Publications by authors named "Aroosha Faheem"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

E. coli@UiO-67 composites as a recyclable adsorbent for bisphenol A removal.

Chemosphere 2021 May 21;270:128672. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China; College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China. Electronic address:

E. coli@UiO-67 composites were obtained using an effective and simple self-assembly method. The composites showed unique properties as a remarkable and recyclable adsorbent for the efficient removal of bisphenol A (BPA) from water with a high adsorption capacity (402.930 mg g). The increase in pore size is a key factor why E. coli@UiO-67 composites maintained high capacity. The reason might be due to that the composites with large pore sizes and defects could effectively improve mass transport and active molecular metal sites. The adsorption of BPA is a chemisorption process due to the Zr-OH groups in UiO-67 exhibit affinity toward BPA molecules, π-π interaction, and electrostatic attraction. The adsorption efficiency remained at 82.5% after 15 cycles without any remarkable changes in the PXRD patterns of E. coli@UiO-67. Moreover, the use of microorganism-loading MOFs could reduce the cost to at least 50% and minimize secondary pollution through nanoscale MOFs usage reduction. The developed composites have advantages, including low-cost, high adsorption capacity, easy to be separated and regenerated from aqueous solution, a large number of cycles, short adsorption equilibrium time, and stability, showing excellent application prospects. The presented strategy would be a potentially promising way to produce novel MOFs-based adsorbents with high-performance to control environmental pollution from wastewater.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.128672DOI Listing
May 2021

A Revolution toward Gene-Editing Technology and Its Application to Crop Improvement.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Aug 7;21(16). Epub 2020 Aug 7.

Graduate School of Biotechnology & Crop Biotech Institute, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 17104, Korea.

Genome editing is a relevant, versatile, and preferred tool for crop improvement, as well as for functional genomics. In this review, we summarize the advances in gene-editing techniques, such as zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like (TAL) effector nucleases (TALENs), and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) associated with the Cas9 and Cpf1 proteins. These tools support great opportunities for the future development of plant science and rapid remodeling of crops. Furthermore, we discuss the brief history of each tool and provide their comparison and different applications. Among the various genome-editing tools, CRISPR has become the most popular; hence, it is discussed in the greatest detail. CRISPR has helped clarify the genomic structure and its role in plants: For example, the transcriptional control of Cas9 and Cpf1, genetic locus monitoring, the mechanism and control of promoter activity, and the alteration and detection of epigenetic behavior between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) investigated based on genetic traits and related genome-wide studies. The present review describes how CRISPR/Cas9 systems can play a valuable role in the characterization of the genomic rearrangement and plant gene functions, as well as the improvement of the important traits of field crops with the greatest precision. In addition, the speed editing strategy of gene-family members was introduced to accelerate the applications of gene-editing systems to crop improvement. For this, the CRISPR technology has a valuable advantage that particularly holds the scientist's mind, as it allows genome editing in multiple biological systems.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21165665DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7461041PMC
August 2020

Microorganism@UiO-66-NH Composites for the Detection of Multiple Colorectal Cancer-Related microRNAs with Flow Cytometry.

Anal Chem 2020 09 28;92(18):12338-12346. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.

High-throughput analyses of multitarget markers can facilitate rapid and accurate clinical diagnosis. Suspension array assays, a flow cytometry-based analysis technology, are among some of the most promising multicomponent analysis methods for clinical diagnostics and research purposes. These assays are appropriate for examining low-volume, complex samples having trace amounts of analytes due to superior elimination of background. Physical shape is an important and promising code system, which uses a set of visually distinct patterns to identify different assay particles. Here, we presented a morphology recognizable suspension arrays based on the microorganisms with different morphologies. In this study, UiO-66-NH (UiO stands for University of Oslo) metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), was wrapped on the microorganism surface to form an innovative class of microorganism@UiO-66-NH composites for suspension array assays. The use of microorganisms endowed composites barcoding ability with their different morphology and size. Meanwhile, the UiO-66-NH provided a stable rigid shell, large specific surface area, and metal(IV) ions with multiple binding sites, which could simplify the protein immobilization procedure and enhance detection sensitivity. With this method, simultaneous detection of three colorectal cancer-related microRNA (miRNA), including miRNA-21, miRNA-17, and miRNA-182, could be easily achieved with femtomolar sensitivity by using a commercial flow cytometer. The synergy between microorganisms and MOFs make the composites a prospective barcoding candidate with excellent characteristics for multicomponent analysis, offering great potential for the development of high throughput and accurate diagnostics.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.0c02017DOI Listing
September 2020

Conventional and Molecular Techniques from Simple Breeding to Speed Breeding in Crop Plants: Recent Advances and Future Outlook.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Apr 8;21(7). Epub 2020 Apr 8.

Institute of Crop Science and Zhejiang Key Laboratory of Crop Germplasm, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

In most crop breeding programs, the rate of yield increment is insufficient to cope with the increased food demand caused by a rapidly expanding global population. In plant breeding, the development of improved crop varieties is limited by the very long crop duration. Given the many phases of crossing, selection, and testing involved in the production of new plant varieties, it can take one or two decades to create a new cultivar. One possible way of alleviating food scarcity problems and increasing food security is to develop improved plant varieties rapidly. Traditional farming methods practiced since quite some time have decreased the genetic variability of crops. To improve agronomic traits associated with yield, quality, and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses in crop plants, several conventional and molecular approaches have been used, including genetic selection, mutagenic breeding, somaclonal variations, whole-genome sequence-based approaches, physical maps, and functional genomic tools. However, recent advances in genome editing technology using programmable nucleases, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR), and CRISPR-associated (Cas) proteins have opened the door to a new plant breeding era. Therefore, to increase the efficiency of crop breeding, plant breeders and researchers around the world are using novel strategies such as speed breeding, genome editing tools, and high-throughput phenotyping. In this review, we summarize recent findings on several aspects of crop breeding to describe the evolution of plant breeding practices, from traditional to modern speed breeding combined with genome editing tools, which aim to produce crop generations with desired traits annually.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms21072590DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7177917PMC
April 2020