Publications by authors named "Arnoud van T Hof"

3 Publications

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Incidence and predictors of permanent pacemaker implantation after surgical aortic v alve replacement: Data of the Netherlands Heart Registration (NHR).

J Card Surg 2021 Oct 11;36(10):3519-3527. Epub 2021 Jul 11.

See addendum for Cardiothoracic Surgery Registration Committee members of the Netherlands Heart Registration.

Objective: Permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) remains a frequent complication. Predictors, however, have been mainly investigated in single-center studies. Therefore, nationwide data were used to identify patients-and procedural risk factors for postoperative PPI.

Materials And Methods: Data were retrospectively collected from the Netherlands Heart Registration (NHR). Patients enrolled in the NHR undergoing isolated SAVR from 2013 to 2019 were analyzed. Primary endpoint was in-hospital PPI during hospitalization after SAVR.

Results: From the NHR database, 5600 patients with symptomatic aortic valve stenosis were included in the study. Crude incidence of post-SAVR PPI was 4.0%. Backward regression analysis identified previous cardiac surgery (odds ratio [OR]: 1.80; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.18-2.76), extra-corporeal circulation time (OR: 1.01; 95% CI: 1.00-1.01), vasopressor use (OR: 2.66; 95% CI: 1.79-3.96) and in-hospital cardiac conduction abnormalities (OR: 4.48; 95% CI: 3.36-5.98) as potential predictors for PPI. Across the time, PPI after SAVR significantly increased (OR: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.03-1.21).

Conclusions: From this nationwide analysis, PPI after SAVR remains a low but increasingly frequent complication. Several predictive factors for postoperative PPI after SAVR have been identified and might be useful for patient informed consent about potential adverse event rate.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocs.15803DOI Listing
October 2021

Thrombo-Inflammation in Cardiovascular Disease: An Expert Consensus Document from the Third Maastricht Consensus Conference on Thrombosis.

Thromb Haemost 2020 Apr 14;120(4):538-564. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Hematology and Central Hematology Laboratory, Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; Center for Thrombosis and Hemostasis, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany; Haemostasis Research Unit, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Thrombo-inflammation describes the complex interplay between blood coagulation and inflammation that plays a critical role in cardiovascular diseases. The third Maastricht Consensus Conference on Thrombosis assembled basic, translational, and clinical scientists to discuss the origin and potential consequences of thrombo-inflammation in the etiology, diagnostics, and management of patients with cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction, stroke, and peripheral artery disease. This article presents a state-of-the-art reflection of expert opinions and consensus recommendations regarding the following topics: (1) challenges of the endothelial cell barrier; (2) circulating cells and thrombo-inflammation, focused on platelets, neutrophils, and neutrophil extracellular traps; (3) procoagulant mechanisms; (4) arterial vascular changes in atherogenesis; attenuating atherosclerosis and ischemia/reperfusion injury; (5) management of patients with arterial vascular disease; and (6) pathogenesis of venous thrombosis and late consequences of venous thromboembolism.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1708035DOI Listing
April 2020

Randomized evaluation of short-term dual antiplatelet therapy in patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with the COMBO dual therapy stent: rationale and design of the REDUCE trial.

Am Heart J 2016 Aug 29;178:37-44. Epub 2016 Apr 29.

Department of Cardiology, AOU Maggiore della Carità, Eastern Piedmont University Novara, Italy.

Background: The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients treated with drug eluting stents (DES) is still under debate. Recent meta-analyses on ≤6months versus 12months DAPT suggest that bleeding rates can be reduced, without a higher rate of thrombotic complications. In particular, the COMBO dual therapy stent, being associated with early re-endothelialization, may allow for a reduction of the duration of DAPT without increasing the thrombotic risk, while reducing the risk of bleeding complications.

Aim: The aim of the REDUCE trial is to demonstrate the non-inferiority of a combined efficacy and safety endpoint of a short-term 3months DAPT strategy as compared to standard 12-month DAPT strategy in ACS patients treated with the COMBO stent.

Design: A prospective, multicenter, randomized study designed to enroll 1500 patients with ACS treated with the COMBO stent. Patients will be randomized before discharge in a 1:1 fashion to either 3 or 12months of DAPT. A clinical follow-up is scheduled at 3, 6, 12, and 24months. The primary endpoint is the time to event as defined by the occurrence of one of the following: all cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, stroke, target vessel revascularization or bleeding (Bleeding Academic Research Council type II, III and V) within 12months. The study has recruited patients since July 2014, and the results are expected in 2017.

Summary: A reduction of the DAPT duration in ACS patients after PCI without affecting the thrombotic risk is an attractive option with regard to the associated bleeding risk. The REDUCE trial will be the first to investigate the efficacy and safety of a 3-month DAPT strategy compared to a 12-month DAPT strategy in an ACS only population treated with the COMBO stent.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ahj.2016.04.016DOI Listing
August 2016
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