Publications by authors named "Ariel Perez Perez"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Phase 2 multicenter trial of ofatumumab and prednisone as initial therapy of chronic graft-vs-host disease.

Blood Adv 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida, United States.

Standard initial therapy of chronic graft vs. host disease (cGVHD) with glucocorticoids results in suboptimal and transient responses in a significant number of patients. Safety and feasibility of anti-CD20 directed B-cell therapy with ofatumumab (1000 mg IV on days 0 and 14) and prednisone (1 mg/kg/day) was previously established in our phase I trial (n=12). We now report the mature results of the phase II expansion of the trial (n=38). The overall NIH severity of cGVHD was moderate (63%) or severe (37%) with 74% of all patients affected by the overlap subtype of cGVHD and 82% by prior acute cGVHD. The combined therapy was generally well tolerated, with some anticipated infusion reactions to ofatumumab, and common toxicities of glucocorticoids. Total B-cell depletion following therapy was profound, with marginal recovery within first 12 months from initial therapy. The observed 6 month clinician-reported and 2014 NIH-defined overall response rates (ORR=complete + partial response[CR/PR]) of 62.5% (1-sided lower 90% confidence interval=51.5%) were not superior to pre-specified historic benchmark of 60%. Post-hoc comparison of 6 month NIH response suggested benefit compared to more contemporaneous NIH-based benchmark of 48.6% with frontline sirolimus/prednisone (CTN 0801 trial). Baseline cGVHD features (organ involvement, severity, initial IS agents) were not significantly associated with 6-month ORR. The median time to initiation of second-line therapy was 5.4 months (range 0.9-15.1 months). Failure-free survival (FFS) was 64.2% (95% CI 46.5-77.4%) at 6 months and 53.1% (95% CI 35.8-67.7%) at 12 months, whereas FFS with CR/PR at 12 months of 33.5% exceeded a benchmark of 15% in post-hoc analysis, and was associated with greater success in steroid discontinuation by 24 months (odds ratio 8 (95% CI 1.21-52.7). This single-arm phase II trial demonstrated acceptable safety and potential efficacy of the upfront use of ofatumumab in combination with prednisone in cGVHD. This trial is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01680965.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2021005552DOI Listing
October 2021

Increased Infections and Delayed CD4 T Cell but Faster B Cell Immune Reconstitution after Post-Transplantation Cyclophosphamide Compared to Conventional GVHD Prophylaxis in Allogeneic Transplantation.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Nov 28;27(11):940-948. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Blood and Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida.

Post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) is being increasingly used for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) across various donor types. However, immune reconstitution and infection incidence after PTCy-based versus conventional GVHD prophylaxis has not been well studied. We evaluated the infection density and immune reconstitution (ie, absolute CD4 T cell, CD8 T cell, natural killer cell, and B cell counts) at 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year post-HCT in 583 consecutive adult patients undergoing allo-HCT with myeloablative (n = 223) or reduced-intensity (n = 360) conditioning between 2012 and 2018. Haploidentical (haplo; n = 75) and 8/8 HLA-matched unrelated (MUD; n = 08) donor types were included. GVHD prophylaxis was PTCy-based in all haplo (n = 75) and in 38 MUD allo-HCT recipients, whereas tacrolimus/methotrexate (Tac/MTX) was used in 89 and Tac/Sirolimus (Tac/Sir) was used in 381 MUD allo-HCT recipients. Clinical outcomes, including infections, nonrelapse mortality (NRM), relapse, and overall survival (OS), were compared across the 4 treatment groups. The recovery of absolute total CD4 T-cell count was significantly lower in the haplo-PTCy and MUD-PTCy groups compared with the Tac/MTX and Tac/Sir groups throughout 1 year post-allo-HCT (P = .025). In contrast, CD19 B-cell counts at 6 months and thereafter were higher in the haplo-PTCy and MUD-PTCy groups compared with the Tac/MTX and Tac/Sir groups (P < .001). Total CD8 T cell and NK cell recovery was not significantly different among the groups. Infection density analysis showed a significantly higher frequency of total infections in the haplo-PTCy and MUD-PTCy groups compared with the Tac/MTX and Tac/Sir groups (5.0 and 5.0 vs 1.8 and 2.6 per 1000-person days; P < .01) within 1 year of allo-HCT. The cumulative incidence of cytomegalovirus reactivation/infection at 1 year post-allo-HCT was higher in the haplo-PTCy group (51%) compared with the MUD-PTCy (26%), Tac/MTX (26%), or Tac/Sir (13%) groups (P < .001). The incidence of BK, human herpesvirus 6, and other viruses were also higher in the PTCy-based groups. Overall, the treatment groups had similar 2 year NRM (P = .27) and OS (P = .78) outcomes. Our data show that PTCy-based GVHD prophylaxis is associated with delayed CD4 T cell but faster B cell immune reconstitution and a higher frequency of infections compared with conventional GVHD prophylaxis but has no impact on nonrelapse mortality or overall survival.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtct.2021.07.023DOI Listing
November 2021

