Publications by authors named "Asad Shaikh"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Mood symptoms Associated with CADASIL Syndrome: A Case Report.

CNS Spectr 2021 04;26(2):144

Resident.

Objective: To discuss the psychiatric symptoms that are associated with CADASIL syndrome Abstract Cerebral:Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a rare type of hereditary disease involving the small cerebral vessels. The clinical symptoms are various and include recurrent ischemic strokes, migraine with aura, seizures with epilepsy, psychiatric problems such as mood disturbances, and progressive cognitive decline leading to dementia. This disease needs awareness amongst the psychiatrists even though it is discussed much more in neurology literature. Psychiatric symptoms are seen in 20-41% of patients with CADASIL syndrome (1, 2). Psychiatric symptoms are actually the initial presentation in 15% of the cases. (3) The psychiatric disturbance most reported are mood disturbances (9-41%) especially depression. Here a 42-year-old African American female was brought to the hospital emergency room after she was found wandering in the streets. Psychiatry was consulted for altered mental status. Upon evaluation by the psychiatric consult service she was only oriented to person, depressed, anxious and complaining of headaches. Initial CT scan showed marked small vessel disease and old lacunar infarcts in the basal ganglia and right corona radiata. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the brain showed acute infarcts in the right posterior frontal and right parietal lobes along with old infarcts. Her symptoms and findings on imaging were consistent with CADASIL syndrome. Once the diagnosis was confirmed and prior records were obtained patient was resumed on an antidepressant and anxiolytic.

Conclusion: The purpose of this case report was to discuss psychiatric symptoms associated with CADASIL syndrome. Although there has been research showing a relationship between vascular disease and depression, a review of the literature suggests that there needs to be more research done to explore other psychiatric disturbances that may be seen with this syndrome. Psychiatric symptoms that are untreated can have the potential to further impact the quality of life therefore psychiatrists need to be aware of this syndrome in order to treat these patients promptly.

References: 1 https://bmcmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12916-017-0778-8 2 http://dx.doi.org/10.32474/OJNBD.2018.01.000101 3 https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/47f6/5952ee3c5dcf2a61345f704914b17fa8dc0d.pdf.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1092852920002278DOI Listing
April 2021

Intermediate-Volatility Organic Compound Emissions from Nonroad Construction Machinery under Different Operation Modes.

Environ Sci Technol 2019 Dec 18;53(23):13832-13840. Epub 2019 Nov 18.

State Key Joint Laboratory of ESPC, School of Environment , Tsinghua University , Beijing 100084 , China.

Intermediate-volatility organic compounds (IVOCs) have been found as important sources for secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation. IVOC emissions from nonroad construction machineries (NRCMs), including two road rollers and three motor graders, were characterized under three operation modes using an improved portable emission measurement system. The fuel-based IVOC emission factors (EFs) of NRCMs varied from 245.85 to 1802.19 mg/kg·fuel, which were comparable at magnitudes to the reported results of an ocean-going ship and on-road diesel vehicles without filters. The discrepancy of IVOC EFs is significant within different operation modes. IVOC EFs under the idling mode were 1.24-3.28 times higher than those under moving/working modes. Unspeciated -alkanes and cyclic compounds, which were the unresolved components in IVOCs at the molecular level, accounted for approximately 91% of total IVOCs from NRCMs. The SOA production potential analysis shows that IVOCs dominated SOA formation of NRCMs. Our results demonstrate that IVOC emissions from NRCMs are non-negligible. Thus, an accurate estimation of their IVOC emissions would benefit the understanding of SOA formation in the urban atmosphere.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b01316DOI Listing
December 2019

Outcomes of Moderate-to-Severe Acute Kidney Injury following Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation.

Cardiorenal Med 2019 23;9(2):100-107. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Center for Advanced Heart and Lung Disease, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA,

Background: Although acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication following cardiac surgery, less is known about the occurrence and consequences of moderate/severe AKI following left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation.

Methods: All patients who had an LVAD implanted at our center from 2008 to 2016 were reviewed to determine the incidence of, and risk factors for, moderate/severe (stage 2/3) AKI and to compare postoperative complications and mortality rates between those with and those without moderate/severe AKI.

Results: Of 246 patients, 68 (28%) developed moderate/severe AKI. A multivariable logistic regression comprising body mass index and prior sternotomy had fair predictive ability (area under the curve = 0.71). A 1-unit increase in body mass index increased the risk of moderate/severe AKI by 7% (odds ratio = 1.07; 95% confidence interval: 1.03-1.11); a prior sternotomy increased the risk more than 3-fold (odds ratio = 3.4; 95% confidence interval: 1.84-6.43). The group of patients with moderate/severe AKI had higher rates of respiratory failure and death than the group of patients with mild/no AKI. Patients with moderate/severe AKI were at 3.2 (95% confidence interval: 1.2-8.2) times the risk of 30-day mortality compared to those without. Even after adjusting for age and Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support profile, those with moderate/severe AKI had 1.75 (95% confidence interval: 1.03-3.0) times the risk of 1-year mortality compared to those without.

