Publications by authors named "Ariel Aharoni"

3 Publications

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Harefuah 2020 May;159(5):352-354

Laniado Hospital, Natanya, Israel.

Introduction: Sacrocolpopexy (SCP) is one of the most successful operations for correcting utero-vaginal prolapse and achieving a functional vaginal reconstruction. The operation, which classically calls for an open abdominal approach, can be performed laparoscopically, but it is time-consuming and requires experienced laparoscopists. A few years ago, we introduced a dual vaginal-laparoscopic technique, in which we combined the ease of vaginal suturing with the advantages of laparoscopic SCP. We now evaluate the efficacy of this dual approach in comparison to the primary laparoscopic operation.

Methods: We compared the efficacy and short-term results of 68 patients who had the dual operation to that of 28 classical Laparoscopic SCP patients. The study was retrospective and included analysis of patients' records. We also called the patients and encouraged them to come for a follow-up examination. We managed to examine 11 of the 28 Laparoscopic SCP patients (39%), 3-7 years after the operation, and 40 of the 68 patients who had the dual operation (59%), 1-5 years after the procedure.

Results: The short-term results of the dual operation showed that it was faster, without compromising the wellbeing of the patients. For the long term results we examined the patients available and found that the subjective cure rate was 73% for the Laparoscopic SCP patients and 87% for the dual operation. However, we observed some degree of vaginal prolapse in 82% (9/11) of the Laparoscopic SCP operations, mainly cystocele or rectocele grade 1 or 2, but only 30% of the patients with the dual operation had such prolapse. There were no mesh erosions or exposures in any of the groups.

Conclusions: The dual operation combined the ease and accuracy of a vaginal operation with the benefits to the patient from a laparoscopic approach. It also enabled a convenient approach to add vaginal procedures that improved the surgical results, or complied with the patients' wishes.
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May 2020

Decidualization of ovarian endometriosis during pregnancy mimicking malignancy.

J Ultrasound Med 2005 Sep;24(9):1289-94

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bnai-Zion Medical Center, PO Box 4940, Haifa 31048, Israel.

Objective: The purpose of this series is to present deciduosis (the formation of extrauterine decidua) as one of the differential diagnoses of a malignant tumor during pregnancy.

Methods: Two cases are described in which pregnant patients had a pelvic tumor. The lesions, which were diagnosed in the early second trimester, consisted of complex masses with an extensive blood supply and had a sonographic appearance of a malignant tumor. The high suspicion for malignancy necessitated surgical intervention.

Results: During surgery, the lesions were observed to be of an ovarian origin with papillary excrescences covering their exterior. The lesions were excised and sent for histologic examination. The results showed a markedly decidualized endometriotic cyst in both cases.

Conclusions: This phenomenon is a diagnostic challenge and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a malignant mass during pregnancy.
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September 2005

Diagnosis of pregnancy-associated uterine venous plexus thrombosis on the basis of transvaginal sonography.

J Ultrasound Med 2003 Mar;22(3):287-93

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

Objective: To describe the sonographic signs of uterine venous plexus thrombosis.

Methods: Four pregnant patients had a diagnosis of uterine venous plexus thrombosis in the first half of gestation. The diagnosis was based on transvaginal sonography only in 3 cases, and the fourth had magnetic resonance imaging corroboration.

Results: All 4 patients had similar sonographic features of uterine venous plexus thrombosis on transvaginal sonographic examination. The thrombi within the dilated veins were shown as elongated echogenic structures along the lumen that appeared round on transverse views of the affected veins. They showed swinging movements provoked by gentle transducer pressure. Power and color Doppler sonography enhanced the uterine venous plexus thrombosis diagnosis by showing blood flow around the thrombi. There were no signs of thromboembolic disease. Sonographic findings in deep leg veins and iliac veins were normal in all cases. Complete thrombophilia studies did not reveal any abnormalities. The uterine venous plexus thrombosis could not be detected on transabdominal sonography and was shown better by transvaginal sonography compared with magnetic resonance imaging. During 3 months of anticoagulation therapy, the thrombi gradually disappeared in all cases.

Conclusions: Focusing on the pelvic veins while performing a transvaginal sonographic study during pregnancy may reveal important findings, which may have clinical implications. The therapeutic treatment of uterine venous plexus thrombosis is controversial and still empirical.
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March 2003