CAR-HEMATOTOX: A model for CAR T-cell related hematological toxicity in relapsed/refractory large B-cell lymphoma.

Blood 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

University Hospital of the LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.

Hematotoxicity represents a frequent chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell related adverse event and remains poorly understood. In this multicenter analysis, we studied patterns of hematopoietic reconstitution and evaluated potential predictive markers in 258 patients receiving Axicabtagene ciloleucel (Axi-cel) or Tisagenlecleucel (Tisa-cel) for relapsed/refractory large B-cell lymphoma. We observed profound (ANC<100/µl) and prolonged (≥day 21) neutropenia in 72 and 64% of patients respectively. The median duration of severe neutropenia (ANC<500/µl) was 9 days. We aimed to identify predictive biomarkers of hematotoxicity using the duration of severe neutropenia until day +60 as the primary endpoint. In the training cohort (n=58), we observed a significant correlation with baseline thrombocytopenia (r= -0.43, P=0.001) and hyperferritinemia (r=0.54, P<0.0001) on uni- and multivariate analysis. Incidence and severity of CRS, ICANS and peak cytokine levels were not associated with the primary endpoint. We calculated the CAR-HEMATOTOX model, which included markers associated with hematopoietic reserve (e.g. platelet count, hemoglobin and ANC) and baseline inflammation (e.g. C-reactive-protein, ferritin). This model was validated in two independent cohorts from Europe (n=91) and the USA (n=109), and discriminated patients with severe neutropenia ≥/<14 days (pooled validation: AUC=0.89, Sensitivity 89%, Specificity 68%). A high CAR-HEMATOTOX score resulted in a longer duration of neutropenia (12 vs. 5.5 days, P<0.001), and a higher incidence of severe thrombocytopenia (87% vs. 34%, P<0.001) and anemia (96% vs. 40%, P<0.001). The score implicates pre-CART bone marrow reserve and inflammatory state as key features associated with delayed cytopenia and will be useful for risk-adapted management of hematotoxicity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood.2020010543DOI Listing
June 2021

Impact of Total Body Irradiation-Based Myeloablative Conditioning Regimens in Patients with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 07 30;27(7):620.e1-620.e9. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Internal Medicine, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida.

