Publications by authors named "Ashlee Sturtevant"

6 Publications

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Nanoliposomal Irinotecan and Metronomic Temozolomide for Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma: BrUOG329, A Phase I Brown University Oncology Research Group Trial.

Am J Clin Oncol 2021 02;44(2):49-52

Brown University Oncology Research Group, Providence, RI.

Background: Liposomal formulations may improve the solubility and bioavailability of drugs potentially increasing their ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. We performed a phase I study to determine the maximum tolerated dose and preliminary efficacy of pegylated nanoliposomal irinotecan (nal-IRI)+metronomic temozolomide (TMZ) in patients with recurrent glioblastoma.

Patients And Methods: Patients with glioblastoma who progressed after at least 1 line of therapy were eligible. All patients received TMZ 50 mg/m2/d until disease progression. Three dose levels of nal-IRI were planned, 50, 70, and 80 mg/m2, intravenously every 2 weeks. Patients were accrued in a 3+3 design. The study included a preliminary assessment after the first 13 evaluable patients. The trial would be terminated early if 0 or 1 responses were observed in these patients.

Results: Twelve patients were treated over 2 dose levels (nal-IRI 50 and 70 mg/m2). At dose level 2, nal-IRI 70 mg/m2, 2 of 3 patients developed dose-limiting toxicities including 1 patient who developed grade 4 neutropenia and grade 3 diarrhea and anorexia and 1 patient with grade 3 diarrhea, hypokalemia fatigue, and anorexia. Accrual to dose level 1 was expanded to 9 patients. The Drug Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) reviewed the data of the initial 12 patients-there were 0/12 responses (0%) and the median progression-free survival was 2 months and accrual was halted.

Conclusions: The maximum tolerated dose of nal-IRI was 50 mg/m2 every 2 weeks with TMZ 50 mg/m2/d. The dose-limiting toxicities were diarrhea and neutropenia. No activity was seen at interim analysis and the study was terminated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/COC.0000000000000780DOI Listing
February 2021

Adjuvant FOLFOX+Nab-Paclitaxel (FOLFOX-A) for Pancreatic Cancer: A Brown University Oncology Research Group Phase II Study (BrUOG295).

Am J Clin Oncol 2020 12;43(12):857-860

The Rhode Island Hospital/Lifespan Cancer Institute and The Brown University Oncology Research Group, Providence, RI.

Objectives: Multiple clinical trials have established a role for adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Adjuvant FOLFIRINOX increases survival as compared with gemcitabine but with increased toxicity. FOLFOX+nab-paclitaxel (FOLFOX-A) was developed by the Brown University Oncology Research Group (BrUOG) as an alternative to FOLFIRINOX. This phase II trial explored the feasibility and toxicity of adjuvant FOLFOX-A in patients who have completed resection for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

Patients And Methods: Patients with resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma were eligible. The primary objective was to determine the feasibility of adjuvant FOLFOX-A. Patients experiencing grade 2 neuropathy received a 20% reduction of oxaliplatin. Secondary end points were disease-free survival, and overall survival.

Results: Between June 2014 and October 2018, 25 patients were enrolled following surgical resection. The median number of cycles completed was 9.5. Median disease-free survival was 19.7 months (95% confidence interval, 10.3 to not reached) and median overall survival was 53.5 months (95% confidence interval, 24.2 to not reached). The most common treatment-related grade 3 or greater adverse events were fatigue (58%), nausea (13%), and neutropenia (26%). Fourteen patients had grade 2 neuropathy (58%) and 1 patient (4%) had grade 3 neuropathy. Only 2 patients (8%) had grade 3 diarrhea.

Conclusions: Adjuvant FOLFOX-A is a feasible multi-agent adjuvant treatment regimen and, with further validation, could be an alternative to FOLFIRINOX.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/COC.0000000000000762DOI Listing
December 2020

Stromal ColXα1 expression correlates with tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and predicts adjuvant therapy outcome in ER-positive/HER2-positive breast cancer.

BMC Cancer 2019 Nov 1;19(1):1036. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital and Lifespan Medical Center, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 593 Eddy St, APC 12, Providence, RI, 02903, USA.

Background: The breast cancer microenvironment contributes to tumor progression and response to chemotherapy. Previously, we reported that increased stromal Type X collagen α1 (ColXα1) and low TILs correlated with poor pathologic response to neoadjuvant therapy in estrogen receptor and HER2-positive (ER+/HER2+) breast cancer. Here, we investigate the relationship of ColXα1 and long-term outcome of ER+/HER2+ breast cancer patients in an adjuvant setting.

Methods: A total of 164 cases with at least 5-year follow-up were included. Immunohistochemistry for ColXα1 was performed on whole tumor sections. Associations between ColXα1expression, clinical pathological features, and outcomes were analyzed.

