Publications by authors named "Ashton T Brock"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Low- q Bicelles Are Mixed Micelles.

J Phys Chem Lett 2018 Aug 25;9(15):4469-4473. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Department of Chemistry , University of Virginia , Charlottesville , Virginia 22904 , United States.

Bicelles are used in many membrane protein studies because they are thought to be more bilayer-like than micelles. We investigated the properties of "isotropic" bicelles by small-angle neutron scattering, small-angle X-ray scattering, fluorescence anisotropy, and molecular dynamics. All data suggest that bicelles with a q value below 1 deviate from the classic bicelle that contains lipids in the core and detergent in the rim. Thus not all isotropic bicelles are bilayer-like.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b02079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6353637PMC
August 2018

Megakaryocyte ontogeny: Clinical and molecular significance.

Exp Hematol 2018 05 2;61:1-9. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Department of Pathology, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, USA. Electronic address:

Fetal megakaryocytes (Mks) differ from adult Mks in key parameters that affect their capacity for platelet production. However, despite being smaller, more proliferative, and less polyploid, fetal Mks generally mature in the same manner as adult Mks. The phenotypic features unique to fetal Mks predispose patients to several disease conditions, including infantile thrombocytopenia, infantile megakaryoblastic leukemias, and poor platelet recovery after umbilical cord blood stem cell transplantations. Ontogenic Mk differences also affect new strategies being developed to address global shortages of platelet transfusion units. These donor-independent, ex vivo production platforms are hampered by the limited proliferative capacity of adult-type Mks and the inferior platelet production by fetal-type Mks. Understanding the molecular programs that distinguish fetal versus adult megakaryopoiesis will help in improving approaches to these clinical problems. This review summarizes the phenotypic differences between fetal and adult Mks, the disease states associated with fetal megakaryopoiesis, and recent advances in the understanding of mechanisms that determine ontogenic Mk transitions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exphem.2018.02.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5899671PMC
May 2018

An Underestimation of 25-OH Vitamin D in Patients with Renal Disease by the Abbott Architect Immunoassay.

J Appl Lab Med 2017 Nov;2(3):449-451

Department of Pathology, University of Virginia Health Science Center Charlottesville, VA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1373/jalm.2017.024331DOI Listing
November 2017

The Wnt/β-catenin/T-cell factor 4 pathway up-regulates high-mobility group A1 expression in colon cancer.

Cell Biochem Funct 2013 Apr 7;31(3):228-36. Epub 2012 Sep 7.

Department of Chemistry, Physics, and Geology, Winthrop University, Rock Hill, SC 29733, USA.

High-mobility group A1 (HMGA1) encodes proteins that act as mediators in viral integration, modification of chromatin structure, neoplastic transformation and metastatic progression. Because HMGA1 is overexpressed in most cancers and has transcriptional relationships with several Wnt-responsive genes, we explored the involvement of HMGA1 in Wnt/β-catenin/TCF-4 signalling. In adenomatous polyposis coli (APC(Min/+)) mice, we observed significant up-regulation of HMGA1 mRNA and protein in intestinal tumours when compared with normal intestinal mucosa. Conversely, restoration of Wnt signalling by the zinc induction of wild-type APC resulted in HMGA1 down-regulation in HT-29 cells. Because APC mutations are associated with mobilization of the β-catenin/TCF-4 transcriptional complex and subsequent activation of downstream oncogenic targets, we analyzed the 5'-flanking sequence of HMGA1 for putative TCF-4 binding elements. We identified two regions that specifically bind the β-catenin/TCF-4 complex in vitro and in vivo, identifying HMGA1 as an immediate target of the β-catenin/TCF-4 signalling pathway in colon cancer. Collectively, these findings strongly implicate Wnt/β-catenin/TCF-4 signalling in regulating HMGA1 to further expand the extensive regulatory network affected by Wnt/β-catenin/TCF-4 signalling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbf.2876DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3616152PMC
April 2013