Publications by authors named "Anzar Haider"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

45,X/47,XXX Mosaicism and Short Stature.

Case Rep Pediatr 2015 7;2015:263253. Epub 2015 Jun 7.

Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.

We describe the case of a ten-year-old girl with short stature and 45,X/47,XXX genotype. She also suffered from vesicoureteric reflux and kidney dysfunction prior to having surgery on her ureters. Otherwise, she does not have any of the characteristics of Turner nor Triple X syndrome. It has been shown that this mosaic condition as well as other varieties creates a milder phenotype than typical Turner syndrome, which is what we mostly see in our patient. However, this patient is a special case, because she is exceptionally short. Overall, one cannot predict the resultant phenotype in these mosaic conditions. This creates difficulty in counseling parents whose children or fetuses have these karyotypes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/263253DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4475548PMC
July 2015

Postinjection Muscle Fibrosis from Lupron.

Case Rep Pediatr 2015 25;2015:938264. Epub 2015 May 25.

Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA ; Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.

We describe the case of a 6.5-year-old girl with central precocious puberty (CPP), which signifies the onset of secondary sexual characteristics before the age of eight in females and the age of nine in males as a result of stimulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Her case is likely related to her adoption, as children who are adopted internationally have much higher rates of CPP. She had left breast development at Tanner Stage 2, adult body odor, and mildly advanced bone age. In order to halt puberty and maximize adult height, she was prescribed a gonadotropin releasing hormone analog, the first line treatment for CPP. She was administered Lupron (leuprolide acetate) Depot-Ped (3 months) intramuscularly. After her second injection, she developed swelling and muscle pain at the injection site on her right thigh. She also reported an impaired ability to walk. She was diagnosed with muscle fibrosis. This is the first reported case of muscle fibrosis resulting from Lupron injection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/938264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4458552PMC
June 2015

Growth hormone therapy for short stature in Diamond Blackfan anemia.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2004 Oct;43(5):542-4

Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Akron Children's Hospital, One Perkins Square, Akron, Ohio, USA.

Background: We report a 13-year-old male with Diamond Blackfan anemia and short stature. He had a normal biochemical response to growth hormone (GH) stimulation, but his bone age was delayed, his insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) was low, and he had a poor growth velocity. He was started on daily GH injections.

Methods: From the patient's medical record the following data were collected: serial heights, serial weights, hemoglobin, hematocrit, bone age, IGF-1, and steroid dose.

Results: This patient had an increase in growth velocity up to 8.2 cm/year.

Conclusions: Growth hormone therapy should be considered in children with DBA, short stature and poor growth velocity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.20075DOI Listing
October 2004

Carriers for type II 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD3B2) deficiency can only be identified by HSD3B2 genotype study and not by hormone test.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2003 Mar;58(3):323-31

Department of Pediatrics, University of Illinois, College of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

Objective: We investigated adrenal steroidogenic function relevant to 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD3B2) activity in vivo and HSD3B2 genotype in clinically normal family members of patients with HSD3B2 genotype-proven HSD3B2 deficiency congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) to determine whether genotype-proven carriers for HSD3B2 deficiency exhibit decreased enzyme activity analogous to the mildly decreased adrenal 21-hydroxylase activity in the carriers of CYP21 gene mutation.

Design/patients: Nineteen adult family members (ages median/range: 37/19-56 years) including 13 females and six males of six unrelated patients with HSD3B2 genotype-proven HSD3B2 deficiency were studied.

Measurements: All family members had HSD3B2 DNA analysis and an ACTH stimulation test (Cortrosyn 0.25 mg IV bolus) for determination of adrenal HSD3B activity.

Results: Ten of 13 females and five of six males were carriers of a proven or predictably deleterious mutation in one allele of the HSD3B2 gene, which was identified in the probands. ACTH-stimulated levels of 17-hydroxypregnenolone (delta5-17P), 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), cortisol (F), dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and androstenedione (delta4-A) and ratios of delta5-17P to 17-OHP, delta5-17P to F and DHEA to delta4-A, as well as increments of delta5-17P and DHEA values (ACTH-stimulated - baseline) in the genotype-proven female carriers (age, mean +/- SD: 36 +/- 6.7 years) and male carriers (age, mean +/- SD: 37 +/- 6.7 years) did not differ significantly from age-matched normal females (35 +/- 5.4 years, n = 20) and normal males (35 +/- 6 years, n = 10), respectively. There were no significant differences in any of the ACTH-stimulated hormonal levels or ratios between the female carriers with a seriously deleterious genotype (n = 5) and the female carriers with mildly deleterious genotypes (n = 5). These hormonal levels and ratios in three genotype-normal females and one genotype-normal male overlapped with those of the carriers.

