Publications by authors named "Anuphana Tantiwongse"

2 Publications

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Cathepsin D in human reproductive tissues: cellular localization in testis and epididymis and surface distribution in different sperm conditions.

J Androl 2012 Jul-Aug;33(4):726-34. Epub 2011 Aug 25.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Prannok Rd, Bangkok Noi, Bangkok, 10700 Thailand.

Mammalian sperm surface antigens are acquired either during spermatogenesis or sperm maturation in the epididymis. These antigens, many of which are hydrolytic enzymes, are actively synthesized and secreted by the resident epithelial cells and adsorbed to the sperm membrane as part of posttesticular sperm modification. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression of cathepsin-D (CAT-D) in human reproductive tissues and its distribution on the sperm surface in different sperm conditions. Immunohistochemical results revealed the expression of CAT-D in the somatic Sertoli and Leydig cells without showing any immunoreactivity in any germ cells, despite their engagement of the acrosomal system. A strong immunoreactivity of anti-CAT-D was also detected in the epididymal epithelium, chiefly in the principal cells, which are known to actively synthesize and secrete proteins into the epididymal lumen. The absence of CAT-D in the clear cells was unexpected because these cells are known to engage the endosomal machinery. We further showed that CAT-D was anchored on the sperm surface confined to the postacrosomal region without any lateral redistribution within the membrane during sperm capacitation. However, the enzyme underwent changes to be an active form of a 29/30-kd doublet during sperm capacitation. Using CAT-D as a marker, we were able to demonstrate here localization of the enzyme in human reproductive tissues, as well as reveal membrane modification in human sperm during maturation and capacitation processes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2164/jandrol.111.014639DOI Listing
November 2012

Uroflowmetry in normal Thai subjects.

J Med Assoc Thai 2003 Apr;86(4):353-60

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background And Objectives: Uroflowmetric parameters of urination may be influenced by many factors including age, sex, voiding position, technique used and also anatomical and physiological variations. A cross-sectional study was carried out to measure uroflowmetric parameters in normal Thai subjects and to compare these parameters among different ages and genders. Correlations between peak flow rate and other parameters were also studied.

Method: One hundred and forty healthy Thai subjects were studied. They were classified into two groups. Group I comprised of 50 male and 50 female young adults aged 18-30 years. Group II comprised of 20 male and 20 female pre-elderly aged 50-60 years. A Dantec Urodyn 1,000 uroflowmeter was used. The residual urine measurement was performed using an ultrasonograph.

Result: The techniques revealed the following uroflowmetric parameters. In the young adults, the mean with standard deviation of the peak flow rate was 31.2 +/- 9.0 ml/sec, mean flow rate 22.6 +/- 7.4 ml/sec, voiding time 24.7 +/- 10.6 sec, and voided volume 376.9 +/- 147.5 ml. In the pre-elderly group, the peak flow rate was 27.5 +/- 9.2 ml/sec, mean flow rate 19.1 +/- 6.2 ml/sec, voiding time 24.4 +/- 8.5 sec, and voided volume 310.3 +/- 107.8 ml. The peak flow and mean flow rates were significantly higher in the young adults (p < 0.05). The voided volume in the young was higher with similar voiding time. The peak flow and mean flow rates in females were significantly higher than the males (32.5 +/- 10.0 vs 27.8 +/- 8.0 ml/sec, p < 0.05 and 23.5 +/- 8.1 vs 19.8 +/- 5.8 ml/sec, p < 0.05 respectively). Voided volume and voiding time did not differ among both genders. The correlation between peak flow rate and voided volume was significant (r = 0.382, p < 0.01) indicating that the higher the voided volume the higher the peak flow rate. Residual urine was less than 50 ml in all subjects indicating that these subjects could void completely well. This study yielded normal uroflowmetric parameters in Thai young adult and pre-elderly subjects without urological symptoms. These parameters vary with age and gender, and are useful for the investigations of bladder function in a urological clinic.
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April 2003