Publications by authors named "Ariane Gaspar Santos"

2 Publications

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A critical view on the technology readiness level (TRL) of microbial plastics biodegradation.

World J Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Jun 14;37(7):116. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Biochemical Engineering Department, School of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Av. Athos da Silveira Ramos, 149. Ilha do Fundão Rio de Janeiro, 21941-909, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Accumulation of plastic wastes and their effects on the ecosystem have triggered an alarm regarding environmental damage, which explains the massive investigations over the past few years, aiming technological alternatives for their proper destination and valorization. In this context, biological degradation emerges as a green route for plastic processing and recycling in a circular economy approach. Some of the main polymers produced worldwide are poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP), which are among the most recalcitrant materials in the environment. In comparison to other polymers, PET biodegradation has advanced dramatically in recent years concerning microbial and enzymatic mechanisms, being positioned in a higher technology readiness level (TRL). Even more challenging, polyolefins (PE and PP) biodegradation is hindered by their high recalcitrance, which is mainly related to stable carbon-carbon bonds. Potential microbial biocatalysts for this process have been evaluated, but the related mechanisms are still not fully elucidated. This review aims to discuss the latest developments on key microbial biocatalysts for degradation of these polymers, addressing biodegradation monitoring, intellectual property, and TRL analysis of the bioprocessing strategies using biodegradation performance, process time and scale as parameters for the evaluation.
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June 2021

Medicinal plants used as antitumor agents in Brazil: an ethnobotanical approach.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2011 8;2011:365359. Epub 2011 Mar 8.

Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros, s/n, 52171-900 Recife, PE, Brazil.

WE DESCRIBE THE MEDICINAL PLANTS THAT HAVE BEEN REPORTED TO BE ANTITUMOR AGENTS AND THAT HAVE BEEN USED IN ETHNOBOTANIC RESEARCH IN BRAZIL TO ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: what is the abundance of plants reported to be antitumor in Brazil? Have the plant species used for tumor treatment in traditional Brazilian medicine been sufficiently examined scientifically? Our analysis included papers published between 1980 and 2008. A total of 84 medicinal plant species were reported to be used for cancer and tumor prevention or treatment; 69.05% of these were cited as being used for the treatment of tumors and cancer in general and 30.95% for specific tumors or cancers. The plants that were cited at a higher frequency were Aloe vera, Euphorbia tirucalli, and Tabebuia impetiginosa. At least, one pharmacological study was found for 35.71% of the species. Majority of the studies selected were conducted in rural communities and urban areas and in areas with traditional healers in Brazil. We found the following molecules to be the most studied in vitro and in vivo: silibinin, β-lapachone, plumbagin and capsaicin. The species addressed here constitute interesting objects for future studies to various professionals in the field of natural products.
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July 2011