Conclusion: These data suggest that normal adrenal HSD3B2 activity is maintained in the genotype-proven carriers because heterodimers of mutant and wild-type HSD3B2 enzymes may be stable and exhibit similar activity compared to homodimers of wild-type enzymes, possibly by a relatively rate-unlimited effect of haplo-wild-type enzyme activity. However, we cannot preclude entirely the possibility of a limited expression of another HSD3B activity under ACTH stimulation contributing to the normal adrenal HSD3B activity in vivo in the HSD3B2 genotype-proven heterozygotes. Which mechanism plays a role in maintaining normal enzyme activity in the heterozygotes remains to be elucidated. The hormone findings in the genotypic-proven carriers for HSD3B2 deficiency also indicate that carriers for this disorder cannot be detected by a hormone test and can only be detected by HSD3B2 genotype study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2265.2003.01716.xDOI Listing
March 2003

Newly proposed hormonal criteria via genotypic proof for type II 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2002 Jun;87(6):2611-22

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, 840 South Wood Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

To define the hormonal criteria via genotypic proof for 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3beta-HSD) deficiency in the adrenals and gonads, we investigated the type II 3beta-HSD genotype in 55 patients with clinical and/or hormonal presentation suggesting compromised adrenal with or without gonadal 3beta-HSD activity. Fourteen patients (11 males and 3 females) had ambiguous genitalia with or without salt wasting and with or without premature pubarche. One female neonate had salt wasting only. Twenty-five children (4 males and 21 females) had premature pubarche only. Fifteen adolescent and adult females had hirsutism with or without menstrual disorder. The type II 3beta-HSD gene, including the promoter region up to -1053 base, all exons I, II, III, IV, and exon and intron boundaries, was sequenced in all subjects. Eight patients had a proven or predictably deleterious mutation in both alleles of the type II 3beta-HSD gene, and 47 patients had no apparent mutation in the gene. ACTH-stimulated (1 h post iv bolus of 250 microg Cortrosyn) serum 17-hydroxypregnenolone (Delta5-17P) levels and basal and ACTH-stimulated ratios of Delta5-17P to cortisol (F) in the genotypic proven patients were unequivocally higher than those of age-matched or pubic hair stage matched genotype-normal patients or control subjects (n = 7-30 for each group). All other baseline and ACTH-stimulated hormone parameters, including dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels, ratios of Delta5-17P to 17-OHP and DHEA to androstenedione in the genotype-proven patients, overlapped with the genotype-normal patients or control subjects. The hormonal findings in the genotype-proven patients suggest that the following hormonal criteria are compatible with 3beta-HSD deficiency congenital adrenal hyperplasia (numeric and graphic reference standards from infancy to adulthood are provided): ACTH-stimulated Delta5-17P levels in 1) neonatal infants with ambiguous genitalia at or greater than 378 nmol/liter equivalent to or greater than 5.3 SD above the control mean level [95 +/- 53 (SD) nmol/liter]; 2) Tanner I children with ambiguous genitalia at or greater than 165 nmol/liter equivalent to or greater than 35 SD above the control mean level [12 +/- 4.3 (SD) nmol/liter]; 3) children with premature pubarche at or greater than 294 nmol/liter equivalent to or greater than 54 SD above Tanner II pubic hair stage matched control mean level [17 +/- 5 (SD) nmol/liter]; and 4) adults with at or greater than 289 nmol/liter equivalent to or greater than 21 SD above the normal mean level [25 +/- 12 (SD) nmol/liter]. ACTH-stimulated ratio of Delta5-17P to F in 1) neonatal infants at or greater than 434 equivalent to or greater than 6.4 SD above the control mean ratio [88 +/- 54 (SD)]; 2) Tanner I children at or greater than 216 equivalent to or greater than 23 SD above the control mean ratio [12 +/- 9 (SD)]; 3) children with premature pubarche at or greater than 363 equivalent to or greater than 38 SD above the control mean ratio [20 +/- 9 (SD)]; and 4) adults at or greater than 4010 equivalent to or greater than 221 SD above the normal mean ratio [29 +/- 18 (SD)]. Conversely, the hormonal data in the genotype-normal patients suggest the following hormonal criteria are not consistent with 3beta-HSD deficiency congenital adrenal hyperplasia: ACTH-stimulated Delta5-17P levels in children with premature pubarche up to 72 nmol/liter equivalent to up to 11 SD above the control mean level, and in hirsute females up to 150 nmol/liter equivalent to up to 12 SD above the normal female mean level [28 +/- 10 (SD) nmol/liter]; and ACTH-stimulated Delta5-17P to F ratio in children with premature pubarche up to 67 equivalent to up to 5 SD above the control mean ratio, and in hirsute females up to 151 equivalent to up to 10 SD above the normal mean ratio [32 +/- 12 (SD)]. These findings help define newly proposed hormonal criteria to accurately predict inherited 3beta-HSD deficiency.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jcem.87.6.8615DOI Listing
June 2002
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