Publications by authors named "Armagan C Ulusaloglu"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Applications and Error Ratios of Calibration Techniques in EOS, Orthoroentgenogram, and Teleoroentgenogram for Length Measurement: A Comparative Study.

J Pediatr Orthop 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE.

Background: Accurate length measurements of extremity bones are essential in treating limb deformities and length discrepancies in children.

Objective: This study aimed to determine errors in common techniques used to measure lower limb lengths in children.

Methods: Precision and instrument errors in length measurements were studied utilizing electro-optical system (EOS), orthoroentgenogram, and teleoroentgenogram The goal was to measure a 70-cm metallic rod phantom (average length of the lower extremity of a 10-year-old boy in the 50th percentile) in 3 phases. In Phase 1, the length measurements were performed in an EOS unit with internal calibrations, a magball/magstrip in various scan positions, and measurement with TraumaCAD software. In Phase 2, the measurements were repeated utilizing a single radiation "shot" teleoroentgenogram. In Phase 3, an orthoroentgenogram was utilized with a radiopaque ruler reference. The reliability and validity of measurements were calibrated by 4 physicians (a radiologist, senior orthopaedic attending, and 2 orthopaedic fellows).

Results: EOS measurements utilizing internal references had excellent accuracy (for a 700-mm real length, magnification error (ME)] of 0.09%. Teleoroentgenogram with a magball reference and measurements performed with automatic calibration by TraumaCAD program results in ME of 1.83% with insignificant intraobserver/interobserver difference. Teleoroentgenogram with a magball or magstrip reference measured manually showed that the magball has higher intraobserver/interobserver variance than magstrip, with a 6.60 and 0.33-mm SD, respectively. The length by manual measurement utilizing the magstrip has ME of 2.21%. Orthoroentgenogram is accurate with ME of 0.26%, but does not allow anatomical analysis and is also radiation-costly.

Conclusion: EOS and orthoroentgenogram are very accurate for length measurements. Teleoroentgenogram is less accurate in measuring length; however, addition of an external reference (magball, magstrip) placed lateral to the target improves accuracy. Automatic calibration with computer-based analysis of the external reference improves the accuracy more than manual calibration. If manual calibration is utilized, the length measurement is less accurate with the magball than the magstrip.

Level Of Evidence: Level II-comparative in vitro study.
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September 2021

Orthopaedic Manifestations of Transverse Myelitis in Children.

J Pediatr Orthop 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE Seton Hall Orthopaedics, St. Joseph's University Medical Center, Paterson, NJ Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nemours Children's Specialty Care, Jacksonville, FL.

Background: Transverse myelitis (TM) is a rare inflammatory disorder of the spinal cord. It can have a heterogeneous presentation with sensory, motor, and autonomic dysfunction. Neurological sequelae of TM include autonomic dysfunction, motor weakness, and/or spasticity. Studies describing orthopaedic deformities and treatments associated with TM are nonexistent. This purpose of this study was to describe the orthopaedic manifestations of TM in children.

Methods: A multicenter retrospective review was conducted of patients, 0 to 21 years of age, with TM presenting over a 15-year period at 4 academic children's hospitals. Those with confirmed diagnosis of TM and referred to an orthopaedic surgeon were included. Demographics, orthopaedic manifestations, operative/nonoperative treatments, and complications were recorded. Descriptive statistics were used for data reporting.

Results: Of 119 patients identified with TM, 37 saw an orthopaedic surgeon. By etiology, 23 were idiopathic (62%), 10 infectious (27%), 3 (8%) inflammatory/autoimmune, and 1 (3%) vascular. The mean age at diagnosis was 6.7 (SD: 5.5) years and at orthopaedic presentation was 8.4 (SD: 5.2) years. Orthopaedic manifestations included scoliosis in 13 (35%), gait abnormalities in 7 (19%), foot deformities in 7 (19%), upper extremity issues in 7 (19%), symptomatic spasticity in 6 (16%), lower extremity muscle contractures in 6 (16%), fractures in 6 (16%), hip displacement in 3 (8%), pain in 2 (5%), and limb length discrepancy in 2 (5%) patients. Seven children (19%) were seen for establishment of care. In all, 14 (38%) underwent operative intervention, mainly for soft-tissue and scoliosis management. Four patients had baclofen pump placement for spasticity management. Postoperative complications occurred in 36% of cases, most commonly because of infection. Neither topographic pattern nor location of lesion had a significant relationship with need for hip or spine surgery.

Conclusions: This report describes the orthopaedic manifestations associated with TM in children, nearly 40% of whom required operative intervention(s). Understanding the breadth of musculoskeletal burden incurred in TM can help develop surveillance programs to identify and treat these deformities in a timely manner.

Level Of Evidence: Level IV.
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May 2021