Publications by authors named "Ata Koohi"

3 Publications

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Incidence of symptomatic venous thromboembolism following hospitalization for coronavirus disease 2019: Prospective results from a multi-center study.

Thromb Res 2021 02 11;198:135-138. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Background: Thrombosis and pulmonary embolism appear to be major causes of mortality in hospitalized coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. However, few studies have focused on the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after hospitalization for COVID-19.

Methods: In this multi-center study, we followed 1529 COVID-19 patients for at least 45 days after hospital discharge, who underwent routine telephone follow-up. In case of signs or symptoms of pulmonary embolism (PE) or deep vein thrombosis (DVT), they were invited for an in-hospital visit with a pulmonologist. The primary outcome was symptomatic VTE within 45 days of hospital discharge.

Results: Of 1529 COVID-19 patients discharged from hospital, a total of 228 (14.9%) reported potential signs or symptoms of PE or DVT and were seen for an in-hospital visit. Of these, 13 and 12 received Doppler ultrasounds or pulmonary CT angiography, respectively, of whom only one patient was diagnosed with symptomatic PE. Of 51 (3.3%) patients who died after discharge, two deaths were attributed to VTE corresponding to a 45-day cumulative rate of symptomatic VTE of 0.2% (95%CI 0.1%-0.6%; n = 3). There was no evidence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in these patients. Other deaths after hospital discharge included myocardial infarction (n = 13), heart failure (n = 9), and stroke (n = 9).

Conclusions: We did not observe a high rate of symptomatic VTE in COVID-19 patients after hospital discharge. Routine extended thromboprophylaxis after hospitalization for COVID-19 may not have a net clinical benefit. Randomized trials may be warranted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2020.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7836837PMC
February 2021

Evaluation of the Incidence of Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension 1 Year After First Episode of Acute Pulmonary Embolism: A Cohort Study.

Lung 2020 02 2;198(1):59-64. Epub 2020 Jan 2.

Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Purpose: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is an important complication after acute pulmonary embolism (PE) with considerable morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to estimate the CTEPH incidence in a cohort after the first occurrence of PE.

Methods: We conducted a 1-year follow-up cohort study between 2015 and 2018 to assess the incidence of CTEPH in 474 patients with their first acute episode of PE. For the diagnosis of CTEPH, patients with unexplained persistent dyspnea during follow-up underwent transthoracic echocardiography, right heart catheterization, ventilation-perfusion lung scanning, and CT pulmonary angiography.

Results: Overall, 317 patients were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 56.5 ± 16 years. One hundred and three patients (32%) had exertional dyspnea at the 1-year follow-up. Patients with evidence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) on echocardiography underwent right heart catheterization. Eleven patients (18%) had no PH (mPAP < 25 mmHg); 47 patients (81%) had mPAP > 25 mmHg. Fifteen patients had PAWP > 15 mmHg, including those with underlying left heart problems or valvular diseases. There were 32 patients with PAH (mPAP > 25 mmHg and PVR > 3 WU) undergoing CTEPH studies; 22 patients (6.9%) had multiple segmental defects suggesting CTEPH on a perfusion scan.

Conclusion: The incidence of CTEPH observed in this study 1 year after the first episode of acute PE was approximately 6.9%. This incidence seems to be high in our population, and diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for the early identification of CTEPH are needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00408-019-00315-3DOI Listing
February 2020

Echocardiographic evaluation of prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in β-thalassemia major: A cross sectional study.

Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2018 Aug - Sep;35(5-6):322-330. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

c Oncology Research Center , Tabriz University of Medical Sciences , Tabriz , Iran.

Introduction: Pulmonary hypertension is a common complication associated with thalassemia syndromes and it may play an important role in the pathogenesis of right ventricle failure. The true prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in patients with thalassemia major remains unclear and has been reported to be between 2 and 79%.

Materials And Methods: In total, 70 patients with thalassemia major were initially examined. Patients with valvular left heart disease, congenital heart diseases such as atrial septal defect (ASD) and ventricular septal defect (VSD), left heart failure, and chronic embolism were excluded. All patients with thalassemia major underwent echocardiography. Based on tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV), the patients were divided into the following three groups: low, medium, and high risk of pulmonary hypertension.

Results: The mean age of the subjects was 24 y; 60.6% of the subjects were males and 39.4% of the subjects were females. Overall, three (4.5%) subjects were considered at a high risk of pulmonary hypertension. The mean hemoglobin level in the patients with a high probability of pulmonary hypertension was 8.2 g/dL and that in the patients with a low or medium probability of pulmonary hypertension was 9.1 g/dL. No significant difference was observed between the groups (p = .059).

Conclusion: This study showed that, based on new echocardiography criteria, the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension secondary to β-thalassemia was 4.5% and there was no correlation between TRV and the number of received blood units or disease duration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08880018.2018.1534914DOI Listing
March 2019