Publications by authors named "Asfia Saeed"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

In-vitro antifungal efficacy of tissue conditioner-chitosan composites as potential treatment therapy for denture stomatitis.

Int J Biol Macromol 2019 Mar 10;125:761-766. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Dental Materials, Army Medical College, NUMS, Pakistan. Electronic address:

Tissue conditioners are commonly used to improve the adaptation of ill-fitting dentures. These materials are easily colonized by Candida albicans (C. albicans), resulting in "denture stomatitis". Chitosan and its derivative possess inherent antifungal activity. This study aims to formulate a chitosan-based tissue conditioner and assess its anti-fungal efficacy against C. albicans over time. A chitosan oligosaccharide (COS) was synthesized from commercially purchased chitosan and was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of COS and commercial chitosan against C. abicans was evaluated using broth micro-dilution assay (n = 3). Next, it was incorporated into tissue conditioners and two experimental groups i.e. tissue conditioner modified by chitosan (TC-CH) and tissue conditioner modified by COS (TC-COS) were prepared. The in-vitro antifungal activity of experimental group was compared with a control group (chitosan-free tissue conditioner) by counting numbers of colony forming units (CFUs) (n = 3). The antifungal potential of experimental formulations over time in a simulated oral environment was also evaluated using a spectrophotometry (n = 3). A potent in-vitro antifungal activity against C. albicans was observed. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of pure commercial chitosan and COS was 0.625 mg/ml and 0.3125 mg/ml respectively. Compared to the control group, experimental groups showed a reduction in number of CFUs of C. albicans density. Once immersed in saliva, the TC-CH retained its inhibitory effect for 24 h, while TC-COS exhibited improved inhibition until the third day, beyond which a gradual reduction in the inhibitory effect was observed. Experimental formulations showed a reduction in C. albicans density compared to the control group. Thus, a novel combination of chitosan and tissue conditioners is a promising alternative for prevention and treatment of denture stomatitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.12.091DOI Listing
March 2019

Oral assessment of children with autism spectrum disorder in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Autism 2019 01 27;23(1):81-86. Epub 2017 Oct 27.

Army Medical College, National University of Medical Sciences, Pakistan.

Comparison of oral health status, dental needs and dietary habits of children with autism and their healthy siblings. In this cross-sectional study, oral hygiene measures, sugar consumption and dental examination of 58 Pakistani children with autism spectrum disorder were assessed and compared to 27 of their siblings without autism spectrum disorder. Questionnaires were distributed to their parents regarding oral hygiene measures, dietary habits and past dental experiences. Clinical examination for the presence of dental caries, periodontal disease or parafunctional habits was carried out and findings were associated with the mother's education. Children with autism had a higher incidence of caries (50%) as compared to their healthy siblings (22.2%). Significant differences were observed between the groups regarding frequency of brushing and independent brushing. Dental plaque was observed on anterior teeth in 24% children with autism spectrum disorder as compared to 14% in the control group. Trauma due to self-injurious behaviour and bruxism was also recorded and compliance during clinical examination was noted in children with autism spectrum disorder. There was no significant difference in sugar consumption between children with autism spectrum disorder and their healthy siblings. Children with autism had greater dental needs and were more prone to developing dental problems as compared to their healthy siblings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1362361317730299DOI Listing
January 2019