Discussion: Risk-stratifying patients prior to LVAD placement in regard to AKI development may be a step toward improving surgical outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492476DOI Listing
June 2019

Durable left ventricular assist device implantation in extremely obese heart failure patients.

Artif Organs 2019 Mar 3;43(3):234-241. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Baylor University Medical Center, Center for Advanced Heart and Lung, Dallas, TX.

Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have improved clinical outcomes and quality of life for those with end-stage heart failure. However, the costs and risks associated with these devices necessitate appropriate patient selection. LVAD candidates are becoming increasingly more obese and there are conflicting reports regarding obesity's effect on outcomes. Hence, we sought to evaluate the impact of extreme obesity on clinical outcomes after LVAD placement. Consecutive LVAD implantation patients at our center from June 2008 to May 2016 were studied retrospectively. We compared patients with a body mass index (BMI) ≥40 kg/m (extremely obese) to those with BMI < 40 kg/m with respect to patient characteristics and surgical outcomes, including survival. 252 patients were included in this analysis, 30 (11.9%) of whom met the definition of extreme obesity. We found that patients with extreme obesity were significantly younger (47[33, 57] vs. 60[52, 67] years, P < 0.001) with fewer prior sternotomies (16.7% vs. 36.0%, P = 0.04). They had higher rates of pump thrombosis (30% vs. 9.0%, P = 0.003) and stage 2/3 acute kidney injury (46.7% vs. 27.0%, P = 0.003), but there were no differences in 30-day or 1-year survival, even after adjusting for age and clinical factors. Extreme obesity does not appear to place LVAD implantation patients at a higher risk for mortality compared to those who are not extremely obese; however, extreme obesity was associated with an increased risk of pump thrombosis, suggesting that these patients may require additional care to reduce the need for urgent device exchange.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aor.13380DOI Listing
March 2019

Reoperative sternotomy is associated with primary graft dysfunction following heart transplantation.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2018 09;27(3):343-349

Annette C. and Harold C. Simmons Transplant Institute, Baylor Scott & White Research Institute, Dallas, TX, USA.

Objectives: Prior sternotomy is associated with increased morbidity and mortality following heart transplantation. However, its effect on primary graft dysfunction (PGD), a major contributor to early mortality, is unknown. Herein, this effect is studied using the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation consensus definition for PGD.

Methods: Medical records of consecutive adult cardiac transplants between 2012 and 2016 were reviewed. Baseline characteristics, postoperative findings and 1-year survival were compared between patients with and without prior sternotomy.

Results: Among 255 total patients included, 139 (55%) had undergone prior sternotomy; these recipients were older, more often male, had higher body mass index, higher frequencies of united network for organ sharing (UNOS) 1A status and ischaemic cardiomyopathy and experienced longer waitlist times when compared with those without prior sternotomy (all P < 0.018). Postoperatively, the prior sternotomy group exhibited higher rates of mild to severe PGD (32% vs 18%; P = 0.015) and higher short-term mortality (P = 0.017) and 1-year mortality (P = 0.047). They required more blood transfusions, had more postoperative pneumonia, wound infection and longer hospital stays. A stepwise multivariable regression model identified prior sternotomy as a predictor of PGD (odds ratio 2.7). Multiple prior sternotomies was associated with even more UNOS 1A status, ischaemic cardiomyopathy and pneumonia. However, logistic modelling did not show a difference in the rate of PGD between those with 1 or ≥2 prior sternotomies.

Conclusions: Our data suggest that prior sternotomy is a risk factor for PGD. Consistent with previous reports, prior sternotomy is associated with increased morbidity, blood product utilization and 1-year mortality following cardiac transplantation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icvts/ivy084DOI Listing
September 2018

HeartMate II Left Ventricular Assist Device Pump Exchange: A Single-Institution Experience.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2017 Aug 30;65(5):410-414. Epub 2016 Nov 30.

Department of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States.

 Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have revolutionized the treatment of patients with end-stage heart failure. These devices are replaced when pump complications arise if heart transplant is not possible. We present our experience with HeartMate II (HMII (Thoratec, Plesanton, California, United States)) LVAD pump exchange.  We retrospectively reviewed all cases that required pump exchange due to LVAD complication from November 2011 until June 2016 at a single high-volume institution. The indications, demographics, and outcome were extracted and analyzed.  Of 250 total patients with implanted HMII LVADs, 16 (6%) required pump exchange during the study period. The initial indications for LVAD placement in these patients were bridge to transplantation ( = 6 [37.5%]) or destination therapy ( = 10 [62.5%]). Fifteen patients (93.8%) required pump exchange due to pump thrombosis and 1 (6.2%) due to refractory driveline infection. Nine patients (56.2%) underwent repeat median sternotomy while a left subcostal approach was used in the remaining seven patients. Fifteen patients (93.7%) survived until hospital discharge. During the follow-up period (median, 155 days), 11 patients remained alive and 4 of these underwent successful cardiac transplantation.  HMII LVAD pump exchange can be safely performed for driveline infection or pump thrombosis when heart transplantation is not an option.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0036-1593867DOI Listing
August 2017
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