Publications by authors named "Antonela Romina Terrizzi"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Altered production of reproductive neuropeptides in rats subjected to chronic intermittent hypoxia.

J Integr Neurosci 2021 Sep;20(3):651-657

Cátedra de Fisiología, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Buenos Aires, 1122 Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Hypobaric hypoxia is a stressful condition known to decrease fertility both in humans and animals. However, the mechanism by which the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad axis is altered remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to analyze the effects of chronic intermittent and continuous exposure to hypoxia on hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis regulation in male rats. Thirty adult male Wistar rats were assigned to one of the following three groups: control group; chronic intermittent hypoxia: subjected to 600 mbar for 18 h/d five days a week; and chronic continuous hypoxia: subjected to 600 mbar for 23.5 hours/day seven days a week, for 30 days. Plasma luteinizing hormone and testosterone concentration, hypothalamic , and mRNA levels and PGE content were determined. Levels of , a negative regulator of GnRH and LH release, were higher in intermittently exposed animals than in controls. Levels of Kiss1, a neuropeptide that stimulates the release of GnRH only increased in animals exposed to continuous hypoxia. Plasma luteinizing hormone and testosterone concentrations and body weight were lower in rats subjected to intermittent hypoxia as compared to the remaining groups. mRNA levels as well as PGE content remained unchanged in all groups. Taken together, results suggest that besides the well documented direct effects of hypoxia on the testes, infertility observed in male rats exposed to hypoxia may also be due to overexpression of negative regulators of GnRH and luteinizing hormone release. Intermittent, rather than continuous, to hypoxia exposure would seem to be more detrimental to fertility.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.31083/j.jin2003069DOI Listing
September 2021

Mandibular biomechanical behavior of rats submitted to chronic intermittent or continuous hypoxia and periodontitis.

Sleep Breath 2021 Mar 6;25(1):519-527. Epub 2020 Aug 6.

Cátedra de Fisiología, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Buenos Aires, M.T. de Alvear 2142, 3rd floor "A", Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of exposure to continuous (CH) and intermittent (IH) hypoxia on biomechanical properties of the mandible and periodontal tissue of animals submitted to experimental periodontitis (EP) when applying loads in a hypoxic environment.

Methods: Adult female Wistar rats were exposed during 90 days to IH or CH (simulated high altitude of 4200 m above sea level). Fourteen days prior to the euthanasia, EP was induced to half of the animals of each group.

Results: Only in the rats with EP, IH decreased the maximum capacity of the mandible to withstand load and the limit of elastic load. Indicators of intrinsic properties of the bone material were significantly reduced by both types of hypoxia in rats with EP. Hypoxia enhanced the alveolar bone loss induced by EP in the buccal side of the mandible, without showing additional effects in lingual or interradicular bone. Hypoxia increased prostaglandin E content in gingival tissue of healthy animals and further elevated the E levels increased by EP.

Conclusions: When periodontitis is present, hypoxic stress induces a decrease in mineral properties that ultimately affects the ability of the mandible to resist load, mainly during intermittent exposure to hypoxia. These effects on bone may be related to the higher levels of prostaglandin E reached in the surrounding gingival tissue. The findings of this study may stimulate strategies to prevent unwanted effects of hypoxia on periodontal tissues.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11325-020-02158-2DOI Listing
March 2021

The Process of Acclimation to Chronic Hypoxia Leads to Submandibular Gland and Periodontal Alterations: An Insight on the Role of Inflammatory Mediators.

Mediators Inflamm 2018 9;2018:6794508. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Cátedra de Fisiología, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires 1122, Argentina.

