Publications by authors named "Asli Yaylali"

13 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The effect of Farnesoid X receptor agonist tropifexor on liver damage in rats with experimental obstructive jaundice.

Acta Cir Bras 2021 25;36(9):e360902. Epub 2021 Oct 25.

MD. University of Sharjah - College of Medicine - Clinical Sciences Department - Sharjah, UAE.

Purpose: To investigate experimentally the effects of Tropifexor, a farnesoid X receptor agonist, on liver injury in rats with obstructive jaundice.

Methods: Forty healthy Wistar albino female rats were divided randomly in selected groups. These groups were the sham group, control group, vehicle solution group, Ursodeoxycholic acid group and Tropifexor group. Experimental obstructive jaundice was created in all groups, except the sham one. In the blood samples obtained, aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), total bilirubin and direct bilirubin levels were established and recorded. Additionally, liver malondialdehyde, myeloperoxidase and catalase enzyme activity in the tissue samples were studied. Histopathological analysis was also performed.

Results: No statistical difference was found between the control group and the Tropifexor group when AST, ALT and ALP values were compared. However, it was found that the Tropifexor group had statistically significant decreases in the values of GGT, total bilirubin and direct bilirubin (p < 0.05). Additionally, Tropifexor decreased the median values of malondialdehyde and myeloperoxidase, but this difference was not statistically significant compared to the control group. Finally, the Tropifexor group was statistically significant in recurring histopathological liver damage indicators (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Tropifexor reduced liver damage due to obstructive jaundice.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
November 2021

Effects of Propofol versus Sevoflurane on Postoperative Pain and Neuroendocrine Stress Response in Oocyte Pickup Patients.

Pain Res Manag 2021 10;2021:5517150. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Pharmacology, Sivas Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey.

Background: Pain aggravates the autonomic response to stress and raises neuroendocrine stress hormone levels. We compared the effects of propofol and sevoflurane on postoperative pain and neuroendocrine stress hormones. A prospective, randomized, and controlled trial was conducted with 60 patients.

Methods: We randomly allocated patients to groups P (remifentanil/propofol,  = 30) and S (remifentanil/sevoflurane,  = 30). Preoperative blood samples were taken to measure serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), glucagon, cortisol, aldosterone, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels. Intraoperatively and postoperatively, clinical parameters were monitored at different time points. The hormone levels were again measured in the follicular fluid and blood postoperatively.

Result: Demographic data were similar. The preoperative serum aldosterone levels were significantly higher in group P (=0.001). Preoperative and postoperative serum ACTH, glucagon, cortisol, and PGE2 levels were significantly different in group P (=0.009, =0.004, =0.029, and =0.002); serum ACTH, glucagon, and PGE2 levels increased while serum cortisol levels decreased postoperatively. In group S, serum CRH and aldosterone levels, both increased in the postoperative period compared to the preoperative (=0.001, =0.006). Postoperatively, glucagon and PGE2 levels were both higher in group P than group S (=0.019, =0.015). In postoperative follicular fluid, glucagon and PGE2 levels were higher in group P, while cortisol levels were higher in group S (=0.001, =0.007, and =0.001).

Conclusion: The effects of anesthetic agents were different. In group P, in the preoperative and postoperative evaluation, ACTH, glucagon, and PGE2 increased postoperatively, while cortisol decreased. In group S, aldosterone and CRH increased postoperatively. Glucagon and PG E2 were higher in group P than S, postoperatively.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
June 2021

An examination by year of cases applied with caesarean hysterectomy because of placenta percreta in a tertiary centre: a retrospective cohort study.

Ginekol Pol 2021 10;92(4):284-288. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, School of Medicine, Turkey.

Objectives: To examine cases applied with caesarean hysterectomy because of placenta percreta by comparing changes in treatment strategies and complications according to year.

Material And Methods: A retrospective examination was made of 93 patients applied with caesarean hysterectomy with a diagnosis of placenta percreta in 5-year periods of 2005-2009, 2010-2014, and 2015-2019. Demographic characteristics were recorded, and previous caesareans, history of myomectomy and curettage, gestational weeks, and infant birthweight. Intraoperative and postoperative findings were recorded as operating time, length of stay in hospital and Intensive Care Unit (ICU), transfusion requirement, the amount of erythrocyte suspension (ES) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) transfused, and requirement for massive transfusion. Anaesthesia type, complications, and the preferred skin-uterus incision were also recorded.

