of 100 healthy adults participated in the research. A specially designed questionnaire and Hamilton's scale were used. Anthropometric and biochemical analyses were performed.

Findings: Overall, 61% of the participants presented moderate to very serious anxiety. The average score on the Hamilton scale was 13.82 (±9.000), with men exhibiting less stress than women. For p ≤ 0.05: Stress was positively correlated with impaired thyroid and hepatic function. Hepatic function was affected by both sugar products and water melon, which were positively correlated with total bilirubin and AST/SGOT respectively. Tomato, peppers and legumes were negatively correlated with AST/SGOT. Deep fried food was positively correlated with GGT and triglycerides. Legumes and fish were negatively correlated with CPK. Regarding the lipid metabolism, it was found that food cooked with oil was positively associated with uric acid, but non-cooked olive oil was negatively correlated with the risk for CAD. Thyroid function was negatively correlated with non-homemade food and pasta consumption and positively correlated with consumption of whole grains and green tea. Participants with subclinical hypothyroidism seemed to consume less vitamin B12, folic acid and vegetables.

Conclusion: No direct correlation between lifestyle habits and anxiety was found. Nevertheless, eating habits influenced biochemical markers-especially the thyroid hormones-which may be indirectly responsible for anxiety and related moods.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57379-3_3DOI Listing
April 2018

Does Health Perception, Dietary Habits and Lifestyle Effect Optimism? A Quantitative and Qualitative Study.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2017;988:49-61

Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, Department of Nursing, Efstathiou & Stamatikis Valioti and Plateon, University of Peloponnese, Sparti, 23100, Greece.

The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between optimism, general health perception, nutritional habits and lifestyle. A quantitative study was conducted on 500 Greek adults. A standardized questionnaire was used which consisted of the General Health Self-Assessment Questionnaire (GHSAQ), the Life Orientation Test-Revised (GrLOT-R), the dietary habits and lifestyle questionnaire. A qualitative study was conducted through interviews and focus groups. Participants' average score of GrLot-R was 20.47 (±4.017) units. The highest GrLot-R score was statistically correlated to more frequent consumption of fruits, salads, dairy products, olive oil, high-fibre cereals and water and to the lower consumption of canned products. Multivariate analysis showed that optimism is significantly positively predicted by the factors "Vitamin K & A", "Vitamin C", and negatively by "Preservatives." There was also a positive correlation between GrLot-R and GHSAQ. The qualitative study analysis showed that physical exercise, duration/quality of sleeping, family and stress affected participants' optimism. It seems that intrinsic factors as vitamins, preservatives, a healthy lifestyle and extrinsic factors as the family background and the environment that someone is raised, affect the level of optimism.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56246-9_4DOI Listing
May 2019

A sequential test for assessing observed agreement between raters.

Biom J 2018 01 12;60(1):128-145. Epub 2017 Sep 12.

Department of Information Systems, Statistics and Management Science, University of Alabama, AL, 35487, USA.

Assessing the agreement between two or more raters is an important topic in medical practice. Existing techniques, which deal with categorical data, are based on contingency tables. This is often an obstacle in practice as we have to wait for a long time to collect the appropriate sample size of subjects to construct the contingency table. In this paper, we introduce a nonparametric sequential test for assessing agreement, which can be applied as data accrues, does not require a contingency table, facilitating a rapid assessment of the agreement. The proposed test is based on the cumulative sum of the number of disagreements between the two raters and a suitable statistic representing the waiting time until the cumulative sum exceeds a predefined threshold. We treat the cases of testing two raters' agreement with respect to one or more characteristics and using two or more classification categories, the case where the two raters extremely disagree, and finally the case of testing more than two raters' agreement. The numerical investigation shows that the proposed test has excellent performance. Compared to the existing methods, the proposed method appears to require significantly smaller sample size with equivalent power. Moreover, the proposed method is easily generalizable and brings the problem of assessing the agreement between two or more raters and one or more characteristics under a unified framework, thus providing an easy to use tool to medical practitioners.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bimj.201600239DOI Listing
January 2018

ASSESSING FACTORS THAT AFFECT COPING STRATEGIES AMONG NURSING PERSONNEL.

Mater Sociomed 2016 Apr 25;28(2):146-50. Epub 2016 Mar 25.

Alexander Technological Institute of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Introduction: The nursing profession is characterized as one of the most stressful professions. A significant number of international surveys prove that nurses experience anxiety that often is accompanied by intense symptoms that negatively affect their work performance and their psychological mood.