Results: ColXα1 expression was directly proportional to the amount of tumor associated stroma (p = 0.024) and inversely proportional to TILs. Increased ColXα1 was significantly associated with shorter disease free survival and overall survival by univariate analysis. In multivariate analysis, OS was lower in ColXα1 expressing (HR = 2.1; 95% CI = 1.2-3.9) tumors of older patients (> = 58 years) (HR = 5.3; 95% CI = 1.7-17) with higher stage (HR = 2.6; 95% CI = 1.3-5.2). Similarly, DFS was lower in ColXα1 expressing (HR = 1.8; 95% CI = 1.6-5.7) tumors of older patients (HR = 3.2; 95% CI = 1.3-7.8) with higher stage (HR = 2.7; 95% CI = 1.6-5.7) and low TILs. In low PR+ tumors, higher ColXα1 expression was associated with poorer prognosis.

Conclusion: ColXα1 expression is associated with poor disease free survival and overall survival in ER+/HER2+ breast cancer. This study provides further support for the prognostic utility of ColXα1 as a breast cancer associated stromal factor that predicts response to chemotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-6134-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6825361PMC
November 2019

Differentiating breast carcinoma with signet ring features from gastrointestinal signet ring carcinoma: assessment of immunohistochemical markers.

Hum Pathol 2018 07 6;77:11-19. Epub 2018 Jan 6.

Rhode Island Hospital, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02903. Electronic address:

Signet ring morphology is recognized throughout the gastrointestinal tract. However, this pattern may be observed in other primary sites giving rise to diagnostic challenges in the work-up of metastases. Relatively newer immunohistochemical markers have not been evaluated in this context. We assessed expression patterns of several common immunohistochemical markers in tumors with Signet ring morphology to delineate a pragmatic approach to this differential diagnosis. Primary breast and gastrointestinal carcinomas showing Signet ring features were reviewed. Non-mammary and non-gastrointestinal tumors with this morphology were included for comparison. Estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), E-cadherin, CK7, CK20, GCDFP-15, mammaglobin, CDX2, GATA-3, and HepPar-1 immunohistochemistry was performed. Expression patterns were compared between breast and gastrointestinal tumors as well as lobular breast and gastric tumors. Ninety-three cases were identified: 33 breast carcinomas including 13 lobular, 50 gastrointestinal tumors including 23 gastric, and 10 from other sites. ER (sensitivity=81.8%, specificity=100%, positive predictive value (PPV)=100%, negative predictive value (NPV)=89.3%) and GATA-3 (sensitivity=100%, specificity=98%, PPV=96.8%, NPV=100%) expression were associated with breast origin. CK20 (sensitivity=66.7%, specificity=93.3%, PPV=94.1%, NPV=63.6%) and CDX2 (sensitivity=72%, specificity=100%, PPV=100%, NPV=68.9%) demonstrated the strongest discriminatory value for gastrointestinal origin. These markers exhibited similar discriminatory characteristics when comparing lobular and gastric signet ring carcinomas. In a limited trial on metastatic breast and gastric cases, these markers successfully discriminated between breast and gastric primary sites in 15 of 16 cases. ER and GATA-3 are most supportive of mammary origin and constitute an effective panel for distinguishing primary breast from primary gastrointestinal Signet ring tumors when combined with CK20 and CDX2 immunohistochemistry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2018.01.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6019120PMC
July 2018

Loss of Expression of a Novel Chromatin Remodeler SMARCA1 in Soft Tissue Sarcoma.

J Cytol Histol 2018 23;9(6). Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Pathology, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Lifespan Academic Medical Center, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Introduction: Vital cellular processes such as proliferation and differentiation are regulated by chromatin remodeling complexes. A variety of neoplasms have been discovered to have genomic alterations (GAs) and loss of immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of chromatin remodelers and is another member of the chromatin remodelers, and has not yet been studied in neoplasia. As is located on chromosome X, could be potentially inactivated by a single hit. We aimed to evaluate GAs and protein expression of in soft tissue tumors.

Method: The publically available cBioPortal.32e34 platform was queried to analyze data on soft tissue tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas project (TCGA) related to GAs. Our institutional archives were queried to collect 26 cases of soft tissue tumors including 10 undifferentiated sarcomas, 5 leiomyosarcomas, 6 liposarcomas, and 5 malignant peripheral sheath tumors (MPNST). IHC for SMARCA1 with an SNF 2C4 monoclonal antibody was performed on whole tissue sections.

Results: GAs were present in 8/261 soft tissue sarcomas (3%) in the TCGA dataset. Leiomyosarcomas had most common GAs in 6/99 cases. deletions existed in 1/56 dedifferentiated liposarcomas and 1/48 undifferentiated sarcomas. No GAs occurred in other sarcoma subtypes. SMARCA1 IHC was studied in the sarcoma subtypes with potential alterations in our institutional cases. SMARCA1 nuclear expression was lost in 3/10 cases (30%) of undifferentiated sarcoma, and 2/5 cases of MPNST (40%). SMARCA1 expression was intact in all cases of leiomyosarcoma and liposarcoma.

Conclusion: This is the first study to demonstrate loss of expression of SMARCA1 in soft tissue sarcomas subtypes, including undifferentiated sarcoma. Our study highlights merit for further investigation on the role of in the differentiation process and molecular mechanisms of inactivation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2157-7099.1000524DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6513346PMC
November 2018