Results: The 93 patients comprised 8 cases in the period 2005-2009, 23 in 2010-2014, and 62 in 2015-2019. The number of previous caesarean procedures was observed to increase in parallel with these case numbers. A significant increase was observed in the gestational week of birth, and infant birthweight, and a decrease in operating times. In later years there was seen to be a lower amount of ES and FFP transfused and fewer patients with massive transfusion. Preoperative diagnosis of placenta percreta, the highest preference for general anaesthesia, selection of midline vertical skin incision and uterine fundal incision were greatest in the period 2015-2019.

Conclusions: In cases with placenta percreta, of which there is an increasing incidence, maternal and infant outcomes can be optimised with prenatal diagnosis and planned caesarean hysterectomy by a multidisciplinary team with optimal prenatal preparation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
March 2021

A randomized pilot study of electro-acupuncture treatment for hysterosalpingography pain relief and related anxiety.

Turk J Obstet Gynecol 2020 Dec 10;17(4):253-258. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate the effect of acupuncture on reducing pain and anxiety related to hysterosalpingography (HSG).

Materials And Methods: A total of 107 patients planned to undergo HSG were randomly separated into 3 groups; the acupuncture group (n=36), intramuscular diclofenac sodium group (n=35), and control group (n=37). In the acupuncture group, electro-acupuncture was applied to specified points for 20 mins before the procedure. In the intramuscular diclofenac sodium group, an intramuscular injection of 75 mg diclofenac sodium was applied 30 mins before the procedure. No analgesics were administered to the patients in the control group before intervention. Pain was evaluated with a Visual Analog scale (VAS) and anxiety with the State-trait Anxiety inventory -state (STAI-S), preoperatively and at specified times postoperatively.

Results: The VAS scores at 1 and 5 minutes after HSG were similar in acupuncture group and intramuscular diclofenac sodium group, and significantly lower than in the control group. At 30 mins postoperatively, there was no significant difference between the 3 groups in respect of the VAS scores. The STAI-S scores at 1 hour preoperatively were similar in all the groups (p=0.563). In the comparisons of the STAI-S values at preoperative 5 mins, following acupuncture in acupuncture group and the diclofenac injection in intramuscular diclofenac sodium group, and at postoperative 30 mins, the acupuncture group values were determined to be statistically significantly lower than those of the other groups (p<0.001, p<0.001).

Conclusion: Acupuncture has similar effects on the reduction of pain as other analgesics and reduces anxiety. It can therefore be used in HSG in suitable clinics.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
December 2020

The efficacy of LigaSure™ open instruments in cases of cesarean hysterectomy due to placenta percreta: a retrospective, record-based, comparative study.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Mar 30;34(6):960-965. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, KahramanmaraşSütçü İmam University, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.

Objective: The standard treatment for patients with placenta percreta is cesarean hysterectomy that can cause severe bleeding. New-generation vessel sealing systems like LigaSure can cut and seal vascular structures and tissues. The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare hysterectomies performed with traditional instruments and those performed with LigaSure instruments to determine the possible advantages with the latter.

Materials And Methods: Patients with placenta percreta who underwent elective cesarean hysterectomy by the same surgeon were divided into two groups based on the type of instruments used. Group 1, the standard conventional hysterectomy group, operated with conventional instruments for cutting and tying; and Group 2, the LigaSure hysterectomy group, operated with the new-generation bipolar sealing and cutting instruments. The groups were retrospectively compared for bleeding, operating time, and complications.

Results: In Group 2, the operating time, intraoperative and total transfused erythrocyte suspension units, total fluid in the drain, and total hospital stay were lower than in Group 1 ( < .05), as was the need for internal iliac artery ligation ( = .013). The complication rates were similar between the two groups ( > .05).