Aim: To evaluate the ways of coping in stress adopted by the nursing staff and their relationship with sociodemographic and job characteristics.

Methodology: A cross-sectional, quantitative study was conducted in seven hospitals of Peloponnese Region, Greece. The study took place between April 2013-June 2013 and 395 nurses completed the Ways of Coping questionnaire. Socio-demographic, educational and job characteristics of nurses were, also, recorded.

Results: Strategies focused on the problem were adopted to a greater extent more by postgraduate nurses, head nurses, and nurses with greater working experience. Intensive Care Unit nurses mainly adopted the strategy of denial while strategies focused on emotions were mostly adopted by females. Age and marital status did not affect significantly the choice of coping strategies.

Conclusions: According to our findings several demographic factors that affect coping in stressful situations can be investigated and such an investigation could offer useful research findings for consideration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/msm.2016.28.146-150DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4851525PMC
April 2016

Assessment of Fatigue in End Stage Renal Disease Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: Prevalence and Associated Factors.

Med Arch 2015 Dec;69(6):376-80

Department of Nursing, Technological educational institute of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Background: Fatigue is a common symptom referred by many patients undergoing hemodialysis. Fatigue is associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and is an important predictor for survival of hemodialysis patients.

Aim: To assess the levels of fatigue and demographic factors affecting it among patients with End Stage Renal Disease undergoing hemodialysis.

Methods: This quantitative study was carried out in two Dialysis Units of Hospitals in Athens Region. Between January 2015 and June 2015, 129 hemodialysis patients completed the Greek Version of the Fatigue Assessment Scale (FAS). Demographic data of patients was recorded. For the statistical analysis IBM SPSS Statistics version 20 was used.

Results: The mean FAS score was 24.99. 49 patients (38.0%) were non fatigued, 61 patients (47.3%) were fatigued, and 19 patients (13.7%) were extremely fatigued. Higher levels of fatigue were reported among hemodialysis patients residing in urban areas, in those with low educational level and unemployed.

Conclusion: The findings of this study can be used in the assessment of fatigue and early identification of high-risk patients (especially of the unemployed, those who occupy with domestic works, those with low educational level and of urban citizens). Use of this knowledge by hemodialysis nurses may lead to a better understanding of the factors of fatigue in ESRD, which in turn may lead to a more effective treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/medarh.2015.69.376-380DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4720468PMC
December 2015

Management of Pain and Quality of Life in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Hemodialysis.

Pain Manag Nurs 2015 Oct 8;16(5):712-20. Epub 2015 Jul 8.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Lakonia, Greece.

An important dimension that influences the quality of life of hemodialysis patients is the pain they experience. Quality of life and self-efficacy in pain can play an important role in chronic kidney disease and treatment outcomes. The purpose of the study was to examine self-efficacy in pain and quality of life among patients with end stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis. Between April 2013 and June 2013, 224 hemodialysis patients completed the Missoula-VITAS Quality of Life Index-15 and the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire. The study was conducted in four dialysis units in hospitals of the Peloponnese region. Sociodemographic data of patients and their individual medical history were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 19. The more effective the self-efficacy in pain, the lower the quality of life enjoyed by hemodialysis patients. The majority of respondents described the overall quality of life as "moderate," while the self-efficacy in pain depended on comorbidity or complications that accompany the process of hemodialysis. The findings of this study can be used in the development and improvement of health services for the management of patients. Healthcare professionals should understand the concerns and treat the symptoms of patients that affect quality of life, providing thereby holistic health care.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmn.2015.03.004DOI Listing
October 2015

Childhood and adolescent psoriasis in Greece: a retrospective analysis of 842 patients.

Int J Dermatol 2014 Dec 2;53(12):1447-53. Epub 2014 Apr 2.

1st Department of Dermatology, University of Athens Medical School, Andreas Sygros Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Background: Childhood and adolescent psoriasis is not an uncommon disease, but epidemiological information from a large series of studies is still lacking.

Objective: Our purpose was to present the demographics, clinical features, and outcome of psoriasis appearing in Greek patients from infants up to adolescents.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 842 children and adolescents who diagnosed with psoriasis over a period of twenty years.

Results: The mean age of psoriasis onset was 7.33 years, and the sex distribution was equal between boys and girls. Plaque-type psoriasis was the most frequent type (82.1%), followed by perianal, inverse, and guttate. The limbs and the scalp were the main body areas affected. The affected body surface area (BSA) was more than 10% in only 1.7% of patients, and the overall disease manifestations were considered to be mild. Psoriatic nails were detected in 11.8% of patients, while psoriatic arthritis in only six (0.7%) patients. An additional autoimmune disease was present in 3.8% of patients, and 16.7% had a positive family history for first-degree relatives. The main choice of therapy was topical treatment.

