Publications by authors named "Ashwini Gumireddy"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Crystal structure of -butyl 4-[4-(4-fluoro-phen-yl)-2-methyl-but-3-yn-2-yl]piperazine-1-carboxyl-ate.

Acta Crystallogr E Crystallogr Commun 2021 Apr 5;77(Pt 4):360-365. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Duquesne University, 600 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15282, USA.

The title sterically congested piperazine derivative, CHFNO, was prepared using a modified Bruylants approach. A search of the Cambridge Structural Database identified 51 compounds possessing an butyl piperazine substructure. Of these only 14 were asymmetrically substituted on the piperazine ring and none with a synthetically useful second nitro-gen. Given the novel chemistry generating a pharmacologically useful core, determination of the crystal structure for this compound was necessary. The piperazine ring is present in a chair conformation with di-equatorial substitution. Of the two N atoms, one is hybridized while the other is hybridized. Inter-molecular inter-actions resulting from the crystal packing patterns were investigated using Hirshfeld surface analysis and fingerprint analysis. Directional weak hydrogen-bond-like inter-actions (C-H⋯O) and C-H⋯π inter-actions with the dispersion inter-actions as the major source of attraction are present in the crystal packing.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S2056989021002346DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8025862PMC
April 2021

Drug-polymer miscibility, interactions, and precipitation inhibition studies for the development of amorphous solid dispersions for the poorly soluble anticancer drug flutamide.

Drug Dev Ind Pharm 2019 Aug 21;45(8):1277-1291. Epub 2019 May 21.

e School of Pharmacy and Health Professionals , Creighton University , Omaha , NE , USA.

The major goal of this research was to successfully formulate solid dispersion (SD) of the poorly soluble anticancer drug flutamide (FLT) using various hydrophilic polymers. Furthermore, to get more insight into SD, solid-state studies (miscibility and molecular interaction) were correlated with solution study (precipitation inhibition, dissolution). Hydrophilic polymers like PVP K90, HPMC, Eudragit EPO, and PEG 8000 were used at different drug-to-polymer w/w ratios. Solid-state miscibility studies were carried out using modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC). SDs were prepared using solvent-evaporation technique and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and MDSC. Infrared, Raman spectroscopy and molecular modeling were used to investigate drug-polymer interactions in the dispersions. Precipitation inhibition studies were carried out at various FLT-hydrophilic polymer ratios. Precipitation inhibition studies showed that PEG 8000 has the highest efficiency, followed by PVP K90, while HPMC and EPO showed no effect on precipitation inhibition. In the solid-state, MDSC of the physical mixture (PM) suggested that FLT is miscible to a greater extent with EPO and PEG 8000. Characterization of the amorphous dispersions using MDSC and PXRD concluded that FLT transformed from crystalline to amorphous form in the presence of PVP K90 and PEG 8000. Spectroscopic results confirmed stronger interaction of FLT with PVP K90 and PEG 8000, thereby confirming the in-solution precipitation and molecular modeling binding energy results. Amorphous dispersions formulated with PVP and PEG were stable and showed higher dissolution, an important property necessary to improve the physicochemical properties and drug delivery of poorly soluble anticancer drug FLT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03639045.2019.1606822DOI Listing
August 2019

Preparation, Characterization, and In vitro Evaluation of Curcumin- and Resveratrol-Loaded Solid Lipid Nanoparticles.

AAPS PharmSciTech 2019 Mar 18;20(4):145. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Pharmacy Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Health Professions, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.

Curcumin and resveratrol are natural compounds with significant anticancer activity; however, their bioavailability is limited due to poor solubility. This study aimed to overcome the solubility problem by means of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN). 2-Hydroxypropyl β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) was selected from a range of polymers based on miscibility and molecular interactions. SLNs were obtained by probe sonication and freeze-drying curcumin-resveratrol with/without HPβCD incorporated in gelucire 50/13. SLNs were characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS), zeta potential, powder X-ray diffractometry (PXRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and physical stability. The in vitro release of drugs from the SLNs was performed by the direct dispersion method and analyzed using a validated UV-visible method. In vitro efficacy was tested using a colorectal cancer cell line. Curcumin-resveratrol-gelucire 50/13-HPβCD (CRG-CD) and curcumin-resveratrol-gelucire 50/13(CRG) SLNs showed a particle size from 100 to 150 nm and were not in the crystalline state per PXRD results. MDSC results complimented PXRD results by the absence of melting endotherm of curcumin; TGA showed no weight loss, confirming the absence of organic solvent residual, and the shape of the SLNs was confirmed as spherical by SEM. CRG SLNs were stable for 21 days with respect to particle size and zeta potential. MTT assay indicated better IC value for CRG as compared to CRG-CD. Hence, novel SLNs of curcumin and resveratrol incorporated in gelucire 50/13 and HPβCD were prepared and characterized to improve their bioavailability and anticancer activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1208/s12249-019-1349-4DOI Listing
March 2019

Drug-Lipid-Surfactant Miscibility for the Development of Solid Lipid Nanoparticles.

AAPS PharmSciTech 2019 Jan 7;20(2):46. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Department of Pharmacy Sciences, School of Pharmacy and Health Professions, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.

This research aimed to study the correlation between miscibility of flutamide (FLT), lipids and surfactant on the particle size of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs). Physical mixtures (PMs) of lipids-glyceryl monooleate (GMO), Precirol® (glyceryl palmitostearate, PRE), glyceryl monostearate (GMS), and Compritol® (glyceryl dibehenate, COM) were prepared with surfactant-Gelucire® (stearoyl polyoxyl-32 glycerides, GEL) 50/13 and 44/14. PMs were prepared in 5:2 w/w ratio (lipid:surfactant) and 2:1 w/w (Flutamide (FLT):lipids/GEL 50/13) by co-melting. Miscibility of PMs was investigated using modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC). SLNs with and without drug were prepared using GEL 50/13 by the ultra-sonication method and particle size analysis was conducted. PMs of GMO, GMS, and PRE with both surfactants showed a decrease in the melting temperature, no change in melting and crystallization peak was observed with COM-GELs, indicating immiscibility. Similarly, MDSC data suggests good miscibility of FLT in GMO, GMS, and GEL 50/13 but not in PRE and COM. The particle size of drug-loaded SLNs prepared from GMO and GMS with GEL 50/13 was found to be 70.2 ± 5.4 and 92.6 ± 8.5 compared to > 200-nm particles obtained from PRE and COM. On lyophilization, an increase in particles size was observed with COM only. The particle size of SLNs with PRE and COM was prominently increased during stability studies indicating SLNs prepared with GMO and GMS are more stable due to miscibility and ability to reduce the crystallinity of FLT. The results established a good correlation between drug, lipids, and surfactants miscibility to the obtained particle size of SLNs before and after lyophilization. Graphical Abstract ᅟ.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1208/s12249-018-1229-3DOI Listing
January 2019
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