Conclusion: The use of LigaSure open instruments in cesarean hysterectomies in patients with placenta percreta may reduce operating times and the amount of bleeding.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
March 2021

The efficacy of different insulin-sensitizing agents on treatment outcomes in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome who underwent in-vitro fertilization: A retrospective, record-based, comparative study.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2021 Jan 23;50(1):102006. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Private Practise, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.

Introduction: It is not clear which metformin or inositol is more effective on IVF results. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of Metformin and Inositol co-treatments on IVF outcomes in Polycystic ovary syndrome patients.

Methods: A retrospective examination was made of the demographic characteristics and the follicular-embryonic development results of PCOS patients applied with an antagonist protocol of ovarian hyperstimulation in the first cycle of IVF with co-treatment of Metformin at 2000 mg/day regularly for 3 months (Metformin co-treatment group, n:35) or Inositol at 4000 mg/day myo-inositol for 3 months (Inositol co-treatment group, n:34) and those not using any co-treatment (FSH only group [control group], n:40).

Results: No significant difference was determined between the groups in respect of demographic characteristics. The HOMA-IR scores and hCG day E2 level were significantly higher in the control group than in both co-treatment groups (p = 0.021, p = 0.018, respectively). The M1 oocyte count was significantly lower in the Metformin group than in the Inositol and control groups (p = 0.001). The GVDJ oocyte count was significantly lower in both co-treatment groups than in the control group (p = 0.042). No statistically significant difference was determined between the groups in respect of other follicular and embryological development parameters, implantation, clinical pregnancy, live births and abortus rates.

Conclusion: Insulin-sensitizing agents may have positive effects on follicular development in PCOS patients applied with IVF.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
January 2021

The effects of sacubitril/valsartan and ramipril on the male fertility in hypertensive rats.

North Clin Istanb 2020 5;7(5):425-432. Epub 2020 Aug 5.

Department of Cardiology, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey.

Objective: Renin angiotensinogen system (RAS) inhibitors, ramipril and sacubitril/valsartan are frequently used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Although they are known as contraindicated during pregnancy in hypertensive women, there is not any outcome of their safety in male fertility after exposure to ramipril or sacubitril/valsartan. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of ramipril and sacubitril/valsartan to highlight their safety in the male fertility in normotensive and hypertensive rats.

Methods: Adult male normotensive and dexamethasone-induced hypertensive rats were treated with sacubitril/valsartan, ramipril and saline for 18 days. Arterial blood pressures were verified using carotid artery cannulation. Male fertility parameters, including the testis weights, histopathologic scoring of the testis, sperm count, sperm motility, morphology, and serum testosterone levels, were analyzed in treated and nontreated normotensive/hypertensive rats.

Results: Sacubitril/valsartan or ramipril treatments did not reveal a significant difference in sperm production, testicular morphology, and radioimmunoassay of serum testosterone levels compared to the control group. However, sperm motility was significantly reduced in rats under RAS inhibition.

Conclusion: This finding was likely mediated by the identification of Ang receptors in the tails of rat sperm given that Ang receptors may play a role in the modulation of sperm motility. Identification of RAS-related proteins involved in sperm motility may help to explain their roles in motility. Our data provide general safety evidence for the male fertilization ability after paternal sacubitril/valsartan and ramipril exposure.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
August 2020

[Effects of music therapy on pain and oxidative stress in oocyte pick-up: a randomized clinical trial].

Braz J Anesthesiol 2020 Sep - Oct;70(5):491-499. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Faculty of Medicine, Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Onikişubat, Turquia.

Background And Objective: The aim was to investigate the effects of Turkish classical music on pain and oxidative stress in patients undergoing oocyte pick-up.

Methods: The study was a randomized, controlled trial. The groups included were Group NM (Non-Music), control group; Group PM, which comprised patients who listened to music before the operation; and Group CM, which comprised patients who listened to music both before and during the operation. Blood was drawn prior to the operation to measure the oxidative stress values. Pain, hemodynamic parameters, oxidative stress values were assessed postoperatively.

