Publications by authors named "Antonietta Lanzarone"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Spontaneous extrusion of male genital pearling.

Urol Case Rep 2021 Sep 23;38:101728. Epub 2021 May 23.

Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences, Section of Urology, University of Palermo, Via del Vespro 129, 90127 Palermo, Italy.

Pearling is a practice of inserting small beads beneath the skin of the genitalia. Patients generally underwent this practice believing that this would have made their penis bigger and able to better satisfy their partners during intercourse. Pearling can cause complications. We report a case of spontaneous extrusion of genital pearling exiting in a granuloma of the inner face of the foreskin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eucr.2021.101728DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8167157PMC
September 2021

Violence against women in heterosexual couples: A review of psychological and medico-legal considerations.

Med Sci Law 2021 Jan;61(1_suppl):113-124

Department of Health Promotion, Mother and Child Care, Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties - Medico Legal Section, University of Palermo, Italy.

Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is the most pervasive violation of women's rights worldwide, causing devastating lifelong damage. Victims can suffer physical, emotional or mental health problems, and experience detrimental effects in social, psychological and relational health with their families, especially children. Due to the complexity regarding violence against women in heterosexual couples, it is important to make a clear distinction between psychological and physical mistreatment, which also includes psychological violence. This differentiation is important in determining different emotional and psychological aspects of mistreatment in order to understand the reasons why some women stay in such relationships and to explain the personality profiles of victims and perpetrators. In this short narrative review, we have combined perspectives of depth psychology and attachment theory from studies on trauma, traumatic bonds and the perpetrator/victim complex in gender violence. We have also considered the growing literature on IPVAW as it relates to the medico-legal field. Our search strategy included intimate partner violence, attachment styles, risk factors and the victim/perpetrator relationship. Distinguishing the different types of IPVAW is a necessary step in understanding the complexity, causes, correlations and consequences of this issue. Above all, it enables the implementation of effective prevention and intervention strategies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0025802420936081DOI Listing
January 2021

Psychological support and psychotherapy via digital devices in Covid-19 emergency time: Some critical issues.

Med Leg J 2020 Jul 3;88(2):73-76. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Health Promotion, Maternal and Child Care, "G. D'Alessandro", University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

The Covid-19 pandemic and the resulting fear, quarantine and lockdown measures implemented in Italy and other countries to contain the risk of contagion have seriously impacted the mental health of a large number of people. The need to offer psychological and psychotherapeutic support to these people, while respecting the government's pressing calls to "stay home", have led many psychologists and psychotherapists, both in the public and private sectors, to provide their professional services via teleconference, telephone, smartphone, etc. The aim of this work is to highlight some critical issues related to the sudden switch from the traditional method of providing psychological services to the digital one in Italy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0025817220926942DOI Listing
July 2020

Myocardial bridge pathology and preventable accidents during physical activity of healthy subjects: A case report and a literature review.

Med Leg J 2020 Dec 21;88(4):209-214. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department Pro.Mi.Se, Legal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

Myocardial bridging is a congenital coronary pathology described as a segment of coronary artery which courses through the myocardial wall under the muscle bridge. Although the prognosis of myocardial bridging is benign, sports medicine recognises myocardial bridging as a leading cause of sudden death among young basketball, football and soccer players. The authors report a case of a 42-year-old man who collapsed while playing football. He died notwithstanding prompt medical assistance and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. At autopsy, gross examination of the heart revealed the intramural course of the left anterior descending coronary artery to be 2 cm from its coronary ostial origin. Histological examination of ventricular septal and left myocardium showed early signs of ischaemic injury without disease of small coronary vessels and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The cause of the death was due to malignant ventricular arrhythmia during intense physical activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0025817220923638DOI Listing
December 2020

The violence of men against women: Medico-legal and psychological issues.

Med Leg J 2020 Mar 18;88(1):37-40. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Department PROMISE - Medico Legal Section, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0025817219882169DOI Listing
March 2020

A possible biomarker for methadone related deaths.

J Forensic Leg Med 2017 Jul 3;49:8-14. Epub 2017 May 3.

MD, FFFLM, FFSSoc, Berkeley, CA 94705, United States.

Methadone (MTH) concentrations in those dying of MTH toxicity totally overlap concentrations where the presence of MTH is only an incidental finding, making it very difficult to make distinctions in actual cases. A biomarker, be it anatomical or biochemical for MTH toxicity is badly needed, particularly if that markers were known to disrupt effective ventilation. Because the brainstem houses the regulatory centers for cardiorespiratory-control enters, it would seem to be the most likely anatomical site to seek abnormalities in cardiorespiratory control.

Objective: To locate and describe the cells of nucleus of the solitary tract (TS)(NTS) in human brainstem and determine if neuronal cell death, either necrotic or apoptotic, within the TS of humans is more common in deaths due directly to MTH toxicity than with in the solitary tract itself.

Design, Setting, Participants: This was a single cohort study of MTH related decedents autopsied at a large university hospital. Each decedent had a recent history of non medical/illicit MTH use and had been pronounced dead in the field, prior to ever reaching the hospital. Complete autopsy and complete toxicology testing were performed on the formalin fixed brains of each individual. Multiple blocks were prepared of the area of interest, namely the tissue lying immediately between the inferior and the super colliculi. This volume, by definition, would have included the area of the Rostral Ventrolateral Medulla (RVLM), the location of the TS. Immunohistochemistry studies utilizing caspase-9 reaction (a protease enzyme involved in the process of preprogrammed death) were performed in order to estimate the degree and proportion of neuronal apoptosis, and also access the degree of classical necrosis within the NTS.

Main Outcomes And Measures: The primary outcome measure was the presence or absence of neuronal apoptosis and/or necrosis within the NTS.

Results: Cells displaying evidence of early apoptosis and advanced apoptosis, consisting primarily of nuclear fragmentation, admixed with other neurons displaying the features of classic necrosis were found. Evidence of classic necrosis was identifiable in most of the controls, though minor degrees of apoptosis were identifiable with Caspase staining and quantitative image analysis of immunohistochemical stains.

Conclusions: and Relevance: Our study shows that neurons, primarily along the TS, but occasionally in other cell nuclei (even controls) are vulnerable, both to direct MTH toxicity (via apoptosis) and indirectly (via hypoxia leading to classical cell necrosis). When MTH is found to be present in significant concentrations, but apoptotic lesions are absent, it would be reasonable to assume that MTH was not primarily the cause of cardiorespiratory arrest.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2017.05.010DOI Listing
July 2017
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