Publications by authors named "Ashwaq A Alanazi"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Development and validation of UPLC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous quantification of anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitors, alectinib, ceritinib, and crizotinib in Wistar rat plasma with application to bromelain-induced pharmacokinetic interaction.

J Pharm Biomed Anal 2021 Sep 22;204:114276. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11495, P.O. Box 22452, Saudi Arabia.

Bromelain, the aqueous extract of pineapple, has been used as a food supplement with reported nutritional and therapeutic benefits. Bromelain has anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic, and fibrinolytic effects. Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors, including alectinib (ALC), ceritinib (CER), and crizotinib (CRZ), have been efficiently used in the management of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The solubility of ALC, CER, and CRZ is much higher at low acidic pH (pH 1) and it decreases as the pH increases affecting their absorption with a subsequent decrease in their bioavailability. It was thought that the intake of bromelain could result in a decrease in the bioavailability of ALC, CER, and CRZ due to bromelain-induced alkalizing effect following digestion. On the contrary, bromelain could possibly increase plasma exposure of the cited drugs due to its known muco-permeation enhancing effect. The therapeutic-anticancer effect of bromelain can be possibly increased/enhanced with concomitant intake of other anticancer medications or it can add to the value of food supplements for its known nutritional benefits. Thus, this work aims at studying the possibility of any PK interaction when bromelain was taken while on ALC/CER/CRZ therapy. In this work, a new UPLC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of ALC, CER, and CRZ in rat plasma. Further application of the proposed method was performed to test the possibility of the PK interaction between bromelain and the selected ALK inhibitors in Wistar rats. Simple protein precipitation with acetonitrile was used for sample preparation. Chromatographic analysis was performed on Waters BEH™ C18 column with a mixture of acetonitrile/water containing 0.1 % formic acid (70: 30, v/v) as the mobile phase. The method permitted the analysis of ALC, CER, and CRZ in concentration ranges of 2-200, 0.4-200, and 4.0-200 ng/mL, respectively. Bromelain administration caused a significant decrease in plasma levels of CER and CRZ with lowered C, AUC and AUC, along with an increase in the apparent clearance. However, no significant effect was noticed with ALC. Thus, attention should be paid to avoid the intake of bromelain with CER or CRZ.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpba.2021.114276DOI Listing
September 2021

Development and validation of UPLC-MS/MS method for studying the pharmacokinetic interaction of dasabuvir and tamoxifen, 4-hydroxytamoxifen in Wistar rats.

Sci Rep 2020 02 26;10(1):3521. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, 11495, P.O. Box 22452, Saudi Arabia.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the main cause of chronic hepatitis and probably liver cirrhosis. Dasabuvir (DSV) is a direct-acting antiviral agent with efficiency in managing HCV. The anti-viral activity of the anti-estrogen drug tamoxifen (TAM) suggested the synergistic effect of DSV and TAM for blocking the replication of HCV. However, being substrates and inhibitors of efflux transporters (TAM inhibits P-gp, DSV inhibits P-gp and BCRP), there is a possibility for a pharmacokinetic (PK) drug-drug interaction. In this work, a new UPLC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of TAM, its active metabolite 4-hydroxy tamoxifen (TOH), and DSV in rat plasma. The method was applied to investigate the PK interaction between DSV and TAM/TOH following the co-administration of DSV and TAM to Wistar rats. Chromatographic analysis was performed on Waters BEH C18 column using a mobile phase of acetonitrile/water containing 0.1% formic acid (80: 20, v/v). The method allowed the determination of concentration ranges 20-1000, 0.1-500, 0.5-500 ng/mL for DSV, TAM, and TOH, respectively. Unexpectedly, results revealed the absence of PK interactions between DSV and TAM/TOH, compared with their single administration, suggesting the safety of co-administering DSV/TAM as an anti-viral combination without the need of dosage adjustment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-60613-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7044166PMC
February 2020
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