Results: The number of patients requiring additional propofol was higher in Group PM than in Groups NM and CM (p=0.003). The postoperative Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score were lower in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM (p=0.001, p=0.007) in the 1 and 60 minutes. The postoperative VAS score was lower in Group CM than in Group NM (p=0.045) in the 5 minute. The postoperative additional analgesic requirements were lower in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM (p=0.045). The postoperative blood glutathione peroxidase values were significantly higher in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM (p=0.001). The postoperative catalase values were significantly higher in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM (p=0.008 and p ≤0.001). The preoperative malondialdehyde values were significantly lower in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM. The preoperative nitric oxide values were higher in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM (p ≤0.001), whereas the postoperative nitric oxide values were lower in Groups PM and CM than in Group NM (p ≤0.001).

Conclusion: Turkish classical music has beneficial effects on pain and oxidative stress in oocyte pick-up patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
September 2021

A comparison in an experimental rat model of the effects on adhesion formation of different hemostatic methods used in abdominopelvic surgery.

Ginekol Pol 2019 ;90(9):507-512

Department of Pathology, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, School of Medicine, Turkey.

Objectives: To evaluate the effects of different hemostasis methods used in abdominal surgery on the development ofabdominal adhesion.

Material And Methods: A total of 48 Wistar albino female rats were separated into six groups; Group 1 - Control group,Group 2 - Hemorrhage group, Group 3 - Electrocoautery group, Group 4 - Gel Spon-P®, Group 5 - PAHACEL®, andGroup 6 - Ankaferd-Blood Stopper®. Adhesions that developed were scored according to the Knightly classification andthe prevalence of adhesions according to the Linsky classification. The total adhesion score was calculated as the total ofthe severity and prevalence scores.

Results: The lowest total adhesion values were determined in Group 1 (control) and the highest adhesion values were inGroup 2 (hemorrhage) group in terms of all parameters. The adhesion values in Group 3, where the rats were administeredhemostasis with electrocautery were similar to those of Group 2 (hemorrhage). When the alternative methods were evaluated,the lowest adhesion scores were in Group 6 (Ankaferd-Blood Stopper®).

Conclusions: In cases of minor pelvic or abdominal bleeding, not providing hemostasis or applying hemostasis withelectrocautery can increase the development of intra-abdominal adhesions. The use of alternative hemostatic materialsinstead of electrocautery for hemostasis may reduce the formation of adhesions.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
May 2020

The role of osteopontin in the pathogenesis of placenta percreta.

Ginekol Pol 2018 ;89(8):437-41

Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 46000 Kahramanmaras, Turkey.

Objective: This study aims to determine how the expression of osteopontin is altered in the placenta percreta by compar-ing osteopontin expression in normal placentas and placenta percreta tissues.

Material And Methods: Placental tissues from hysterectomy materials which were histopathologically diagnosed with placenta percreta (study group, n = 20) and placental tissues obtained from normal term pregnancies (control group, n = 20) were immunohistochemically stained with osteopontin antibody. The groups were compared with respect to the intensity of cytoplasmic staining for osteopontin.

Results: The study and control groups were similar with respect to age, gravidity, parity, gestational age at birth, number of previous cesarean deliveries and curettages and (p > 0.05 for all). Immediate postoperative hemoglobin was significantly lower and the need for blood transfusion was significantly higher in the study group (p = 0.001 for both). Placental osteo-pontin expression was significantly altered in the study group (p = 0.020). Negative staining for placental osteopontin was significantly more frequent in the placenta percreta group than the control group (9/20 vs 0/20, 45.0% vs 0%, p = 0.037).

Conclusion: As reduced placental osteopontin expression was determined in the placenta percreta cases compared to the normal term placenta tissues, osteopontin can be considered to have a role in morbidly adherent placentation. This study is of value as the first study to investigate the changes in osteopontin expression in placenta percreta cases.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
April 2019

Protective Effect of Platelet Rich Plasma on Experimental Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rat Ovary.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2016 24;81(3):225-31. Epub 2015 Oct 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Kahramanmaras, Turkey.

Background/aims: Ovarian torsion is a common cause of local ischemic damage, reduced follicular activity and infertility. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) contains growth factors with demonstrated cytoprotective properties; so we evaluated PRP efficacy in a rat ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) model.