The exposition to hypoxia is a stressful stimulus, and the organism develops acclimation mechanisms to ensure homeostasis, but if this fails, it leads to the development of pathological processes. Considering the large number of people under hypoxic conditions, it is of utmost importance to study the mechanisms implicated in hypoxic acclimation in oral tissues and the possible alteration of some important inflammatory markers that regulate salivary and periodontal function. It is the aim of the present study to analyze submandibular (SMG) and periodontal status of animals chronically exposed to continuous (CCH) or intermittent (CIH) hypoxia in order to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms that may lead to hypoxic acclimation. Adult Wistar rats were exposed to CCH or CIH simulating 4200 meters of altitude during 90 days. Salivary secretion was decreased in animals exposed to hypoxia, being lower in CIH, together with increased prostaglandin E (PGE) content, TBARS concentration, and the presence of apoptotic nuclei and irregular secretion granules in SMG. AQP-5 mRNA levels decreased in both hypoxic groups. Only the CCH group showed higher HIF-1 staining, while CIH alone exhibited interradicular bone loss and increased concentration of the bone resorption marker CTX-I. In summary, animals exposed to CIH show a worse salivary secretion rate, which related with higher levels of PGE, suggesting a negative role of this inflammatory mediator during hypoxia acclimation. We link the weak immunorreactivity of HIF-1 in CIH with improper hypoxia acclimation, which is necessary to sustaining SMG physiology under this environmental condition. The alveolar bone loss observed in CIH rats could be due mainly to a direct effect of PGE, as suggested by its higher content in gingival tissue, but also to the indirect effect of hyposalivation. This study may eventually contribute to finding therapeutics to treat the decreased salivary flow, improving in that way oral health.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6794508DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304881PMC
April 2019

Effects of chronic lead exposure on bone mineral properties in femurs of growing rats.

Toxicology 2017 02 30;377:64-72. Epub 2016 Nov 30.

Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Odontología, Cátedra de Fisiología, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Lead exposure has been associated with several defective skeletal growth processes and bone mineral alterations. The aim of the present study is to make a more detailed description of the toxic effects of lead intoxication on bone intrinsic material properties as mineral composition, morphology and microstructural characteristics. For this purpose, Wistar rats were exposed (n=12) to 1000ppm lead acetate in drinking water for 90days while control group (n=8) were treated with sodium acetate. Femurs were examined using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and micro-Computed Tomography (μCT). Results showed that femur from the lead-exposed rats had higher carbonate content in bone mineral and (Ca+Mg+ Na)/P ratio values, although no variations were observed in crystal maturity and crystallite size. From morphological analyses, lead exposure rats showed a decreased in trabecular bone surface and distribution while trabecular thickness and cortical area increased. These overall effects indicate a similar mechanism of bone maturation normally associated to age-related processes. These responses are correlated with the adverse actions induced by lead on the processes regulating bone turnover mechanism. This information may explain the osteoporosis diseases associated to lead intoxication as well as the risk of fracture observed in populations exposed to this toxicant.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2016.11.017DOI Listing
February 2017

Chronic lead poisoning magnifies bone detrimental effects in an ovariectomized rat model of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Exp Toxicol Pathol 2016 Jan 28;68(1):47-53. Epub 2015 Sep 28.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

Lead (Pb) is a persistent environmental contaminant that is mainly stored in bones being an important source of endogenous lead exposure during periods of increased bone resorption as occurs in menopause. As no evidence exists of which bone biomechanical properties are impaired in those elderly women who had been exposed to Pb during their lifetime, the aim of the present study is to discern whether chronic lead poisoning magnifies the deterioration of bone biology that occurs in later stages of life. We investigated the effect of Pb in the femora of ovariectomized (OVX) female Wistar rats who had been intoxicated with 1000 ppm of Pb acetate in drinking water for 8 months. Structural properties were determined using a three-point bending mechanical test, and geometrical and material properties were evaluated after obtaining the load/deformation curve. Areal Bone Mineral Density (BMD) was estimated using a bone densitometer. Femoral histomorphometry was carried out on slices dyed with H&E (Hematoxylin and Eosin). Pb and OVX decreased all structural properties with a higher effect when both treatments were applied together. Medullar and cortical area of femurs under OVX increased, allowing the bone to accommodate its architecture, which was not observed under Pb intoxication. Pb and OVX significantly decreased BMD, showing lead treated ovariectomized rats (PbOVX) animals the lowest BMD levels. Trabecular bone volume per total volume (BV/TV%) was decreased in OVX and PbOVX animals in 54% compared to the control animals (p<0.001). Pb femurs also showed 28% less trabeculae than the control (p<0.05). We demonstrated that Pb intoxication magnifies the impairment in bone biomechanics of OVX rats with a consequent enhancement of the risk of fracture. These results enable the discussion of the detrimental effects of lead intoxication in bone biology in elderly women.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etp.2015.09.007DOI Listing
January 2016
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