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is a curative treatment option for patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Both total body irradiation (TBI)-based and chemotherapy only-based myeloablative transplantation conditioning regimens have been applied, but the optimal regimen remains unclear. We performed a systematic review to assess the efficacy of TBI-based versus chemotherapy only-based myeloablative conditioning regimens. We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases and meeting abstracts for all studies comparing TBI-based and chemotherapy only-based conditioning regimens in patients who underwent allo-HCT for ALL. Two authors independently reviewed all studies for inclusion and extracted data related to overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), nonrelapse mortality (NRM), relapse, and acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Eight studies were included in the final analysis. The overall methodological quality of the included studies was optimal. TBI-based regimens showed evidence of benefit compared with chemotherapy only-based conditioning regimens in terms of relapse (relative risk [RR], 0.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.72 to 0.94; 6 studies, 5091 patients), OS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.76; 95% CI, 0.64 to 0.89; 7 studies, 4727 patients), and PFS (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.63 to 0.85; 7 studies, 4727 patients). The TBI-based regimen did not increase the likelihood of grade II-IV acute GVHD (RR, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.92 to 1.36; 5 studies, 4996 patients) or chronic GVHD (RR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.21; 5 studies, 4490 patients), or NRM (RR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.69 to 1.28; 6 studies, 4522 patients). However, TBI-based regimens were associated with an increased risk of grade III-IV acute GVHD (RR, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.63; 3 studies, 3675 patients). A subgroup comparison of patients age ≥16 years showed similar results. This systematic review represents evidence supporting the use of TBI-based conditioning regimen in patients undergoing allo-HCT for ALL who are candidates for myeloablative conditioning, as it offers better OS, PFS, and less relapse with acceptable NRM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtct.2021.03.026DOI Listing
July 2021

T Cell Primary Effusion Lymphoma in an HIV-Negative Man with Liver Cirrhosis.

Am J Case Rep 2020 Jan 20;21:e919032. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

Division of Academic Affairs and Research, Orlando Regional Healthcare, Orlando, FL, USA.

BACKGROUND Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare and aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) that is responsible for 1% of all lymphomas not related to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). PEL is characterized by human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) positivity in the absence of overt tumor burden that does not exhibit typical B cell or T cell immunophenotype characteristics. The exact mechanism of development is unknown, but it is hypothesized to develop from post-germinal B cell origin. Although it is most common in HIV patients, other immunocompromising comorbidities can be seen in conjunction with PEL, including liver cirrhosis. CASE REPORT We present the case of a 73-year-old HIV-seronegative man with alcohol-induced liver cirrhosis who was found to have T cell PEL of the pleural space diagnosed by thoracentesis. CONCLUSIONS Little is known regarding oncogenesis of T cell PEL, and few studies exist regarding appropriate treatment regimens for PEL as a whole, prompting need for further investigation and discussion to improve survival rates. Even in the absence of active HIV infection, PEL should be considered as a potential cause of pleural effusion in cirrhotic patients in order to prompt earlier treatment for the best chance of survival.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.919032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6993277PMC
January 2020

Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura Induced by Synthetic Cannabinoid.

J Addict Med 2019 May/Jun;13(3):235-236

Department of Internal Medicine (CC, KR, YG, ZF, MM); Department of Hematology (AP-P); Division of Academic Affairs and Research, Orlando Regional Healthcare, Orlando, FL (SJC).

: Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune disorder defined as low platelet count with normal bone marrow in the absence of other causes of thrombocytopenia. It is caused by autoantibodies binding to several platelet surface antigens which lead to premature destruction of the platelet by the reticuloendothelial system. ITP can be primary or secondary, and it is known to be associated with various infections and drugs. K2/Spice, or synthetic marijuana, acts on cannabinoid receptors CB1 (cannabinoid type-1) and CB2 (cannabinoid type-2) with increased binding capacity compared to marijuana. A white male was brought to the emergency department with signs of acute drug toxicity. His urine drug test was negative but he admitted to a year long history of synthetic marijuana use. His platelet count was 12,000/mm and he was diagnosed with ITP. After receiving 2 doses of oral dexamethasone his platelets improved. Synthetic cannabinoids are widely available and used psychoactive drugs. Little is known about the complete chemical composition of the synthetic products thus there is relatively little information available on the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic effects. A high index of suspicion is needed to diagnose toxicity to these drugs since there are no readily available on-site lab tests. Currently there exists 1 case report of ITP induced by K2/Spice. Here, we discuss another case of K2/Spice a as a potential cause of immune thrombocytopenia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ADM.0000000000000485DOI Listing
June 2020
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