Publications by authors named "Arkady Sheptulin"

3 Publications

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United European Gastroenterology (UEG) and European Society for Neurogastroenterology and Motility (ESNM) consensus on functional dyspepsia.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2021 09;33(9):e14238

Gastroenterology Unit, Departmento of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Background: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is one of the most common conditions in clinical practice. In spite of its prevalence, FD is associated with major uncertainties in terms of its definition, underlying pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.

Methods: A Delphi consensus was initiated with 41 experts from 22 European countries who conducted a literature summary and voting process on 87 statements. Quality of evidence was evaluated using the grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and evaluation (GRADE) criteria. Consensus (defined as >80% agreement) was reached for 36 statements.

Results: The panel agreed with the definition in terms of its cardinal symptoms (early satiation, postprandial fullness, epigastric pain, and epigastric burning), its subdivision into epigastric pain syndrome and postprandial distress syndrome, and the presence of accessory symptoms (upper abdominal bloating, nausea, belching), and overlapping conditions. Also, well accepted are the female predominance of FD, its impact on quality of life and health costs, and acute gastrointestinal infections, and anxiety as risk factors. In terms of pathophysiological mechanisms, the consensus supports a role for impaired gastric accommodation, delayed gastric emptying, hypersensitivity to gastric distention, Helicobacter pylori infection, and altered central processing of signals from the gastroduodenal region. There is consensus that endoscopy is mandatory for establishing a firm diagnosis of FD, but that in primary care, patients without alarm symptoms or risk factors can be managed without endoscopy. There is consensus that H. pylori status should be determined in every patient with dyspeptic symptoms and H. pylori positive patients should receive eradication therapy. Also, proton pump inhibitor therapy is considered an effective therapy for FD, but no other treatment approach reached a consensus. The long-term prognosis and life expectancy are favorable.

Conclusions And Inferences: A multinational group of European experts summarized the current state of consensus on the definition, diagnosis and management of FD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nmo.14238DOI Listing
September 2021

United European Gastroenterology (UEG) and European Society for Neurogastroenterology and Motility (ESNM) consensus on functional dyspepsia.

United European Gastroenterol J 2021 04;9(3):307-331

Gastroenterology Unit, Departmento of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

Background: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is one of the most common conditions in clinical practice. In spite of its prevalence, FD is associated with major uncertainties in terms of its definition, underlying pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.

Methods: A Delphi consensus was initiated with 41 experts from 22 European countries who conducted a literature summary and voting process on 87 statements. Quality of evidence was evaluated using the grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and evaluation (GRADE) criteria. Consensus (defined as >80% agreement) was reached for 36 statements.

Results: The panel agreed with the definition in terms of its cardinal symptoms (early satiation, postprandial fullness, epigastric pain, and epigastric burning), its subdivision into epigastric pain syndrome and postprandial distress syndrome, and the presence of accessory symptoms (upper abdominal bloating, nausea, belching), and overlapping conditions. Also, well accepted are the female predominance of FD, its impact on quality of life and health costs, and acute gastrointestinal infections, and anxiety as risk factors. In terms of pathophysiological mechanisms, the consensus supports a role for impaired gastric accommodation, delayed gastric emptying, hypersensitivity to gastric distention, Helicobacter pylori infection, and altered central processing of signals from the gastroduodenal region. There is consensus that endoscopy is mandatory for establishing a firm diagnosis of FD, but that in primary care, patients without alarm symptoms or risk factors can be managed without endoscopy. There is consensus that H. pylori status should be determined in every patient with dyspeptic symptoms and H. pylori positive patients should receive eradication therapy. Also, proton pump inhibitor therapy is considered an effective therapy for FD, but no other treatment approach reached a consensus. The long-term prognosis and life expectancy are favorable.

Conclusions And Inferences: A multinational group of European experts summarized the current state of consensus on the definition, diagnosis and management of FD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ueg2.12061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8259261PMC
April 2021

Clinical validation of the "7 × 7" questionnaire for patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Jun 25;34(6):1042-1048. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

V.H. Vasilenko Clinic of Internal Diseases, Propedeutics, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sechenov University, Moscow, Russia.

Background And Aim: Physicians use different scales and questionnaires to assess the severity of clinical symptoms in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders. The current study aimed to validate the "7 × 7" questionnaire for assessment of severity of the symptoms as a tool for the efficacy of treatment of functional gastrointestinal disorders, using the Clinical Global Impressions scale as the reference standard.

Methods: Fifty inpatients aged from 18 to 64 with a confirmed diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (26 patients, 52%), functional dyspepsia (15 patients, 30%), or both (9 patients, 18%) were prospectively enrolled in the study. We used both the 7 × 7 questionnaire and the Clinical Global Impressions scale before and after 28 days of stable treatment.

Results: Our study revealed a significant correlation between the 7 × 7 questionnaire and the Clinical Global Impressions scale results in assessment of severity of the clinical symptoms and their dynamics during treatment. The 7 × 7 questionnaire showed sensitivity of 74.5% and specificity of 54.1% for evaluating patients with mild to severe disease and 66.6% and 76%, respectively, for evaluating patients with moderate to severe disease. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.719. The intraclass correlation coefficient among participants in whom the condition remained the same was 0.973 (12 participants [24.5%]).

Conclusions: The 7 × 7 questionnaire is a convenient, sensitive, and reliable tool for assessing the severity of symptoms and treatment efficacy in people with functional gastrointestinal disorders.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jgh.14546DOI Listing
June 2019
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