Conclusion: Gender distribution, type of psoriasis, and body area affection is almost the same as in adults. Most of the patients presented with mild disease of little extent, possibly indicating the favorable effect of sun in a Mediterranean country. The most often prescribed treatment for the majority of patients was topical.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.12225DOI Listing
December 2014

Patient participation in hospital care: Nursing staffs' point of view.

Int J Nurs Pract 2015 Jun 26;21(3):258-68. Epub 2014 Mar 26.

Faculty of Nursing, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

The aim was to investigate nursing staff's perceptions related to patient participation and the parameters affecting it during nursing care. A cross-sectional study with both a quantitative and qualitative orientation was conducted. The sample consisted of all nursing staff working in medical and surgical wards in three Greek hospitals. A questionnaire was developed and the data were analysed with exploratory factor analysis, whereas content analysis was used for qualitative data. Nursing staff perceived participation as the process of information giving to patients, communication of symptoms by patients and compliance with the staff's orders. 'Information providing' and 'ability to influence and responsibility' were significant aspects of the content of participation, whereas the parameters affecting participation were related to patients, nursing staff and the care context. These results support patient engagement in dialogue and shared decision-making, while highlighting the need to implement participation systematically and stimulate changes in nursing care organization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijn.12242DOI Listing
June 2015

Patient Participation in Decision Making During Nursing Care in Greece--A Comparative Study.

Nurs Forum 2015 Jul-Sep;50(3):147-57. Epub 2014 Mar 13.

Faculty of Nursing, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Aim: To describe patient participation in decision making during nursing care from patients' and nursing staff' perspectives.

Methods: The sample consisted of medical and surgical patients (n = 300) and the nursing staff (n = 118) working in the respective wards in three general hospitals. A questionnaire was used for the study; data were collected from April 2009 to September 2010. Data were analyzed by an exploratory factor analysis.

Results: Patient participation was recorded at a medium level during nursing care, although it was rated as important from both patients and nursing staff. Exploratory factor analysis revealed the factor structure for the planning and implementation of the nursing care. Providers and receivers of nursing care perceived participation in a similar way. Interpersonal interaction was supported from older and less educated patients, as well as from university-educated nurses. Patient participation was greater in practical aspects of care and limited in technical medical issues and supportive services.

Conclusions: Patient participation, although moderate, was evident during nursing care in hospital settings. Paternalism in the decision-making process was the dominant trend, whereas interpersonal interaction between the parties was recognized as a prerequisite for planning nursing care.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nuf.12089DOI Listing
January 2017

Investigation of Aggravating Psychosocial Factors on Health and Predictability of Smoking and Alcohol Use in Post Adolescent Students.

Health Psychol Res 2013 Apr 18;1(2):e15. Epub 2013 Apr 18.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, University of Peloponnese , Greece.

Purpose of this study is to explore those factors which affect the health of students in postadolescent age, focusing on smoking and alcohol use, especially in regard to ways of predicting adoption of this behavior and its frequency to detect future users of tobacco and alcohol use but also high-risk groups, i.e. those people who are led to abuses. On the basis of the research part is the Theory of Planned Behaviour, the axes of which are to be investigated. Specifically, the factors evaluated, except for population parameters, behavioral attitudes, i.e. attitudes towards the behavior of tobacco use and alcohol regulations subjective perceptions and perceptions of control, perceived behavioral control and self-efficacy. Intention is explored to continue or start using tobacco and alcohol in the future and evaluate the behavior. The sample consisted of 138 students of postadolescent age, 18-25 years of both sexes, all of the University of Peloponnese and the Technological Educational Institute of Kalamata, Department of Sparta, Greece. The results of a series of statistical analysis, via SPSS 21.0 statistical program revealed the predictive power of perceived behavioral control and subjective norms to the intention of interpreting 64% of the variance of the latter, of the attitudes toward alcohol in relation to intention that interpret 69% of the variance, of the normative beliefs toward smoking with 69% range of interpretation to the dependent variable, of the perceived behavioral control of smoking with 72% and of the attitudes toward smoking with 77% of interpretation. The results demonstrate the significance and application in universities and technological educational institutes appropriate primary preventive interventions for students nonusers of tobacco and alcohol and appropriate programs of secondary and tertiary prevention in heavy users of tobacco and alcohol use and high-risk individual.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/hpr.2013.e15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4768574PMC
April 2013
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