Methods: Sixty adult female Sprague-Dawley albino rats were randomly assigned to 6 groups of 8 animals each: Sham, Ischemia, I/R, Sham + PRP, I + PRP and I/R + PRP; and the remaining 12 used to prepare PRP. Ischemia groups were subjected to bilateral adnexal torsion for 3 h, while I/R and I/R + PRP groups received subsequent detorsion for 3 h. Intraperitoneal PRP was administered 30 min prior to ischemia (Ischemia + PRP) or reperfusion (I/R + PRP).

Results: Total oxidant status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI) and total ovarian histopathological scores were higher in Ischemia and I/R groups than in the Sham group (p < 0.05). PRP decreased mean TOS, OSI and histopathological scores in I + PRP and I/R + PRP groups compared to the corresponding Ischemia and I/R groups (p < 0.001). There was a strong correlation between total histopathological score and OSI (r = 0.877, p < 0.001). Peritoneal vascular endothelial growth factor was significantly higher in PRP-treated groups than corresponding untreated groups (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: PRP is effective for the prevention of ischemia and reperfusion damage in rat ovary.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
April 2017

The protective effect of G-CSF on experimental ischemia/reperfusion injury in rat ovary.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2016 Apr 8;293(4):789-95. Epub 2015 Sep 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yeditepe University Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: This experimental study was designed to evaluate the effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in ovarian ischemia and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury.

Study Design: Forty-eight female adult Sprague-Dawley albino rats were divided into six groups as Group 1: sham, Group 2: torsion, Group 3: detorsion, Group 4: sham + G-CSF, Group 5: torsion + G-CSF, and Group 6: detorsion + G-CSF. Except for Groups 1 and 4, all groups underwent a dnexal torsion bilaterally for 3 h. Adnexal detorsion was applied to Groups 3 and 6 for 3 h after a 3-h torsion period. The intraperitoneal injection of G-CSF (100 IU/kg) was administered 30 min previously in Group 4, 5 and 6. At the end of the study process the animals were euthanized and their ovaries were removed for histopathological and biochemical analysis. Total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidative status and oxidative stress index (OSI) concentrations were determined and compared. Histopathological examination of ovaries was performed for the presence of interstitial edema, congestion, hemorrhage and loss of cohesion to determine tissue damage.

Results: In Group 3, 4, 5 and 6, TOS, OSI and total histopathological scores of ovarian tissue were higher than in the sham group (p < 0.05). G-CSF administration decreased mean TOS and OSI levels significantly when compared with the controls (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, respectively). There was a strong correlation between the total histopathological scores of I/R injury and OSI (r = 0.862, p < 0.001). The total histopathological scores for the rats conservatively treated with G-CSF were lower than those of the control groups.

Conclusion: G-CSF is effective for the prevention of ischemia and ischemia/reperfusion-induced damage in rat ovary.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
April 2016

The effects of thalidomide in a rat model of surgically-induced endometriosis.

Turk J Obstet Gynecol 2015 Sep 15;12(3):125-131. Epub 2015 Sep 15.

Sütçü İmam University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze the anti-angiogenic role of thalidomide and to assess whether thalidomide had any influence on a rat model of surgically-induced endometriosis.

Materials And Methods: Endometriosis was induced through surgical induction and homologous transplantation in 16 rats. The rats were randomly separated into two groups as thalidomide (n=8) and control (n=8) groups. Using oral gavage, 100 mg/kg thalidomide 0.5 ml was administered to the first group and saline 0.5 ml to the control group. Histopathologic findings and volume analysis of implants were evaluated after 4 weeks. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) and oxidative markers were run from the fluid through peritoneal lavage.

Results: The average implant volume decreased significantly in the thalidomide administrated group after treatment (53.3 and 22.9 mm respectively, p=0.012). Significant differences observed in the histopathologic scores of the thalidomide group (3 and 1 respectively, p=0.012) were not observed in the control group. Significant decreases were observed in the levels of VEGF-A and myeloperoxidase (MPO) from oxidative markers (p=0.004, p=0.037, respectively).

Conclusion: Thalidomide provides volumetric and histopathologic recovery in implants particularly because the VEGF inhibition and anti-angiogenic effect, which suggests that it could be effective in the treatment of endometriosis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
September 2015