Publications by authors named "Ashraf Sultan"

3 Publications

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Cholera in selected countries in Asia.

Vaccine 2020 02 17;38 Suppl 1:A18-A24. Epub 2019 Jul 17.

Institute of Child Health and Human Development, University of the Philippines Manila-National Institutes of Health, Philippines.

Introduction: Although the current pandemic of cholera originated in Asia, reports of cholera cases and outbreaks in the region are sparse. To provide a sub-regional assessment of cholera in South and Southeast Asia, we collated published and unpublished data from existing surveillance systems from Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.

Methods: Data from existing country surveillance systems on diarrhea, acute watery diarrhea, suspected cholera and/or confirmed cholera in nine selected Asian countries (Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam) from 2011 to 2015 (or 2016, when available) were collated. We reviewed annual cholera reports from WHO and searched PubMed and/or ProMED to complement data, where information is not completely available.

Results: From 2011 to 2016, confirmed cholera cases were identified in at least one year of the 5- or 6-year period in the countries included. Surveillance for cholera exists in most countries, but cases are not always reported. India reported the most number of confirmed cases with a mean of 5964 cases annually. The mean number of cases per year in the Philippines, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Nepal and Thailand were 760, 592, 285, 264, 148 and 88, respectively. Cambodia and Vietnam reported 51 and 3 confirmed cholera cases in 2011, with no subsequent reported cases.

Discussion And Conclusion: We present consolidated results of available surveillance in nine Asian countries and supplemented these with publication searches. There is paucity of readily accessible data on cholera in these countries. We highlight the continuing existence of the disease even in areas with improved sanitation and access to safe drinking water. Continued vigilance and improved surveillance in countries should be strongly encouraged.
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February 2020

Cholera prevention and control in Asian countries.

BMC Proc 2018 7;12(Suppl 13):62. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

26World Health Organization, New Delhi, India.

Cholera remains a major public health problem in many countries. Poor sanitation and inappropriate clean water supply, insufficient health literacy and community mobilization, absence of national plans and cross-border collaborations are major factors impeding optimal control of cholera in endemic countries. In March 2017, a group of experts from 10 Asian cholera-prone countries that belong to the Initiative against Diarrheal and Enteric Diseases in Africa and Asia (IDEA), together with representatives from the World Health Organization, the US National Institutes of Health, International Vaccine Institute, Agence de médecine préventive, NGOs (Save the Children) and UNICEF, met in Hanoi (Vietnam) to share progress in terms of prevention and control interventions on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), surveillance and oral cholera vaccine use. This paper reports on the country situation, gaps identified in terms of cholera prevention and control and strategic interventions to bridge these gaps.
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December 2018

Childhood epilepsy.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2011 Feb;21(2):74-8

Department of Paediatric Neurology, The Children's Hospital, and Department of Paediatrics, King Edward Medical University, Lahore.

Objective: To determine the community-based prevalence of childhood epilepsy and its treatment gap in rural and urban population in Punjab, Pakistan.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place And Duration Of Study: Gujranwala District, from March to June 2007.

Methodology: Ten out of 52 Union Councils of District Gujranwala, Pakistan, were randomly selected. Field officers, specifically trained for screening children with active epilepsy, performed a door-to-door survey in the selected Union Councils using area vaccinators as key informants. Final confirmation of active epilepsy and treatment details were ascertained by a qualified paediatrician and a paediatric neurologist, where required. Treatment gap was defined as relative (when treated inappropriately) and complete (complete lack of treatment).

Results: Among a total, under 16 years population of 92254, prevalence of childhood epilepsy was found to be 7.0/1000 (n=643) with similar distribution between urban and rural residents. Up to 66% (n=424) patients were being managed by an unqualified person including paramedics and faith healers. Treatment gap was found in 88% (n=566) patients.

Conclusion: Childhood epilepsy is common in both urban and rural areas of District Gujranwala. Area vaccinators may be incorporated into screening and referral program to bridge the treatment gap utilizing minimum available resources.
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February 2011